Freshwater Ecoregions of the World
Contact Us | Login

Bibliography

All A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

(EEU), Environment Evaluation Unit at University of Cape Town (1990) "Final environmental impact report for the proposed Omdel Dam on the Omaruru River". (Windhoek, Namibia)

(UMRCC), Upper Mississippi River Conservation Committee (2000) "A river that works and a working river: A strategy for the natural resources of the Upper Mississippi River System". (Rock Island, ILL) 40.

Abbassy, M. S.,Ibrahim, H. Z.;Abu El-Amayem, M. M. (1999). "Occurrences of pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls in water of the Nile River at the estuaries of Rosetta and Damiatta branches, north of delta, Egypt" Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part B: Pesticides, Food Contaminants and Agricultural Wastes

Abdallah, A. M. (2000). "Nearshore benthic macroinvertebrates of Lake Malawi/Nyasa (East Africa). MSc Thesis" Unpublished Thesis. .

Abdelbary, M. R. (1996)"Effects of the Aswan High Dam on Nile water and bed levels" In Shady, A. M.;El-Moattassem, M.;Abdel-Hafiz, E. A.;Biswas, A. K.. ((Vol. Management and development of major rivers, pp. Oxford University Press) 444-463.

Abdurakhmanov, G. M.,Karpyuk, M. I.,Morozov, B. N.;Puzachenko, Yu G. (2002). "Modern state ad factors which determine biological and landscape diversity of the Volga-Caspian region of Russia" Moscow: Nauka.

Abdurakhmanov, Yu A. (1962). "Fishes of freshwaters of Azerbaizhan" Baku, AN AzSSR: Izdatel'stvo.

Abée-Lund, J.H.,J.A. Eie,P.E. Faugli,S. Haugland,N.A. Hvidsten,A.J. Jensen,K. Melvold,V. Pettersen,L.E. Pettersen;S.J. Saltveit (2009)"Rivers of the Boreal uplands" In Tockner, K.;U. Uehlinger;C.T. Robinson (Ed.). Rivers of Europe. (pp. Pp 577-606) London, UK: Academic Press.

Abell, R. A.,Olson, D. M.,Dinerstein, E.,Hurley, P. T.,Diggs, J. T.,Eichbaum, W.,Walters, S.,Wettengel, W.,Allnutt, T.,Loucks, C. J.;Hedao, P. (2000). "Freshwater Ecoregions of North America: A Conservation Assessment" Washington, DC, USA: Island Press.

Abell, R.,Olson, D.,Dinerstein, E.,Hurley, P. T.,Diggs, J. T.,Eichbaum, W.,Walters, S.,Wettengel, W.,Allnutt, T.,Loucks, C. J.;Hedao, P. (2000). "Freshwater ecoregions of North America" Washington, D.C.: Island Press.

Abell, R.,Thieme, M.,Dinerstein, E.;Olson, D. (2002). "A Sourcebook for Conducting Biological Assessments and Biodiversity Visions for Ecoregion Conservation. Volume II: Freshwater Ecoregions" Washington, DC, USA: World Wildlife Fund.

Abell, Robin,M.L. Thieme,C. Revenga,M. Bryer,M. Kottelat,N. Bogutskaya,B. Coad,N. Mandrak,S.C. Balderas,W. Bussing,M.L.J. Stiassny,P. Skelton,G.R. Allen,P. Unmack,A. Naseka,R. Ng,N. Sindorf,J. Robertson,E. Armijo,J.V. Higgins,T.J. Heibel,E. Wikramanayake, (2008). "Freshwater Ecoregions of the World: A New Map of Biogeographic Units for Freshwater Biodiversity Conservation" BioScience 58(5) 403-414.

Abiya, I. O. (1996). "Towards sustainable utilization of Lake Naivasha, Kenya" Lakes and Reservoirs: Research and Management

Abrosov, V. N. (1973). "Balkhash Lake" Leningrad: Nauka.

Acreman, M. C.;Hollis, F. E. (1996) ((Vol. Water management and wetlands in Sub-Saharan Africa, pp. IUCN)

Acropolis, Kenya (1994) "An economic valuation of the costs and benefits in the lower Tana Catchment resulting from dam construction". (Nairobi, Kenya)

Adebisi, A. A. (1988). "Changes in the structural and functional components of the fish community of a seasonal river" Archiv fur Hydrobiologie

Admassu, D. (1994). "Maturity, fecundity, brood size and sex ratio of Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus L.) in Lake Awassa" SINET: Ethiopian Journal of Science

Agences de, l’eau (2000). "Indice Biologique Global Normalisé I.B.G.N. – Guide technique" Etudes des Agences de l’eau

Agency, U. S. Environmental Protection (2006). "The Great Lakes; An Environmental Atlas and Resource Book"

Aggrey-Fynn, E. (2001) "The contribution of the fisheries sector to Ghana's economy".

Agnese, J. F.;Teugels, G. G. (2001). "The Bathyclarias-Clarias species flock. A new model to understand rapid speciation in African Great lakes" Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences Serie III Sciences de la Vie

Agnew, J. D. (1986)"Invertebrates of the Orange-Vaal system, with emphasis on the Ephemoptera" In Davies, B. R.;Walker, K. F.. ((Vol. The ecology of river systems, pp. Dr W. Junk Publishers) 123-134.

Agostinho, A.A.,Gomez, L.C.,Suzuki, H.I.;Júlio Jr., H.F. (2003)"Migratory Fishes of the Upper Paraná River Basin, Brazil" In Carolsfield, Joachim;Harvey, Brian;Ross, Carmen;Baer, Anton. ((Vol. Migratory Fishes of South America: Biology, Fisheries and Conservation Status, pp. World Fisheries Trust/World Bank/IDRC) Pp: 19-75.

Agriculture, U. S. Department of (1995) "National resources inventory glossary"

Aguilera, G.;Mirande, J. M. (2006). "First record of Cetopsis starnesi (Siluriformes:Cetopsidae) from Argentina" Zeitschrift für Fischkunde

Ajao, E. A. (1994). "Coastal aquatic ecosystems, conservation and management strategies in Nigeria" Southern Africa Journal of Aquatic Sciences

Akbulut, Nuray (Emir),S. Bayarı,A. Akbulut;Şahin, Y. (2009)"Rivers of Turkey" In K. Tockner;C.T. Robinson;Uehlinger, U.. ((Vol. Rivers of Europe, pp. Academic Press) 643-672.

Al-Safadi, M. M. (1998)"Freshwater fishes of Soqotra Island, Yemen" In Dumont, H. J.. ((Vol. Soqotra: Proceedings of the first international symposium on Soqotra Island: Present and future, pp. United Nations Publications) 213-218.

Aladin, N. V.,Filippov, A. A.,Plotnikov, I. S.;Egorov, A. N. (2001)"Modern ecological state of the Small Aral Sea. Ecological Research and monitoring of the Aral Sea Deltas. A basis for restoration. Book 2" In ((Vol. 1997-1999 Final Scientific Reports, pp. UNESCO Aral Sea Project) 73-82.

Aladin, N. V.,Plotnikov, I. S.;Potts, W. T. W. (1995). "The Aral Sea desiccation and possible ways of rehabilitating and conserving its Northern part" Int. J. Environmetrics

Aladin, N. V.;Kotov, S. V. (1989). "Natural condition of the Aral Sea ecosystem and the effect of manmade pollution" Proc. of Zool. Inst. Of Acad of Sci USSR

Aladin, N. V.;Potts, W. T. W. (1992). "Changes in the Aral Sea ecosystem during the period 1960-1990" Hydrobiologia

Alamouti, A. M. (1966). "Groundwater resources of Iran"

Alayo, P. D. (1973). "Lista de peces fluviatiles de Cuba" Torreia, La Habana

Albrecht, C.;T. Wilke (2009). "Ancient Lake Ohrid: biodiversity and evolution" Hydrobiologia 2009(205) 103-240.

Alcamo, J. Leemans R. Kreileman E. (1998). "Global change scenarios of the 21st century Results from the IMAGE 2.1 model" Oxford, UK: Elsevier.

Alcamo, J.,Döll, P.,Henrichs, T.,Kaspar, F.,Lehner, B.,Rösch, T.;Siebert, S. (2003). "Development and testing of the WaterGAP 2 global model of water use and availability" Hydrological Sciences Journal

Alcocer, J.;Kato, E. (2002)"Cuerpos acuáticos de Cuatro Ciénegas, Coahuila" In de-la-Lanza-Espino, G.;García-Calderón, J. L.. ((Vol. Lagos y Presas de México, pp. AGT Editor) 269-286.

Aldabra Marine, Program (2003) "http://www.aldabra.org"

Aldegheri, M. (1972)"Rivers and streams on Madagascar" In Battistini, R.;Richard-Vindard, G.. ((Vol. Biogeography and ecology in Madagascar, pp. Dr. W. Junk) 261-310.

Aleksandrov, S. M. (1973). "Sakhalin Island" Moscow: Nauka.

Alexander, C. E.,Boutman, M. A.;Field, D. W. (1986) "An inventory of coastal wetlands of the USA". (Washington, DC., USA)

Alexander, D.;Miller, T. (1996). "Saving the spectacular flora of Socotra" Plant Talk

Alexander, W. J. R. (1985). "Hydrology of low latitude Southern Hemisphere land masses" Hydrobiologia

Alexandrov, A. I. (1927). "Data on the ichthyofauna of the Kuban River basin" Trudy Kerchenskoy rybokhozyaystvennoy stantsii

Alimi, T.;Akinyemiju, O. A. (1990). "An economic analysis of water hyacinth control methods in Nigeria" Journal of Aquatic Plant Management

Alin, S. R.,Cohen, A. S.,Bills, R.,Gashagaza, M. M.,Michel, E.,Tiercelin, J.,Martens, K.,Coveliers, P.,Mboko, S. K.,West, K.,Soreghan, M.,Kimbadi, S.;Ntakimazi, G. (1999). "Effects of landscape disturbance on animal communities in Lake Tanganyika, East Africa" Conservation Biology

Alkahem, A. F.;Behnke, R. J. (1983). "Fishes of Saudi Arabia/Freshwater Fishes of Saudi Arabia" Fauna of Saudi Arabia

Allan, D. G.,Seaman, M. T.;Kaletja, B. (1995)"The endorheic pans of South Africa" In Cowan, G. I.. ((Vol. Wetlands of South Africa, pp. Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism) 75-101.

Allan, J. D.;Flecker, A. S. (1993). "Biodiversity conservation in running waters" BioScience

Allanson, B. R. (1979)"Lake Sibaya. Monographiae Biologicae 36" In (pp. Dr W Junk)

Allanson, B. R.,Hart, R. C.,Keefe, J. H. O.;Robarts, R. D. (1990)"Inland waters of southern Africa: An ecological perspective" In Dumont, H. J.;Werger, M. J. A.. ((Vol. Monographiae Biologicae 64, pp. Kluwer Academic Publishers)

Allen, G. R. (1989). "Freshwater fishes of Australia" Neptune City, NJ, USA: T. F. H. Publication.

Allen, G. R. (1991). "Field guide to the freshwater fishes of New Guinea, Publ. 9" Madang, Papua New Guinea: Christensen Research Institute.

Allen, G. R.,Hoese, D. F.,Paxton, J. R.,Randall, J. E.,Russell, B. C.,Starck, W. A.,Talbot, F. H.;Whitley, G. P. (1976). "Annotated checklist of the fishes of Lord Howe Island" Rec. Aust. Mus

Allen, G. R.,Midgley, S. H.;Allen, M. (2002). "Field guide to the freshwater fishes of Australia" Perth: Western Australian Museum.

Allen, M. G.,Morgan, D. L.;Gill, H. S. (2005). "Distribution, zoogeography and biology of the Murchison River hardyhead (Craterocephalus cuneiceps Whitley, 1944), an atherinid endemic to the Indian Ocean (Pilbara) Drainage Division of Western Australia" Ecology of Freshwater Fish

Allibone, R.M. (2002). "Dealing with biodiversity dwarf galaxias style" Water & Atmosphere

Allison, E.,Cowan, V.;Paley, R. (2000) "Pollution control and other measures to protect biodiversity in Lake Tanganyika: Biodiversity special study advice to the strategic action programme". (Tanzania)

Almaça, C.;B. Elvira (2000). "Past and present distribution of Acipenser sturio L.,1758 on the Iberian Peninsula" Boletín Instituto Español de Oceanografía 16(1-4) 11-16.

Alonso, A.,Alonso, L. E.,Schulenberg, T. S.;Dallmeier, F. (Ed.) (2001). "Biological and cultural assessment of the Cordillera de Vilcabamba, Peru" RAP Working Papers 296.

Alonso, A.,Dallmeier, F.;Campbell, P. (Ed.) (2001). "Urubamba: The Biodiversity of a Peruvian Rainforest" SI/MAB Series 204.

Alonso, L. E.;Nordin, L. (2003) "A rapid biological assessment of the aquatic ecosystems of the Okavango Delta, Botswana: High water survey. RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 27". (Washington, DC)

Aloo, P. A. (2003). "Biological diversity of the Yala Swamp Lakes, with special emphasis on fish species composition, in relation to changes in the Lake Victoria Basin (Kenya): Threats and conservation measures" Biodiversity and Conservation

Altaba, C. R. (1990). "The last known population of the freshwater mussel Margaritifera auricularia (Bivalvia, Unionoida): A conservation priority" Biological Conservation

Alvarado Quesada, Ghisselle (2006) "Reporte Final Aves Acuaticas de Costa Rica". (San José, Costa Rica)

Alvarez del Villar, J. (1970). "Claves de Peces Mexicanos (Claves)" México: Dirección General de Pesca e Industrias Anexas.

Alvarez del Villar, J. (1972). "Ictiología Michoacana V. Orìgen y distribución de la ictiofauna dulceacuìcola de Michoacán" Anales de la Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biologicas Mexico

Alvarez del Villar, J.;Cortéz, T. (1969). "Ictiología michoacana I. Claves y catálogo de las especies conocidas" Anales de la Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biologicas Mexico

Alvarez del Villar, J.;Navarro-G, L. (1957) "Los Peces del Valle de México. Com. Para el Fomento de la Piscicultura Rural". (Sría. Marina, México)

Alvarez, J. (1958). "Alvarez, J. 1958. Nueva especie de Notropis de la Cuenca del Lerma, capturada en Celaya, Gto. (Pisc. Cyprinidae)" Anales de la Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biologicas México 9(1-4) 109-114.

Alves, C. B. M.;Pompeu, P. S. (2001). "Peixes do Rio das Velhas: Passado e Presente" Belo Horizonte: SEGRAC.

Amanov, A. A. (1985). "The fish ecology of water bodies of the southern Uzbekistan and neighbouring republics" Tashkent: FAN.

Amari, M.;Azafzaf, H. (2001)"Tunisia" In Fishpool, L. D. C.;Evans, M. I.. ((Vol. Important bird areas in Africa and associated islands: Priority sites for conservation, pp. Pisces Publications and BirdLife International (Birdlife Conservation Series No. 11)) 953-973.

Ambroz, A. I. (1956). "Fishes of Dnieper, South Bug and Dniester-Bug Liman" Kiev: Izdatel'stvo AN USSR.

Amcen (2002) "Report of the Ministerial Session, African Ministerial Conference on the Environment, Ninth Session, 4-5 July, 2002, Kampala, Uganda"

American, Rivers (1997) "American Rivers’ most endangered and threatened rivers of 1997. Online. http://www.amrivers.org/10-most97.html". (Washington, DC, USA)

Amonoo-Neizer, E. H.,Nyamah, David;Bakiamoh, S. B. (1996). "Mercury and arsenic pollution in soil and biological samples around the mining town of Obuasi, Ghana" Water Air and Soil Pollution

AmphibiaWeb (2009) "Information on amphibian biology and conservation" (Berkeley, CA)

AmphibiaWeb (2010) "Information on amphibian biology and conservation. [web application]." (Berkeley, California)

AmphibiaWeb (2011) "Information on amphibian biology and conservation" <http://amphibiaweb.org/>(Feb 23, 2011)

AmphibiaWeb (2012) "Information on amphibian biology and conservation" <http://amphibiaweb.org/.>(Dec 11, 2012)

Anatskiy, S. Yu,Kuderskiy, L. A.,Neyelov, A. V.;Chmilevskiy, D. A. (1999). "Cyclostomata and fishes of Leningrad Province" Trudy SPb Obschestva estestvoispytateley

Anderson, E. W.,M. M. Borman;Krueger, W. C. (1997). "The ecological provinces of Oregon: a treatise on the basic ecological geography of the state"

Angehr, G. R. (2005) "Final Report Waterbirds in Panama". (Balboa, Panama)

Angehr, G.;Kushlan., J. A. (2007). "Seabird and colonial wading bird nesting in the Gulf of Panama" Waterbirds

Angermeier, P. L.;Carr, J. R. (1986). "Applying an index of biotic integrity based on stream-fish communities: considerations in sampling and interpretation" American Journal of Fisheries

Angermeier, P. L.;Schlosser, I. J. (1995). "Conserving aquatic biodiversity: beyond species and populations" American Fisheries Society Symposium

Angermeier, P.L.;Schlosser, I.J. (1989). "Species-area relationship for stream fishes" Ecology

Anonymous (1984). "The Red Book of the USSR, Vol. 1" Moscow: Lesnaya Promyshlennost.

Ansell, W. F. H. (1965). "Hippo census on the Luangwa River" The Puku

Araujo-Lima, C.;M. Goulding (1997). "So fruitful a fish: ecology, conservation, and aquaculture of the Amazon's Tambaqui"

Araúz, J.;Gorrichátegui, K. (2000). "Una colonia de anidación de Garza Cocoi (Ardea cocoi) en Panama" El Tucán

Ardila Rodríguez, C. A. (1994). "Lebiasina floridablancaensis, una nueva especie de pez para Colombia (Telesotei: Characiformes: Lebiasinidae)" Revista Unimetro

Ardila Rodríguez, C. A. (2001). "Lebiasina chucuriensis una nueva especie de pez para Colombia (Teleostei: Characiformes: Libiasinidae)" Revista Unimetro

Arismendi, I.,Soto, D.,Penaluna, B.,Jara, C.,Leal, Cl;León-Muñoz, J. (2009). "Aquaculture, non-native salmonid invasions and associated declines of native fishes in Northern Patagonian lakes" Freshwater Biology 54(5) 1135-1147.

Armantrout, N. B. (1998). "Glossary of aquatic habitat inventory terminology" Bethesda, Maryland, USA: Western Division, American Fisheries Society.

Armbruster, J. W. (2005). "The loricariid catfish genus Lasiancistrus (Siluriformes) with descriptions of two new species" Neotropical Ichthyology

Armbruster, J.W.,Sabaj, M.H.,Hardman, M.,Page, L.M.;Knouft, J.H. (2000). "Catfish genus Corymbophanes (Loricariidae: Hypostominae) with description of one new species: Corymbophanes kaiei" Copeia (4) 997-1006.

Armbruster, J.W.;Provenzano, F.R. (2000). "Four new species of the suckermouth armored catfish genus Lasiancistrus (Loricariidae: Ancistrinae)" Ichthyological Explorations of Freshwaters 11(3) 241-254.

Arnoult, J. (1959). "Une nouvelle espèce de poisson aveugle de Madagascar: Typhleotris pauliani n.sp" Mem. Inst. Sci. Madag.

Arriaga, L.,Aguilar, V.,Alcocer, J.,Jiménez, R.,Muñoz, E.,Vázquez, E.;Aguilar, C. (1998) "Programa de Cuencas Hidrológicas Prioritarias y Biodiversidad de México de la Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso do la Biodiversidad". (México, D. F.)

Arthington, A. H.,Baran, E.,Brown, C. A.,Dugan, P.,Halls, A. S.,M, King J.,Minte-Vera, C. V.,Tharme, R. E.;Welcomme, R. L. () "Water Requirements of Floodplain Rivers and Fisheries: Existing Decision-Support Tools and Pathways for Development". (Penang, Malaysia)

Artigas Azas, J. M. (1993)"Herichthys tamasopoensis n. sp., a new cichlid from Mexico (Pisces, Cichlidae)" In Konigs, A. A.. ((Vol. The Cichlids Yearbook 3, pp. Cichlid Press) 65 - 70.

Ashley, C. (1995) "Population dynamics, the environment and demand for water and energy, in Namibia, Research Discussion Paper 7". (Windhoek) 28.

Atamuradov, Kh I.,Aranbaev, A. M.;Pereladova, O. B. (1997). "Biodiversity conservation in Central Asia" Ashghabad:

Atlas de, Nouvelle-Calédonie (1992). "" Editions du Cagou.

Austin, C. M. (1996). "Systematics of the freshwater crayfish genus Cherax Erichson (Decapoda: Parastacidae) in south-western Australia: electrophoretic, morphological and habitat variation" Australian Journal of Zoology

Austin, C. M.,Nguyen, T. T. T.,Meewan, M. M.;Jerry, D. R. (2003). "The taxonomy and phylogeny of the 'Cherax destructor' complex (Decapoda: Parastacidae) examined using mitochondrial 16S sequences" Australian Journal of Zoology

Australian Government: Department of the Environment and Water, Resources (2007). "Norfolk Island; Fauna"

Authority, Ethiopian Mapping (1988). "National atlas of Ethiopia"

Awaiss, A.;Saadou, E. M. (1998) "Evaluation de la diversité biologique aquatique du Niger. Projet NER/97/G31/A/1G/99, MH-E/SE-CNEDD".

Awaiss, A.;Seyni, S. (1998)"Utilisation durable de l’eau, des zones humides et de la diversité biologique dans les écosystèmes partagés (Bénin, Burkina Faso, Niger et Togo)." In ((Vol. Actes de Séminaire Atelier sous-régional, OMPO/RAMSAR/DFPP, Tapoa, 16-20 Novembre 1998, ) 180.

Awf (2000) "African Wildlife Foundation (AWF) Heartland Conservation Planning Report: Participatory Scoping Meeting. Zambezi Heartland. Internal document". (Kariba, Zimbabwe)

Awf (2001) "African Wildlife Foundation (AWF) Heartland conservation planning report: Participatory scoping meeting. Four Corners Transboundary Natural Resources Management Area. Internal document". (Kasane, Botswana)

Awf (2003) "Heartland Conservation Process (HCP): A framework for effective conservation in AWF’s African Heartlands". (Washington, DC, USA)

Awf (2003). "African Wildlife Foundation (AWF) African Heartlands Program"

Baard, E. H. W.,De Villiers, A. L.;De Villiers, M. E. (1985). "A contribution to the herpetofaunal distribution of the Verneukpan / Coppertom Area, Northwestern Cape Province, South Africa" Journal of the Herpetological Association of Africa

Babour, M. T.,Gerritsen, J.,Snyder, B. D.;Stribling, J. B. (1999). "Rapid bioassessment protocols for use in streams and wadeable rivers: periphyton, benthic macroinvertebrates and fish, 2nd. ed" Washington, D.C.: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water.

Babour, M. T.,Stribling, J. B.;Karr, J. R. (1995)"Multimetric approach for establishing biocriteria and measuring biological condition" In Davis, W. S.;Simon, T. P.. ((Vol. Biological assessment and criteria: tools for water ressource planning and decision making, pp. Lewis Publishers) 63-77.

Baha El Din, S. M. (1999). "Directory of Important Bird Areas in Egypt" Cairo, Egypt: Palm Press.

Baha El Din, S. M. (2001)"Egypt" In Fishpool, L. D. C.;Evans, M. I.. ((Vol. Important bird areas in Africa and associated islands: Priority sites for conservation, pp. Pisces Publications and Birdlife International) 241-264.

Bahuchet, Serge (1992) "The situation of indigenous peoples in tropical forests, fishing populations"

Baigún, Claudio;Ferriz, Ricardo (2003). "Distribution patterns of native freshwater fishes in Patagonia (Argentina)" Organisms Diversity & Evolution 3(2) 151-159.

Bailey, R. G. (1966). "The dam fisheries of Tanzania" East Africa Agricultural and Forestry Journal

Bailey, R. G. (1969). "The non-cichlid fishes of the eastward flowing rivers of Tanzania, East Africa" Revue De Zoologie Africaine

Bailey, R. G. (1983). "Delineation of Ecosystem Regions" Environmental Management

Bailey, R. G. (1986)"The Zaire River system" In Davies, B. R.;Walker, K. F.. ((Vol. The ecology of river systems, pp. Dr W. Junk Publishers) 201-214.

Bailey, R. G. (1995) "Description of the ecoregions of the United States". (Washington DC)

Baillie, J.;Groombridge, B. (1996). "IUCN Red List of threatened animals" Gland, Switzerland: IUCN.

Bakarr, M.,Bailey, B.,Byler, D.,Ham, R.,Olivieri, S.;Omland, M. (2001) "From the forest to the sea: Biodiversity connections from Guinea to Togo". (Washington, D.C.)

Baker, C. P. (2006). "Cuba" California: Avalon Publishing.

Baker, N. E.;Baker, E. M. (2001)"Tanzania" In Fishpool, L. D. C.;Evans, M. I.. ((Vol. Important bird areas in Africa and associated islands: Priority sites for conservation, pp. Pisces Publications and BirdLife International (Birdlife Conservation Series No. 11)) 897-945.

Baker, N. E.;Baker, E. M. (2002) "Important Bird Areas in Tanzania: A first inventory". (Dar es Salaam, Tanzania)

Balarin, J. D. (1986). "National reviews for aquaculture development in Africa, Ethiopia" FAO Fisheries circular

Balik, S. (1995). "Freshwater fish in Anatolia, Turkey" Biological Conservation

Balirwa, J. S.,Chapman, C. A.,Chapman, L. J.,Cowx, I. G.,Geheb, K.,Kaufman, L.,Lowe-McConnell, R. H.,Seehausen, O.,Wanink, J. H.,Welcomme, R. L.;Witte, F. (2003). "Biodiversity and fisheries sustainability in the Lake Victoria basin: An unexpected marriage?" Bioscience

Balmford, A., Bruner, A., Cooper, P., et al. (2002). "Economic reasons for conserving wild nature" Science 297(5583) 950-953..

Balon, E. K. and Stewart, D. J. (1983). "Fish assemblage in a river with unusual gradient (Luongo, Africa Zaire system), reflections on river zonation, and description of another new species" Environmental Biology of Fishes 9 225-252.

Balon, E.K.,S.S. Crawford;A. Lelek (1986). "Fish communities of the upper Danube Germany, Austria prior to the new Rhein-Main-Donau connection" Environmental Biology of Fishes 15 243-271.

Bănărescu, P. (1991). "Zoogeography of Fresh Waters, Volume 2: Distribution and Dispersal of Fresh Water Animals in North America and Eurasia" Weisbaden, Germany: AULA - Verlag.

Bănărescu, P. (1991). "Comparison of the fish faunas of the Danube and Nistru (= Dniester) river basins" Analele Stiintifice ale Universitatii "Al. I. Cuza" din lasi, Ser. 2a Biol. 37 291-303.

Bănărescu, P. (1992). "Zoogeography of Fresh Waters" 2 Weisbaden, Germany: AULA - Verlag.

Bănărescu, P. M. (1995). "Zoogeography of fresh waters" Wiesbaden, Germany: AULA-Verlag.

Banda, M., Hara, M. M. and Remane, K. (1997) Habitat degradation caused by seines on the fishery of Lake Malombe and upper Shire River and its effects. (pp. 305-310) Malden, MA: Fishing News Books.

Banister, K. E. (1986)"Fish of the Zaire system" In B. R. Davies and K. F. Walker (Ed.). Ecology of river systems. (pp. 215-224) Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Dr W. Junk Publishers.

Banister, K. E. (1994). "Glossogobius ankaranensis, a new species of blind cave goby from Madagascar (Pisces: Gobiodei: Gobiidae)" Aqua 1(3) 25-28.

Banister, K. E. and Bailey, R. G. (1979). "Fishes collected by the Zaïre River Expedition 1974-75" Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 66 205-249.

Barach, G. P. (1941). "Fauna of Georgia, V. 1. Freshwater fishes" Tbilisi: Academy of Sciences of Gruzinskaya SSR.

Barbier, E., Acreman, M. and Knowler, D. (1997) "Economic valuation of wetlands: A guide for policy makers and planners". Gland, Switzerland. Ramsar Convention Bureau.

Barbour, C. D. (1973). "The systematics and evolution of the genus Chirostoma Swainson (Pises: Atherinidae)" Tulane Stud. Zool. Bot. 18 97-41.

Barbour, C. D. (2002)"Chirostoma contrerasi (Atherinopsidae, Menidiinae), a new species from Lago de Chapala, Mexico" In M. L. Lozano-Vilano (Ed.). Libro jubilar en honro al Dr. Salvador Contreras Balderas. Monterrey, Mexico: Universidad A. de Nuevo Leon.

Barbour, C. D. and Chernoff, B. (1984)"Comparative morphology and morphometrics of the pescados blancos (genus Chirostoma) from Lake Chapala, México. Chapter 9" In A. A. Echelle and I. Kornfield (Ed.). Evolution of fish species flocks. Maine: University fo Maine at Orono Press.

Barbour, C. D. and Miller, R. R. (1978). "A revision of the Mexican cyprinid fish genus Algansea" Misc. Publ. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich. 155 1-72.

Bardin, O. (2002). "Dynamique des peuplements piscicoles colonisant les milieux estuariens et lagunaires du delta du Rhône. Etude de deux cas : le domaine de la Palissade et le pertuis de la Fourcade" Unpublished Thesis. Faculté de Saint-Jérôme Université Aix-Marseille III.

Baribwegure, D. and Dumont, H. J. (2000). "Some freshwater cyclopoids (Crustacea: Copepoda) of the island of Soqotra (Indian Ocean), with the description of three new species" International Review of Hydrobiology 85(4) 471-489.

Barker, J. A.,Christensen, R. J.,Neil, B. W.;Christensen, J. R. (1990). "The Power of Vision [video]" Burnsville, MN, USA: Charthouse Learning Corporation.

Barnard, P. (1998). "Biological diversity in Namibia" Windhoek, Namibia: Namibian National Biodiversity Task Force.

Barnes, J. I., Bruton, M. N. and Gess, F. W. (1988) Environmental aspects of the Ciskeian Fish/Kat River Basins rural planning study. (pp. 421-430) Grahamstown, South Africa: Rhodes University.

Barnes, K. N. (1998). "The Important Bird Areas of southern Africa" Johannesburg, South Africa: BirdLife International.

Barnes, K. N. (1998)"Important Bird Areas of Lesotho" In K. N. Barnes (Ed.). The important bird areas of southern Africa. (pp. 281-294) Johannesburg, South Africa: BirdLife International.

Barnes, K. N. (1998)"Important Bird Areas of South Africa - an introduction" In K. N. Barnes (Ed.). The important bird areas of southern Africa. (pp. 27-45) Johannesburg, South Africa: BirdLife International.

Barnes, K. N. (1998)"Important Bird Areas of the North-west Province" In K. N. Barnes (Ed.). The Important Bird Areas of southern Africa. (pp. 93-101) Johannesburg, South Africa: BirdLife International.

Barnes, K. N. (1998)"Important Bird Areas of the Western Cape" In K. N. Barnes (Ed.). The important bird areas of southern Africa. (pp. 220-267) Johannesburg, South Africa: BirdLife International.

Barnes, K. N. and Anderson, M. D. (1998)"Important Bird Areas of the Northern Cape" In K. N. Barnes (Ed.). The important bird areas of southern Africa. (pp. 103-122) Johannesburg, South Africa: BirdLife International.

Barnes, K. N., Johnson, D. J., Anderson, M. D., et al. (2001)"South Africa" In L. D. C. Fishpool and M. I. Evans (Ed.). Important bird areas in Africa and associated islands: Priority sites for conservation. (pp. 793-876) Newbury and Cambridge, UK: Pisces Publications and BirdLife International (Birdlife Conservation Series No. 11).

Barnes, R. F. W. (). "Woodland changes in Ruaha National Park (Tanzania) between 1976 and 1982" African Journal of Ecology 23(4) 215-222.

Baron, J. S., Poff, N. L., Angermeier, P. L., et al. (2002). "Meeting Ecological and Societal Needs for Freshwater" Ecological Applications 12(5) 1247-1260..

Barrientos-Medina, R. C. (2004)"Diversidad de Mojarras (Teleostei: Cichlidae) en el suroeste de Campeche, México" In M. L. Lozano-Vilano and A. J. Contreras-Balderas (Ed.). Libro Homenaje al Dr. Andrés Reséndez-Medina. (pp. 735-250) Monterrey, México: UANL.

Barriga, R. (1989). "Peces dela reserva etnica y forestal Awa" Politecnica XIV no.3 7-41.

Barriga, R. (1994). "Peces del Noroeste del Ecuador" Politecnica 19 no.2 45-154.

Barriga, R. (1994). "Peces del Parque Nacional Yasuni" Politecnica 19 no.2 10-41.

Barus, V. and Wohlgemuth, E. (1993). "Checklist and Biogeography of Fresh-Water Fishes in Eastern Cuba" Folia Zoologica 42(2) 165-177.

Barus, V., Wohlgemuth, E. and Penaz, M. (1994). "Checklist, Taxonomical Notes and Biogeography of Fresh-Water Fishes from Isla-De-La-Juventud (Cuba)" Folia Zoologica 43(2) 177-187.

Bashlakov, Y. K. (1966)"Reasonable ways of study of water yield formation in the Transbaikalia" In Problems of geography and biology. (pp. 3-50) Chita: Chita State Pedagogical Institute.

Bate, G. C. and Walker, B. H. (1993). "Water relations of the vegetation along the Kuiseb River, Namibia" Madoqua 18(2) 85-91.

Bates, R. I. and Jackson, J. A. (Ed.) (1987). "Glossary of geology, 3rd ed" Alexandria, VA, USA: American Geological Institute.

Battistini, R.;Vérin, P. (1984). "Géographie des Comores" Paris, France: Agence de Co-opération Culturelle et Technique.

Bazikalova, A. (1962). "Bazikalova, A. 1962. Sistematika, ekologiia i rasprostranenie rodov Micruropus Stebbing i Pseudomicruropus nov. gen. (Amphipoda, Gammaridea)" Akademiia Nauk SSSR, Sibirskoe Otdelenie, Trudy Limnologicheskogo Instituta, Sistematika i Ekologiia Rakoobrazenykh Baikala 2(22) 3-140.

Bazzo, D. (2000) "Atlas Infogéographique de la Guinée Maritime”, Ministère de l’Agriculture et de l’Elevage et Ministère de la Pêche et l’Aquaculture". Conakry, Guinea. CNRS-IRD-CNSHB.

Beable, M. E.;McKerchar, A. I. (1982). "Regional flood estimation in New Zealand" Water & Soil Technical Publication 20 Water & Soil Technical Publication 20. Wellington: National Water & Soil Conservation Organisation.

Beadle, L. C. (1981). "The inland waters of tropical Africa" England: Longman Group Limited.

Beaufort-Mackenzie Mineral Development, A. (). "Arctic Islands" (2007; www.bmmda.nt.ca/Arctic_Islands.htm).

Bechler-Carmaux, N., Mietton, M. and Mathieu, M. (1999). "The risk of a drinking water shortage in Niamey (Niger)" Sécheresse 10(4) 281-288.

Beck, R. G. (1985). "Field observations upon the dwarf galaxiid Galaxiella pusilla (Mack) (Pisces: Galaxiidae) in the south-east of South Australia" South Australia Naturalist 60 12-23.

Behnke, R. J. and Benson, D. E. (1983) "Endangered and threatened fishes of the Upper Colorado River Basin". Washington, DC, USA. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

Beilfuss, R.,Dutton, P.;Moore, D. (2000)"Land cover and land use change in the Zambezi Delta" In Timberlake, J. (Ed.). Biodiversity of the Zambezi Basin wetlands. (pp. 31-105) Harare, Zimbabwe: Biodiversity Foundation for Africa, Bulawayo/The Zambezi Society.

Bell-Cross, G. (1965). "Physical barriers separating the fishes of the Kafue and Middle Zambezi River systems" Fisheries Research Bulletin of Zambia 4 97-101.

Bell-Cross, G. (1972). "The fish fauna of the Zambezi River system" Arnoldia (Rhodesia) 5(29) 1-19.

Bell-Cross, G.;Minshull, J. L. (1988). "The fishes of Zimbabawe" Harare, Zimbabwe: National Museums and Monuments of Zimbabwe.

Bello, M. T;Úbeda, C.A. (1998). "Estado de conservación de los peces de agua dulce de la Patagonia argentina. Aplicación de una metodología objetiva." Gayana Zool. 62(1) 45-60.

Belyaeva, V. N., Kazancheyev, E. N. and Raspopov, V. M. (Ed.) (1989). "Caspian Sea: Ichthyofauna and fishery resources" Moscow: Nauka.

Béné, C. and Neiland, A. E. (2004) From participation to governance: a critical review of governance, co-management and participation in natural resources management with particular reference to inland fisheries in developing countries. Penang, Malaysia: WorldFish Center and Challenge for Food and Water.

Béné, C., Mindjimba, K., Belal, E., et al. (2003). "Inland fisheries, tenure systems and livelihood diversification in Africa: the case of the Yaéré floodplains in Cameroon" African Studies 62(2) 187-212.

Béné, C., Neiland, A., Jolley, T., et al. (2003). "Inland fisheries, poverty and rural livelihoods in the Lake Chad Basin" Journal of Asian and African Studies 38(1) 17-51.

Bénech, V. (1992)"The northern Cameroon floodplain: Influence of hydrology on fish production" In E. Maltby, P. Dugan and J. C. LeFueve (Ed.). Conservation and development: the sustainable use of wetland resources. (pp. 155-164) Gland, Switzerland: IUCN.

Bénech, V., Durand, J. R. and Quensière, J. (1983)"Fish communities of Lake Chad and associated rivers and floodplains" In J. P. Carmouze, J. R. Durand and C. Leveque (Ed.). Lake Chad, Monographiae Biologicae 53. (pp. 293-356) The Hague: Dr W. Junk Publishers.

Bennasser, L., Fekhaoui, M., Benoit-Guyod, J.-L., et al. (1997). "Influence of tide on water quality of lower Sebou polluted by Gharb Plain wastes (Morocco)" Water Research 31(4) 859-867.

Bennun, L. and Njoroge, P. (2001)"Kenya" In L. D. C. Fishpool and M. I. Evans (Ed.). Important bird areas in Africa and associated islands: Priority sites for conservation. (pp. 411-464) Newbury and Cambridge, UK: Pisces Publications and Birdlife International.

Bennun, L.;Njoroge, P. (1999). "Important Bird Areas in Kenya" Nairobi, Kenya: Nature Kenya, the East Africa Natural History Society.

Benstead, J. P., De Rham, P. H., Gattolliat, J. L., et al. (2003). "Conserving Madagascar's freshwater biodiversity" Bioscience 53(11) 1101-1111.

Benstead, J. P., Stiassny, M. L. J., Loiselle, P. V., et al. (2000)"River conservation in Madagascar" In P. J. Boon, B. R. Davies and G. E. Petts (Ed.). Global perspectives on river conservation: Science, policy and practice. (pp. 205-231) Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons.

Bento, C. (2000)"Wetland bird survey of the Zambezi Delta" In J. Timberlake (Ed.). Biodiversity of the Zambezi Basin wetlands. (pp. 259-278) Harare, Zimbabwe: Biodiversity Foundation for Africa, Bulawayo/The Zambezi Society.

Berg, L. S. (1908). "List of fishes of the Ob' basin" Ezhegodnik Zool. Mus. Imper. Akad. Nauk 13(3) 221-228.

Berg, L. S. (1913). "The fishes from the Kuban’ basin" Ezhegodnik Zool. Mus. Imper. Akad. Nauk 17 116-122.

Berg, L.S. (1910). "Fishes collected by K. A. Satunin in Golü basin" Izvestia Kavk. Otd. Russ. Geogr. Obsc. Tiflis 20(2) 127-128.

Berlanga-Robles, C. A., Ruiz-Luna, A., Nepita-Villanueva, M. R., et al. (1997). "Estabilidad y diversidad de la composición de peces del Lago de Pátzcuaro, Michoacán, México" Rev. Biol. Trop. 45(4) 1553-1558.

Bermingham, E. and Martin, A. P. (1998). "Comparative mtDNA phylogeography of neotropical freshwater fishes: testing shared history to infer the evolutionary landscape of lower Central America" Molecular Ecology 7(4) 499-517.

Berra, T. M. (2001). "Freshwater fish distribution" San Diego, California, USA: Academic Press.

Berra, T. M. and Allen, G. R. (1989). "Burrowing, emergence, behavior, and functional morphology of the Australian salamanderfish, Lepidogalaxias salamandroides" Fisheries Research Board of Canada Bulletin 14 2-10.

Berra, T. M. and Humphrey, J. (2002). "Gross anatomy and histology of the hook and skin of male nurseryfish, Kurtus gulliveri, from northern Australia" Environmental Biology of Fishes 65 263–270.

Berry, P. S. M. (1973). "A hippo count on the upper Luangwa River" The Puku 7 193-195.

Berry, P. S. M. (1973). "The Luangwa Valley giraffe" The Puku 7 71-92.

Bertoletti, J. J., Lucena, C. A. S., Lucena, Z. M. S., et al. (1989). "Ictiofauna do Rio Canoas, sistema do Rio Uruguai superior, Campos Novos, Santa Catarina, Brasil" Comun. Mus. Ciên. PUCRS (48) 43-75.

Bertoletti, J. J., Lucena, C. A. S., Lucena, Z. M. S., et al. (1989). "Ictiofauna do Rio Uruguai superior entre os municipios de Aratiba e Esmeralda, RS Brasil" Comun. Mus. Ciên. PUCRS (48-49) 1-43.

Bertozzi, T., Adams, M. and Walker, K. F. (2000). "Species boundaries in carp gudgeons (Eleotridae: Hypseleotris) from the River Murray, South Australia: evidence for multiple species and extensive hybridization" Marine and Freshwater Research 51 805–815.

Bérubé, M., Bernacsek, G. M. and Powles, H. (1992) Une expérience de coopérative piscicole en République Centrafricane. Ottawa, Canada: IDRC-MR308e,f. International Development Research Centre.

Bezerra, M. O. (2009). "Current characterization at the Amazon estuary" Geophysical Research Abstracts 11(EGU2009-13363)

Bianco, P.G. (1986). "The zoogeographic units of Italy and Western Balkans based on cyprinid species ranges (Pisces)" Biologia Gallo-Hellenica 12 291-299.

Bianco, P.G. (1995). "Mediterranean endemic freshwater fish of Italy" Biological Conservation 72(159-170)

Bibby, C. J., N.J. Collar, M.J. Crosby, M.F. Heath, C. Imboden, T.H. Johnson, A.J.. Long, A. J. Stattersfield, S.J. Thirgood (1992). "Putting biodiversity on the map: Priority areas for global conservation" Cambridge, UK: International Council for Bird Preservation.

Biggs, B. J. F., Duncan, M. J., Jowett, I. G., et al. (1990). "Ecological characterisation, classification, and modelling of New Zealand rivers: an introduction and synthesis" New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 24 277-304.

Bills, R. (1997) "Freshwater of the Moebase region and their fish communities. Environmental impact assessment of the proposed TIGEN sands mineral mine, Zambezia Province, Mozambique". Grahamstown, South Africa. Coastal Environmental Services.

Bills, R. (2000)"Freshwater fish survey of the Lower Zambezi River, Mozambique" In Timberlake, J. (Ed.). Biodiversity of the Zambezi Basin wetlands. (pp. 461-485) Harare, Zimbabwe: Biodiversity Foundation for Africa, Bulawayo/The Zambezi Society.

Bills, R. (2001) "Inventory of fishes from the Maputo Special Reserve and Futi Corridor, Mozambique. A contract for the Transfrontier Conservation Areas Project, National Directorate of Conservation Areas, Ministry of Tourism, Mozambique". Grahamstown, South Africa. JLB Smith Institute of Ichthyology Investigational Report No. 63.

Biney, C. A. (1990). "A review of some characteristics of freshwater and coastal ecosystems in Ghana" Hydrobiologia 208 45-53.

Biney, C., Amuzu, A. T., Calamari, D., et al. (1994). "Review of heavy metals in the African aquatic environment" Ecotoxicology and environmental safety 28 134-159.

Binns, J. A., Illgner, P. M. and Nel, E. L. (2001). "Water shortage, deforestation and development: South Africa's Working for Water Programme" Land Degradation & Development 12(4) 341-355..

Bird, ECF (2010). "Enclyclopedia of the world's coastal landforms" 1 Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer.

Birdlife International (2008) "Species factsheet: Agamia agami" <http://www.birdlife.org >(06/20/2008)

Birdlife International (2009) "Important Bird Areas in Turkey. IBA Factsheet" <http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/sites/index.html?action=SitHTMFindResults.asp&INam=&Reg=7&Cty=214>(30 June 2009)

Birdlife International (2009) "Important Bird Areas in Iran. IBA Factsheet" <http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/sites/index.html?action=SitHTMFindResults.asp&INam=&Reg=8&Cty=101>(08 July 2009)

Birdlife International (2010) "Important Bird Areas factsheet: Baha de Samborombn y Punta Rasa" <http://www.birdlife.org>(12/10/2010)

Birdlife International (2011) "Important Bird Areas factsheet: Camargue" <http://www.birdlife.org>(2/18/2011)

BirdLife International (2011) "Important Bird Areas factsheet: Jan Mayen Island" <http://www.birdlife.org>(04/10/2011)

Birdlife International (2012) "Important Bird Areas factsheet: Axios, Loudias, and Aliakmon estuaries" (Retrieved 24 April 2012 from http://www.birdlife.org)

Birdlife International (2012) "Important Bird Areas factsheet: Lake Distos" <http://www.birdlife.org>(03/05/2012)

Birdlife, I. (2004). "Endemic bird areas" (2004; www.birdlife.net/action/science/endemic_bird_areas/).

Birdlife, I. (2004). "Important bird areas" (2004; www.birdlife.net/action/science/sites).

Birdlife, International (2000). "Threatened birds of the world" Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and Birdlife International.

Birdlife, International (2011) "Important Bird Areas factsheet: Jan Mayen island" <www.birdlife.org>(October 4, 2011)

Bishop, M. (2002). "Hawaiian Fish Checklist" (2007; http://www2.bishopmuseum.org/HBS/checklist/query.asp?grp=Fish).

Bjørke, S. Å. (2002) "Vital climate graphics Africa: Aridity zones" <http://www.grida.no/climate/vitalafrica/english/25.htm >(2003)

Bloesch, J.,T. Jones,R. Reinartz;Striebel, B. (2005). "Action Plan for the Conservation of the Sturgeons (Acipenseridae) in the Danube River Basin" Paper presented at the Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats, Strasbourg.

Blom, A. and Yamindou, J. (2001) "A brief history of armed conflict and its impact on biodiversity in the Central African Republic". Washington, D.C.. Biodiversity Support Program.

Bobori, D.C.,E.T. Koutrakis;P.S. Economidis (2001). "Shad species in Greek waters – an historical overview and present status" Bull Fr. Pêche Piscic 2001(362/363) 1101-1108.

Bocian, C. (1998) "Preliminary observations on the status of primates in the Etiema Community Forest". Report for A. G. Leventis and the Nigerian Conservation Foundation, Lagos, Nigeria.

Bockmann, F. A. (1998). "Análise filogenetica da familia Heptapteridae (Teleostei, Ostariophysi, Siluriformes) e redefiniçao de seus gêneros" Unpublished PhD thesis. Instituto de Biociencias- USP USP: Sao Paulo

Boeseman, M. (1963). "An annotated list of species from the Niger Delta" Zoologische Verhandelingen 61 3-48.

Bogatov, V. V. and M. N. Zatravkin (1990). "Gastropods of fresh and brackish waters of the Far East USSR" Vladivostok: Far East Branch, Academy of Science USSR.

Bogotá-Gregory, J. D. and Maldonado-Ocampo, J. A. (2006). "Peces de la zona hidrogeográfica de la Amazonia, Colombia" Biota Colombiana 7(1) 55-94.

Bogutskaya, N. G. (2001)"A revision of Altai osmans of the genus Oreoleuciscus (Cyprinidae: Leuciscinae) with a description of a new species, O. angusticephalus, from River Kobdo (Hovd) system, West Mongolia" In New contributions to freshwater fish research. ((Vol. 287, pp. 5-44) St. Petersburg: Proc. Zool. Inst. RAS.

Bogutskaya, N. G.;Naseka, A. M. (1996). "Cyclostomata and fishes of Khanka Lake drainage area (Amur River basin): an annotated check-list with comments on taxonomy and zoogeography of the region" St. Petersburg:

Bogutskaya, N. G.;Naseka, A. M. (2004). "Catalogue of agnathans and fishes of fresh and brackish waters of Russia with comments on nomenclature and taxonomy" Moscow: KMK Scientific Press Ltd..

Bogutskaya, N.G.;A.M. Naseka (2002). "An overview of nonindigenous fishes in inland waters of Russia" Proc. Zool. Inst. Russ. Acad. Sci. 296 21-30.

Bogutskaya, N.G.;AmM. Komlev (2001). "Some new data to morphology of Rhodeus sericeus sensu lato (Cyprinidae: Acheilognathinae) and a description of a new species, Rhodeus colchicus, from West Transcaucasia. New contributions to freshwater fish research" Proc. Zool. Inst. 287 81-97.

Bohn, Udo,Gisela Gollub;Hettwer, Christoph (2000) "Reduced general map of the natural vegetation of Europe. 1:10 million". Bonn-Bad Godesberg.

Boltachov, A. R.,Ignatiev, S. M.,Kolesnikova, E. A.;Nevrova, E. L. (1999)"Problems of biodiversity conservation in rivers of the Sevastopol' Region (on the example of River Bel'bek)" In Pavlova, E. V.;Shadrin, N. V. (Ed.). Area and coasts of Sevastopol': ecosystem processes. (pp. 247-257) Sevastopol: Akvavita.

Bonetto, A. A. (1986)"The Paraná River system" In B. R. Davies and K. F. Walker (Ed.). The ecology of river systems. (pp. Pp. 541-598) Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Dr. W. Junk.

Bonetto, A. A. (1986)"The fish of the Paraná system" In Davies, B.R.;Walker, K. F. (Ed.). The ecology of river systems. (pp. Pp. 573-588) Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Dr. W. Junk.

Bootsma, H. A. (1993). "Spatio-temporal variation of phytoplankton biomass in Lake Malawi, Central Africa" Verhandlungen Internationale Vereinigung für theoretische und angewandte Limnologie (Proceedings of the 1992 SIL conference in Barcelona, Spain) 25(2) 882-886.

Bootsma, H. A. and Hecky, R. E. (1993). "Conservation of the African Great Lakes: A limnological perspective" Conservation Biology 7(3) 644-656.

Bootsma, H. A. and Hecky, R. E. (1999) "Water quality report: Lake Malawi/Nyasa Biodiversity Conservation Project". Senga Bay, Malawi. SADC/GEF Lake Malawi/Nyasa/Niassa Biodiversity Conservation Project.

Boseto, D.;Allen, G. (2005). "Annotated checklist of fishes recorded during 2004 and 2005 surveys of Solomon Islands" In preparation.

Bostock, B. M., Adams, M., Laurenson, L. J. B., et al. (2006). "The molecular systematics of Leiopotherapon unicolor (Gunther, 1859): testing for cryptic speciation in Australia's most widespread freshwater fish" Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 87 537–552.

Boston, U. (2001) "MODIS MOD12Q1 Land Cover Product Binary Data from Boston University. (Details: MOD12Q1, 2000289, version 3, period Oct. 2000 to Oct. 2001, global 30-second resolution; geographic projection)" <http://duckwater.bu.edu/lc/mod12q1.html >(2002)

Boudot, J.-P., V.J. Kalkman, M. Azpilicueta Amorin, T. Bogdanovic, A. Cordero Rivera, G. Degabriele, J.-L. Dommanget, S. Ferreira, B. Garrigos, M. Jovic, M. Kotarac, W. Lopau, M. Marinov, N. Mihokovic, E. Riservato, B. Samraoui, and W. Schneider (2009). "Atlas of the Odonata of the Mediterranean and North Africa" Libellula, Supplement 9 1-256.

Boumezbeur, A. (2001) "Atlas des zones humides Algériennes d’importance internationale". Ben Aknoun, Alger, Algeria. Direction générale des forêts.

Boumezbeur, A. (2002) "Atlas des 26 zones humides Algériennes d’importance internationale". Ben Aknoun, Alger, Algeria. Direction générale des forêts.

Bousso, T. and Remane, K. (1997) The estuary of the Senegal River: The impact of environmental changes and the Diama dam on resource status and fishery conditions. (pp. 45-65) Oxford, UK: Fishing News Books.

Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., Minjera, H. A., et al. (1995). "Environmental impact of former gold mining on the Orangi River, Serengeti N.P., Tanzania" Biogeochemistry (Dordrecht) 28(3) 131-160.

Bowles, D. E. and Arsuffi, T. L. (1993). "Karst aquatic ecosystems of the Edwards Plateau region of central Texas, USA: A consideration of their importance, threats to their existence, and efforts for their conservation" Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 3 317-329.

Bowmaker, A. P., Jackson, P. B. N. and Jubb, R. A. (1978)"Freshwater fishes" In M. J. A. Werger (Ed.). Biogeography and ecology of southern Africa. (pp. 1181-1231) The Hague, The Netherlands: Dr W. Junk Publishers.

Braithwaite, C. J. R., Casanova, J., Frevert, T., et al. (1989). "Recent stromatolites in landlocked pools on Aldabra, western Indian Ocean" Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 69(3-4) 145-166.

Branch, B. (1998). "Field guide to snakes and other reptiles of southern Africa" Cape Town, South Africa: Struik Publishers, Ltd..

Branch, W. R. (2000)"Survey of the reptiles and amphibians of the Zambezi Delta" In Timberlake, J. (Ed.). Biodiversity of the Zambezi Basin wetlands. (pp. 377-392) Harare, Zimbabwe: Biodiversity Foundation for Africa, Bulawayo/The Zambezi Society.

Branch, W. R. and Braack, H. H. (1989). "Reptiles and amphibians in the Karoo National Park: A surprising diversity" Journal of the Herpetological Association of Africa 36 26-35.

Bravard, J.-P. (2010). "Discontinuities in braided patterns: The River Rhône from Geneva to the Camargue delta before river training" Geomorphology 117 219-233.

Breen, C. M. (1991). "Are intermittently flooded wetlands of arid environments important conservation sites?" MADOQUA 17(2) 61-65.

Brenon, P. (1972)"The geology of Madagascar" In R. Battistini and G. Richard-Vindard (Ed.). Biogeography and ecology in Madagascar. (pp. 27-86) The Hague, The Netherlands: Dr. W. Junk.

Brett, M. R. (1989). "The Pilanesberg" Johannesburg, South Africa: Frandsen Publishers.

Brichard, P. J. (1980) "Report for the government of Mozambique on organization of the ornamental fish trade. GCP/MOZ/006 (SWE) Field Document 1". Rome, Italy. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Briggs, J. C. (1984). "Fresh-Water Fishes and Biogeography of Central-America and the Antilles" Systematic Zoology 33(4) 428-435.

Briggs, J. C. (1987). "Biogeography and plate tectonics" Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier.

Brismar, A. (2002). "River systems as providers of goods and services: A basis for comparing desired and undesired effects of large dam projects" Environmental Management 29(5) 598-609.

British Columbia Ministry of, E. (2007). "British Columbia Heritage Rivers Program" (2007; www.env.gov.bc.ca/bcparks/heritage_rivers_program).

BritishColumbia.com (2006). "BC Lakes & Rivers" (2007; www.britishcolumbia.com/LakesAndRivers).

Britski, H. A.,Silimon, K. Z. S.;B. S. Lopes (2007). "Peixes do Pantanal: Manual de Identificação" Brasilia, DF: Embrapa.

Brittain, J.E.,G.M. Gíslason,V.I. Ponomarev,J. Bogen,S. Brørs,A.J. Jensen,L.G. Khokhlova,S.K. Kochanov,A.V. Kokovkin,K. Melvold,J.S. Ólafsson,L.E. Pettersson;Stenina, A.S. (2009)"Arctic Rivers" In Tockner, K.;Uehlinger, U.;Robinson, C.T. (Ed.). Rivers of Europe. ((Vol. 1, ) London, UK: Academic Press.

Britton, D. L. (1991). "Fire and the chemistry of a South African mountain stream" Hydrobiologia 218 177-192.

Broadley, D. G. (2000)"The herpetofauna of the Zambezi basin wetlands" In J. Timberlake (Ed.). Biodiversity of Zambezi Basin wetlands. (pp. 279-392) Harare, Zimbabwe: Biodiversity Foundation for Africa, Bulawayo/The Zambezi Society.

Broadley, D. G. (2001). "An annotated check list of the herpetofauna of Mulanje Mountain" Nyala 21 27-36.

Brookes, J. D. and Hamilton, D. P. (2009)"Lakes and reservoirs of Australia and New Zealand" In G. E. Likens, (Editor), (Ed.). Encyclopedia of Inland Waters. Vol 2.. (pp. 513-523) Oxford, UK: Elsevier.

Brooks, T., Balmford, A., Burgess, N., et al. (2001). "Toward a blueprint for conservation in Africa" Bioscience 51(8) 613-624.

Brouwer, J. (2003) "Wetlands, biodiversity and poverty alleviation in semi-arid regions: a case study from Niger" <http://www.iucn.org/themes/cem/cem/region/niger.htm >(2003)

Brouwer, J., François Codjo, S. and Mullié, W. C. (2001)"Niger" In L. D. C. Fishpool and M. I. Evans (Ed.). Important bird areas in Africa and associated islands: Priority sites for conservation. (pp. 661-672) Newbury and Cambridge, UK: Pisces Publications and BirdLife International (Birdlife Conservation Series No. 11).

Brouwer, J., Mullié, W. C. and Issa, A. M. (2001). "A synopsis of bird biodiversity in Niger, with special emphasis on waterbirds and wetlands"

Brown, C. A. and King, J. M. (2000) "Environmental flow assessments: Concepts and methodologies. World Bank Water Resources and Environmental Management Guideline Series. Guideline 6". Washington, DC, USA. World Bank.

Brown, C. A., Eekhout, S. and King, J. M. (1996) "National Biomonitoring Programme for Riverine Ecosystems: Proceedings of spatial frame workshop". Pretoria, South Africa. Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism.

Brown, D. S. (1991). "Freshwater snails of São Tomé, with special reference to Bulinus forskalii (Ehrenberg), host of Schistosoma intercalatum" Hydrobiologia 209 141-153.

Brown, D. S. and Kristensen, T. K. (1997). "Snail control and conservation: snails as friends as well as foes" , Danida, Denmark.

Brown, David (1994). "Freshwater snails of Africa and their medical importance" London, UK: Taylor & Francis.

Brown, J. H.;Gibson, A. C. (1983). "Biogeography" St. Louis, MO, USA: C. V. Mosby.

Bruce, A. J. (1988). "Leptopalaemon gagadjui gen. nov., sp. nov., a new freshwater palaemonid shrimp from Arnhem Land, and a re-evaluation of Palaemonetes holthuisi Strenth, with the designation of a new genus, Calathaemon." Hydrobiologia 257(2) 73-94.

Bruce, A. J. (1994). "Kakaducaris glabra gen. nov., sp. nov., a new freshwater shrimp from the Kakadu National Park, Northern Territory, Australia (Crustacea: Decapoda: Palaemonidae), with the designation of a new subfamily Kakaducaridinae" Hydrobiologia 268(1) 27-44.

Brunotte, E.,Dister, E.,Günther-Diringer, D.,Koenzen, U.;Mehl, D. (2009). "Flussauen in Deutschland - Erfassung und Bewertung des Auenzustandes" Naturschutz und Biologische Vielfalt 87 244.

Brunt, M.A. (1994). "Vegetation of the Cayman Islands" The Cayman Islands: Natural history and biogeography 1994 245-282.

Bruton, M. N. (1979). "The survival of habitat desiccation by air breathing clariid catfishes" Environmental Biology of Fishes 4 273-280.

Bruton, M. N.;Cooper, K. H. (1980). "Studies on the ecology of Maputaland" Cape Town, South Africa: Cape and Transvaal Printers.

Buckup, P. A. (1992). "Redescription of Characidium fasciatum, yype species of the Characidiinae (Teleostei, Characiformes)" Copeia 4 1066-1073.

Buckup, P. A. (1993). "Review of the characidiin fishes (Teleostei:Characiformes), with descriptions of four new genera and ten new species" Ichthyological Explorations of Freshwaters 4(2) 97-154.

Buckup, P. A. and Reis, R. E. (1997). "Characiin genus Characidium (Teleostei, Characiformes) in southern Brazil, with description of three new species" Copeia (3) 531-548.

Buckup, P. A., Menezes, N. A. and Ghazzi, M. S. (Ed.) (2007). "Catálogo das espécies de peixes de água doce do Brasil" Rio de Janeiro: Museo Nacional.

Buckup, P.A. (1993). "The monophyly of the Characidiinae, a Neotropical group of characiform fishes (Teleostei: Ostariophy)" Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 108 225-245.

Buitrago–Suárez, U.A.;Burr, B. M. (2007). "Taxonomy of the catfish genus Pseudoplatystoma Bleeker (Siluriformes: Pimelodidae) with recognition of eight species" Zootaxa 1512 1-38.

Bulgarini F.,S. Petrella;C. Teofili (Editors) (2006) "Biodiversity Vision dell’Ecoregione Mediterraneo Centrale". Rome, Italy. WWF Italia-MIUR.

Bulgarini, F. (2006). "Methodology for selection of cosnervation priorities applied to Central Mediterranean Ecoregion" Unpublished Thesis. University of Rome “La Sapienza”.

Bullock, S., H. Mooney and Medina, E. (Ed.) (1995). "Seasonally dry tropical forests" Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Bunn, S. E. and Arthington, A. H. (2002). "Basic principles and ecological consequences of altered flow regimes for aquatic biodiversity" Environmental Management 30(4) 492-507.

Burgess, G. H. and Franz, R. (1989)"Zoogeography of the Antillean Freshwater Fish Fauna" In C. A. Woods and F. E. Sergile (Ed.). Biogeograpy of the West Indies: Patterns and Perspectives. (pp. 263-304) Boca Raton, FL, USA: CRC Press.

Burgess, N. D. and Clarke, G. P. (2000) Coastal forests of eastern Africa, IUCN Forest Conservation Programme. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN.

Burgess, N. D., M. Nummelin, J. Fjeldså, K. M. Howell, K. Lukumbyzya, L. Mhando, P. Phillipson, and E. Vanden Berghe, editors (1998). "Biodiversity and Conservation of the Eastern Arc Mountains of Tanzania and Kenya" Journal of East African Natural History 87(1/2) 29-36.

Burgess, N. D., Nummelin, M., Fjeldså, J., et al. (1998). "Biodiversity and Conservation of the Eastern Arc Mountains of Tanzania and Kenya" Journal of East African Natural History 87(1/2) 29-36.

Burgess, N.,D'Amico Hales, J.,Underwood, E.,Dinerstein, E.,Olson, D.,Itoua, I.,Schipper, J.,Ricketts, T.;Newman, K. (2004). "Terrestrial ecoregions of Africa and Madagascar: A conservation assessment" Washington, DC: Island Press.

Burgis, M. J.;Symoens, J. J. (1987). "African wetlands and shallow water bodies" Paris, France: ORSTOM.

Burr, B. M. (1976). "A review of the Mexican stoneroller, Campostoma ornatum Girard (Pisces: Cyprinidae)" Trans. San Diego Soc. Nat. Hist. 18(7) 127 - 144.

Burr, B. M. and Page, L. M. (1986)"Zoogeography of fishes of the lower Ohio-upper Mississippi Basin" In C. H. Hocutt and E. O. Wiley (Ed.). The zoogeography of North American freshwater fishes. (pp. 287-324) New York, New York, USA: John Wiley & Sons.

Bussing, W. A. (1976)"Geographic distribution of the San Juan ichthyofauna of Central America with remarks on its origin and ecology" In T. B. Thorson (Ed.). Investigations of Nicaraguan lakes. (pp. 157-175) Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska.

Bussing, W. A. (1985)"Patterns of distribution of the Central American ichthyofauna" In F. G. Stehli and S. D. Webb (Ed.). The Great American biotic interchange. (pp. 453-473) New York: Plenum Press.

Bussing, W. A. (1998). "Peces de las aguas continentales de Costa Rica" Costa Rica: Editorial University.

Bussmann, R. W. (1999). "Growth rates of the important east African montane forest trees, with particular reference to those of Mount Kenya" Journal of East Africa Natural History Society 89 69-78.

Butzer, K. W. (1971). "Recent history of an Ethiopian delta - The Omo River and the level of Lake Rudolf, Department of Geography, Research Paper No. 136" Chicago, USA: The University of Chicago Press.

Byaruhanga, A., Kasoma, P. and Pomeroy, D. (2001)"Uganda" In L. D. C. Fishpool and M. I. Evans (Ed.). Important bird areas in Africa and associated islands: Priority sites for conservation. (pp. 975-1003) Newbury and Cambridge, UK: Pisces Publications and Birdlife International.

Caballero, S., Trujillo, F., Vianna, J. A., et al. (2007). "Taxonomic status of the genus Sotalia: species level ranking for “tucuxi” (Sotalia fluviatilis) and “costero” (Sotalia guianensis) dolphins." Marine Mammal Science 23 358-386.

Caldecott, J. and Caldecott, J. (1996) Cross River, Nigeria. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Calegari, V. (1997). "Environmental Perceptions and Local Conservation Efforts in Cuatro Cienegas, Coahuila, Mexico" Unpublished Thesis. Department of Geography University of Texas at Austin: Austin, Texas

California Academy of Sciences (CAS) (2012) "Catalogue of Fishes" <http://research.calacademy.org/redirect?url=http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp>(31 May 2012)

Calström, A. (1995) "Seychelles: Country report to the FAO International Technical Conference on Plant Resources" <http://www.fao.org/WAICENT/FAOINFO/AGRICULT/AGP/AGPS/Pgrfa/pdf/seychell.pdf >(2001)

Camara, S., Bamy, L. I., Cisse, M., et al. (1999) "Analyse de la diversité des écosystemes marins et côtiers, identification des priorités pour sa conservation. Stratégie Plan D'action Diversité Biologique". Conakry, Guinea. Direction Nationale de l'Environement.

Cambray, J. A., Davies, B. R. and Ashton, P. J. (1986)"The Orange-Vaal system" In B. R. Davies and K. F. Walker (Ed.). The ecology of river systems. (pp. 89-122) Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Dr W. Junk Publishers.

Cameron, Sarah (1998). "Cuba Handbook" England: Passport Books.

Campbell, B. M. (1994)"The environmental status of the Save Catchment" In T. Matiza and S. A. Crafter (Ed.). Wetlands ecology and priorities for conservation in Zimbabwe. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN.

Campbell, G. G. (1969). "A review of scientific investigations in the Tongaland area of Northern Natal" Trans. R. Soc. S. Afr. 38 305-316.

Campoy-Favela, J., Varela-Romero, A. and Juárez-Romero, L. (1989). "Observaciones sobre la ictiofauna nativa de la cuenca del Río Yaqui, Sonora, México" Ecológica (Hermosillo, Sonora, México) 1 1-14.

Canada's Aquatic, E. (2002). "Rivers" (2007; www.aquatic.uoguelph.ca/rivers/riverframes.htm).

Canada, I. B. A. (2004). "Important Bird Areas of Canada" (2007; www.ibacanada.com/).

Canadian Heritage Rivers, S. (2007). "" (2007; http://www.chrs.ca/).

Cann, J. (1998). "Australian freshwater turtles" Singapore: Beaumont Publishing.

Cantrell, M. A., Kalk, M., McLachlan, A. J., et al. (1979) Invertebrate communities in the Lake Chilwa swamp in years of high level. (pp. 161-173) The Netherlands: Dr. W. Junk.

Carmouze, J. P. and Lemoalle, J. (1983)"The lacustrine environment" In J. P. Carmouze, J. R. Durand and C. Leveque (Ed.). Lake Chad: Monographiae Biologicae 53. (pp. 27-63) The Hague: Dr W. Junk Publishers.

Carmouze, J. P., Durand, J. R. and Lévêque, C. (1983)"The lacustrine ecosystem during the "Normal Chad" period and the drying phase" In J. P. Carmouze, J. R. Durand and C. Leveque (Ed.). Lake Chad, Monographiae Biologicae 53. (pp. 527-560) The Hague: Dr W. Junk Publishers.

Carmouze, J. P., Durand, J. R. and Lévêque, C. (1983) Lake Chad: Ecology and productivity of a shallow tropical ecosystem. The Hague: W. Junk.

Carpenter, S. R., Fisher, S. G., Grimm, N. B., et al. (1992). "Global change and freshwater ecosystems" Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 23 119-139.

Carr, M. H. (Ed.) (1994). "A naturalist in Florida: A celebration of Eden" New Haven, Connecticut, USA: Yale University Press.

Carranza, J. (1954). "Descripción del primer bagre anoftalmo y depigmentado encontrado en aguas mexicanas" Ciencia 14(7-8) 129-136.

Carron, J. M. (2000)"The Pantanal of Paraguay" In F. A. Swarts (Ed.). The Pantanal. (pp. Pp 55-67) St. Paul, MN: Paragon House.

Carruthers, V. (1997). "The wildlife of southern Africa" South Africa: Southern Book Publishers, Halfway House.

Caruso, Francisco,Kenitiro Suguio;Toshio Nakamura (2000). "The quaternary geological history of the Santa Catarina Southeastern region (Brazil)" Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências 72(2) 257-270.

Carvalho, P. H. and Weber, C. (2004). "Five new species of the Hypostomus cochliodon group (Siluriformes: Loricariidae) from the middle and lower Amazon System" Revue Suisse de Zoologie 111(4) 953-978.

Casal, C. M. V., Bartley, D. M., Froese, R., et al. (1999). "Documenting the status of freshwater fish introduction in Oceania" Proc. 5th Indo-Pac. Fish Conf., Nouméa, 1997, Soc. Fr. Ichtyol., 1999 385-392.

Casciotta, J. R.,Almirón, A. E.;Bechara, J. (2005). "Peces del Iberá: Hábitat y Diversidad" La Plata, Argentina: Grafikar.

Castelo, R. (1994). "Biogeographical considerations of fish diversity in Bioko" Biodiversity and Conservation 3(9) 808-827.

Castro, R. M. C. and Casatti, L. (1997). "The fish fauna from a small forest stream of the upper Parana River basin, southeastern Brazil" Ichthyological Explorations of Freshwaters 7(4) 337-352.

Castro, R. M. C. and Vari, R. P. (2004). "Detritivores of the South American Fish Family Prochilodontidae (Teleostei: Ostariophysi: Characiformes): A Phylogenetic and Revisionary Study" Smithsonian Contribution to Zoology (622) 189.

Castro, R. M. C., Casatti, L., Santos, H. F., et al. (2003). "Estrutura e composição da ictiofauna de riachos do Rio Paranapanema, sudeste e sul do Brasil" Biota Neotropica 3(1) 1-31.

Castro-Aguirre, J. L.,Espinosa-Pérez, H.;Schmitter-Soto, J. J. (1999). "Ictiofauna estuarino-lagunar y vicaria de México. Col. Textos Politécnicos, Ser. Biotecnologías" IPN, México: Noriega LIMUSA.

Caw (2003). "Centre for African Wetlands" (2003; www.afriwet.org).

Center for International Earth Science Information, N. (2000). "Gridded population of the world (GPW), Version 2. Palisades, NY: CIESIN, Columbia University" (2002; http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/plue/gpw).

Centre for Ecology and, H. (2001) "Managed flood releases from the Itezhi-Tezhi Reservoir, Summary report" <http://www.nwl.ac.uk/ih/www/research/images/ManFloodZambiasum4.pdf >(2002)

Centre for Environment and Development for the Arab Region and, E. (2001) "Nubian Sandstone Aquifer System Programme" <http://isu2.cedare.org.eg/nubian/ >(2003)

Chabreck, R. A. (1988). "Coastal marshes: Ecology and wildlife management" Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA: University of Minnesota Press.

Chabwela, H. N. (1992). "The ecology and resource use of the Bangweulu Basin and the Kafue Flats" , Gland, Switzerland.

Chabwela, H. N. (1994)"Current threats to the wetlands of Zimbabwe" In T. Matiza and S. A. Crafter (Ed.). Wetlands ecology and priorities for conservation in Zimbabwe. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN.

Chabwela, H. N. (1994) "Status of wetlands of Zambia: Management and conservation issues". Zambia. ECZ.

Chabwela, H. N. W. and Mumba, W. (1998)"Integrating water conservation and population strategies on the Kafue Flats" In A. de Sherbinin and V. Dompka (Ed.). Water and population dynamics. Washington, D.C., USA: American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Chabwela, H. N., Matiza, T. and Crafter, S. A. (1994) The ecology and conservation status of the Save-Runde floodplain. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN.

Chadderton, W. L. (1988). "Faunal and chemical characteristics of some Stewart Island streams" New Zealand Natural Sciences 15 43-50.

Chafota, J., Burgess, N. and Johnson, S. (2002) "WWF Ecoregion Conservation Programme: Lake Malawi/Niassa/Nyasa ecoregion". Harare, Zimbabwe. WWF-Southern Africa Programme Office.

Champion, P. D., Clayton, J. S., Groves, R. H., et al. (2001) A weed risk assessment model for aquatic weeds in New Zealand. (pp. 194-202) Australia: CSIRO Publishing.

Chang, F. and Ortega, H. (1995). "Additions and corrections to the list of freshwater fishes of Peru" Publicaciones del Museo de Historia Natural UNMSN 5(1) 1-11.

Change, I. I. P. o. C. (1992) "Climate Change 1992 - The Supplementary Report to the IPCC Scientific Assessment". Cambridge, UK. Cambridge University Press.

Change, I. I. P. o. C. (2001) "Climate Change 2001: Impacts, adaptation and vulnerability A report of Working Group II of the IPCC". Cambridge, UK. Cambridge University Press.

Channing, A. (1987). "Opportunistic seasonal breeding by frogs in Namaqualand" Journal of the Herpetological Association of Africa 35 19-24.

Channing, A. and Griffin, M. (1993). "An annotated checklist of the frogs of Namibia" MADOQUA 18(2) 101-116.

Chao, N. L. and Prang, G. (2002) "Decade of project PIABA: Refelctions and prospects. Ornamental Fisheries International Journal, Volume 39" <http://www.ornamental-fish-int.org/piaba.htm >(2003)

Chapman, A., Morgan, D. L., Beatty, S. J., et al. (2006). "Variation in life history of land-locked lacustrine and riverine populations of Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns 1842) in Western Australia" Environmental Biology of Fishes 77 21–37.

Chapman, F. A., Fitz-Coy, S. A., Thunberg, E. M., et al. (1997). "United States of America trade in ornamental fish" Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 28(1) 1-10.

Chapman, J. D. (1962). "The vegetation of the Mulanje Mountains, Nyasaland: a preliminary account with particular reference to the Widdringtonia forests" Zomba, Nyasaland (Malawi): Government Printer.

Chapman, L. J., Balirwa, J., Bugenyi, F. W. B., et al. (2001)"Wetlands of East Africa: Biodiversity, exploitation, and policy perspectives" In B. Gopal (Ed.). Wetlands biodiversity. (pp. 101-132) Leiden, The Netherlands: Backhuys Publisher.

Chapman, L. J., Chapman, C. A., Crisman, T. L., et al. (2003) Fishes of the African rainforests: Emerging and potential threats to a little-known fauna. (pp. 176-209) Gainesville, Florida, USA: University of Florida Press.

Chapman, L. J., Chapman, C. A., Schofield, P. J., et al. (2003). "Fish faunal resurgence in Lake Nabugabo, East Africa" Conservation Biology 17(2) 500-511..

Chapman, V. J. (Ed.) (1992). "Ecosystems of the world; wet coastal ecosystems" Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier Science Publishers B. V..

Cheke, A. S. (1987)"An ecological history of the Mascarene Islands, with particular reference to extinctions and introductions of land vertebrates" In A. W. Diamond (Ed.). Studies of Mascarene Island birds. (pp. 5-89) Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Cheke, R. A. (2001)"Benin" In L. D. C. Fishpool and M. I. Evans (Ed.). Important bird areas in Africa and associated islands: Priority sites for conservation. (pp. 93-98) Newbury and Cambridge, UK: Pisces Publications and Birdlife International.

Chen, H. L. and Huang, H. Q. (1977)"Cyprininae" In X. Wu (Ed.). The cyprinid fishes of China. ((Vol. 2, pp. 395-438) Peking: Science Press.

Chen, I. Shiung;Chang, Yung-Ching (2005). "A photographic guide to the inland water fishes of Taiwan. Volume 1: Cypriniformes" Keelung, Taiwan: The SueiChan Press.

Chen, I. Shiung;Fang, Lee-Shing (1999). "The freshwater and estuarine fishes of Taiwan" Pingtung, Taiwan: National Museum of Marine Biology and Aquarium.

Chen, Y. Y., Chu, X. L., Luo, Y. L., et al. (Ed.) (1998). "Fauna Sinica. Osteichthys. Cypriniformes II" Beijing: Science Press.

Chenje, M. (2000) State of the Environment Zambezi Basin 2000. Maseru, Lesotho; Lusaka, Zambia; and Harare, Zimbabwe: SADC, IUCN, ZRA, SARDC.

Chereshnev, I. A. (1990). "Composition of fish fauna and distribution of freshwater fishes of the North-East of Russia" Vopr. Ichthyol 30(5) 836-844.

Chereshnev, I. A. (1992). "Rare, endemic and threatened freshwater fishes of the north-east of Asia" Vopr. Ichthyol 32(4) 18-29.

Chereshnev, I. A. (1996). "Biological diversity of freshwater fish fauna of the North-East of Russia" Vladivostok: Dal'nauka.

Chereshnev, I. A. (1996)"Cyclostomata and fishes" In I. A. Chereshnev (Ed.). Vertebrates of the North-East of Russia. (pp. 21-61) Vladivostok: Dal'nauka.

Chereshnev, I. A. (1996). "Threatened fishes of the world: Salvethymus svetovidovi; Chereshnev & Scopets,1990 (Salmonidae)" Environmental Biology of Fishes 46(2) 166.

Chereshnev, I. A. (1998). "Biogeography of freshwater fishes of the Far East in Russia" Vladivostok: Dal'nauka.

Chereshnev, I. A. and Glubokovskiy, M. K. (Ed.) (1991). "Biology of chars of the Far East" Vladivostok: DVO RAN.

Chereshnev, I. A. and Skopets, M. B. (1990). "Salvethymus svetovidovi gen. et sp. nova -- a new endemic fish of the subfamily Salmoninae from Lake El'gygytgyn (Central Chukotka)" Voprosy Ikhtiologii [J. Ichthyol.] 30(2) 201-213.

Chereshnev, I. A. and Skopetz, M. B. (1993)"Biology of chars from the Elgygytgyn Lake" In The nature of the Elgygytgyn Lake Hollow. (pp. 105-127) Vladivostok: Dal'nauka.

Chereshnev, I. A.,Shestakov, A. V.,Korotaev, Yu A.;Makoedov, A. N. (2001). "Freshwater fishes of Anadyr' Basin" Vladivostok: Dal'nauka.

Chereshnev, I. A.,Shestakov, A. V.;Skopetz, M. B. (2001). "Guide to freshwater fishes of the North-East of Russia" Vladivostok: Dal’nauka.

Chereshnev, I. A.,Volobuyev, V. V.,Shestakov, A. V.;Frolov, C. V. (2002). "Salmoniform fishes of the North-East of Russia"

Chernoff, B. (1986). "Systematics of American atherinid fishes of the genus Atherinella. I. The subgenus Atherinella" Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila. 138(1) 86 - 188.

Chernoff, B. and Machado-Allison, A. (1999). "Bryconops colaroja and B. colanegra, two new species from the Cuyuní and Caroní drainages of South America" Ichthyological Explorations of Freshwaters 10(4) 355-370.

Chernoff, B. and Machado-Allison, A. (2005). "Bryconops magoi and Bryconops collettei (Characiformes: Characidae), two new freshwater fish species from Venezuela, with comment on B. caudomaculatus (Günther)" Zootaxa 1094 1-23.

Chernoff, B. and P.W. Willink (Editors) (1999) "A biological assessment of the aquatic ecosystems of the Upper Rio Orthon basin, Pando, Bolivia". Washington DC. Conservation International.

Chernoff, B. and Willink, W. (Ed.) (1999). "A biological assessment of the aquatic ecosystem of the upper Rio Orthon basin, Pando, Bolivia" 145. 15 Washington, DC: Conservation International.

Chernoff, B., Machado-Allison, A., Provenzano R, F., et al. (2002). "Bryconops imitator, a new species from the Rio Caura basin of Venezuela (Teleostei: Characiformes)" Ichthyological Explorations of Freshwaters 13(3) 193-202.

Chernoff, B., Machado-Allison, A., Riseng, K., et al. (Ed.) (2003). "A Biological Assessment of the Aquatic Ecosystems of the Caura River Basin, Bolívar State, Venezuela" 28 Washington, DC: Conservation International.

Chernoff, B., Willink, P. W. and Montambault, J. R. (Ed.) (2001). "A biological assessment of the Rio Paraguay basin, Alto Paraguay, Paraguay" 19 Washington, DC: Conservation International.

Chernoff, B., Willink, P. W., Sarmiento, J., et al. (1999). "Fishes of the Rios Tahuamanu, Manupiri and Nareuda, Depto. Pando, Bolivia: Diversity, Distribution, Critial habitat and Economic Value" Bulletin of Biological Assessment 15 39-46.

Chernoff, B., Willink, P. W., Sarmiento, J., et al. (1999). "Geographic and Macrohabitat Partitioning of Fishes in the Tahuamanu-Manuripi Region, Upper Orthon Basin, Bolivia" Bulletin of Biological Assessment 15 51-67.

Chernyaev, A. M. (Ed.) (1999). "Russia: river catchments" Ekaterinburg: Aerokosmologiya.

Chikhachiov, A. S. (1999)"Modern state of fish fauna of the Don River delta" In G. G. Matishov (Ed.). Modern state of estuarin systems on the example of the Sea of Azov. (pp. 198-200) Apatity: Kol'skiy Nauchnyy Centr.

Chikhachiov, A. S. (2001)"Species composition and recent status of fish fauna of coastal Russian waters in Azov and Black seas" In G. G. Matishov (Ed.). Environment, biota and modelling of ecological processes in the Sea of Azov. (pp. 135-151) Apatity: Kol'skiy Nauchnyy Centr.

Chikhachiov, A. S. and Zakutskiy, V. P. (1996)"Teleostei" In V. A. Minoranskiy (Ed.). Rare and vestigial animals of Rostov Province that need protection. (pp. 240-261) Rostov-na-Donu: Izdat. Rostov University.

Childes, S. L. and Mundy, P. J. (1998)"Important Bird Areas of Zimbabwe" In K. N. Barnes (Ed.). The important bird areas of southern Africa. (pp. 355-384) Johannesburg, South Africa: BirdLife International.

Childes, S. L. and Mundy, P. J. (2001)"Zimbabwe" In L. D. C. Fishpool and M. I. Evans (Ed.). Important bird areas in Africa and associated islands: Priority sites for conservation. (pp. 1025-1042) Newbury and Cambridge, UK: Pisces Publications and Birdlife International.

Choy, S. C. (1996). "Caridina spelunca, a new species of freshwater shrimp (Crustacea: Decapoda: Atyidae) from a Western Australian cave" Records of the Western Australian Museum 18 103–107.

Christensen, M.S. (1992). "Investigations on the ecology and fish fauna of the Mahakam River in East Kalimantan (Borneo), Indonesia" Int. Rev. Gesamt. Hydrobiol 77(4) 593-608.

Christensen, N. L. (1988)"Vegetation of the southeastern coastal plain" In M. G. B. a. W. D. Billings (Ed.). North American terrestrial vegetation. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Christy, P. (2001)"São Tomé and Príncipe" In L. D. C. Fishpool and M. I. Evans (Ed.). Important bird areas in Africa and associated islands: Priority sites for conservation. (pp. 727-731) Newbury and Cambridge, UK: Pisces Publications and BirdLife International (Birdlife Conservation Series No. 11).

Chu, K. Y., Vanderberg, J. A. and Klumpp, R. K. (1981). "Transmission dynamics of miracidia of Schistosoma haematobium in the Volta Lake" Bulletin of The World Health Organisation 59 555-560.

Chu, X. L.,Cheng, B. S.;Dai, D. Y. (1999). "Faunica Sinica. Osteichthyes. Siluriformes" Beijing: Science Press.

Chu, Xinluo,Chen, Yinrui;et.al (1989). "The fishes of Yunnan, China Part I" Beijing: Science Press.

Chu, Xinluo;Chen, Yinrui (1990). "The fishes of Yunnan, China Part II" Beijing: Science Press.

Chumba-Segura, L. and Medina-González, R. (2000). "Los peces dulceacuícolas de Yucatán. Cenotes, retenes, y manantiales" Mexicoa 1(2) 73-79.

Cia (2000) "CIA world factbook 2000" <http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/by.html >(2001)

Cia (2001) "The world factbook 2001" <http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/index.html >(2001)

CICY (1993). "Jardín Botánico Regional. Guía General." Yucatán, México: Centro de Investigaciones Científicas de Yucatán, A.C..

Clancy, P. (1997) "Feeling the pinch: The troubled plight of America's crayfish".The Nature Conservancy Magazine

Clapperton, C.M. (1994). "The quarternary glaciation of Chile: a review" Revista Chilena de Historia Natural 67 369-383.

Clark, G. M., T.R. Maret, M.G. Rupert, M.A. Maupin, W.H. Low and D.S. Ott (1998). "Water Quality in the Upper Snake River Basin, 1992-1995"

Clarke, G. P., Karoma, N. J., Burgess, N. D., et al. (2000) History of anthropic disturbance. (pp. 251-262) Gland, Switzerland: IUCN.

Clarke, J.D.A. (2006). "Antiquity of aridity in the Chilean Atacama Desert" Geomorphology 76(2006) 101-114.

Clarke, N. V. (1998). "Guide to the common plants of the Cuvelai wetlands" Windhoek, Namibia: Southern African Botanical Diversity Network.

Clarke, T. and Collins, D. (1996) A birdwatcher's guide to the Canary Islands. Huntingdon, UK: Prion Ltd..

Clausnitzer, V. (2001). "Notes on the species diversity of East African Odonata, with a checklist of species" Odonatologica 30(1) 49-66.

Clavero, M. ;García-Berthou, E. (2006). "Homogenization dynamics and introduction routes of invasive freshwater fish in the Iberian Peninsula" Ecological Applications 16(2313-2324)

Coad, B. W. (1981). "Fishes of Afghanistan, an annotated check-list" 14 Ottawa: National Museum of Canada.

Coad, B. W. (1996). "Freshwater fishes of Iranian and Pakistani Baluchistan" Biologia 42(1&2) 1-18.

Coad, B. W. (2002). "Freshwater Fishes of Iran" (www.briancoad.com).

Coad, B. W. (2005). "Freshwater Fishes of Iraq, Bibliography and Checklist" (www.briancoad.com).

Coad, B. W. and Kuru, M. (1986)"Bibliographie der Fische der Türkei/A Bibliography of the Fishes of Turkey" In M. Kasparek (Ed.). Zoologische Bibliographie der Türkei. Zoological Bibliography of Turkey. Pisces, Amphibia, Reptilia. (pp. 15-77) Heidelberg: Max Kasparek Verlag.

Coakley, G. J. (2001) "The mineral industry of Congo (Kinshasa), USGS Minerals Information Database, Africa and the Middle East" <http://minerals.usgs.gov/minerals/pubs/country/2001/cgmyb01.pdf >(2003)

Coakley, G. J. (2001) "The mineral industry of Ghana, USGS Minerals Information Database, Africa and the Middle East" <http://minerals.usgs.gov/minerals/pubs/country/2001/ghmyb01.pdf >(2001)

Coates, A. G. and Obando, J. A. (1996)"The geologic evolution of the Central American Isthmus." In J. B. C. Jackson, A.F. Budd and A.G. Coates (Ed.). Evolution and Environment in tropical America. (pp. 21-57) Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Coblentz, B. E., Van Vuren, D. and Main, M. B. (1990). "Control of feral goats on Aldabra Atoll" Atoll Research Bulletin (337) 1-14.

Coenen, E. J. and Teugels, G. G. (1989). "A new species of Nannocharax (Pisces; Distichodontidae) from South-East Nigeria and West Cameroon, with comments on the taxonomic status of Hemigrammocharax polli (Roman, 1966)" Cybium 13 311-318.

Cohen, A. (1992). "Criteria for developing viable underwater natural reserves in Lake Tanganyika" Mitt. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 23 109-116.

Cohen, A. S. (1994). "Extinction in ancient lakes: Biodiversity crises and conservation 40 years after J. L. Brooks" Ergebnisse der Limnologie 44 451-479.

Cohen, A., Bills, R., Cocquyt, C. Z., et al. (1993). "The impact of sediment pollution on biodiversity in Lake Tanganyika" Conservation Biology 7(3) 667-677.

Cohen, A., Kaufman, L. S. and Ogutu-Ohwago, R. (1996)"Anthropogenic threats, impacts, and conservation strategies in the African Great Lakes: A review" In T. C. Johnson and E. O. Odada (Ed.). The limnology, climatology, and paleoclimatology of the East African lakes. (pp. 575-624) The Netherlands: Gordon and Breech Publishers.

Cole, G. A. (1994) Textbook of limnology. ((Vol. 4, ) Prospect Heights, Illinois: Waveland Press.

Colhoun, E. A. and Peterson, J. A. (1986). "Quaternary landscape evolution and the cryosphere: research progress from Sahul to Australian Antartica" Australian Geographical Studies 24 145-167.

Collar, N. J. and Stuart, S. N. (1988) Key forests for threatened birds in Africa. Cambridge, UK: International Council for Bird Preservation.

Collette, B.B. (1995). "Tondanichthys kottelati, a new genus and species of freshwater halfbeak (Teleostei: Hemiramphidae) from Sulawesi" Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters 6(2) 171-174.

Collier, K. (1993). "Review of the Status, Distribution, and Conservation of Fresh-Water Invertebrates in New-Zealand" New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 27(3) 339-356.

Collier, K. J. (1992). "Freshwater macroinvertebrates of potential conservation interest" Series No. 50. Wellington, New Zealand: Department of Conservation Science & Research.

Collin, R. (2005). "Ecological monitoring and biodiversity surveys at the Smitshsonian Tropical Research Institute's Bocas del Toro Research Station" Caribbean Journal of Science 41(3) 367-373.

Collins, R. (2002). "The Nile" New Haven, CT, USA: Yale University Press.

Comley, P. Meyer S. (1994). "Traveller’s guide to Botswana" London, UK: New Holland Publishers.

Compére, P. and Iltis, A. (1983)"The phytoplankton" In J. P. Carmouze, J. R. Durand and C. Leveque (Ed.). Lake Chad, Monographiae Biologicae 53. (pp. 145-198) The Hague: Dr W. Junk Publishers.

Conant, R.;Collins, J. T. (1991). "A field guide to reptiles and amphibians: eastern and central North America" Boston, Massachusetts, USA: Houghton Mifflin Company.

Condit, R., Robinson, D., Ibanez, R., et al. (2001). "The status of the Panama canal watershed and its biodiversity at the beginning of the 21st Century" BioScience 51(5) 389-398.

Condit, R., Watts, K., Bohlman, S. A., et al. (2000). "Quantifiying the deciduoudness of tropical forest canopies under varying climates" Journal of Vegetation Science 11(5) 649-658.

Conner, J. V. and R.D. Suttkus (1986)"Zoogeography of freshwater fishes of the western Gulf slope" In C. H. Hocutt and E.O. Wiley (Ed.). The zoogeography of North American freshwater fishes. (pp. 413-456) New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons.

Conservancy, T. N. (2002). "The Gulf Coast Prairies and Marshes Ecoregional Conservation Plan" San Antonio, TX: Gulf Coast Prairies and Marshes Ecoregional Conservation Planning Team, The Nature Conservancy.

Conservation, I. (2003). "Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund" (2003; www.cepf.net/xp/cepf/).

Consortium, W. (2003). "2003 World Database on Protected Areas" Washington, DC: IUCN/UNEP.

Constantz, G. (1994). "Hollows, peepers, and highlanders. An Appalachian Mountain ecology" Missoula, Montana, USA: Mountain Press Publishing Co..

Contreras Balderas, S. and Lozano-Vilano, M. L. (1997). "Survival Status of the Sandia and Potosí valleys endemic pupfishes and crayfishes from the Mexican Plateau in Nuevo Leon, Mexico, with comments on associate extinct snails" Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwaters (Germany) 7(1) 33-40.

Contreras-Balderas, A. J.;Contreras-Balderas, S. (1988). "Los peces de Aguascalientes" México: Publ. Biol.. U. A. N. L..

Contreras-Balderas, S. (1967). "Lista de Peces del estado de Nuevo León" Monterrey, México: Cuad. Inst. Invest. Cient., Universidad de Nuevo León.

Contreras-Balderas, S. (1969). "Perspectivas de la Ictiofauna en las Zonas Aridas del Norte de México. Mem. Primer Simp. Internacional de Aumento de Producción de Alimentos en Zonas Áridas" ICASALS, Texas Tech. Publ 3 294-304.

Contreras-Balderas, S. (1976) "Impacto Ambiental de las Obras Hidráulicas.Informe Técnico". México. Sría. de Recursos Hidráulicos.

Contreras-Balderas, S. (1985). "Lista zoogeográfica y ecológica de los peces de Coahuila, México" Mem. VIII Cong. Nal. Zool. (Méx.) 1 156-174.

Contreras-Balderas, S. (2000). "Biogeografía mexicana de peces continentales" Mexicoa 2(1) 80-84.

Contreras-Balderas, S. (2001)"El Mundo acuático evoluciona" In D. Lauer (Ed.). Luces y voces del Desierto Chihuahuense. (pp. 30-44) Grupo Cementos de Chihuahua S. A. de C. V..

Contreras-Balderas, S. and Lozano-Vilano, M. L. (1994). "Cyprinella alvarezdelvillari, a new cyprinid fish from Río Nazas of México, with a key to the lepida clade" Copeia 1994(4) 897-906.

Contreras-Balderas, S. and M, A. M. M. (1985). "Estado actual de la Ictiofauna nativa de la cuenca de Parras, Coah., México" Mem. VIII Cong. Nal. Zool. (Méx.) 1 59-67.

Contreras-Balderas, S. and Rivera-Teillery, R. (1973). "Notropis aguirrepequeñoi, especie nueva endémica del Río Soto la Marina, Tamaulipas, México (Pises: Cyprinidae)" Publ.Biol.. Inst.Invest. Cient., UANL, México 1(2) 9-23.

Contreras-Balderas, S. and Rivera-Teillery, R. (1983). "Bramocharax (Catemaco) caballero subgén. Et sp. nv., del Lago de Catemaco, Veracruz, México" Publ. Biol.. U.A.N.L., Méx. 1 7-29.

Contreras-Balderas, S. and Verduzco-Martínez, J. (1977). "Dionda mandibularis, a new cyprinid fish endemic to the Upper Río Verde, San Luis Potosí, México, with comments on related species" Trans San Diego Soc. Nat. Hist 18(16) 256-266.

Contreras-Balderas, S., Edwards, R. J., Lozano-Vilano, M. L., et al. (2002). "Fish biodiversity changes in the Lower Rio Grande/Rio Bravo, 1953-1996" Rev. Fish Biol. and Fish 12 219-240.

Contreras-Balderas, S., Lozano-Vilano, M. L. and García-Ramírez, M. E. (2005)"Historical changes in the Index of Biological Integrity for the Lower Río Nazas, Durango, México" In R. Hughes and J. N. Rinne (Ed.). Fish assemblages in large rivers. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Contreras-Balderas, S., Lozano-Vilano, M. L., García-Ramírez, M. E., et al. (2004)"Peces y aguas continentales del estado de Tamaulipas, México" In M. L. Lozano-Vilano and A. J. Contreras-Balderas (Ed.). Libro Homenaje al Dr. Andrés Reséndez-Medina. (pp. 283-298) Monterrey, México: UANL.

Contreras-Balderas, S., M.,, L. Lozano-Vilano and García-Ramírez, M. E. (1995)"Tercera Lista Anotada y Revisada de los Peces de Nuevo León, México" In E. Libro (Ed.). Listado Preliminar de la Fauna del estado de Nuevo León, México. (pp. 73-78) México: Subcomisión de Fauna del Estado de Nuevo León.

Contreras-Balderas, S., Obregón, H. and Lozano, M. L. (1996). "Punta del Morro, an Interesting barrier for distributional patterns of continental fishes in North and Central Veracruz, México" Acta Biol. Ven. 16(4) 37-42.

Cooke, H. B. S. (1964)"The Pleistocene environment in southern Africa" In D. H. S. Davis (Ed.). Ecological studies in southern Africa. The Hague, The Netherlands: Dr. W. Junk Publishers.

Cooper, S. D., McClanahan, T. and Young, T. P. (1996) Rivers and streams. (pp. 133-170) New York: Oxford University Press.

Cooper, S. J. B., Hinze, S., Leys, R., et al. (2002). "Islands under the desert: molecular systematics and evolutionary origins of stygobitic water beetles (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae) from central Western Australia" Invertebrate Systematics 16 589–598.

Cornen, G., Bandet, Y., Giresse, P., et al. (1992). "The nature and chronostratigraphy of Quaternary pyroplastic accumulations from Lake Barombi Mbo (West-Cameroon)" Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 61 367-374.

Corporation, S. W. C. (1997) "Saskatchewan Wetland Policy" <http://www.wetland.sk.ca/swccpolicy/policy.htm>

Costa, D.B. (2004). "Ictiofauna do Parque Estadual do Cantão" Palmas, Tocantins, Brazil: Naturantins.

Costa, W. J. E. M. (1995). "Pearl Killifishes: The Cynolebiatinae" Neptune City, NJ: TFH Publications Inc..

Costa, W. J. E. M. (2002). "The annual fish genus Cynopoecilus (cyprinodontiformes:Rivulidae): taxonomic revision, with description of four new species" Ichthyological Explorations of Freshwaters 13(1) 11-24.

Costa, W. J. E. M. (2002). "Peixes Anuais Brasileiros: Diversidade e Conservação" Curitiba, PR: Editora da UFPR.

Costanza, R., d'Arge, R., de Groot, R., et al. (1997). "The value of the world's ecosystem services and natural capital" Nature 387 253-260.

Cotsapas, L., S.A. Zengel and Barraza, E. J. (2000)"El Salvador" In C. Sheppard (Ed.). Seas at the millenium: an environmental evaluation. (pp. 545-558) New York, NY: Elsevier Science.

Cotterill, F. (2000)"Reduncine antelope of the Zambezi Basin" In Timberlake, J. (Ed.). Biodiversity of the Zambezi Basin wetlands. (pp. 145-199) Harare, Zimbabwe: Biodiversity Foundation for Africa, Bulawayo/The Zambezi Society.

Cotterill, F. P. D. (2003). "Insights into the taxonomy of tsessebe antelopes Damaliscus lunatus (Bovidae: Alcelaphini) in south-central Africa with the description of a new evolutionary species in south-central Africa" Durban Museum Novitates 28 11-30.

Cotterill, F. P. D. (2004). "Drainage evolution in south-central Africa and vicariant speciation in swamp-dwelling weaver birds and flycatchers" The Honeyguide 50(1) 7-25.

Coughran, J. (2002). "A new species of the freshwater crayfish genus Euastacus (Decapoda: Parastacidae) from northeastern New South Wales, Australia" Records of the Australian Museum 54(1) 25-30.

Coughran, J. (2005). "Cherax leckii n. sp. (Decapoda: Parastacidae): a new crayfish from coastal, northeastern New South Wales" Fishes of Sahul 19(4) 191-196.

Coughran, J. (2005). "New crayfishes (Decapoda: Parastacidae: Euastacus) from northeastern New South Wales, Australia" Records of the Australian Museum 57(3) 361-374.

Coughran, J. (2006). "Biology of the Freshwater Crayfishes of Northeastern New South Wales, Australia" Unpublished Thesis. School of Environmental Science & Management, Southern Cross University.

Coughran, J. and Leckie, S. (2007)"Invasion of a New South Wales stream by the tropical crayfish, Cherax quadricarinatus (von Martens)" In D. Lunney, P. Eby, P. Hutchings and S. Burgin (Ed.). Pest or Guest: the zoology of over abundance. (pp. 40 - 46) Mosman, NSW, Australia: Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales.

Coughran, J. and Leckie, S. (2007). "Euastacus pilosus n. sp., a new crayfish from the highland forests of northern New South Wales, Australia" Fishes of Sahul 21(1) 308-316.

Coulter, G. W. (1991) Lake Tanganyika and its life. Oxford, UK: Oxford Univ. Press.

Coulter, G. W. and Mubamba, R. (1993). "Conservation in Lake Tanganyika, with special reference to underwater parks" Conservation Biology 7(3) 678-685.

Coulter, G. W., Allanson, B. R., Bruton, M. N., et al. (1986). "Unique qualities and special problems of the African Great Lakes" Environmental Biology of Fishes 17(3) 161-183.

Coulthard, N. D. (2001)"Algeria" In L. D. C. Fishpool and M. I. Evans (Ed.). Important Bird Areas in Africa and associated islands: Priority sites for conservation. (pp. 51-70) Newbury and Cambridge, UK: Pisces Publications and BirdLife International (Birdlife Conservation Series No. 11).

Couty, P. and Duran, P. (1968) "Le commerce du poisson au Tchad". Paris. Office de la Recherche Scientifique et Technique Outre-Mer (ORSTOM).

Cowan, G. I. (1995)"South Africa and the Ramsar convention" In G. I. Cowan (Ed.). Wetlands of South Africa. (pp. 1-20) Pretoria, South Africa: Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism.

Cowan, G. I. (1995)"Wetland regions of South Africa" In G. I. Cowan (Ed.). Wetlands of South Africa. Pretoria, South Africa: Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism.

Cowan, G. I. and Marneweck, G. C. (1996) "South African National Report to the Ramsar Convention 1996". Pretoria, South Africa. Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism.

Cowling, R. M. Richardson D. M. (1995). "Fynbos: South Africa's Unique Floral Kingdom" Cape Town, South Africa: Fernwood Press.

Crafter, S. A.,Njuguna, S. G.;Howard, G. W. (1992). "Proceedings of a Seminar on Wetlands of Kenya, National Museums of Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya" Gland, Switzerland: IUCN.

Crespi, V. (1998). "Preliminary study on the fishery resources of the River Niger in the Upper Niger National Park, Guinea" Fisheries Management and Ecology 5 201-208.

Cromie, W. J. (1982). "Beneath the African lakes" Mosaic 12(1) 2-6.

Cross, F. B., R.L. Mayden and J.D. Stewart (1986)"Fishes in the western Mississippi drainage" In C. H. Hocutt and E.O. Wiley (Ed.). The zoogeography of North American freshwater fishes. (pp. 363-412) New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons.

Crossin, R. S., Soule, O. H., Webb, R. G., et al. (1973). "Biotic relationships in the Canon del Rio Mezquital, Durango, México" Southwest. Nat. 18(2) 187-200.

Crosskey, R. W. (1988). "Taxonomy and geography of the blackflies of the Canary Islands (Diptera: Simuliidae)" Journal of Natural History 22 321-355.

Crossley, R. (1979). "Variations in the level of Lake Malawi" Malawian Geography 19 5-13.

Cumberlidge, N. and Bokyo, C. B. (2000). "Freshwater crabs (Brachyura: Potamoidea: Potamonautidae) from rainforest of the Central African Republic, Central Africa" Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 113(2) 406-419.

Cumberlidge, Neil (1999). "The freshwater crabs of West Africa: Family Potamonautidae" Paris, France: IRD.

Curtis, B., Roberts, K. S., Griffin, M., et al. (1998). "Species richness and conservation of Namibian freshwater macro-invertebrates, fish and amphibians" Biodiversity and Conservation 7(4) 447-466.

Cyrus, D. P. (1989). "The Lake St Lucia System - a research assessment" Southern African Journal of Aquatic Sciences 15(1) 3-25.

D'Croz, L., J.B. Del Rosario and P. Góndolav (2005). "The effect of fresh water runoff on the distribution of dissolved inorganic nutrients and plankton in the Bocas del Toro Archipelago, Caribbean Panama" Caribbean Journal of Science 41(3) 414-429.

Dadikian, M. G. (1986). "Fishes of Armenia" Erevan: Acad. Sci. Arm. SSR.

Dadzie, S., Haller, R. D. and Trewavas, E. (1988). "A note on the fishes of Lake Jipe and Lake Chale on the Kenya-Tanzanian Border" Journal of East Africa Natural History Society and National Museums of Kenya 192 46-52.

Daget, J. (1962). "Les poissons du Fouta Djalon et de la basse Guinée" Mém. Inst. fr. Afr. noire 65 1-210.

Daget, J. (1963). "La réserve intégrale du Mont Nimba. Poissons. (2ème note)" Mém. IFAN 66 573-600.

Daget, J. and Stauch, A. (1968). "Poissons d’eaux douces et saumâtres de la région côtière du Congo" Cah. O.R.S.T.O.M., sér. Hydrobiol II(2) 1-49.

Daget, J., Gaigher, I. C., Ssentongo, G. W., et al. (1988) Conservation. (pp. 481-491) Paris, France: ORSTOM.

Daget, J., Gosse, J. P. and Thys van den Audenaerde, D. F. E. (1984) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa, Vol. 1. Belgium: ORSTOM-MRAC.

Daget, J., Gosse, J. P. and Thys van den Audenaerde, D. F. E. (1986a) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa, Vol. 2. Belgium: ORSTOM-MRAC.

Daget, J., Gosse, J. P. and Thys van den Audenaerde, D. F. E. (1986b) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa, Vol. 3. Belgium: ORSTOM-MRAC.

Daget, J., Gosse, J. P. and Thys van den Audenaerde, D. F. E. (1991) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa, Vol. 4. Belgium: ORSTOM-MRAC.

Danloux, J. (1987) "Aménagements ruraux en Nouvelle-Calédonie. Evaluation de quelques contraintes pluviométriques dans les secteurs de plaine et en l'absence d'irrigation". Rapp. Sci. Tech. Sci. Vie, Hydrologie. Convention No. 1, ORSTOM, Nouméa.

Danloux, J. (1993). "Nouvelle-Calédonie, aperçu hydrologique" Paris: ORSTOM/Didier.

Darnell, R. M. (1962). "Fishes of the Rio Tamesí and related coastal lagoons in East-central México" Publications of the Institute of Marine Science 8 299-365.

Dashdorzh, A. (1976)"Faunistic complex of fish in Mongolia" In Prirodnye usloviya i resursy Prikhubsugulya. (pp. 227-235) Irkutsk and Ulaanbaatar: IGU.

Davenport, T. R. B. (2000) "Lake Rukwa Basin Integrated Project Unpublished technical report for 1999-2000". Mbeya, Tanzania. WCS / CIC / Game Division.

Davies, B. and Day, J. (1998) Vanishing waters. Cape Town, South Africa: University of Cape Town Press.

Davies, B. R. (1986)"The Zambezi River system" In B. R. Davies and K. F. Walker (Ed.). The ecology of river systems. (pp. 225-267) Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Dr W. Junk Publishers.

Davies, B. R., Beilfuss, R. D. and Thoms, M. C. (2000). "Cahora Bassa retrospective, 1974-1997: Effects of flow regulation on the lower Zambezi River" Verhandlungen Internationale Vereinigung Limnologie 27 2149-2157.

Davies, B. R., Snaddon, C. D., Wishart, M. J., et al. (2000)"A biogeographical approach to interbasin water transfers: implications for river conservation" In P. J. Boon, B. R. Davies and G. E. Petts (Ed.). Global Perspectives on River Conservation: Science, Policy and Practice. (pp. 431-443) Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd..

Davies, B.;Gasse, F. (1987)"Glossary" In Burgis, M. J.;Symoens, J. J. (Ed.). African wetlands and shallow water bodies. (pp. 25-33) Paris, France: Editions de I'Orstom.

Davies, J.,P. Magsalay,R. Rigor,A. Mapolo;H. Gonzales (1990). "A Directory of Philippine Wetlands, Vol. 2" Cebu, Philippines: Asian Wetlands Bureau Philippines Foundation Inc./Haribon Foundation.

Davis, J. A.;Christidis, F. (1997). "A Guide to Wetland Invertebrates of Southwestern Australia" Perth: Western Australian Museum.

Davis, S. D., Heywood, V. H. and Hamilton, A. C. (1994)"Socotra" In W. W. F. a. Iucn (Ed.). Centres of plant diversity: A guide and strategy for their conservation. (pp. 293-316) Cambridge, UK: IUCN Publications Unit.

Davis, S. D., V.H. Heywood, O. Herrera-MacBryde, et al. (1997). "Centres of Plant Diversity. Vol. 3 The Americas" Oxford, UK: WWF and IUCN.

Davis, S. D.,V.H. Heywood;A.C. Hamilton (1994). "Centres of Plant Diversity, Volume 1: Europe, Africa, South West Asia and the Middle East: A Guide and Strategy for their Conservation" Cambridge, UK: IUCN and WWF.

Day, J. A. (1990)"Environmental correlates of aquatic faunal distribution in the Namib Desert" In M. K. Seely (Ed.). Namib ecology: 25 years of Namib research. (pp. 99-107) Pretoria: Transvaal Museum.

Day, J. A. (1997). "The status of freshwater resources in Namibia" Namibian Directorate of Environmental Affairs Research Discussion Paper 22

De Beaufort, L.F. (1913). "Fishes of the eastern part of the Indo-Australian archipelago with remarks on its zoogeography" Bijd. Nederl. Dierk. Ver. Amst. 19 95-163.

De Buen, F. (1947). "Ictiogeografía continental mexicana (I, II, III)" Rev. Soc. Mex. Hist. Nat. 7(1-4) 87-138.

De Graaf, M., Dejen, E., Sibbing, F. A., et al. (2000). "Barbus tanapelagius, a new species from Lake Tana (Ethiopia): its morphology and ecology" Environmental Biology of Fishes 59(1) 1-9.

De la Peña, A. (1995). "Tertiary fishes from the Iberian continental basins: history and fossil record" Coloquios de Paleontología 47 25-47.

de Pinna, M.C.C.;Winemiller, K.O. (2000). "A new species of Ammoglanis (Siluriformes: Trichomycteridae) from Venezuela" Ichthyological Explorations of Freshwaters 11(3) 255-264.

de Rham, P. H. and Lourenco, W. R. (1996) Poissons des eaux intérieures de Madagascar. (pp. 423-440) Paris, France: ORSTOM.

De Vos, L. (2001). "Rediscovery of the giant catfish Pardiglanis tarabini (Siluriformes: Claroteidae)" Icthyological Exploration of Freshwaters 12 275.

De Vos, L. and Seegers, L. (1998). "Seven new Orthochromis species (Teleostei: Cichlidae) from the Malagarasi, Luiche and Rugufu basins (Lake Tanganyika drainage), with notes on their reproductive biology" Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters 9 371-420.

De Vos, L. and Snoeks, J. (1994). "The non-cichlid fishes of the Lake Tanganyika basin" Arch. Hydrobiol. Beih. Ergebn. Limnol. 44 391-405.

De Vos, L., Oyugi, D. and Nguku, J. K. (2000) "Fishes and fisheries of the lower Tana River. GEF Project Report". Nairobi, Kenya. Ichthyology Department, National Museums of Kenya.

De Vos, L., Seegers, L., Taverne, L., et al. (2001). "L'ichtyofaunde du bassin de la Malagarasi (système du lac Tanganyika): Une synthèse de la connaissance actuelle" Annls. Mus. r. Afr. Centr. (Zool.) 285 117-152.

De Vos, L., Snoeks, J. and van den Audenaerde, D. T. (2001). "An annotated checklist of the fishes of Rwanda (East Central Africa), with historical data on introductions of commercially important species" Journal of East African Natural History 90(1-2) 41-68.

Dean, W. R. J. (2001)"Angola" In L. D. C. Fishpool and M. I. Evans (Ed.). Important bird areas in African and associated islands: Priority sites for conservation. (pp. 71-91) Newbury and Cambridge, UK: Pisces Publications and Birdlife International.

Debenay, J. P., Pages, J. G. and Guillou, J. J. (1994). "Transformation of a subtropical river into a hyperhaline estuary: The Casamance River" Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 107(1-2) 103-119.

Debus, L. (2004)"The decline of the European sturgeon Acipenser sturio in the Baltic and North Sea" In A. Kirchhofer;D. Hefti (Ed.). Conservation of endangered freshwater fish in Europe. (pp. Pp 147-156) Basel, Swizterland: Birkhauser Verlag.

Defos du Rau, J. (1960). "L’Ile de la Réunion" Bordeaux, France: Institut de Géographie.

Dejoux, C. (1983)"The fauna associated with the aquatic vegetation" In J. P. Carmouze, J. R. Durand and C. Leveque (Ed.). Lake Chad, Monographiae Biologicae 53. (pp. 273-292) The Hague: Dr W. Junk Publishers.

Delany, S.,Scott, D.,Dodman, T.;Stroud, D., (eds) (2009). "An atlas of wader populations in Africa and Western Eurasia" Wageningen, The Netherlands: Wetlands International.

Delgado, C. L., Hopkins, J. and Kelly, V. A. (1998) "Agricultural growth linkages in sub-Saharan Africa. Research Report 107". Washington, DC, USA. International Food Policy Research Institute.

Delgado, Christopher,Wada, Nikolas,Rosegrant, Mark,Meijer, Siet;Ahmed, Mahfuzuddin (2003). "Fish to 2020: Supply and demand in changing global markets" Washington DC: International Food Policy Research Institute.

Delgado, F. (2005). "Informe del estado actual de las colonias de aves acuaticas y especies asociadas en la peninsula de Azuere" Chitre, Panama: Panama Audubon Society.

Delyamure, S. L. (1966). "Fishes of fresh waters. Nature of crimea" Simferopol', Krym:

Delyamure, S. L. and Smirnov, A. I. (1975). "To taxonomic status of Crimean gudgeons" Vestnik Zool. (Kiev) 5 44-51.

Demey, R. and Louette, M. (2001)"Democratic Republic of Congo" In L. D. C. Fishpool and M. I. Evans (Ed.). Important bird areas in Africa and associated islands: Priority sites for conservation. (pp. 199-218) Newbury and Cambridge, UK: Pisces Publications and BirdLife International (Birdlife Conservation Series No. 11).

DeMoor, I. J. (1996). "Case studies of the invasion by four alien fish species (Cyprinus carpio, Micropterus salmoides, Oreochromis macrochir, and O. mossambicus) of freshwater ecosystems in southern Africa" Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 51 233-255.

DeMoor, I. J. and Bruton, M. N. (1988) "Atlas of alien and translocated indigenous aquatic animals in southern Africa. South African National Scientific Programmes Report, Report number 144". Pretoria, South Africa. Foundation for Research Development.

Denny, P. (1985). "The ecology and management of African wetland vegetation" Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Dr W. Junk.

Denny, P. (1991)"Africa" In M. Finlayson and M. Moser (Ed.). Wetlands. (pp. 115-148) London, UK: International Waterfowl and Wetlands Research Bureau.

Denny, P. (2001). "Research, capacity-building and empowerment for sustainable management of African wetland ecosystems" Hydrobiologia 458 21-31..

Denny, P., Whigham, D., Dykjova, D., et al. (1993) Wetlands of Africa: Introduction. (pp. 1-31) Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Department of Environment and, H. (2005). "Australian Wetlands Database" (2005; www.deh.gov.au/water/wetlands/database/).

Department of Water Affairs and Forestry, S. A. (2003) "Working for water programme" <http://www-dwaf.pwv.gov.za/wfw/default.asp >(2003)

Department, F. A. O. F. (2002) "The state of the world fisheries and aquaculture 2002". Rome, Italy. Food and Agriculure Organization of the United Nations.

Derjugin, K. M. (1899). "Materials for the ichthyological fauna of southwestern Transcaucasia" Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum 1899 148-171.

Dermitzakis, M.D.,M. Triantaphyllou;H. Drinia (1997)"Greece" In E. Moores (ed) (Ed.). Encyclopedia of European and Asian Regional Geology. (pp. Pp 301-319) London, UK: Chapman & Hall.

Derwent, S. (2001). "Ukhahlamba!" Africa Geographic 9(7) 38-49.

Derzhavin, A. N. (1934). "Freshwater fishes of the South Coast of the Caspian Sea" Trudy Azerb. Otdeleniya Zakavkazskogo Filiala. Sector Zoologii 7 91-126.

Desanker, P. V. (2002) "Impact of climate change on life in Africa". Washington, DC, USA. WWF.

Desanker, P. V., Frost, P. G. H., Frost, C. O., et al. (1997) "The Miombo Network: Framework for a terrestrial transect study of land-use and land-cover change in the Miombo ecosystems of Central Africa. IGBP Report 41". Stockholm, Sweden. The International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP).

Descy, J.P. (2009)"Continental Atlantic rivers" In Tockner, K.;Uehlinger, U.;Robinson, C.T. (Ed.). Rivers of Europe. (pp. Pp. 151-198) London, UK: Academic Press.

DeVries, Philip (1987). "The butterflies of Costa Rica and their natural history. Volumes 1 and 2" Princeton, NJ, USA: Princeton University Press.

Dewey, J. W., R.A. White and Hernandez, D. A. (2004)"Seismicity and tectonics of El Salvador" In J. J. B. W.I. Rose, C. Sandoval (Ed.). Natural hazards and risk mitigation in El Salvador: An introduction. ((Vol. 375, pp. 363-378) Boulder, Colorado: Geological Society of America Special Paper.

Dgebuadze, Y. Y., Golubstov, A. S., Mikheev, V. N., et al. (1994). "Four fish species new to the Omo-Turkana basin, with comments on the distribution of Nemacheilus abyssinicus in Ethiopia" Hydrobiologia 286 125-128.

Di Persia, D. H. and Neiff, J. J. (1986)"The Uruguay River system" In B. R. Davies and K. F. Walker (Ed.). The ecology of river systems. (pp. Pp. 599-630) Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Dr. W. Junk.

Diallo, A. (1995) "Rapport sur les plantes flottantes de Guinée". Conakry, Guinea. Centre d'Étude et de Recherche en Environement, Université de Conakry.

Díaz-Pardo, E., Godínez-Rodríguez, M. A., López-López, E., et al. (1993). "Ecología de los peces de la cuenca del Lerma, México" Anales de la Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biologicas Mexico 37 104-127.

Diegues, A. C. S. (1994). "An inventory of Brazilian wetlands" Gland, Swizterland: IUCN.

Diegues, A. C. S. (1995) "The Mata Atlantica Biosphere Reserve: an overview". Paris, France. UNESCO.

Dijkstra, K. D. B. (2002) "Odonata of the Gulf of Guinea islands. Gulf of Guinea Islands' Biodiversity Network" <http://www.ggcg.st/Species_Lists/odonata.htm >(2003)

Dillenburg, S. and Hesp, P. (2009). "Geology and Geomorphology of Holocene Coastal Barriers of Brazil" Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag.

Dinerstein, E.,Olson, D. M.,Graham, D. J.,Webster, A. L.,Primm, S. A.,Bookbinder, M. P.;Ledec, G. (1995)"A conservation assessment of the terrestrial ecoregions of Latin America and the Carribean" In Washington, DC, USA: The World Bank.

Dinerstein, E.,Powell, G. V. N.,Olson, D. M.,Wikramanayake, E. D.,Abell, R. A.,Loucks, C. J.,Underwood, E.,Allnutt, T. F.,Wettengel, W. W.,Ricketts, T. H.,Strand, H. E.,O'Connor, S.,Burgess, N.;Mobley, M. (2000). "A workbook for conducting biological assessments and developing Biodiversity Visions for ecoregion conservation. Part I: Terrestrial ecoregions" Washington, DC: World Wildlife Fund.

Ding, R. (1994). "The fishes of Sichuan" Sichuan Scientific Press 315-319.

Diouf, M., Nonguierma, A., Amani, A., et al. (2000). "Drought control in the Sahel: AGRHYMET results, state-of-the-knowledge and prospects" Secheresse (Montrouge) 11(4) 257-266.

Directorate of Fisheries, G. (2003) "Ghana: Post-harvest fisheries overview". Ghana. DFID//Directorate of Fisheries.

Diripasko, O. A.,Izergin, L. V.,Yanovskiy, E. G.;Demiyanenko, K. V. (2001). "Identification keys to fishes of the Sea of Azov" Berdyansk: Priazovskiy Rabochiy.

Division, F. A. O. I. W. R. a. A. S. F. R. (1999) "Review of the state of the world fishery resources: Inland fisheries, FAO Fisheries Circular, No. 942". Rome, Italy. FAO.

Dne, Pnud and Fem (1999) "Evaluation de la diversité biologique de la Guinée: Vision, buts, et objectifs de la strategie nationale pour sa conservation et son utilisation durable. PROJET / GUI/97/G32/A/1A/99 SNPA-DB". Conakry, Guinea. Ministère Mines Géologie et Environnement.

Doadrio, I. (1994). "Freshwater fish fauna of North Africa and its biogeography" Annales du Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Zoologique 275 21-34.

Doadrio, I. (2001). "Atlas y libro rojo de los peces continentales de España" Madrid: Dirección General de Conservación de la Naturaleza y Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales.

Doadrio, I., Carmona, J. A., Martínez, E., et al. (1999). "Genetic variation and taxonomic análisis of the subgenus Profundulus" J. Fish Biol. 55 751-766.

Doadrio, I.;Carmona, J. A. (2003). "Testing freshwater Lago Mare dispersal theory on the phylogeny relationships of Iberian cyprinid genera Chondrostoma and Squalius (Cypriniformes, Cyprinidae)" Graellsia 59(2-3) 457-473.

Doadrio, I.;Perdices, A. (2005). "Phylogenetic relationships among the Ibero-African cobitids (Cobitis, cobitidae) based on cytochrome b sequence data" Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 37(2) 484-493.

Dobson, J. E., Bright, E. A., Coleman, P. R., et al. (2000). "A global population database for estimating populations at risk" Photogrammetric Engineering & Remote Sensing 66(7) 849-857.

Dodman, T.,Béibro, H. Y.,Hubert, E.;Williams, E. (1999). "African waterbird census 1998" Dakar, Senegal: Wetlands International.

Doglioni, C.;G. Flores (1997)"Italy" In Moores, E.M. (Ed.). Encyclopedia of European and Asian Regional Geology. (pp. Pp 414-421) London, UK: Chapman & Hall.

Dokulil, M.T. (2005)"European alpine lakes" In O'Sullivan, P.E.;Reynolds, C.S. (Ed.). The Lakes Handbook: Lake restoration and rehabilitation. ((Vol. Volume 2, ) Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing.

Dolabella, A. L. L. B. (2000)"The Brazilian Pantanal: an overview" In F. A. Swarts (Ed.). The Pantanal. (pp. Pp 37-42) St. Paul, MN: Paragon House.

Döll, P., Kaspar, F. and Lehner, B. (2003). "A global hydrological model for deriving water availability indicators: model tuning and validation" Journal of Hydrology 270 105-134.

Dominey, W. J. (1987). "Sponge-eating by Pungu maclareni, an endemic cichlid fish from Lake Barombi Mbo, Cameroon" National Geographic Research 3 389-393.

Dominey, W. J. and Snyder, A. (1988). "Kleptoparasitism of freshwater crabs by cichlid fishes endemic to Lake Barombi Mbo, West Africa" Environmental Biology of Fish 22 155-160.

Donaldson, T. J. and Myers, R. F. (2002). "Insular freshwater fish faunas of Micronesia: Patterns of species richness and similarity" Environmental Biology of Fishes 65(2) 139-149.

Donque, G. (1972)"The climatology of Madagascar" In R. Battistini and G. Richard-Vindard (Ed.). Biogeography and ecology in Madagascar. (pp. 87-144) The Hague, The Netherlands: Dr. W. Junk.

Doppelt, B.,Scurlock, M.,Frissell, C.;Karr, J. (1993). "Entering the watershed: a new approach to save America's river ecosystems" Washington, D.C.: Island Press.

Douglas, M. S. (1947). "The Everglades: River of grass" Miami, FL: Hurricane House, Inc..

Doupé, R. G., Morgan, D. L., Gill, H. S., et al. (2004). "Introduction of redclaw crayfish Cherax quadricarinatus (von Martens) to Lake Kununurra, Ord River, Western Australia: prospects for a ‘yabby’ in the Kimberley" Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 87 187-191.

Dowsett, R. J. (1971) "A preliminary survey of Zambia's wetlands and wildfowl". Unpublished report.

Dowsett, R. J. and Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1991) "Flore et faune du Bassin du Kouilou (Congo) et leur exploitation, Tauraco Research Report No.4". Jupille-Liege, Belgium. Tauraco Press in association with CONOCO.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F., Dowsett, R. J. and Dyer, M. (2001)"Malawi" In L. D. C. Fishpool and M. I. Evans (Ed.). Important bird areas in Africa and associated islands: Priority sites for conservation. (pp. 539-555) Newbury and Cambridge, UK: Pisces Publications and BirdLife International (Birdlife Conservation Series No. 11).

Dryagin, P. A. (1936). "Fishes of River Chu" Trudy Kirgizskoy Kompleksnoy Ekspeditsii AN SSSR 3(1) 49-87.

du Toit, D.;Scuazzin, T. (1995). "Sink or swim… water and the Namibian environment" Windhoek: Desert Research Foundation of Namibia.

du Toit, R. F., Matiza, T. and Crafter, S. A. (1994) Mid-Zambezi and Mana Pools: Ecology and conservation status. Harare, Zimbabwe:

Dubois, J. P.,Daniel, J.,Dupont, J.;Dupon, J. F. (1981)"Présentation d'ensemble. Pl. 1, 2, 3, 7" In Atlas de la Nouvelle-Calédonie. Paris: ORSTOM.

Dubut, V.,Fouquet, A.,Voisin, A.,Costedoat, C.,Chappaz, R.;Gilles, A. (2012). "From Late Miocene to Holocene: Processes of differentiation within the Telestes genus (Actinopterygii: Cyprinidae)" PLoS ONE 7 e34423.

Dudley, C. (2000)"Freshwater molluscs of the Zambezi River Basin" In Timberlake, J. R. (Ed.). Biodiversity of the Zambezi Basin wetlands. (pp. 487-526) Harare, Zimbabwe: Biodiversity Foundation for Africa, Bulawayo/The Zambezi Society.

Dudley, C. O., Stead, D. E. and Schulten, G. G. M. (1979)"Amphibians, reptiles, mammals and birds of Chilwa" In M. Kalk, A. J. McLachlan and C. Howard-Williams (Ed.). Lake Chilwa: Studies of change in a tropical ecosystem, Monographiae Biologicae 35. (pp. 247-273) The Netherlands: Dr. W. Junk.

Dudley, N. and Stolton, S. (2003) "Running pure: the importance of forest protected areas to drinking water". World Bank/WWF Alliance for Forest Conservation and Sustainable Use.

Dufour, P., Kouassi, A. M., Lanusse, A., et al. (1994) Les pollutions. (pp. 309-333) Paris: ORSTOM.

Dugan, P. J., Baran, E., Tharme, R., et al. (2002) The contribution of aquatic ecosystems and fisheries to food security and livelihoods: A research agenda. (pp. 85-113) Colombo, Sri Lanka: IWMI.

Duggan, A. I. (1990). "llustrated guide to the game parks and nature reserves of southern Africa" Cape Town, South Africa: The Reader's Digest Association.

Duguid, A.,Barnetson, J.,Clifford, B.,Pavey, C.,Albrecht, D.,Risler, J.;McNellie, M. (2005). "Wetlands in the arid Northern Territory. A report to the Australian Government Department of the Environment and Heritage on the inventory and significance of wetlands in the arid NT" Alice Springs: Northern Territory Government Department of Natural Resources, Environment and the Arts.

Duisebaeva, T. N. (2002). "Amphibians and reptiles of the Marka Kul Depression (South Altay)" Selevinia 1(4) 73-86.

Dukravets, G. M. and Biryukov, Y. A. (1976). "Fish fauna of Nura River in central Kazakhstan" Vorposy Ichthyol 16(2) 309-314.

Dumont, H. J. (1986)"The Nile River system" In B. R. Davies and K. F. Walker (Ed.). The ecology of river systems. (pp. 61-74) Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Dr W. Junk Publishers.

Dumont, H. J. (1987)"Sahara" In Burgis, M. J.;Symoens, J. J. (Ed.). African wetlands and shallow water bodies. (pp. 79-153) Paris, France: ORSTOM.

Dumont, H. J. (1992). "The regulation of plant and animal species and communities in African shallow lakes and wetlands" Revue Hydrobiological Tropical 25(4) 303-346.

Dunham, K. M. (1989). "Long-term changes in Zambezi riparian woodlands, as revealed by photo panoramas" African Journal of Ecology 27 263-275.

Dunham, K. M. (1990). "Biomass dynamics of herbaceous vegetation in Zambezi riverine woodlands" African Journal of Ecology 28 200-212.

Dunham, K. M. (1991). "Phenology of Acacia albida trees in Zambezi riverine woodlands" African Journal of Ecology 29 118-129.

Dunham, K. M. (1991). "Comparative effects of Acacia albida and Kigelia africana trees on soil characteristics in Zambezi riverine woodlands" Journal of Tropical Ecology 7 215-220.

Dunham, K. M. (1994). "The effect of drought on the large mammal populations of Zambezi riverine woodlands" Journal of Zoology (London) 234 489-526.

Durand, J. R. (1980). "Evolution des captures totales (1962-1977) et devenir des pêcheries de la région du lac Tchad" Cahiers ORSTOM, série Hydrobiologique 4 61-81.

Durand, J. R., Carmouze, J. P., Durand, J. R., et al. (1983) The exploitation of fish stocks in the Lake Chad region. (pp. 425-481) The Hague: Dr W. Junk Publishers.

Duvail, S. and Hamerlynck, O. (2003). "Hydraulic modelling as a tool for the joint management of a restored wetland: Sharing the benefits of managed flood releases from the Diama dam reservoir" Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 17(1) 133-146.

Dye, P., Moses, G., Vilakazi, P., et al. (2001). "Comparative water use of wattle thickets and indigenous plant communities at riparian sites in the Western Cape and Kwazulu-Natal" Water SA (Pretoria) 27(4) 529-538..

Dyer, B. S. (2000). "Systematic review and biogeography of the freshwater fishes of Chile" Estudos Oceanologicos 19 77-98.

E. W. Anderson, M.M. Borman and W. C. Krueger (1997). "The ecological provinces of Oregon: a treatise on the basic ecological geography of the state" Corvallis, OR: Oregon State University.

Eadie, J. M., Hurly, T. A., Montgomerie, R. D., et al. (1986). "Lakes and rivers as islands: Species-area relationships in the fish faunas of Ontario [Canada]" Environmental Biology of Fishes 15(2) 81-89.

Earth, O.-N. (2001) "News Archive: Africa's Lake Chad shrinks by 20 times due to irrigation demands, climate change" <http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Newsroom/NewImages/images.php3?img_id=5199 >(2001)

EarthTrends (2003). "Water Resources and Freshwater Ecosystems-- New Caledonia" (2007; http://earthtrends.wri.org/pdf_library/country_profiles/wat_cou_540.pdf).

East, R. (1999) Antelopes: Global survey and regional action plans. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK: IUCN/SSC Antelope Specialist Group.

Eastman, J. T. (1997). "Comparison of the Antarctic and Arctic fish faunas" Cybium 21(4) 335-352.

Eastwood, F. (1979). "Guide to the Mulanje Massif" Johannesburg, South Africa: Lorton Publications.

Eccles, D. H. (1974). "An outline of the physical limnology of Lake Malawi (Lake Nyasa)" Limnology and Oceanography 19 730-742.

Eccles, D. H. (1992) A field guide to the freshwater fishes of Tanzania. Italy: FAO.

Echelle, A. A. and Echelle, A. F. (1984)"Evolutionary genetics of a “species flock:” Atherinid fishes of the Mesa Central of México. Chapter 8" In A. A. Echelle and I. Kornfield (Ed.). Evolution of fish species flocks. University of Maine at Orono Press.

Eckhardt, G. A. (1998). "Glossary of water resource terms" (2004; www.edwardsaquifer.net/glossary.html).

Ecofac (2001) "Central African Republic component: Ngotto forest" <http://www.ecofac.org/Composantes/CentrafriqueNgotto.htm >(2001)

Economic Commission for, A. (2001) "The state of demographic transition in Africa". Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. ECA.

Economidis, P.S. (1991). "Check list of freshwater fishes of Greece (recent status of threats and protection)" Special publication. Athens, Greece: Hellenic Society for the Protection of Nature.

Economidis, P.S.;P.M. Banarescu (1991). "The distributions and origins of freshwater fishes in the Balkan Peninsula, especially in Greece" Internationale Revue der gesamten Hydrobiologie 76 257-284.

Economou A.N.,S. Giakoumi,L. Vardakas,R. Barbieri,M. Stoumboudi;Zogaris, S. (2007). "The freshwater ichthyofauna of Greece: an update based on a hydrographic basin survey" Mediterranean Marine Science 8(1) 91-168.

Economou, A.N,S. Zogaris,S.Giakoumi,R. Barbieri;Petridis, D. (2003) "Developing a biotic river typology and defining reference conditions in the rivers of Greece: a spatially-based approach". Working Package 6.

Economou, A.N.,R. Barbieri,C. Daoloulas,T. Psarras,M. Stoumboudi,I. Bertahas,S. Giakoumi;A. Patsias (1999) "Endangered freshwater fish of western Greece and Peloponnese. Distribution, abundance, threats and recommended conservation measures PENED, Technical report". Anavyssos Attiki, Greece. Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, Institute of Inland Waters (in Greek).

Ecoregions of British, C. (2007). "Ecology" (2007; www.env.gov.bc.ca/ecology/ecoregions/).

Edwards, R. J. and Contreras-Balderas, S. (1991). "Historical changes in the ichthytofauna of the Lower Rio Grande (Río Bravo del Norte), Texas and México" Southwest. Nat. 36(2) 201-212.

Edwards, R. J., Garrett, G. P. and Marsh-Mathews, E. (2002)"An ecological analysis of fish communities inhabiting the Rio Conchos basin" In M. Lozano-Vilano (Ed.). Libro Jubilar en Honor al Dr. Salvador Contreras Balderas. Dir. Gral. De Publicaciones. (pp. 43-62) Monterrey, México: Universidad A. de Nuevo León.

Edwards, R. J., Longley, G., Moss, R., et al. (1989). "A classification of Texas aquatic communities with special consideration toward the conservation of endangered and threatened taxa" Texas Journal of Science 41 232-240.

Eekhout, S., King, J. M. and Wackernagel, A. (1997) "Classification of South African Rivers, Volume 1". Pretoria, South Africa. Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism.

Eigenmann, C. H. (1909). "Reports on the expedition to British Guiana of the Indiana University and the Carnegie Museum, 1908. Report no. 1. Some new genera and species of fishes from British Guiana" Annals of the Carnegie Museum 6(1) 4-54.

Eigenmann, C. H. (1912). "The Freshwater Fishes of British Guiana, Including a Study of the Ecological Grouping of Species, and the Relation of the Fauna of teh Plateu to that of the Lowlands" Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum 5 387-400.

Eigenmann, C. H. (1920). "The fishes of the rivers draining the western slope of the cordillera occidental of Colombia, Rio Atrato, San Juan, Dagua and Patia" Indiana University Studies (46) 19.

Eigenmann, C. H. and Kennedy, C. H. (1903). "On a collection of fishes from Paraguay, with a synopsis of the American genera of cichlids" Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 55 497-537.

Eigenmann, C. H., McAtee, W. L. and Ward, D. P. (1907). "On further collections of fishes from Paraguay" Annals of the Carnegie Museum 4(2) 110-157.

Eigenmann, C.H. (1912). "The freshwater fishes of British Guiana, including a study of the ecological grouping of species, and the relation of the fauna of the plateau to that of the lowlands" Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum 5(1) 1-578.

Eigenmann, C.H. (1912). "Some results from an ichthyological reconnaissance of Colombia, South America. Part I" Indiana University Studies 8 1-27.

Eisenberg, J. F. and Gould, E. (1970). "The tenrecs: A study in mammalian behavior and evolution" Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 27 1-138.

El-Raey, M., Fouda, Y. and Nasr, S. (1997). "GIS assessment of the vulnerability of the Rosetta area, Egypt to impacts of sea rise" Envionmental Monitoring and Assessment 47(1) 59-77.

El-Raouf, A., A. Moustafa and Zaghloul, M. S. (1996). "Environment and vegetation in the montane Saint Catherine area, south Sinai, Egypt" Journal of Arid Environments 34 331-349.

El-Sherbini, A., El-Moattassem, M. and Sloterdijk, H. (1996)"Water quality condition of the Nile River" In A. M. Shady, M. El-Moattassem, E. A. Abdel-Hafiz and A. K. Biswas (Ed.). Management and development of major rivers. (pp. 162-175) Calcutta, India: Oxford University Press.

Elanidze, R. F. (1983). "Fish fauna of rivers and lakes of Georgia" Tbilisi: Metsniereba.

Ellery, W. N. and McCarthy, T. S. (1998). "Environmental change over the decades since dredging and excavation of the lower Boro River, Okavango Delta, Botswana" Journal of Biogeography 25(2) 361-378.

Elvey, W., Richardson, A. M. M. and Barmuta, L. (1996). "Interactions between the introduced yabby, Cherax destructor, and the endemic crayfish Astacopsis franklinii, in Tasmanian streams" Freshwater Crayfish 11 349-363.

El’gygytgyn Lake Workshop, R. (2001). "Science Results & Plans for Deep Drilling"

Emerton, L. (1998) "Economic tools for valuing wetlands in Africa". Nairobi, Kenya. IUCN The World Conservation Union, Eastern Africa Regional Office.

Emerton, L. (1999) "Balancing the opportunity costs of wildlife conservation for communities around Lake Mburo National Park, Uganda, Evaluating Eden Series Discussion Paper No. 5". London, UK. International Institute for Environment and Development.

Emerton, L., Iyango, L., Luwum, P., et al. (1999) "The economic value of Nakivubo Urban Wetland, Uganda". Kampala, Uganda and Nairobi, Kenya. Uganda National Wetlands Programme and IUCN The World Conservation Union, Eastern Africa Regional Office.

Emtyl’, M. Kh (1997). "Ryby Krasnodarskogo kraya i Respubliki Adygeya [Fishes of Krasnodar Region and Republic of Adygea]" Krasnodar:

Emtyl’, M. Kh;Ivanenko, A. M. (2002). "Fishes of the South-West of Russia: a handbook" Krasnodar: Kubanskiy State Univ.

Encyclopedia of, T. (2000)"Chita Oblast'" In General Overview. ((Vol. 1, pp. 41-42) Novosibirsk: Nauka.

Engenito, L., Duboc, L. F. and Abilhoa, V. (2004). "CONTRIBUIÇÃO AO CONHECIMENTO DA ICTIOFAUNA DA BACIA DO ALTO RIO IGUAÇU, PARANÁ, BRASIL" Arq. ciên. vet. UNIPAR 7(1) 23-36.

Environment Evaluation Unit at University of Cape Town (EEU) (1990) "Final environmental impact report for the proposed Omdel Dam on the Omaruru River". Windhoek, Namibia. Division of Water Quality, Department of Water Affairs.

Environment, C. (2007). "" (2007; http://www.ec.gc.ca).

Environment, C. (2007). "Water Survey of Canada" (2007; www.wsc.ec.gc.ca/).

Environmental, Affairs (2000). "Lake Chilwa Wetland State of the Environment" Malawi: Environmental Affairs Department, Government of Malawi.

Erkakan, F., F.G. Atalay-Ekmekçi and Nalbant, T. T. (1999). "A review of the genus Cobitis in Turkey (Pisces: Ostariophysi: Cobitidae)" Hydrobiologia 403(13-26)

Ernst, C. H. (1978). "A revision of the the Neotropical turtle genus Callopsis (Testudines: Emydidae: Batagurinae)" Herpetologica 34 113-134.

Espinosa-Pérez, H., P. Fuentes-Mata, M.T. Gaspar-Dillanes, et al. (1993)"Notes on Mexican Ichthyofauna" In R. B. T.P. Ramamoorthy, A. Lot, and J. Fa, editors (Ed.). Biological diversity in Mexico: origins and distribution. (pp. 229-252) New York, New York, USA: Oxford University Press.

Eswg (1995) "A national ecological framework for Canada". Ottawa/Hull, Ontario, Canada. Agriculture and Agri-food Canada, Research Branch, Centre for Land and Biological Resources Research; and Environment Canada, State of the Environment Directorate, Ecozone Analysis Branch..

Ethiopian Wildlife and Natural History Society (1996). "Important bird areas of Ethiopia: A first inventory" Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: Bird Life International.

Etnier, D. A.;Starnes, W. C. (1993). "The fishes of Tennessee" Knoxville, Tennessee, USA: University of Tennessee Press.

European Environmental Agency (EEA) (2002) "EEA Report No 1/2002. Europe's biodiversity - biogeographical regions and seas" <http://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/report_2002_0524_154909>(04/10/2012)

European Environmental Agency (EEA) (2011) "Natura 2000" <http://ec.europa.eu/environment/nature/natura2000/sites_hab/index_en.htm>

European Topic Centre on Nature Protection and Biodiversity (ETC/NPB) (2022) "Digital Map of European Ecological Regions (DMEER)" (8/2011 from http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/figures/dmeer-digital-map-of-european-ecological-regions)

Eyton, J. R. and Parkhurst, J. I. (1975) "A re-evaluation of the extraterrestrial origin of the Carolina Bays. Occasional publications of the Department of Geography no. 9. Geography Graduate Student Association". Urbana-Champaign, Illinois, USA. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

Ezealor, G. (1992). "Critical sites for biodiversity conservation in Nigeria" Lagos, Nigeria: Nigerian Conservation Foundation.

Fao (1995). "AQUASAT" (2001; www.fao.org/ag/agl/aglw/aquastat/main/index.stm).

Fao (1997). "AQUASAT: Libya" (2001; www.fao.org/waicent/faoinfo/agricult/agl/aglw/aquastat/countries/libya/index.stm).

Fao (1997). "AQUASAT: Morocco" (2001; www.fao.org/ag/agl/aglw/aquastat/countries/morocco/index.stm).

Fao (1997). "AQUASAT: Tunisia" (2001; www.fao.org/ag/agl/aglw/aquastat/countries/tunisia/index.stm).

Fao (2000) "Electronic Workshop: Land-Water Linkages in Rural Watersheds" <http://www.fao.org/ag/agl/watershed/archive.htm >(2001)

FAO Forest Resource Assessment Programme (1999) "Global Forest Cover Map. Working Paper 19" <http://www.fao.org/forestry/fo/fra/ >(2001)

Fay, J. M. and Vedder, A. (1997) "Fate of the forest: Accelerated logging in the central African basin, Congo as a case study". Bronx, NY, USA. Wildlife Conservation Society.

Federal Interagency Stream Restoration Working, Group (1998). "Stream corridor restoration: Principles, processes, and practices" Springfield, VA: National Technical Information Service.

Feely, J. M. (1964). "Heron and stork breeding colonies in the Luangwa Valley" The Puku 2 76-77.

Feodorov, A. V. (1970). "Faunistic complexes of freshwater fishes of Upper Don drainage area and ways of transformation of the Don fish fauna" Vorposy Ikhtiologii 10(2) 290-299.

Feodorova, G. V. (1997). "Transformation of fish assemblages of Ladoga Lake under pollution and antropogenous eutrophication" Voprosy Ikhtiologii [J. Ichthyol.] 37(2) 272-275.

Ferguson, A. J. D. and Harbott, B. J. (1982)"Geographical, physical and chemical aspects of Lake Turkana" In A. J. Hopson (Ed.). Lake Turkana: A report of the findings of the Lake Turkana Project 1972-1975. (pp. 1-107) London, UK: Overseas Development Administration.

Ferguson, A.;F.M. Mason (2006). "Allozyme evidence for reproductively isolated sympatric populations of brown trout Salmo trutta L. in Lough Melvin, Ireland" Journal of Fish Biology 18(6) 629-642.

Fernandopullé, D. (1976)"Climatic characteristics of the Canary Islands" In G. Kunkel (Ed.). Biogeography and ecology in the Canary Islands. (pp. 185-205) The Hague, Netherlands: Dr. W. Junk.

Ferraris Jr., C. J. (1996). "Denticetopsis, A New Genus of South American Whale Catfish (Siluriformes: Cetopsidae, Cetopsinae), with Two New Species" Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 49 161-170.

Ferraris, C. J., Jr. and Vari, R. P. (1999). "The South American Catfish Genus Auchenipterus Valenciennes 1840 (Ostariophysi: Siluriformes: Auchenipteridae): Monophyly and Relationships, with a Revisionary Study" Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 126 387-450.

Ferraris, C. J., Jr. and Vari, R. P. (2000). "The deep-water South American catfish genus Pseudepapterus (Ostariophysi: Auchenipteridae)" Ichthyological Explorations of Freshwaters 11(2) 97-112.

Ferraris, C. J., Jr., Vari, R. P. and Raredon, S. J. (2005). "Catfishes of the genus Auchenipterichthys (Osteichthyes: Siluriformes: Auchenipteridae), a revisionary study" Neotropical Ichthyology 3(1) 81-98.

Ferraris, C.J., Jr.,Isbrucker, I.J.H.;Nijssen, H. (1986). "Neblinichthys pilosus, a new genus and species of mailed catfish from the Rio Baria system, southern Venezuela (Pisces, Siluriformes, Loricariidae)" Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie 13(3) 69-72.

Ferreira, E., Santos, G. M. and Jégu, M. (1988). "Aspectos ecológicos da ictiofauna do Rio Mucajaí, na área da Ilha Paredão, Roraima, Brasil" Amazoniana X(3) 339-352.

Ferreira, S. (1999) "Specialist report: Wildlife and birds. Consultancy Report No: LHDA 648-F-19 (Vol 1). Consulting Services for the Establishment and Monitoring of the Instream Flow Requirements for River Courses Downstream of LHWP Dams". Lesotho. Metsi Consultants and Lesotho Highlands Water Project for the Lesotho Highlands Development Authority.

Ferrusquia-Villafranca, I. (1993)"Geology of Mexico: a synopsis" In R. B. T.P. Ramamoorthy, A. Lot, and J. Fa ,editors (Ed.). Biological diversity of Mexico: origins and distribution. (pp. 3-107) New York, New York, USA: Oxford University Press.

Fielder, P. L. and Jain, S. K. (Ed.) (1992). "Conservation biology: the theory and practice of nature conservation, preservation, and management" New York, NY, USA: Chapman and Hall.

Filho, Evoy Zaniboni;Schulz, Uwe H. (2003)"Migratory Fishes of the Uruguay River" In Carolsfield, Joachim ;Harvey, Brian;Ross, Carmen;Baer, Anton (Ed.). Migratory fishes of South America: biology, fisheries, and conservation status. (pp. 157-194) Washington DC: World Fisheries Trust/World Bank/IDRC.

Filipe, A.F.,Araújo, M.B.,Doadrio, I.,Angermeier, P.L.;Collares-Pereira, M.J. (2009). "Biogeography of Iberian freshwater fishes revisited: the roles of historical versus contemporary constraints" Journal of Biogeography 36 2096-2110.

Finch, C., editor (1999). "Mongolia's wild heritage" Boulder, CO: Mongolia Ministry for Nature and Environment, UNDP, GEF, WWF, Avery Press.

Finlayson, M.;Moser, M. (1991). "Wetlands" Oxford, UK: Facts on File.

Fisch-Muller, S. F. (1999). "Systématique du Genre Ancistrus Kenr (Teleostei, Loricariidae): approches morphologique et génétique" Unpublished Ph.D.. Département de Zoologie et Biologie Animale Université de Genève: Genève

FishBase (2001) "Search FishBase" <http://www.fishbase.org/search.cfm >(2001)

FishBase (2013) "Search FishBase" <http://www.fishbase.org/search.cfm >(2013)

Fishpool, L. D. C. and Evans, M. I. (Ed.) (2001). "Important Bird Areas in Africa and associated islands: Priority sites for conservation" Newbury and Cambridge, UK: Pisces Publications and BirdLife International (Birdlife Conservation Series No. 11).

Fitton, J. G. and Dunlop, H. (1985). "The Cameroon line, West Africa, and its bearing on the origin of oceanic and continental alkali basalt" Earth Planetary Science Letters 72 23-85.

FitzPatrick, M. (2000)"Review of Odonata associated with the wetlands of the Zambezi basin" In Timberlake, J. (Ed.). Biodiversity of the Zambezi Basin wetlands. (pp. 527-564) Harare, Zimbabwe: Biodiversity Foundation for Africa, Bulawayo/The Zambezi Society.

Fitzsimons, J. M. and Nishimoto, R. T. (1990). "Territories and site tenacity in males of the Hawaiian stream fish goby Lentipes concolor (Pisces: Gobiidae)" Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters 1 185-189.

Fjeldså, J., Rahbek, C., Hansen, L., et al. () "Zoological Museum of the University of Copenhagen database" <http://www.zmuc.dk/commonweb/research/biodata.htm >(2000)

Foale, S. (1998). "What's in a name? An analysis of the West Nggela (Solomon Islands) fish taxonomy" SPC Traditional Marine Resource Management and Knowledge Information Bulletin 9 3-19.

Follett, W. I. (1961). "The fresh-water fishes: their origins and affinities. 1960. Symposium: the biogeography of Baja California and adjacent seas. Pt. III. Terrestrial and freshwater biotas" Systematic Zoolology 9(3/4) 212-232.

Fontes, J., Aizpuru, M., Carayon, J.-L., et al. (1999). "Digital maps as an aid for vegetation resource characterization and surveys. A case study in a dry tropical environment in Burkina Faso" Secheresse (Montrouge) 10(1) 19-25.

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) (2003) "Digital soil map of the world and derived soil properties, Scale 1:5,000,000 (version 3.6)" <http://www.fao.org/geonetwork/srv/en/metadata.show?id=14116>(September 28, 2010)

Food and Agriculture, O. (1997) "The Lake Chad Basin in Irrigation potential in Africa: A basin approach (FAO Land and Water Bulletin 4)" <http://www.fao.org/docrep/w4347e/w4347e00.htm >(2001)

Food and Agriculture, O. (1997) "The Nile Basin in Irrigation potential in Africa: A basin approach (FAO Land and Water Bulletin 4)" <http://www.fao.org/docrep/W4347E/w4347e0k.htm#the nile basin >(2003)

Food and Agriculture, O. (1998) "Database on Introductions of Aquatic Species (DIAS)" <http://www.fao.org/fi/statist/fisoft/dias/index.htm >(2002)

Food and Agriculture, O. (1999) "State of the World fisheries and Aquaculture 1998". Rome, Italy. FAO.

Food and Agriculture, O. (2000) "FAO/GIEWS - Foodcrops & Shortages 11/00 - SIERRA LEONE* (6 November)" <http://www.fao.org/docrep/004/x8868e/pays/sil0011e.htm >(2003)

Food and Agriculture, O. (2000) "The state of world fisheries and aquaculture". Rome, Italy. Food and Agriculture Organization.

Food and Agriculture, O. (2001) "FAOSTAT Agriculture Data" <http://www.fao.org/es/ESS/index.htm >(2002)

Food and Agriculture, O. (2001) "Fishery country profile: Democratic Republic of Congo" <www.fao.org/fi/fcp/en/COD/profile.htm >(2003)

Food and Agriculture, O. (2001) "Global forest resources assessment 2000. FAO Forestry Paper 140". Rome, Italy. FAO.

Food and Agriculture, O. (2001) "State of the World's Forests 2001". Rome, Italy. FAO.

Food and Agriculture, O. (2002) "World fisheries statistics - Country profile" (2003)

Food and Agriculture, O. (2003) "FAOSTAT Nutrition - Food Balance Sheets" <http://apps.fao.org/default.htm >(2003)

Food and Agriculture, O. and International Institute for Applied Systems, A. (2000) "Global Agro-Ecological Zones - 2000" (2003)

Forbes, H. O. (1903). "Natural history of Sokotra and Abd-el-Kuri" Bulletin of the Liverpool Museums (Special Bulletin) 1-598.

Forest, G. (1998) "Water and the Rio Grande"

Forsyth, G. G., Versveld, D. B., Chapman, R. A., et al. (1997) "The hydrological implications of afforestation in the North-Eastern Cape, Report 511/1/97". Stellenbosch, South Africa. Water Research Commission.

Fosberg, F. R.;Renvoize, S. A. (1980). "The flora of Aldabra and neighboring islands" London, UK: Her Majesty's Stationery Office.

Foti, T. L. and S.M. Glenn (1991)"The Ouachita Mountain landscape at the time of settlement" In D. Henderson and L.D. Hedrick (Ed.). Restoration of old growth forests in the Interior Highlands of Arkansas and Oklahoma. (pp. 49-66) Morrilton, AR: Ouachita National Forest/Winrock International Institute for Agricultural Development.

Fowler, H. W. (1930). "The fresh-water fishes obtained by the Gray African Expedition 1929. With notes on other species in the Academy collection" Proceedings of The Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 82 27-83.

Fowler, H. W. (1940). "Zoological Results of the Second Bolivian Expedition for the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 1936-1937 Part I - The Fishes" Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia XCII 43-103.

Fowler, H. W. (1941). "Notes on Colombian Fresh-Water Fish with descriptions of Four New Species" Notulae Naturae (73) 1-10.

Fowler, H. W. (1959). "Fishes of Fiji" Suva, Fiji: Government of Fiji.

Franklin, J. F. (1988)"Pacific Northwest forests" In M. G. Barbour and W. D. Billings (Ed.). North American terrestrial vegetation.. (pp. 103-130) Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Franklin, J. F. and C.T. Dyrness (1988). "Natural vegetation of Oregon and Washington" Corvallis, OR: Oregon State University Press.

Frest, T. J.;Johannes, E. J. (1995). "Interior Columbia Basin mollusk species of special concern" Seattle, WA: Deixis.

Freyhof, J.;D.V. Serov (2000). "Review of the genus Sewellia with description of two new species from Vietnam (Cypriniformes: Balitoridae)" Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 11(3) 217-240.

Freyhof, J.;Kottelat, M. (2008) "IUCN 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2010.4" <www.iucnredlist.org>(16 February 2011)

Freyhof, J.;Kottelat, M. (2010) "Alosa killarnensis" <www.iucnredlist.org>(4 February 2010)

Friel, J. P. (1995). "Acanthobunocephalus nicoi, a new genus and species of miniature banjo-catfish from the upper Orinoco and Casiquiare rivers, Venezuela (Siluriformes: Aspredinidae)" Ichthyological Explorations of Freshwaters 6(1) 89-95.

Frissell, C. A., Ralph, S. C., Naiman, R. J., et al. (1998) Stream and watershed restoration. (pp. 599-624) New York, NY, USA: Springer-Verlag.

Froese, R. and Pauly, D. (2005). "FishBase" (11/2005; www.fishbase.org).

Froufe, E., I. Knizhin, M.T. Koskinen, et al. (2003). "Identification of reproductively isolated lineages of Amur gralying (Thymallus grubii Dybowski 1869): concordance between phenotypic and genetic variation" Molecular Ecology 12 2345-2355.

Fry, C. H.,Keith, S.;Urban, E. K. (1988). "The birds of Africa, Volume III" London: Academic Press.

Fryer, G. (1959). "The trophic interrelationships and ecology of some littoral communities of Lake Nyasa with special reference to the fishes, and a discussion of the evolution of a group of rock-frequenting Cichlidae" Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 132(2) 153-281.

Fryer, G. (1977). "Evolution of species flocks of cichlid fishes in African lakes" Zeitschrift für zoologische Systematik und Evolutionsforschung 15 141-165.

Fryer, G. (1996). "Endemism, speciation and adaptive radiation in great lakes" Environmental Biology of Fishes 45 109-131.

Fryer, G. H.;Iles, T. D. (1972). "The cichlid fishes of the Great Lakes of Africa: Their biology and evolution" New Jersey, USA: TFH Publications.

Fryxell, J. M. and Sinclair, A. R. E. (1988). "Seasonal migration by white-eared kob in relation to resources" African Journal of Ecology 26 17-32.

Fu, C. Z., Wu, J. H., Chen, J. K., et al. (2003). "Freshwater fish biodiversity in the Yangtze River basin of China: patterns, threats and conservation" Biodiversity and Conservation 12(8) 1649-1685.

Fuggle, R. F. Rabie M. A. (1983). "Environmental concerns in South Africa" Cape Town, South Africa: Juta & Co. Ltd.

Fuller, K. and Bush, P. (1999) "Energy Map of the World". London, UK: The Petroleum Economist Limited.

Gabche, C. E. and Smith, S. V. (2000) "Cameroon estuarine systems. Land-Ocean Interactions in the Coastal Zone (LOICZ) Project of the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme: A study of Global Change (IGBP) of the International Council of Scientific Unions (ICSU)" <http://data.ecology.su.se/mnode/Africa/Cameroon/cameroonintro.htm >(2002)

Gabie, V. (1965). "Problems associated with the distribution of freshwater fishes in Southern Africa" S.Afr.J.Sci. 61(11) 383-391.

Gadzhiyev, A. A.,Shikhshabekov, M. M.,Abdurakhmanov, G. M.;Mungiyev, A. A. (2003). "Analysis of the ecological state of the central Caspian and the problem of reproduction of fishes" Moscow: Nauka.

Galacatos, K., Stewart, D. J. and Ibarra, M. (1996). "Fish Community Patterns of Lagoons and associated Tributaries in the Ecuadorian Amazon" Copeia 4 875-894.

Galis, F. and Metz, J. A. J. (1998). "Why are there so many cichlid species?" Trends in Ecology and Evolution 13(1) 1-2.

Gallais, J. (1967). "Le Delta Intérieur du Niger, Etudes de géographie régionale. Mém. IFAN 78" Paris: Larose.

Galvis, G.,Mojica, J. I.;Camargo, M. (1997). "Peces del Catatumbo" Santafé de Bogotá: D'Vinni Editorial Ltda.

Gamboa-Pérez, H. and Schmitter-Soto, J. J. (1999). "Distribution of cichlid fishes in the litoral of Lake Bacalar, Yucatán Peninsula" Environm. Biol. Fish. 54 5-43.

Garavello, J. C., Pavanelli, C. S. and Suzuki, H. I. (1997)"Caracterização da ictiofauna do rio Iguaçu. (Characterization of the fish fauna of Iguacu River. In Portugese)" In A. A. Agostinho and L.C. Gomes (eds) (Ed.). Maringa-Reservatório de Segredo: basses ecológicas para o manejo. (pp. 61-84) Brasilia, Brasil: EDUEM.

Garavelo, J. C. (2000). "Two new species of Leporinus Spix with a review of the blotched species of the Orinoco system and redescription of Leporinus muyscorum Steindachner (Characiformes: Anostomidae)" Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 150 193-201.

Garavelo, J. C. (2005). "Revision of genus Steindachneridion Eigenmann & Eigenmann, 1919 (Ostariophysi, Siluriformes, Pimelodidae)" Neotropical Ichthyology 3(4) 607-623.

Garavelo, J. C., Britski, H. A. and Schaefer, S. A. (1998). "Systematics of the Genus Otothyris Myers 1927, with Comments on the Geographic Distribution (Siluriformes: Loricariidae: Hypoptomatinae)" American Museum Novitates (3222) 1-19.

García-Ramírez, M. E., S. Contreras-Balderas and Lozano-Vilano, M. L. (2006)"Fundulus philpisteri sp. Nv. (Teleostei: Fundulidae), from the Río San Fernando basin, Nuevo León, México" In M. L. Lozano-Vilano and A. J. Contreras-Balderas (Ed.). Studies of North American desert fishes in honor of E. P. (Phil) Pister, conservationist. Monterrey, Mexico: Universidad A. de Nuevo Leon.

Gardiner, A. (2000)"Review of wetland Lepidoptera of the Zambezi basin" In Timberlake, J. (Ed.). Biodiversity of the Zambezi Basin wetlands. (pp. 565-612) Harare, Zimbabwe: Biodiversity Foundation for Africa, Bulawayo/The Zambezi Society.

Garman, S. (1881). "New and little known reptiles and fishes in the museum collections" Bull.Mus. Comp.. Zool., Harvard Coll. 8(3) 85-93.

Gasc, J.P.,A. Cabela,J. Crnobrnja-Isailovic,D. Dolmen,K. Grossenbacher,P. Haffner,J. Lescure,H. Martens,J.P. Martínez Rica,H. Maurin,M.E. Oliveira,T.S. Sofianidou,M. Veith;A. Zuiderwijk (eds) (1997). "Atlas of amphibians and reptiles in Europe" 29 Paris: Societas Europaea Herpetologica, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle & Service du Petrimone Naturel.

Gascoigne, A. (1993). "A bibliography of the fauna of the islands of São Tomé e Príncipe and the island of Annobon (Gulf of Guinea)" Arquipelago Ciencias Da Natureza 11 91-105.

Gascoigne, A. (1994). "The dispersal of terrestrial gastropod species in the Gulf of Guinea" Journal of Conchology 35(1) 1-7.

Gascoigne, A. (1996). "Additions to a bibliography of the fauna of São Tomé e Príncipe and the island of Annobon, Gulf of Guinea" Addendum. Arquipelago Ciencias Da Natureza 14A 95-103.

Gasse, F. and Street, F. A. (1978). "Late quaternary lake-level fluctuation and environments of the northern rift valley and Afar regions (Ethiopia and Djibouti)" Paleogeography, Paleoclimatology and Paleoecology 24 279-325.

Gawler, M. (2002) "Strategies for wise use of wetlands: Best practices in participatory management. Proceedings of a workshop held at the 2nd annual conference on wetlands and development (Novemeber, 1998, Dakar, Senegal)". Wageningen, The Netherlands. Wetlands International, IUCN, WWF Publication No. 56.

Geldiay, R. and Balık, S. (1996). "Türkiye Tatlısu Balıkları. (Ders Kitabı). II." 46 Izmir: Baskı Ege Üniversitesı Su Ürünleri Fakültesi Yayınları.

Georges, E. (1998) The Indian Ocean: Madagascar, Réunion, Mauritius, The Seychelles. Cambridge, UK: Evergreen (Benedikt Taschen Verlag GmbH), First Edition Translations Ltd..

Georgiev, S. (1998). "The icthyofauna of the Republic of Macedonia" Skopje: Narodna I univerzitetska biblioteka "Sv. Killment Ohridski".

Gerlach, J. (1997) Seychelles Red Data Book - 1997. Mahé, Seychelles: The Nature Protection Trust of Seychelles.

Gerlach, J. (2002). "Seychelles Terrapin action plan" Phelsuma 10B 1-16.

Gerlach, J. and Canning, K. L. (1994). "On the crocodiles of the western Indian Ocean" Phelsuma 2 54-58.

Gerlach, J. and Canning, L. (2001). "Rapid declines in the Critically Endangered Seychelles terrapins (Pelusios spp.)" Oryx 35(4) 313-321.

Gerlach, J. and Skerrett, A. (2002). "The distribution, ecology and status of the yellow bittern Ixobrychus sinensis in Seychelles" Journal of African Ecology 40 194-196.

Gerritsen, J., Barbour, M. T. and King, K. (2000). "Apples, oranges, and ecoregions: on determining pattern in aquatic assemblages" Journal of the North American Benthological Society 19(3) 487-496.

Gery, J. (1969)"The fresh-water fishes of South America" In E. J. Fitkau (Ed.). Biogeography and Ecology in South America. (pp. 828-848) The Hague: Dr. W. Junk.

Gessner, Jörn,Arndt, Gerd-Michael,Tiedemann, Ralph,Bartel, Ryszard;Kirschbaum, Frank (2006). "Remediation measures for the Baltic sturgeon: status review and perspectives" Journal of Applied Ichthyology 22(Suppl 1) 23-31.

Getahun, A. (1998)"The Red Sea as an extension of the Indian Ocean" In K. Sherman, E. N. Okemwa and M. J. Ntiba (Ed.). Large marine ecosystems of the Indian Ocean: Assessment, sustainability, and management. (pp. 277-281) Cambridge, MA, USA: Blackwell Science.

Getahun, A. (2000) "Systematic studies of the African species of the genus Garra (Pisces: Cyprinidae). Unpublished PhD thesis". New York, USA. The City University of New York.

Getahun, A. (2001). "Lake Afdera: A threatened saline lake in Ethiopia" SINET: Ethiopian Journal of Science 24(1) 127-131.

Getahun, A. and Lazara, K. J. (2001). "Lebias stiassnyae: A new species of killifish from Lake Afdera, Ethiopia (Teleostei: Cyprinodontidae)" Copeia 1 150-153.

Getahun, A. and Stiassny, M. L. J. (1998). "The freshwater biodiversity crisis: The case for conservation" Ethiopian Journal of Science 21(2) 207-230.

Ghazzi, M. S. (1997). "O Gênero Rineloricaria BLEEKER, 1862 (Siluruformes, Loricariidae) no Rio Uruguay superior: riqueza de espécies em uma área restrita" Unpublished M.Sc.. Biologia PUCRS: Porto Alegre

Ghedotti, M. J. and Weitzman, S. H. (1995). "Descriptions of two new species of Jenynsia (Cyprinodontiformes: Anablepidae) from southern Brazil" Copeia 939-946.

Gibbons, W.;Moreno, T., (eds.) (2003). "The geology of Spain" Bath, UK: Geological Society of London.

Gichuki, N. N. (2003) "Monitoring of birds in Lake Baringo and its catchment, Lake Baringo Land and Water Management Project Report". Nairobi, Kenya. GEF/UNOPS.

Gilbert, C. R. (Ed.) (1992). "Rare and endangered biota of Florida. Volume II. Fishes" Gainesville, Florida, USA: University Press of Florida.

Gillespie, R.G.;D.A. Clague (2009). "Encyclopedia of Islands" Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Gilman, R. T., Abell, R. and Williams, C. E. (). "Can conservation biology inform the practice of IRBM to promote sustainable water resource management?"

Girard, O. and Thal, J. (2001) "Mise en place d’un réseau de suivi de populations d’oiseaux d’eau en Afrique subsaharienne. Rapport de mission au Mali 9-23 janvier 2001". France. ONCFS.

Githaiga, J. M. (1997)"Utilization patterns and inter-lake movements of the Lesser Flamingo and their conservation in the saline lakes of Kenya" In G. Howard (Ed.). Conservation of the lesser flamingo in Eastern Africa and beyond. (pp. 11-21) Nairobi, Kenya: IUCN.

Giudicelli, J. and Dakki, M. (1984). "The springs of the Middle Atlas and the Rif (Morocco): Faunistics (description of 2 new species of Trichoptera), ecology and biogeography" Bijdragen Tot De Dierkunde 54(1) 83-100.

Giudicelli, J., Bouzidi, A. and Abdelaali, N. A. (2000). "Contribution to the faunistic and ecological study of the blackflies (Diptera: Simuliidae) of Morocco IV. The blackflies of the High Atlas mountain range. Description of a new species" Annales De Limnologie 36(1) 57-80.

Gladkov, N. A. (1935). "Sur la variabilité géographique de *Cobitis taenia* L" Bulletin of the U. S. Bureau of Fish 2 69-74.

Gladkov, N. A. (1938). "Notes on Altay fishes" Trudy Alt. Gos. Zapov. [Proceedings of Altay State Reserve] 1 295-300.

Glaw, F.;Vences, M. (1994). "A field guide to the amphibians and reptiles of Madagascar" Leverkusen, Germany: Moos-Druck.

Gleick, P. H. (1993) Water in crisis: A guide to the world's fresh water resources. New York, USA: Oxford University Press.

Global Amphibian Assessment (GAA) (2008) "Global Amphibian Assessment" <http://www.globalamphibians.org>

Global Energy and Water Cycle, E. (2005). "Murray-Darling Basin Water Budget (MDB) Project" (2005; www.gewex.org/mdb.html).

Glover, C. J. M. (1973). "Adaptations of a central Australian gobiid fish" Bulletin of the Australian Society for Limnology 5 8-10.

Glover, C. J. M. (1982)"Adaptations of fishes in arid Australia" In W. R. Barker and P. J. M. Greenslade (Ed.). Evolution of the Flora and Fauna of Arid Australia. (pp. 241-246) Adelaide: Peacock Publications.

Glover, C. J. M. (1989)"Fishes" In W. Zeidler and W. F. Ponder (Ed.). Natural History of Dalhousie Springs. (pp. 89-112) Adelaide: South Australian Museum.

Glubokovskiy, M. K. (1995). "Evolutionary biology of salmonid fishes" Moscow: Nauka.

Godoy, J. R., Geofferey Petts and Salo, J. (1999). "Riparian flooded forests of the Orinoco and Amazon basins: a comparative review" Biodiversity and Conservation 8 551-586.

Godoy, R., Wilkie, D., Overman, H., et al. (2000). "Valuation of consumption and sale of forest goods from a Central American rain forest" Nature 406 62-63.

Goldschmidt, T. (1996). "Darwin’s dreampond; drama in Lake Victoria" Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: MIT Press.

Golubtsov, A. S., Darkov, A. A., Dgebuadze, Y. Y., et al. (1995) "An artificial key to fish species of the Gambela region". Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Joint Ethio-Russian Biological Expedition.

Gómez, A. ;D.H. Lunt (2007)"Refugia within refugia: patterns of phylogeographic concordance in the Iberian Peninsula" In S. Weiss;N. Ferrand (eds.) (Ed.). Phylogeography of Southern European Refugia. (pp. Pp. 155-188) Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer.

Gonfiantini, R., Zuppi, G. M., Eccles, D. H., et al. (1979) Isotope investigation of Lake Malawi. (pp. 195-205) Vienna, Austria: IAEA.

Gonzo, G. M. (2003). "Peces de los ríos Bermejo, Juramento y Cuencas Endorreicas de la Provincia de Salta" Salta, Argentina: Museo de Ciencias Naturales y Consejo de Investigacíon Univesrsidad Nacional de Salta.

Gooderham, J.;Tsyrlin, E. (2002). "The Waterbug Book; A Guide to the Freshwater Macroinvertebrates of Temperate Australia" Collingwood: Csiro Publishing.

Goodman, S. M. and Benstead, J. P. (2003) The natural history of Madagascar. Chicago, USA: The University of Chicago Press.

Gordon, C., Cooper, C., Senior, C. A., et al. (2000). "The simulation of SST, sea ice extents and ocean heat transports in a version of the Hadley Centre coupled model without flux adjustments" Climate Dynamics 16 147-168.

Gordon, D., Jul Larsen, E., Kolding, J., et al. (2003) Technical change and economies of scale in the history of Mweru-Luapula's fishery (Zambia and Democratic Republic of Congo). (pp. 164-178) Rome, Italy: Food and Agriculture Organization.

Gorham, J. R. (1973). "Paraguay: Ecological Essays" Miami, Florida.: Academy of the Art & Sciences of the Americas.

Gosse, J. P. (1963). "Le milieu aquatique et l’écologie des poissons dans la région de Yangambi" Annales du Musée Royal de l’Afrique Centrale 116 113-271.

Gottfried, M. D. and Krause, D. W. (1998). "First record of gars (Lepisosteidae, Actinopterygii) on Madagascar: Late Cretaceous remains from the Mahajunga basin" Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 18 275-279.

Gottfried, M. D., Randriamiarimanana, L. L., Rabarison, J. A., et al. (1998). "Late Cretaceous fish from Madagascar: implications for Gondwanan biogeography" Journal of African Earth Sciences, Special Abstracts Issue, Gondwana 10: event stratigraphy of Gondwana 27(1A) published abstract.

Goudie, A. (1972). "Climate, weathering, crust formation, dunes and fluvial features of the Central Namib Desert near Gobabeb, southwest Africa" Madoqua 1(15-31)

Goulding, M. (1980). "The fishes and the forest: explorations in Amazonian natural history" Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Goulding, M. (1990). "Amazon: the flooded forest" New York, NY: Sterling Publishing Co., Inc..

Goulding, M., Barthem, R. and Ferreira, E. (2003). "The Smithsonian Atlas of the Amazon" Washington DC: Smithsonian Books.

Goulding, M., Carlos Cañas, Ronaldo Barthem, et al. (2003). "Amazon Headwaters: Rivers, Wildlife and Conservation in Southeastern Peru" Lima, Peru: Graphica Biblos S. A..

Goulding, M., Nigel J.H. Smith and Mahar, D. J. (1996). "Floods of fortune: ecology and economy along the Amazon" New York, NY: Columbia University Press.

Gourene, G., Teugels, G. G., Hugueny, B., et al. (1999). "Evaluation of the ichthyological diversity of a West African river basin after the construction of a dam" Cybium 23(2) 147-160.

Government of Newfoundland and Labrador, C., Parks and Natural Areas, D. (). "Main River" (2007, www.env.gov.nl.ca/parks/rivers/main/).

Government of, A. (2006). "Alberta River Basins" (2007; http://www3.gov.ab.ca/env/water/basins/BasinForm.cfm).

Government of, A. (2006). "Water" (2007; http://www3.gov.ab.ca/env/water/).

Government of, C. (2005). "Canada's Digital Collections" (2007; http://collections.ic.gc.ca/digitalyearbook).

Government of, M. (2001) "Official web portal: geography and climate" <http://ncb.intnet.mu/govt/geograph.htm. >(2001)

Government of, N. (2007). "" (2007; www.gov.nu.ca/).

Graça, W. J.;Pavanelli, C. S. (2007). "Peixes da Planície de Inundação do Alto Rio Paraná e Áreas Adjacentes" Maringá, PR: Editora da Universidade Estadual de Maringá.

Gratwicke, B. (1999). "The effect of season on a biotic water quality index: A case study of the Yellow Jacket and Mazowe Rivers, Zimbabwe" South African Journal of Aquatic Sciences 24(1/2) 24-35.

Gratwicke, B. and Marshall, B. E. (2001). "The relationship between the exotic predators Micropterus salmoides and Serranochromis robustus and native stream fishes in Zimbabwe" Journal of Fish Biology 58(1) 68-75.

Great Canadian, L. (2007). "" (2007; http://www.greatcanadianlakes.com).

Great Lakes Information, N. (2007). "Rivers and Lakes in the Great Lakes Region" (2007; www.great-lakes.net/envt/water/subsheds.html).

Green, J. and Corbet, S. A. (1973). "Ecological studies on crater lakes in West Cameroon. The blood of endemic cichlids in relation to stratification and their feeding habits" Journal of Zoology, London 170 299-308.

Greenwood, P. H. (1966) The fishes of Uganda. Kampala: The Uganda Society.

Greenwood, P. H. (1973). "A revision of the "Haplochromis" and related species (Pisces: Cichlidae) from Lake George, Uganda" Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology 141-242.

Greenwood, P. H. (1974). "The *Haplochromis* species (Pisces: Cichlidae) of Lake Rudolf, East Africa" Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. (Zool.) 141-165.

Greenwood, P. H. (1980). "Towards a phyletic classification of the "genus" Haplochromis (Pisces, Cichlidae) and related taxa. Part II. The species from Lakes Victoria, Nabugabo, Edward, George, and Kivu" Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. (Zool.) 39 1-101.

Greenwood, P. H. (1981) The haplochromine fishes of the East African lakes. Munich, Germany: Kraus Int'l. Publishers.

Greenwood, P. H. (1984). "The haplochmine species (Teleostei, Cichlidae) of the Cunene and certain other Angolan rivers" Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) 47(4) 187-239.

Greenwood, P. H., Sims, R. W., Price, J. H., et al. (1983) The zoogeography of African freshwater fishes: Bioaccountancy or biogeography?. (pp. 179-199) London, UK and New York, NY, USA: Academic Press.

Gregory, S. V., Swanson, F. J., McKee, W. A., et al. (1991). "An Ecosystem Perspective of Riparian Zones" Bioscience 41(8) 540-551.

Gren, I. and Söderqvist, T. (1994) "Economic Valuation of Wetlands: A Survey, Beijer Discussion Paper Series No. 54". Stockholm, Sweden. Beijer International Institute of Ecological Economics, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.

Griffin, J. Cumming D. Metcalfe S. t’Sas-Rolfes M. Chonguica E. Rowen M. Oglethorpe J. (1999). "Study on the development of transboundary natural resource management areas in Southern Africa" Washington, D.C., U.S.A: Biodiversity Support Program.

Grimsdell, J. J. R. and Bell, R. H. V. (1975) "Black lechwe research project, Final report: Ecology of the black lechwe in the Bangweulu Basin of Zambia". Ndola, Zambia. NCSR, Falcon Press.

Grivas, K.,Georgiakakis, P.,Giannatos, G.,Ganou, E.,Ioannides, J.,Manolopoulos, A.,Xirouchakis, St.,Simaiakis, St.,Christodoulou, A.;Katakalaiou, A. (2011) "Ecological study of Mount Taygetos for the conservation of the biodiversity of the mountain. Final report". <http://www.ekby.gr/EEA_Taygetos/Consultation/Taygetos-consultation.pdf > Biosfaira.

Groenewald, G. (2003) "Maloti-Drakensberg Transfrontier Conservation and Development Area" <www.peaceparks.org >(2003)

Groombridge, B.;Jenkins, M. (1998). "Freshwater biodiversity: a preliminary global assessment" Cambridge, UK: World Conservation Monitoring Centre.

Group, I. I. S. S. (2000) "Global Invasive Species Database" <http://www.issg.org/database/welcome/ >(2002)

Grove, A. T. (1985)"The environmental setting" In A. T. Grove (Ed.). The Niger and its neighbours: Environmental history and hydrobiology, human use and health hazards of the major West African rivers. Netherlands: A.A. Balkema.

Grove, A. T., Street, F. A. and Goudie, A. S. (1975). "Former lake levels and climatic change in the Rift Valley of southern Ethiopia" Geography Journal 141 177-202.

Groves, C. (2003). "Drafting a conservation blueprint: A practitioner's guide to planning for biodiversity" Washington, DC: Island Press.

Gumiero, B.,B. Maiolini,N. Surian,M. Rinaldi,B. Boz;F. Moroni (2009)"The Italian Rivers" In K. Tockner;U. Uehlinger;C.T. Robinson (Ed.). Rivers of Europe. (pp. Pp 467-495) London, UK: Academic Press.

Gundrizer, A. N. (1964)"Ichthyogeographical zoning of Western Mongolia and adjacent regions of Siberia" In Proceedings of Zoological Conference devoted to 100th Anniversary of M.D. Ruzsky. (pp. 123-125) Tomsk: Tomsk University.

Gundrizer, A. N. (1968)"Exploration of water bodies, distribution and biology of fishes of Mountainous Altai and Tuva" In Results of biological Investigations for 50 years. (pp. 224-247) Tomsk: Tomsk University.

Gundrizer, A. N., Zaloznyy, N. A., Golubykh, O. S., et al. (1995). "State of investigations of hydrobionts of the Middle Ob'" Sibirskiy ecolog. zhurnal 3 315-322.

Gundrizer, A. N.,Ioganzen, B. G.,Kafanova, V. V.;Krivoschekov, G. M. (1981). "Fishes of Teletskaye Lake" Novosibirsk: Nauka.

Gundrizer, A. N.,Ioganzen, B. G.;Krivoschekov, G. M. (1984). "Fishes of West Siberia" Tomsk: Tomsk University.

Guti, G. (2006). "Past and present status of sturgeons in Hungary" Paper presented at the Proceedings 36th International Conference of IAD, 143-147, Vienna, Austria.

Gutiérrez-Yurrita, P. J. and Morales-Ortíz, A. (2004)"Síntesis y perspectivas del estatus ecológico de los peces del Estado de Querétaro (Centro de México)" In M. L. Lozano-Vilano and A. J. Contreras-Balderas (Ed.). Libro Homenaje al Dr. Andrés Reséndez-Medina. Dir. Gral. de Publicaciones. (pp. 217-235) Monterrey, México: Universidad A. de Nuevo León.

Guy, P. R. (1980). "River bank erosion in the mid-Zambezi valley, downstream of Lake Kariba" Biological Conservation 19 99-112.

Haack, B. (1996). "Monitoring wetland changes with remote sensing: An East African example" Environmental Management 20(3) 411-419.

Haacke, W. (1984). "The herpetology of the southern Kalahari domain" Supplement to Koedoe 1984 171-186.

Hadiaty, R.K.;D.J. Siebert (1998). "Two new species of Osteochilus (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) from Sungai Lembang, Suag Balimbing Research Station, Gunung Leuser National Park, Aceh, northwestern Sumatra" Rev. Fr. Aquariol 22(1/2) 1-4.

Haggett, A. R. (1999). "Is sport fishing in the Panhandle of the Okavango in crisis?" Tight Lines - the Angler´s friend 9-13.

Hall, A., Valente, I. M. C. B. S. and Davies, B. R. (1977). "The Zambezi River in Mozambique: The physico-chemical status of the Middle and Lower Zambezi prior to the closure of the Cabora Bassa Dam" Freshwater Biology 7 187-206.

Hall-Martin, A. J. (1984). "Symposium on the Kalahari ecosystem. Summary and conclusions" Supplement to Koedoe 1984 327-333.

Hamerlynck, O. and Duvail, S. (2003) "The rehabilitation of the delta of the Senegal River in Mauritania". Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. IUCN.

Hamilton, S. K., S.J. Sippel and J.M. Melack (2002). "Comparison of inundation patterns among major South American floodplains" Journal of Geophysical Research 20 Available in electronic form; doi 10.1029/2000JD000306.

Hammer, M., Adams, M., Unmack, P. J., et al. (2007). "A rethink on Retropinna: conservation implications of new taxa and significant genetic sub-structure in Australian smelts (Pisces: Retropinnidae)" Marine and Freshwater Research 58 327-341.

Hammer, M., Unmack, P. J., Adams, M., et al. (). "Retropinna in retrospect: additional taxa and significant genetic sub-structure redefine conservation approaches for Australian smelts (Pisces: Retropinnidae)" Marine and Freshwater Research

Hammer, Theodore U. (1986). "Saline lake ecosystems of the world" Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Dr W. Junk.

Hampson, P. S. (1995) "National Water-Quality Assessment Program: the Upper Tennessee River basin study unit. FS-150-95". Knoxville, Tennessee, USA. U.S. Geological Survey.

Hamr, P. (1992). "A revision of the Tasmanian freshwater crayfish genus Astacopsis Huxley (Decapoda: Parastacidae)" Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 126 91-94.

Hansen, B. and Richardson, A. M. M. (2006). "A revision of the Tasmanian endemic freshwater crayfish genus Parastacoides (Crustacea: Decapoda: Parastacidae)" Invertebrate Systematics 20 713-769.

Hansen, M., DeFries, R., Townshend, J. R. G., et al. (2000). "Global land cover classification at 1km resolution using a decision tree classifier" International Journal of Remote Sensing 21 1331-1365.

Happold, D. C. D. (1987). "The mammals of Nigeria" Oxford, UK: Clarendon Press.

Harcourt, C. and Sayer, J. (Ed.) (1996). "The conservation atlas of tropical forests: the Americas" New York, NY: Simon & Schuster.

Harding, J. S. (1994) "Lotic Ecoregions of New Zealand, Unpublished Ph.D. thesis". University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand.

Harding, J. S. and Winterbourn, M. J. (1997). "An ecoregion classification of the South Island, New Zealand" Journal of Environmental Management 51 275-287.

Harding, J. S. and Winterbourn, M. J. (1997) "New Zealand ecoregions: a classification for use in stream conservation and management". Wellington, New Zealand. Department of Conservation.

Harding, J. S., Winterbourn, M. J. and McDiffett, W. F. (1997). "Stream faunas and ecoregions in South Island, New Zealand: do they correspond?" Arch. Hydrobiol. 140(3) 289-307.

Hardman, M., Page, L. M., Sabaj, M. H., et al. (2002). "A comparison of fish survey made in 1908 and 1998 of the Potaro, Essequibo, Demerara, and coastal river drainages of Guyana" Ichthyological Explorations of Freshwaters 13(3) 225-238.

Harmon, R. S. (2005). "The Rio Chagres, Panama: a multidisciplinary profile of a tropical watershed" New York, NY: Springer-Verlag.

Harold, A. S. and Vari, R. P. (1994). "Systematics of the trans-andean species of Creagrutus(Ostariophysi: Characiformes: Characidae)" Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology (551)

Harper, D. M., Phillips, G., Chilvers, A., et al. (1994). "Eutrophication prognosis for Lake Naivasha, Kenya" Verhandlungen-Internantionale Vereinigung fur Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie 25(2) 861-865.

Harris, J. H. and Gehrke, P. C. (Ed.) (1997). "Fish and Rivers in Stress. The NSW Rivers Survey" NSW Fisheries Office of Conservation, and Cooperative Research Centre for Freshwater Ecology.

Harrison, A. D. (1995)"Northeastern Africa rivers and streams" In C. E. Cushing, K. W. Cummings and G. W. Minshall (Ed.). River and stream ecosystems. (pp. 507-517) Netherlands: Elsevier Science B. V..

Harrison, A. D. and Agnew, J. D. (1962). "The distribution of invertebrates endemic to acid streams in the western and southern Cape Province" Annals of the Cape Provincial Museums 2 273-291.

Harrison, A. D. and Hynes, H. B. N. (1988). "Benthic fauna of Ethiopian mountain streams and rivers" Archiv für Hydrobiologie/ Supplement 81 1-36.

Harrison, I. J. and Howes, G. J. (1991). "The pharygnobranchial organ of mugilid fishes: Its structure, variability, ontogeny, possible function and taxonomic utility" Bull. Brit. Mus. Nat. Hist. Zool. 57 111-132.

Harrison, I. J., Stiassny, M. J. and MacPhee, R. (1999) The quiet crisis: A preliminary listing of the freshwater fishes of the world that are extinct or "missing in action". (pp. 271-331) New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.

Harrison, J. A.,Allan, D. G.,Underhill, L. G.,Herremans, M.,Tree, A. J.,Parker, V.;Brown, C. J. (1997). "The atlas of southern African birds, including Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland and Zimbabwe, Volume 1. Non-passerines" Johannesburg, South Africa: Birdlife South Africa.

Harrison, J., Burger, M. and Ellis, S. (2001) "Conservation assessment and management plan for southern African frogs. First Draft. January 2001. Southern African Frog Atlas Project". Cape Town, South Africa. Avian Demographic Unit, University of Cape Town.

Hart, J. A. and Hall, J. S. (1996). "Status of Eastern Zaire's forest parks and reserves" Conservation Biology 10(2) 316-327.

Hart, R. C., Bruton, M. N. and Gess, F. W. (1988) Water quality and the environment: The Buffalo River situation. (pp. 356-366) Grahamstown, South Africa: Rhodes University.

Hart, T. and Mwinyihali, R. (2001) "Armed conflict and biodiversity in sub-Saharan Africa: The case study of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)". Washington, D.C.. Biodiversity Support Program.

Hartshorn, G. S. and Poveda, L. J. (1983)"Checklist of trees" In D. H. Janzen (Ed.). Costa Rican natural history. Chicago, IL, USA: University of Chicago Press.

Hatton, J. and Munguambe, F. (1998) "The biological diversity of Mozambique". Maputo, Mozambique. Ministry for the Coordination of Environmental Affairs.

Hay, C. J., Zyl, B. J. and Steyn, G. J. (1996). "A quantitative assessment of the biotic integrity of the Okavango River, Namibia, based on fish" Water SA 22(3) 263-284.

Hay, W. W.,DeConto, R. M.,Wold, C. N.,Wilson, K. M.,Voight, S.,Schulz, M.,Wold, A. R.,Dullo, W. C.,Ronov, A. B.,Balukhovsky, A. N.,Söding, E.,Barrera, E.;Johnson, C. C. (1999) Alternative global Cretaceous paleogeography. (pp. 1-47) Boulder, CO, USA: Geological Society of America, Special Paper 332.

Hazelwood, P. L. (1979) "Liberia : Draft environmental report on Liberia" <http://www.wri.org/wdces/li79_99.html >(2001)

Hazevoet, C. J. (1995). "The birds of the Cape Verde Islands" Dorchester, Great Britain: Dorset Press.

Hazevoet, C. J. (2001)"Cape Verde" In L. D. C. Fishpool and M. I. Evans (Ed.). Important bird areas in Africa and associated islands: Priority sites for conservation. (pp. 161-168) Newbury and Cambridge, UK: Pisces Publications and BirdLife International (Birdlife Conservation Series No. 11).

Heckel, J. J. (1843). "Ichthyologie [von Syrien]. In: J. von Russegger. Reisen in Europa, Asien und Africa, mit besonderer Rücksicht auf die naturwissenschaftlichen Verhältnisse der betreffenden Länder unternommen in den Jahren 1835 bis 1841, etc. Stuttgart" Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 1(2) 990-1099.

Heckman, C. W. (1998). "The Pantanal of Poconé" Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Hecky, R. E. (1993). "The eutrophication of Lake Victoria" Verhandlungen Internationale Vereinigung Limnologie 25 39-48.

Hecky, R. E., Bugenyi, F. W. B., Ochumba, P., et al. (1994). "Deoxygenation of the deep water of Lake Victoria, East Africa" Limnology and Oceanography 39(6) 1476-1481.

Heino, J. (2002). "Concordance of species richness patterns among multiple freshwater taxa: A regional perspective" Biodiversity and Conservation 11(1) 137-147.

Henderson, I. M. (1985). "Systematic studies of New Zealand Trichoptera and critical analysis of systematic methods" Unpublished Thesis. Unpubl. PhD thesis Victoria University: Wellington

Henderson, L. and Cilliers, C. J. (2002) "Invasive Aquatic Plants. A guide to the identification of the most important and potentially dangerous invasive aquatic and wetland plants in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute Handbook No. 16". Pretoria, South Africa. ARC-Plant Protection Research Institute.

Hendrickson, D. A. (1983). "Distribution records of native and exotic fishes in Pacific drainages of Northern Mexico" Journal of the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science 18(2) 33-38.

Hendrickson, D. A. and Varela-Romero, A. (2002)"Fishes of the Rio Fuerte drainage" In M. Lozano-Vilano (Ed.). Libro Jubilar en Honor al Dr. Salvador Contreras Balderas. Dir. Gral. De Publicaciones. (pp. 171-195) Monterrey, México: Universidad A. de Nuevo León.

Hendrickson, D. A., Minckley, W. L. and Miller, R. R. (1980). "Fishes of the Rio Yaqui Basin, Mexico and United States" Journal of the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science 18(2) 65-106.

Henkel, Friedrich-Wilhelm;Schmidt, Wolfgang (2000) Amphibians & Reptiles of Madagascar, the Mascarenes, the Seychelles & the Comoros Islands. (pp. 324) Malabar, Florida, USA: Krieger Publishing Company.

Henrichs, T., Lehner, B. and Alcamo, J. (2002). "An integrated analysis of changes in water stress in Europe" Integrated Assessment 3(1) 15-29.

Hens, L. and Boon, E. K. (1999). "Institutional, legal, and economic instruments in Ghana’s environmental policy" Environmental Management 24(3) 337-351.

Herak, M. (1972)"Karst of Yugoslavia" In Karst: important karst regions of the northern hemisphere. (pp. Pp25-84) Amsterdam and New York: Elsevier.

Heringa, A. C. and East, R. (1990) Mali. (pp. 8-14) Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge: IUCN.

Herre, A. W. C. I. (1939). "On a collection of littoral and freshwater fishes from the Andaman Islands" Records of the Indian Museum (Rec. Ind. Mus.) 41(4) 327-372.

Herre, A. W. C. T. (1931). "A check list of fishes from the Solomon Islands" J. Pan-Pac. Res. Inst. 6(4) 4-9.

Herre, A. W. C. T. (1924). "Distribution of the true fresh-water fishes in the Philippines, I" The Philippine Journal of Science 24(3) 249-307.

Herre, A.W.C.T. (1953). "Check list of Philippine fishes" Res. Rep. U.S. Fish Wild. Serv. 20 977.

Herremans, M. (1998). "Conservation status of birds in Botswana in relation to land use" Biological Conservation 86 139-160.

Heydoorn, A. E. F. and Grindley, J. R. (1981) "Estuaries of the Cape. Part II. Synopses of available information on individual sysems. Report no. 3. Groen (CW7). CSIR Research Report 402". Cape Town, South Africa. Creda Press.

Hickley, P. and Bailey, R. G. (1987). "Food and feeding relationships of fish in the Sudd swamps (River Nile, southern Soudan)" Journal of Fish Biology 30(2) 147-160.

Hiernaux, P. (1982) "Les végétations et les fourragères dans les systèmes pastoraux". Mali. CIPEA.

Higgins, J. V., Bryer, M. T., Khoury, M. L., et al. (2005). "A freshwater classification approach for biodiversity conservation planning" Conservation Biology 19(2) 432-445.

Hijmans, R. J., S. Cameron and Parra., J. (2004) "WorldClim, Version 1.4 (release 3). A square kilometer resolution database of global terrestrial surface climate" <[http://www.worldclim.org]>(16 July 2009)

Hildebrand, S. F. (1925). "Fishes of the Republic of El Salvador Central America" Dept. of Commerce, Bureau Fish Doc. No. 985 237-287.

Hildebrand, S. F. (1938). "A new catalogue of the fresh-water fishes of Panama" Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Pub. 425 217-359.

Historica Foundation of, C. (2006). "The Canadian Encyclopedia" (2007; www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/).

Hoare, R. E. and Du Toit, J. T. (1999). "Coexistence between people and elephants in African savannas" Conservation Biology 13(3) 633-639.

Hobbs III, H. H. (1994). "Biogeography of subterranean decapods in North and Central American and the Caribbean region (Caridea, Astacidea, Brachyura)" Hydrobiologia 287 95-104.

Hobbs, H. H. (1987). "A review of the crayfish genus Astacoides (Decapoda: Parastacidae)" Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 443 1-50.

Hobbs, H. H., Hackney, C. T., Adams, S. M., et al. (1992) Caves and springs. (pp. 59-131) USA: John Wiley & Sons.

Hocutt, C. H. and Skelton, P. H. (1983) "Fishes of the Sak River, South Africa with comments on the nomenclature a redescription of the smallmouth yellowfish Barbus aeneus (Burchell, 1822). Special Publication No. 32". Grahamstown, South Africa. JLB Smith Institute of Ichthyology.

Hocutt, C. H. and Wiley, E. O. (Ed.) (1986). "The zoogeography of North American freshwater fishes" New York, USA: John Wiley & Sons.

Hoffman, L. C., Swart, J. J. and Brink, D. (2000). "The 1998 production and status of aquaculture in South Africa" Water South Africa 26(1) 133-135.

Hollis, G. E.,Adams, W. M.;Aminu-Kano, M. (1993). "The Hadejia Nguru wetlands. Environment, economy and sustainable development of a Sahelian floodplain wetland" Gland, Switzerland: IUCN.

Holloway, J. D. (1979). "A Survey of the Lepidoptera, Biogeography and Ecology of New Caledonia" The Hague: Junk Publ..

Holmquist, Jeff G.,Jutta M. Schmidt-Gengenbach;Beverly Buchanan Yoshioka (1998). "High dams and marine-freshwater linkages: effects on native and introduced fauna in the Caribbean" Conservation Biology 12(3) 621-630.

Holsinger, J. R. (1990). "Tuluweckelia cernua, a new genus and species of stygobiont amphipod crustacean (Hadziidae) from anchialine caves on the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico" Beaufortia 41 97-107.

Holsinger, J. R. (1993). "Biodiversity of subterranean amphipod crustaceans: global patterns of zoogeographic implications" Journal of Natural History 27 821-835.

Holthuis, L. B. (1966). "The R/V Pillsbry deep-sea biological expedition to the Gulf of Guinea, 1964-65. 11. The freshwater shrimps of the island of Annobon, West Africa" Studies in Tropical Oceanography 4(1) 224-239.

Hopson, A. J. (1982). "Lake Turkana. A report on the findings of the Lake Turkana project 1972-1975, Vols. 1-6" London, UK: Overseas Development Administration.

Horemans, B. (1998) "The state of artisanal fisheries in West Africa in 1997". Cotonou, Benin. Food and Agriculture Organization.

Horwitz, P. (1990). "A taxonomic revision of species in the freshwater crayfish genus Engaeus Erichson (Decapoda: Parastacidae)" Invertebrate Taxonomy 4 427-614.

Horwitz, P. (1994). "Distribution and conservation status of the Tasmanian giant freshwater lobster Astacopsis gouldi (Decapoda: Parastacidae)" Biological Conservation 69(199-206)

Horwitz, P. (1995)"Preliminary Key to the Species of Decapoda (Crustacea, Malacostraca) Found in Australian Inland Waters" In Identification Guide no. 5. Albury NSW: Murray Darling Freshwater Research Centre, Cooperative Research Centre for Freshwater Ecology.

Horwitz, P. (1995). "The conservation status of Australian freshwater crayfish: review and update" Freshwater Crayfish 10 70-80.

Horwitz, P. and Adams, M. (2000). "The systematics, biogeography and conservation status of the species in the freshwater crayfish genus Engaewa Riek (Decapoda: Parastacidae) from south-western Australia" Invertebrate Taxonomy 14 655-80.

Howard, G. W. and Matindi, S. W. (2003) "Alien invasive species in Africa’s wetlands. Some threats and solutions". Nairobi, Kenya. IUCN, Eastern Africa.

Howard-Williams, C. and Kelly, D. (2003)"Local perspectives in lake restoration and rehabilitation" In M. Kumagai (Ed.). Freshwater management: global versus local perspectives. (pp. 153-176) Tokyo: Springer-Verlag.

Howard-Williams, C., Kalk, M., McLachlan, A. J., et al. (1979) The distribution of aquatic macrophytes in Lake Chilwa: Annual and long-term environmental fluctuations. (pp. 105-122) The Netherlands: Dr. W. Junk.

Howell, P., Lock, M. and Cobb, S. (Ed.) (1988). "The Jonglei Canal: Impact and opportunity" Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Hrbek, T., Taphorn, D. and Thomerson, J. E. (2005). "Molecular phylogeny of Austrofundulus Myers (Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae), with revision of the genus and the description of four new species" Zootaxa 825 1-39.

Hubbs, C. L. (1936) "Fishes of the Yucatan Peninsula. Publication no. 457: 157-287". Washington, D.C. Carnegie Institution.

Hubbs, C. L. and Hubbs, C. (1958). "Notropis saladonis, a new cyprinid fish endemic in the Rio Salado of northeastern Mexico" Copeia 1958(4) 297 - 307.

Hubbs, C. L. and Miller, R. R. (1977). "Six distinctive cyprinid fish species referred to Dionda inhabiting segments of the Tampico Embayment drainage of Mexico" Trans. San Diego Soc. Nat. Hist. 18(17) 267-336.

Hubbs, C. L., Miller, R. R. and Hubbs, L. C. (1974)"Hydrographic history and relict fishes of the North-Central Great Basin" In Memoirs of the California Academy of Sciences, vol 7.. San Francisco: California Academy of Sciences.

Hubbs, C. L.;Lagler, K. F. (2004). "Fishes of the Great Lakes region" Revised. Ann Arbor, MI: The University of Michigan Press.

Hubbs, C., Miller, R. R., Edwards, R. J., et al. (1977). "Fishes inhabiting the Rio Grande, Texas and Mexico, between El Paso and the Pecos confluence" U.S. Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rept. RM-43 91 - 97.

Hubbs, C.L.;C.L. Turner (1939). "Studies of the fishes of the order Cyprinodontes. XVI. A revision of the Goodeidae" Miscellaneous Publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan 42 1-80.

Hubert, N. and Renno, J.-F. (2006). "Historical biogeography of South American freshwater fishes" Journal of Biogeography 33 1414-1436.

Hudson, A.G.,P. Vonlanthen;Seehausen, O. (2010). "Rapid parallel adaptive radiations from a single hybridogenic ancestral population" Published online before print August 4, 2010, doi: 10.1098/rspb.2010.0925:

Hudson, P. F., D.A. Hendrickson, A.C. Benke, et al. (2005)"Rivers of Mexico" In A. C. Benke and C. E. Cushing (Ed.). Rivers of North America. (pp. 1031-1074) Boston, MA: Elsevier Academic Press.

Huet, M. (1949). "Apercu des relations entre la pente et les populations piscicoles des eaux courantes" Schweiz. Zeitschr. f. Hydrologie XI(3/4)

Hughes, D. A. (1997) "Southern African "FRIEND" - The application of rainfall-runoff models in the SADC region. Report 3/97". Grahamstown, South Africa. Institute for Water Research.

Hughes, J. B., Daily, G. C. and Ehrlich, P. R. (1997). "Population diversity: Its extent and extinction" Science 278(5338) 689-692.

Hughes, R. H.;Hughes, J. S. (1992). "A directory of African wetlands" Gland, Switzerland, Nairobi, Kenya, and Cambridge, UK: IUCN, UNEP, and WCMC.

Hughes, R. M., Rexstad, E. and Bond, C. E. (1987). "The relationship of aquatic ecoregions, river basins and physiographic provinces to the ichthyogeographic regions of Oregon" Copeia 2 423-432.

Hugueny, B. (1989). "West African rivers as biogeographic islands: Species richness of fish communities" Oecologia 79 236-243.

Hugueny, B. and Lévêque, C. (1994). "Freshwater fish zoogeography in West Africa: Faunal similarities between river basins" Environmental Biology of Fishes 39 365-380.

Hulme, D.;Murphree, M. (2001) African wildlife and livelihoods. Oxford, UK: James Curry, Ltd..

Hulme, M., Doherty, R. M., Ngara, T., et al. (2001). "African climate change: 1900-2100" Climate Research 17 145-168.

Humberto, A., Jorge Laura, Freddy Loza, et al. (2006)"Management of key high-Andean puna rangelands in Ulla Ulla, Bolivia" In Eva M. Spehn, Maximo Liberman and C. Körner (Ed.). Land use change and mountain biodiverstiy. (pp. 167-186) Boca Raton, FL: Taylor & Francis Group.

Humphreys, W. F. (1999)"Relict stygofaunas living in sea salt, karst and calcrete habitats in arid northwestern Australia contain many ancient lineages" In W. Ponder and D. Lunney (Ed.). Other 99%. The Conservation and Biodiversity of Invertebrates. (pp. 219–227) Mosman, New South Wales: Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales.

Humphreys, W. F. (2001). "Groundwater calcrete aquifers in the Australian arid zone: the context to an unfolding plethora of stygal biodiversity" Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 64 63-83.

Humphries, J. M. (1984). "Cyprinodon verecundus, n.sp., a fifth species of pupfish from Laguna Chichancanab" Copeia 1984(1) 58-68.

Humphries, J. M. and Miller, R. R. (1981). "A remarkable species flock of pupfishes, genus Cyprinodon, from Yucatan, México" Copeia 1981(1) 52-64.

Huntley, B. J. (1978)"Ecosystem conservation in southern Africa" In M. J. A. Werger (Ed.). Biogeography and ecology of southern Africa. (pp. 1333-1385) The Hague, The Netherlands: Dr W. Junk Publishers.

Huntley, B. J., Matos, E. M. and Huntley, B. J. (1994) Botanical diversity and its conservation in Angola. (pp. 53-74) Pretoria, South Africa: National Botanical Institute.

Hurlbert, S. H. and Villalobos-Figueroa, A. (Ed.) (1982). "Aquatic Biota of Mexico, Central America and the West Indies" San Diego, CA, USA: Aquatic Biota SDSU Foundation, Dept of Biology, San Diego State University.

Hutchinson Dictionary of, P. (2000) "" <http://www.tiscali.co.uk/reference/dictionaries/plants/ >

Hutchinson, C. F., Warshall, P., Arnould, E. J., et al. (1992). "Development in arid lands" Environment 34(6) 16-43.

Iclarm (2002) "Nairobi Declaration. Conservation of aquatic biodiversity and use of genetically improved and alien species for aquaculture in Africa. ICLARM, CTA, FAO, IUCN, UNEP, CBD". Penang, Malaysia. World Fish Centre.

Icold (1989). "World Register of Dams - 1988 update" Paris, France: Central Office, International Commission on Large Dams.

Iddi, S. and Depew, L. A. (1998) Eastern Arc Mountains and their national and global importance. (pp. 18-26) Morogoro, Tanzania: East Africa Natural History Society and National Museums of Kenya.

Ikingura, J. R., Mutakyahwa, M. K. D. and Kahatano, J. M. J. (1997). "Mercury and mining in Africa with special reference to Tanzania" Water Air and Soil Pollution 97(3-4) 223-232.

Il'in, G. V., Moiseyev, D. V. and Belyaev, A. G. (2001)"Modern features and characteristic peculiarities of hydologic and hydrochemical regime of coastal regions of the Sea of Azov" In G. G. Matishov (Ed.). Environment, biota and modelling of ecological processes in the Sea of Azov. (pp. 17-33) Apatity: Kol'skiy Nauchnyy Centr.

Illies, J. (1961). "Attempt to a general biocoenotic classification of running waters (Versuch einer allgemeinen biozönotischen Gliederung der Fliessgewässer)" Internationale Revue der gesamten Hydrobiologie 46 517-523.

Illies, J. (Ed.) (1978). "Limnofauna Europaea. Eine Zusammenstellung aller die europäischen Binnengewässer bewohnenden mehrzelligen Tiere mit Angaben über ihre Verbreitung und Ökologie. – A Checklist of the Animals Inhabiting European Inland Waters, with Accounts of their Distribution and Ecology (except Protozoa). 2., überarbeitete und ergänzte Auflage. – Mit 4 Abb., 532 S" Stuttgart, New York, Amsterdam: Gustav Fischer Verlag, Swets & Zeitlinger B. V..

Illies, J.;Botosaneanu, L. (1963). "Problems and methods of the classification of ecological zones in running waters, above all from the faunistic point of view (Problèmes et methodes de la classifications et de la zonation ecologique des eaux courantes, considérées surtout du point de vue faunistique)" Internationale Vereinigung für theoretische und angewandte Limnologie 12 1-57.

Iltis, A. and Lemoalle, J. (1983)"The aquatic vegetation of Lake Chad" In J. P. Carmouze, J. R. Durand and C. Leveque (Ed.). Lake Chad, Monographiae Biologicae 53. (pp. 125-143) The Hague: Dr W. Junk Publishers.

Impson, N. D., Bills, I. R., Cambray, J. A., et al. (2000) Chapter 3: Freshwater Fishes. South Africa: WWF-South Africa.

Inbar, R. (1977). "The Land of Sinai" Haifa: Natib Hasefer.

Indian and Northern Affairs, C. (2007). "Northwest Territories Region" (2007; http://nwt-tno.inac-ainc.gc.ca/).

Ingenito, L. F. S. and Buckup, P. A. (2005). "A New Species of Parodon from the Serra da Mantiqueira, Brazil (Teleostei: Characiformes: Parodontidae)" Copeia (4) 765-771.

Ingenito, L. F. S. and Buckup, P. A. (2007). "The Serra da Mantiqueira, south-eastern Brazil, as a biogeographical barrier for fishes" Journal of Biogeography

Ingenito, L. F. S., Duboc, L. F. and Abilhoa, V. (2004). "Contribuição ao conhecimento da icitiofauna da bacia do alto rio Iguaçu, Paraná, Brasil" Arquivos de Ciências Veterinárias e Zoologia da Unipar 7(1) 23-36.

Inger, R. F. and Chin, P. K. (1962). "Freshwater fishes of North Borneo" Fieldiana Zoology 45 1-268.

Inger, R. F. Kong C. P. (1962). "Freshwater fishes of North Borneo. Fieldiana. Zoology 45" Chicago, Illinois, USA: Chicago Natural History Museum.

Inger, R. F.;Chin, P. K. (2002). "The Freshwater Fishes Of North Borneo" Borneo: Natural History Publications.

Inger, R.F.;P.K. Chin (1962). "The fresh-water fishes of North Borneo" Fieldiana Zoology 45 1-268.

Institute of Marine, Sciences,Fao;Sida (1998). "Overview of land-based sources and activities affecting the marine, coastal and associated freshwater environment in the eastern African region. UNEP Regional Seas Reports and Studies No. 167" Dar es Salaam, Tanzania: UNEP.

Institute of Resource Assessment (2002) "Baseline Study of Lakes Sagara and Nyamangoma Wetlands and the surrounding Environment in the Malagarasi / Muyovozi Ramsar Site, Western Tanzania. Final Report prepared by: Institute of Resource Assessment (IRA) University of Dar es Salaam". Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism - SIMMORS.

Instituto Geografico Nacional Tomy Guardia (1988). "Atlas Nacional de la Republica de Panama" Panama: Ministerio de Obras Publicas Republica de Panama.

Integrated Regional Information Networks (2000) "Mali: Firewood for fuel raises concerns about deforestation" <http://www.reliefweb.int/IRIN/wa/countrystories/mali/20001003.phtml >(2001)

International Lake Environment, C. (2001) "World lake database" <http://www.ilec.or.jp/database/database.html. >

Inventory of Conflict and Envrionment (1997) "ICE Case Studies: Nile River Dispute" <http://www.american.edu/ted/ice/nile.htm >(2001)

Iriondo, Martín H., Juan César Paggi, María Julieta Parma (editors), (2007). "The Middle Paraná River, limnology of a subtropical wetland" Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag.

Irish, J. (1991). "Conservation aspects of karst waters in Namibia" Madoqua 17(2) 141-146.

Irish, J. (1992). "Cave investigations in Namibia: I. Biospeleology, ecology, and conservation of Dragon's Breath Cave" Cimbebasia 13 59-67.

Irvine, K. (2002) "The trophic ecology of the demersal fish community of Lake Malawi/Niassa, Central Africa". Final Report INCO-DC project ERBIC 18 CT 970195 (1994-1998).

Irwin, M. P. S. (1981). "The birds of Zimbabwe" Harare, Zimbabwe: Quest Publishing.

Ita, E. O. (1993) "Inland fishery resources of Nigeria, CIFA Occasional Paper n° 20". FAO, Rome.

Iucn (1988). "IUCN red list of threatened animals" Gland, Switzerland: IUCN.

Iucn (1992) "Protected Areas of the World: A review of national systems. Volume 3: Afrotropical". Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. World Conservation Monitoring Centre (WCMC) and International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

Iucn (1993) "Environmental synopsis 1993: Nigeria". Gland, Switzerland. IUCN.

IUCN (1993). "The Wetlands of Central and Eastern Europe" Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK: IUCN.

Iucn (1994). "Guidelines for protected area management categories" Cambridge, UK and Gland, Switzerland: IUCN.

Iucn (1995) "IUCN wetlands and water resources projects" <http://www.iucn.org/themes/wetlands/project.html >(2003)

Iucn (2000) "Vision for water and nature: A world strategy for conservation and sustainable management of water resources in the 21st century". Gland, Switzerland. IUCN - The World Conservation Union.

Iucn (2001) "Economic value of reinundation of the Waza Logone Floodplain, Cameroon". Maroua, Cameroon. Projet de Conservation et de Développement de la Région de Waza-Logone.

Iucn (2001) "100 of the world’s worst invasive species: A selection from the global invasives species database". Aukland, New Zealand. Invasive Species Specialist Group.

IUCN (2009) "IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2009.1" <http://www.iucnredlist.org>(08 July 2009)

IUCN (2010) "IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2010.4" <www.iucnredlist.org>(06 December 2010)

IUCN (2012) "IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2" <www.iucnredlist.org>(21 May 2013)

IUCN, Conservation International and NatureServe (2006) "Global Amphibian Assessment" <http://www.globalamphibians.org>

IUCN, W. W. F. and (1994). "Centres of plant diversity: A guide and strategy for their conservation. 3 Volumes" Cambridge, UK: IUCN Publications Unit.

Ivanter, E. V. and Kuznetsov, O. L. (Ed.) (1995). "Red data book of Karelia" Petrozavodsk: Karelia.

Jachmann, H. (2000) "Zambia's Wildlife Resources: A brief ecology". Lusaka, Zambia. Wildlife Resource Monitoring Unit, Environmental Council of Zambia.

Jackson, P. B. N. (1961). "Kariba studies. Ichthyology: The fish of the Middle Zambezi" UK: Manchester University Press.

Jackson, P. B. N. (1963). "Ecological factors affecting the distribution of freshwater African fishes in tropical Africa" Annals of the Cape Provincial Museums (Natural History) 2 223-228.

Jackson, P. B. N. (1986)"Fish of the Zambezi sytsem" In B. R. Davies and K. F. Walker (Ed.). The ecology of river systems. (pp. 269-288) Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Dr W. Junk Publishers.

Jackson, R. B., Carpenter, S. R., Dahm, C. N., et al. (2001). "Water in a changing world" Ecological Applications 11(4) 1027-1045..

Jacobsen, N. (1999) "Specialist report: Herpetofauna. Consultancy Report No: LHDA 648-F-19 (Vol 2). Consulting services for the establishment and monitoring of the instream flow requirements for river courses downstream of LHWP dams". Lesotho. Metsi Consultants and Lesotho Highlands Water Project for the Lesotho Highlands Development Authority.

Jacobson, P. J., Angermeier, P. L. and Loutit, R. (1996). "The conservation significance of ephemeral rivers in northwestern Namibia" Ecological Soc. Of America Abstracts 77(3) 214.

Jacobson, P. J., Jacobson, K. M., Angermeier, P. L., et al. (1999). "Transport, retention, and ecological significance of woody debris within a large ephemeral river" Journal of the North American Benthological Society 18 429-444.

Jacobson, P. J., Jacobson, K. M., Angermeier, P. L., et al. (2000). "Variation in material transport and water chemistry along a large ephemeral river in the Namib Desert" Freshwater Biology 44 481-492.

Jacobson, P. J., Jacobson, K. M., Angermeier, P. L., et al. (2000). "Hydrologic influences on soil properties along ephemeral rivers in the Namib Desert" Journal of Arid Environments 45 21-34.

Jacobson, P. J.,Jacobson, K. M.;Seely, M. K. (1995). "Ephemeral rivers and their catchments: Sustaining people and development in western Namibia" Windhoek: Desert Research Foundation of Namibia.

Jacot-Guillarmod, A. (1963). "Further observations on the bogs of the Basutoland Mountains" South African Journal of Science 58(6) 179-182.

Jacot-Guillarmod, A., Bruton, M. N. and Gess, F. W. (1988) Exotic plant invasion, man's activities, and indigenous vegetation. (pp. 68-87) Grahamstown, South Africa: Rhodes University.

Jaffré, T. (1974). "La végétation et la flore d'un massif de roches ultrabasiques de Nouvelle-Calédonie: Le Koniambo" Candollea 29 427-456.

Jaffré, T. (1995)"Distribution and ecology of the conifers of New Caledonia" In N. J. Enright and R. S. Hill (Ed.). Ecology of the Southern Conifers. (pp. 171-196) Melbourne: Melbourne Univ. Press.

Jaffré, T. and Veillon, J. M. (1989)"Morphology, distribution and ecology of palms in New Caledonia" In J. L. Dowe (Ed.). Palms of the South West Pacific. (pp. 158-168) Australia: Publ. Fund, Palm and Cycas Soc.

Jaffré, T. and Veillon, J. M. (1995). "Structural and floristic characteristics of a rain forest on schist in New Caledonia: a comparison with an ultramafic rain forest" Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, Sér. 4, sect. B, Adansonia 17 201-226.

Jaffré, T., Brooks, R. R. and Trow, J. M. (1979). "Hyperaccumulation of nickel by Geissois species" Pl. Soil 51 157-162.

Jaffré, T., Kersten, W., Brooks, R. R., et al. (1979). "Nickel uptake by Flacourtiaceae of New Caledonia" Proc. Roy. Soc, London 205 385-394.

Jaffré, T., Ph, M. and Veillon, J. M. (1993). "Etude floristique et phytogéographique de la forêt scléophylle de Nouvelle-Calédonie" Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, Sér. 4, sect. B, Adansonia 15 107-146.

Jagger, T. (1998) "El Camino Real: a trail of ideas" <Online. http://www.alacranpress.com/>

Jamu, D. M., Chimphamba, J. and Brummett, R. E. (2003). "Land use and cover changes in the Likangala catchment of the Lake Chilwa Basin: implications for managing a tropical wetland in Malawi, southern Africa" African Journal of Aquatic Science 28(2) 119-132.

Janauer, G.A.,P. Hale;R. Sweeting, (eds.) (2003). "Macrophyte inventory of the river Danube: A pilot study. Large Rivers 14/1-2." Arch. Hydrobiol. Suppl. 147(1-2) 229 pp..

Jansen, E. G. (1997) "Rich fisheries - poor fisherfolk; some preliminary observations about the effects of trade and aid in the Lake Victoria fisheries. Socio-economics of the Lake Victoria Fisheries Report 1". Nairobi, Kenya. IUCN Eastern Africa Regional Office.

Janzen, D. H. (1988)"Tropical dry forests. The most endangered major tropical ecosystem" In Wilson, E. O. (Ed.). Biodiversity. (pp. 130-137) Washington, D. C.: National Academy Press.

Jauro, A. B. (1998) "Lake Chad basin commission (LCBC) perspectives, Working paper presented at workshop for International Network of Basin Organizations, March 19-21 1998. Paris, France" <http://www.oieau.fr/ciedd/contributions/atriob/contribution/cblt.htm >(2001)

Jeffries, M.;Mills, D. (1990). "Freshwater ecology: principles and applications" London, UK: Belhaven Press.

Jégu, M. (1992). "Ossubts xinguense, nouveaux genre et espece du Rio Xingu, Amazonie, Bresil (Teleostei: Serrasalmidae)" Ichthyological Explorations of Freshwaters 3(3) 235-252.

Jégu, M. and Santos, G. M. (1988). "Le genre Serrasalmus (Pisces, Serrasalmidae) dans le bas Tocantins (Bresil, Pra), avec la description d'une espece nouvelle, S. geryi, du bassin Araguaia-Tocantins" Rev. Hydrobiol. Trop. 21(3) 239-274.

Jégu, M., Belmont-Jégu, E. and Zuanon, J. (1992). "Sur la presence de Mylesinus paraschomburgkii Jegu et al., 1989 (Characiformes, Serralsamidae) dans le bassin du Rio Jari (Bresil, Amapa)" Cybium 16(1) 13-19.

Jégu, M., Keith, P. and Belmont-Jégu, E. (2002). "Une nouvelle espèce de Tometes (Teleostei: Characidae: serrasalminae) du Boucleir Guyanais, Tometes lebaili N. sp" Bull. Fr. Pêche Piscic. 364 23-48.

Jégu, M., Morais, T. L. and Santos, G. M. (1992). "Redescription des types d'Utiaritichthys sennaebragai Mirana Ribeiro, 1937 et description d'une nouvelle espece du bassin Amazonien, U. longidorsalis (Characiformes, Serrasalmidae)" Cybium 16(2) 105-120.

Jégu, M., Santos, G. M. and Belmont-Jegu, E. (2002). "Tometes makue n. sp. (Characidae: Serrasalminae), une nouvelle espèce du bouclier guyanais décrite des bassins du Rio Negro (Brésil) et de l'Orénoque (Venezuela)" Cybium 26(4) 253-274.

Jégu, M., Santos, G. M., Keith, P., et al. (2002). "Description Compémentaire et réhabilitation de Tometes trilobatus Valenciennes, 1850, espèce-type de Tometes Valenciennes (characidae: Serrasalminae)" Cybium 26(2) 99-122.

Jenkins, A. P. (2003) "A preliminary investigation of priority ichthyofaunal areas for assessing representation in Fiji’s forest reserve network. Technical report". Suva, Fiji. Wetlands International – Oceania.

Jenkins, A. P. and Boseto, D. (2005). "Schismatogobius vitiensis, a new freshwater goby from the Fiji Islands" Ithyol. Explor. Fresh Wat. 16(1) 75-82.

Jenkins, M. D. (1987) "Madagascar: an environmental profile". Gland, Switzerland. IUCN.

Jennings, J. N. (1998) "Cave and karst terminology" <http://werple.net.au/~gnb/caving/papers/jj-cakt.html >

Jérémie, J. (1982). "Monimiacées, Amborellacées, Atherospermatacées, Trimeniacées, Chloranthaceae" Flore de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et Dépendances 11 127-179.

Jerry, D. R. and Woodland, D. J. (1997). "Electrophoretic evidence for the presence of the undescribed ‘Bellinger’ catfish (Tandanus sp.) (Teleostei: Plotosidae) in four New South Wales mid-northern coastal rivers" Marine and Freshwater Research 48 235-240.

Joffe, S. and Cooke, S. (1997) "Management of water hyacinth and other invasive aquatic weeds: Issues for the World Bank, Global IPM Facility". Wallingford, UK. CABI Bioscience.

Johansson, S. G., Cunneyworth, P., Doggart, N., et al. (1998). "Biodiversity surveys in the East Usambara Mountains: Preliminary findings and management implications" Journal of the East African Natural History Society 87(1/2) 29-36.

John, D. M. (1986). "The inland waters of tropical West Africa" Stuttgart, Germany: E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung.

John, D. M., Lévêque, C. and Newton, L. E. (1993)"Western Africa" In D. Whigham, D. Dykjova and S. Hejny (Ed.). Wetlands of the World, 1. (pp. 47-78) Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Johnson, G. D. and Patterson, C. (1996)"Relationships of lower euteleostean fishes" In M. L. J. Stiassny, L. J. Parenti and G. D. Johnson (Ed.). Interrelationships of Fishes. (pp. 251–332) San Diego: Academic Press.

Johnson, J. E. (1986). "Inventory of Utah crayfish with notes on current distribution" Great Basin Naturalist 46 625-631.

Johnson, N., Revenga, C. and Echeverria, J. (2001). "Managing water for people and nature" Science 292(5519) 1071-1075.

Johnson, T. C. and Ng'ang'a, P. (1990)"Reflections on a Rift Lake" In B. J. Katz (Ed.). Lacustrine basin exploration: Case studies and modern analogs. (pp. 113-135) Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Memoirs.

Johnson, T. C., Kelts, K. and Odada, E. (2000). "The Holocene history of Lake Victoria" Ambio 29(1) 2-11.

Johnson, T. C., Scholz, C. A., Talbot, M. R., et al. (1996). "Late Pleistocene desiccation of Lake Victoria and rapid evolution of cichlid fishes" Science 273(5278) 1091-1093.

Jones, P. J. (1994). "Biodiversity in the Gulf of Guinea: An overview" Biodiversity and Conservation 3(9) 772-784.

Jones, T., Phillips, B., Williams, C. E., et al. (2003) "Managing rivers wisely: Lessons from WWF’s work for integrated river basin management". Gland, Switzerland. WWF International.

Jónsson, G.,J. Pálsson;M. Jóhannsson (2001). "Ný fisktegund, flundra, veiðist á Íslandsmiðum [First record of flounder, Platichthys fleus (Linnaeus, 1758 at Iceland]. (In Icelandic with an English summary)" Náttúrufræðingurinn 70 83-89.

Jowett, I. G. and Richardson, J. (1996). "Distribution and abundance of freshwater fish in New Zealand rivers" New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 30 239-255.

Juan, C., Emerson, B. C., Oromí, P., et al. (2000). "Colonization and diversification: towards a phylogeographic synthesis for the Canary Islands" Trends in Ecology & Evolution 15 104-109.

Juárez-Romero, L., Varela-Romero, A. and Campoy-Favela, J. R. (1988). "Observaciones preliminares sobre la ictiofauna del Río Mátape, Sonora, México" Mem. IX Cong. Nal. Zool., Villahermosa, México 2 27-33.

Jubb, R. A. and Gaigher, I. G. (1971). "Check list of the fishes of Botswana" Arnoldia Rhodesia 5(7) 1-22.

Jul Larsen, Eyolf,Jul Larsen, Eyolf,Kolding, Jeppe,Overa, Ragnhild,Nielsen, Jesper Raakjaer;van Zwieten, Paul (2003) Analysis of effort dynamics in the Zambian inshore fisheries of Lake Kariba. (pp. 232-251) Rome, Italy: Food and Agriculture Organization.

Julius, M. L., Blob, R. W. and Schoenfuss, H. L. (2005). "The survival of Sicyopterus stimpsoni, an endemic amphidromous Hawaiian gobiid fish, relies on the hydrological cycles of streams: evidence from changes in algal composition of diet through growth stages fish" Aquatic Ecology 39(4) 473-484.

Jumbe, J. J. and Remane, K. (1997) The status of Tana River dam fisheries twenty years after dam construction. (pp. 33-44) Malden, MA: Fishing News Books.

Junk, W. J. (2002). "Long-term environmental trends and the future of tropical wetlands" Environmental Conservation 29(4) 414-435.

Junk, W. J. (2007). "Freshwater fishes of South America: Their biodiversity, fisheries, and habitats - a synthesis" Aquatic Ecosystem Health and Management 10(2) 228-242.

Junk, W. J. and Furch, K. (1993). "A general review of tropical South American floodplains" Wetlands Ecology and Management 2(4) 231-238.

Junk, W. J., Bayley, P. B. and Sparks, R. E. (1989). "The flood pulse concept in river-floodplain systems" Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 106 110-127.

Junk, W. J., Maria Gercilia Mota Soares and Bayley, P. B. (2007). "Freshwater fishes of the Amazon River basin: their biodiversity, fisheries, and habitats" Aquatic Ecosystem Health and Management 10(2) 153-173.

Junta de Andalusia;Conserjía de Medio Ambiente (2011) "Clima" <http://www.juntadeandalucia.es/medioambiente/>(03/01/2011)

Juste, B. J. and Fa, J. E. (1994). "Biodiversity conservation in the Gulf of Guinea Islands: Taking stock and preparing action (Jersey Wildlife Preservation Trust, Jersey, June 4-6, 1993)" Biodiversity and Conservation 3(9) 759-771.

Kabii, T. (1997)"An overview of African wetlands" In A. J. Hails (Ed.). Wetlands, biodiversity, and the Ramsar Convention. Gland, Switzerland: Ramsar Convention Bureau.

Kalashnikov, Yu E. (1978). "Fishes of the Vitim River basin" Novosibirsk: Nauka.

Kalitsi, E. A. K. and Evans-Appiah, R. (1999). "Dams and ecosystems: Assessing and managing environmental impacts (Ghana’s experience)" , Cairo, Egypt.

Kalk, M., Kalk, M., McLachlan, A. J., et al. (1979) Zooplankton in Lake Chilwa: Adaptations to changes. (pp. 123-141) The Netherlands: Dr. W. Junk.

Kalk, M.,McLachlan, A. J.;Howard-Williams, C. (1979). "Lake Chilwa: Studies of change in a tropical ecosystem. Monographiae Biologicae, vol. 35" The Netherlands: Dr. W. Junk.

Kallman, K. D., Walter, R. B., Morizot, D. C., et al. (2004). "Two new species of Xiphophorus from the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, Oaxaca, México, with a discusión of the distribution of the X. clemenciae clade" Amer. Mus. Novit. 3441 1-34.

Kamdem Toham, A. (1998). "Fish biodiversity of the Ntem river basin (Cameroon): Taxonomy, ecology and conservation" Unpublished Thesis. Katholieke Universiteit Leuven.

Kamdem Toham, A. and Teugels, G. G. (1998). "Diversity patterns of fish assemblages in the Lower Ntem River Basin (Cameroon), with notes on potential effects of deforestation" Archiv für Hydrobiologie 141(4) 421-446.

Kamdem-Toham, A., D'Amico, J., Olson, D., et al. (2003) "Biological priorities for conservation in the Guinean-Congolian forest and freshwater region: Report of the Guinean-Congolian forest and freshwater region workshop, Libreville, Gabon, March 30-April 2, 2000". Libreville, Gabon. WWF.

Kamensky, S. N. (1901). "Die Cypriniden der Kaukasuslander und ihrer angrenzenden Meere, 2-te Lief" Tiflis: Caucasus Mus..

Kamilov, G. and Urchinov, Z. U. (1995). "Fish and fisheries in Uzbekistan under the impact of irrigated agriculture" FAO Fisheries Circular 894 10-41.

Kamilov, G. K. (1973). "Fish in Uzbekistan reservoirs" Tashkent: FAN.

Karanja, F., Emerton, L., Mafumbo, J., et al. (2001) "Assessment of the economic value of Pallisa District Wetlands, Uganda". Kampala, Uganda. Biodiversity Economics Programme for Eastern Africa, IUCN The World Conservation Union and Uganda National Wetlands Programme.

Karasev, G. L. (1974). "Reconstructions of fish fauna in Transbaikalia" Vopr. Ichthyol 14(2) 191-210.

Karasev, G. L. (1987). "Fishes of Transbaikalia" Novosibirsk: Nauka.

Karpevich, A. F. (1960). "Basing of aquatic organisms acclimatization in the Aral Sea" Trudy VNIRO 43(1) 76-115.

Karr, J. L. and Awbrey, K. (Ed.) (1994). "The Tambopata-Candamo Reserved Zone of Southeastern Perú: A Biological Assessment" 6 Washington, DC: Conservation International.

Kasimona, V. N. and Makwaya, J. J. (1995)"Present planning in Zambia for the future use of Zambezi River waters" In T. Matiza, S. Crafter and P. Dale (Ed.). Water resource use in the Zambezi Basin. Proceedings of a workshop held at Kasane, Botswana, 28 April-2 May 1993. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN.

Kasulo, V., Perrings, C., Williamson, M., et al. (1999) The impact of invasive species in African lakes. (pp. 262-297) Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar.

Kasymov, A. G. (1972). "Freshwater fauna of Caucasus" Baku: Elm.

Katerere, D. (1994)"Policy, institutional frameworks, and wetlands management in Zimbabwe" In T. Matiza and S. A. Crafter (Ed.). Wetlands ecology and priorities for conservation in Zimbabwe. Proceedings of a seminar on wetlands of Zimbabwe. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN.

Kaufman, L. and Cohen, A. S. (1993). "The Great Lakes of Africa" Conservation Biology 7 632-633.

Kaufman, L. S. (1992). "Catastrophic change in species rich freshwater ecosystems" BioScience 42(11) 864-868.

Kaufman, L. S., Chapman, L. J. and Chapman, C. A. (1997). "Evolution in fast forward: Haplochromine fishes of the Lake Victoria region" Endeavour 21(1) 23-30.

Kaufman, L. S., Schwartz, J., Ruth, M., et al. (2002) Nile perch population dynamics in Lake Victoria: Implications for management and conservation. (pp. 257-313) New York, USA: Springer-Verlag.

Kaufmann, K. and Thompson, R. (2005). "Water temperature variation and the meteorological and hydrographic environment of Bocas del Toro, Panama" Caribbean Journal of Science 41(3) 392-413.

Kawanabe, Hiroya,Mizuno, Nobuhiko;Hosoya, Kazumi (1991). "Freshwater fishes of Japan" Tokyo: Yama-Kei Publishers Co., Ltd..

Kazancheyev, E. N. (1981). "Fishes of the Caspian Sea" Moscow: Legkaya Promyshlennost'.

Kebede, E., Teferra, G., Taylor, W. D., et al. (1992). "Eutrophication of Lake Hayq in the Ethiopian highlands" Journal of Plankton Research 14(10) 1473-1482.

Keith, P. (2002). "Freshwater fish and decapod crustacean populations on Reunion Island, with an assessment of species introductions" Bulletin Francais De La Peche Et De La Pisciculture (364) 97-107.

Keith, P. (2003). "Biology and ecology of amphidromous Gobiidae of the Indo-Pacific and the Caribbean regions" Journal of Fish Biology 63 831-847.

Keith, P. (2012) "Smilosicyopus sasali" <www.iucnredlist.org>(May 10, 2013)

Keith, P.,Bail, P. Le;Planquette, P. (2000). "Atlas des Poisons d'eau Douce de Guyane. Tome 2" Paris: Muséum National D'Histoire Naturelle.

Keith, P.,H. Persat,E. Feunteun;Allardi, J. (2011). "Les poisons d’eau douce de France" Mèze, Paris: Biotope- Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle.

Keith, P.,Marquet, G.,Valade, P.,Bosc, P.;Vigneux, E. (2007). "Atlas des poissons et crustacés d’eau douce des Comores, Mascareignes et Seychelles" 67 MNHN.

Keith, P.,Vigneux, E.;Marquet, G. (2002). "Atlas des Poissons et des Crustacés d'Eau Douce de Polynésie Française" 55 Paris, France: MNHN.

Keith, P.;Allardi, J. (2004)"Endangered freshwater fish: the situation in France" In Kirchhofer, A.;D. Hefti (Ed.). Conservation of endangeed freshwater fish in Europe. (pp. Pp 35-54) Basel, Switzerland: Birkhäuser Verlag.

Kelly, L. C., Bilton, D. T. and Rundle, S. D. (2001). "Population structure and dispersal in the Canary Island caddisfly Mesophylax aspersus (Trichoptera, Limnephilidae)" Heredity 86 370-377.

Keltie, J.S. (1897). "The Geographical Journal" Royal Geographical Society (Great Britain) X - July to December 58-63.

Kemf, E., and Cassandra Phillips (1998) "Whales in the Wild" <http://www.wwfus.org/species/whales/index.html>

Kemp, J.,Hatton, J. C.;Sosovele, H. (2000). "East African marine ecoregion: Reconnaissance synthesis report" Tanzania: WWF.

Kendie, D. (2001). "Egypt and the hydro-politics of the Blue Nile River" Northeast African Studies 6(1) 141-169.

Kenmuir, D. H. S. (1976). "Fish spawning under artificial flood conditions on the Mana flood-plain, Zambezi River" Kariba Studies 5 86-97.

Kersten, W. J., Brooks, R. R., Reeves, R. D., et al. (1979). "Nickel uptake by New Caledonian species of Phyllanthus" Taxon 28 529-534.

Kessler, K. (1879). "Nouvelle recherches concernant l’ichthyologie de l’Asie Centrale" Bull. de l’Acad. Imper. des Sciences de St.-Petersburg XXV 282-310.

Khamar, M., Bouya, D. and Ronneau, C. (2000). "Metallic and organic pollution of water and sediments of a Moroccan aquatic system by urban wastewater" Water Quality Research Journal of Canada 35(1) 147-161.

Khan, A. S., Mikkola, H. and Brummett, R. E. (). "Feasibility of fisheries co-management in Africa" Naga: WorldFish Center Quarterly

Kiener, A. (1963). "Poissons, peche et pisciculture a Madagascar" Publ. Centre Technique Forestier Tropical 24(1-224)

Kiener, A. and Richard-Vindard, G. (1972)"Fishes of the continental waters of Madagascar" In R. Battistini and G. Richard-Vindard (Ed.). Biogeography and ecology in Madagascar. (pp. 477-499) The Hague, The Netherlands: Dr. W. Junk.

Kifle, D. and Belay, A. (1990). "Seasonal variations in phytoplankton primary production in relation to light and nutrients in Lake Awassa, Ethiopia" Hydrobiologia 196 217-227.

Killeen, T. J. and Schulenberg, T. S. (Ed.) (1998). "A Biological Assessment of Parque Nacional Noel Kempff Mercado, Bolivia. RAP Working Papers 10" Washington, DC: Conservation International.

Kim, I.-S. (Ed.) (1997). "Illustrated encyclopedia of fauna and flora of Korea; Vol 37: Freshwater fishes" Korea: The National Textbook Company Ltd.

Kimmins, D. E. (1960). "The Odonata and Neuroptera of the island of Socotra" Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 13th Series 3(7) 385-392.

Kingdom of, L. (1989) "National Environmental Action Plan" <http://www-wds.worldbank.org/servlet/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2000/02/24/000009265_3970702135109/Rendered/PDF/multi_page.pdf >(2002)

Kingdon, Jonathan (1989). "Island Africa: The evolution of Africa's rare animals and plants" Princeton, NJ, USA: Princeton University Press.

Kingdon, Jonathan (1997). "The Kingdon field guide to African mammals" San Diego, CA, USA: Academic Press.

Kinnaird, M. F. (1992). "Competition for a forest palm: Use of Phoenix reclinata by human and nonhuman primates" Conservation Biology 6(1) 101-107.

Kinvig, R. (2000)"Odonata survey of the Zambezi Delta" In Timberlake, J. (Ed.). Biodiversity of the Zambezi Basin wetlands. (pp. 559-564) Harare, Zimbabwe: Biodiversity Foundation for Africa, Bulawayo/The Zambezi Society.

Kirillov, A. F. (2002). "Commercial fishes of Yakutia" Moscow: Nauchnyy Mir.

Kirillov, F. N. (1972). "Fishes of Yakutia" Moscow: Nauka.

Kirwan, G. M., Martins, R. P., Morton, K. M., et al. (1996). "The status of birds in Socotra and ‘Abd Al-Kuri and the records of the OSME survey in spring 1993" Sandgrouse 17 83-101.

Kissama, F. (2001) "Kissama Foundation" <http://www.kissama.org/ >(2003)

Kitaev, S. P. (1984). "Ecological Principles of Productivity of the Lake of Different Natural Zones" Moscow: Nauka.

Kitaev, S. P., Pervozvanskiy, V. Y. and Sterligova, O. P. (2000)"Fishes" In Inventories and research of biological diversity in the terrtiory of Zaonezhskiy Peninsula and Northern Priladozh'ye [Ladoga Region]. (pp. 189-192) Petrozavodsk: Institute of Forest Karelian Scientific Centre of RAS.

Kjerfve, B., De Lacerda, L. D. and Dias, G. T. M. (2001)"Baia de Guanabara, Rio De Janeiro, Brazil" In U. Seeliger and B. e. Kjerfve (Ed.). Coastal Marine Ecosystems of Latin America. ((Vol. 144, ) Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag.

Kjerfve, B., Schettini, C. A. F., Knoppers, B., et al. (1996). "Hydrology and Salt Balance in a Large, Hypersaline Coastal Lagoon: Lagoa de Araruama, Brazil" Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 42 701-725.

Kleynhans, C. J. (1983). "A checklist of the fish species of the Mogol and Palala rivers (Limpopo system) of the Transvaal" Journal of the Limnological Society of Southern Africa 9(1) 29-32.

Kleynhans, C. J. (1986). "The distribution, status and conservation of some fish species of the Transvaal" South African Journal of Wildlife Research 16(4) 135-144.

Kling, G. (1987). "Comparative limnology of lakes in Cameroon, West Africa. Master's Thesis" Unpublished Thesis. Duke University.

Knizhin, I. B., S. J. Wise, A. L. Antonov, et al. (2004). "Morphological and biological diversity of the Amur grayling (Thymallus, Thymallidae)" Journal of Ichthyology 44(1) 52-69.

Knizhin, I. B.,Bogdanov, B. E.,Matveyev, A. N.;Samusonok, V. P. (2004). "Fishes of Lake Baikal and its basin: a handbook" Irkutsk: Irkutsk State Univ.

Knott, B. (1993). "Stygofauna from Cape Range peninsula, Western Australia: Tethyan relicts" Records of the Western Australian Museum 45 109-127.

Kocher, T. D., Conroy, J. A., McKaye, K. R., et al. (1995). "Evolution of NADH Dehydrogenase Subunit 2 in East African cichlid fish" Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 4(4) 420-432.

Koelz, W. (1929). "Coregonid fishes of the Great Lakes" Bulletin of the United States Bureau of Fisheries 43 297-643.

Kofron, C. P. (1992). "Status and habitats of the three African crocodiles in Liberia" Journal of Tropical Ecology 8(3) 265-273.

Kok, D. J. (1987). "Invertebrate inhabitants of temporary pans" African Wildlife 41(5) 239.

Kolawole, A. (1987). "Environmental change and the south Chad irrigation project, Nigeria" Journal of Arid Environments 13(2) 169-176.

Kolberg, H., Griffin, M. and Simmons, R. (1996)"The ephemeral wetlands of central northern Namibia" In A. J. Hails (Ed.). Wetlands, biodiversity and the Ramsar Convention. (pp. 40-42) Gland, Switzerland: Ramsar Convention Bureau.

Kolding, J. (1992). "A summary of Lake Turkana: an ever-changing mixed environment" Mitt. Int. Verein. Limnol. 23 25-35.

Kolding, J., Bills, I. R., Mosepele, K., et al. (2003) Fisheries and fish biodiversity in the Okavango Delta, Botswana: A rapid assessment. (pp. 30-46) Maun, Botswana: Conservation International, Okavango Program.

Kolding, J., Christensen, V. and Pauly, D. (1993) Trophic interrelationships and community structure at two different periods of Lake Turkana, Kenya - a comparison using the ECOPATH II box model. (pp. 116-123) ICLARM.

Kone, B., Wymenga, E., Kone, B., et al. (2002) Organisation socio-économique du Delta Intérieur du fleuve Niger. Sévaré (Mali), Lelystad (Pays-Bas), and Veenwouden (Pays-Bas).: Wetlands International, RIZA, and Altenburg & Wymenga ecological consultants.

Konings, A. (1995). "Malawi cichlids in their natural habitat, 2nd ed" El Paso, TX, USA: Cichlid Press.

Konings, A. (1998). "Tanganyika cichlids in their natural habitat, 2nd edition" El Paso, Texas: Cichlid Press.

Köppen, W. (1936)"Das geographische System der Klimate" In Köppen W. and R. Geiger (Ed.). Handbuch der. Klimatologie. ((Vol. 1, pp. 1–44) Berlin, Germany: Gebrüder Borntröger.

Kornfield, I. and Taylor, J. N. (1983). "A new species of polymorphic fish Cichlasoma minckleyi, from Cuatro Ciénegas, México (Telesotei: Cichlidae)" Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 96(2) 253-269.

Kotiranta, H., Uotila, P., Sulkata, S., et al. (Ed.) (1998). "Red data book of East" Helsinki: Fennoscandia.

Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, et al. (2006). "World Map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification updated" Meteorologische Zeitschrift 15 259-263.

Kottelat, M. (1989). "Zoogeography of the fishes from Indochinese inland waters with an annotated check-list" Bulletin Zoologisch Museum Universiteit van Amsterdam 12(1) 1-54.

Kottelat, M. (1995). "The fishes of the Mahakam River, East Borneo: an example of the limitations of biogeographic analyses and the need for extensive fish surveys in Indonesia" Tropical Biodiversity 2(3) 401-426.

Kottelat, M. (1997). "European freshwater fishes. An heuristic checklist of the freshwater fishes of Europe (exclusive of former USSR), with an introduction for non-systematists and comments on nomenclature and conservation" Biologia, Section Zoology 52(5) 1-271.

Kottelat, M. (1998). "Fishes of the Nam Theun and Xe Banfai basins, Laos, with diagnoses of twenty-two new species (Teleostei: Cyprinidae, Balitoridae, Cobitidae, Coiidae and Odontobutidae)" Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters 9 1-128.

Kottelat, M. (2001). "Fishes of Laos" Colombo: Wildlife Heritage Trust.

Kottelat, M. (2001). "Freshwater fishes of northern Vietnam. A preliminary check-list of the fishes known or expected to occur in northern Vietnam with comments on systematics and nomenclature" Washington, DC: World Bank.

Kottelat, M. (1990). "Sailfin silversides (Pisces: Telmatherinidae) of Lakes Towuti, Mahalona and Wawontoa (Sulawesi, Indonesia) with descriptions of two new genera and two new species" Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters 1(3) 227-246.

Kottelat, M. (1991). "Sailfin silversides (Pisces: Telmatherinidae) of Lake Matano, Sulawesi, Indonesia, with descriptions of six new species" Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters 1(4) 321-344.

Kottelat, M. (1990). "Synopsis of the endangered buntingi (Osteichthyes: Adrianichthyidae and Oryziidae) of Lake Poso, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia, with a new reproductive guild and descriptions of three new species" Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters 1(1) 49-67.

Kottelat, M. ,A. J. Whitten,S. N. Kartikasari;S. Wirjoatmodjo (1993). "Freshwater fishes of Western Indonesia and Sulawesi" Hong Kong: Periplus Editions.

Kottelat, M. and Chu, X.-L. (1988). "Revision of Yunnanilus with descriptions of a miniature species flock and six new species from China (Cypriniformes: Homalopteridae)" Environmental Biology of Fishes 23(1-2) 65-93.

Kottelat, M. and Whitten, T. (1996) "Freshwater biodiversity in Asia with special reference to fish, World Bank Technical Paper No. 343". Washington, DC, USA. The World Bank.

Kottelat, M.,Whitten, A. J.,Kartikasari, S. N.;Wirjoatmodjo, S. (1993). "Freshwater fishes of Western Indonesia and Sulawesi" Hong Kong: Periplus.

Kottelat, M.;Freyhof, J. (2007). "Handbook of European Freshwater Fishes" Cornol, Switzerland: Publications Kottelat.

Kottelat, M.;Lim, K. K. P. (1995). "Freshwater fishes of Sarawak and Brunei Darussalam: a preliminary annotated check-list" Sarawak Museum Journal 48 227-256.

Kottelat, M.;Whitten, A. J. (1993). "Freshwater fishes of Western Indonesia and Sulawesi: additions and corrections" Hong Kong: Periplus.

Koukis, G.C.;Koutsoyiannis, D. (1997)"Greece" In Embleton, C.;Embleton-Hamann, C. (Ed.). Geomorphological hazards of Europe. (pp. Pp. 215-242) Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier Science B.V..

Koumans, F. P. (1953)"Gobioidea" In Weber, M. ;L. F. de Beaufort (Ed.). Fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. ((Vol. 10, pp. 1-423) Leiden: E. J. Brill,.

Kozhara, A. V. and Kas'yanov, A. N. (1993). "New data to fish fauna of the Igriz-Turgai basin" Voprosy Ichthyol 33(2) 293-296.

Kozhov, M. M (1973)"The development and evolutionary trends of the Lake Baikal fauna" In (ed), N. N. Vorontzov (Ed.). Problemy Evolyutsii Science. (pp. 5-30) Novosibirsk.

Kramer, D. L. (1983). "Aquatic surface respiration in the fishes of Panama: distribution in relation to risk of hypoxia" Env. Biol. Fish 8(1) 49-54.

Krause, D. W., Hartman, J. H., Wells, N. A., et al. (1997) Late cretaceous vertebrates from Madagascar: Implications for biotic change in deep time. (pp. 3-43) Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution Press.

Kremen, C., Razafimahatratra, V., Guillery, R. P., et al. (1999). "Designing the Masoala National Park in Madagascar based on biological and socioeconomic data" Conservation Biology 13 1055-1068.

Kretschmar, M. (2003). "Biodiversity patterns of multiple freshwater taxa in North America" Unpublished Master's Thesis. University of Lüneberg: Lüneberg, Germany

Kristensen, T. K. and Brown, D. S. (1999). "Control of intermediate host snails for parasitic diseases - a threat to biodiversity in African freshwaters?" Malacologia 41(2) 379-391.

Kruger, F. J., van Wilgen, B. W., Weaver, A. V. B., et al. (1997). "Sustainable development and the environment: Lessons from the St Lucia environmental impact" South African Journal of Science 93(1) 23-33.

Krupp, F. (1983). "Fishes of Saudi Arabia. Freshwater fishes of Saudi Arabia and adjacent regions of the Arabian Peninsula" Fauna of Saudi Arabia 5 568-636.

Krupp, F. (1985). "Systematik und Zoogeographie der Süßwasserfische des levantinischen Grabenbruchsystems und der Ostküste des Mittelmeeres" Unpublished Thesis. Fachbereich Biologie der Johannes Gutenberg Universität in Mainz.

Krupp, F. (1987)"Freshwater Ichthyogeography of the Levant" In F. Krupp, W. Schneider and R. Kinzelbach (Ed.). Proceedings of the Symposium on the Fauna and Zoogeography of the Middle East. ((Vol. 28, pp. 229-237) Mainz: Beihefte zum Tavo.

Krupp, F. and Schneider, W. (1989). "The fishes of the Jordan River Drainage Basin and Azraq Oasis" Fauna of Saudi Arabia 10 347-416.

Kuang, D. H.;Ni, Y. (1986). "The freshwater and estuaries fishes of Hainan Island" Guangdong, China: Guangdong Science and Technology Press.

Kuchina, E. S. (1967). "General characteristics of fish fauna, the sterlet and salmonids of Severnaya Dvina River" Izestiya Komi Filial Vserossiyskogo Geographicheskogo obschestva [Proceedings of Komi filial of All-Russian Geographic Society] 2(1) 92-105.

Kuchler, A. W. (1975). "Potential natural vegetation of the conterminous United States" New York: American Geographical Society.

Küchler, A. W. (1964). "Potential natural vegetation of the conterminous United States. (Map and Illustrated Manual)." New York, NY: American Geographical Society.

Kuchling, G. (1988). "Population structure, reproductive potential, and increasing exploitation of the freshwater turtle Erymnochelys madagascariensis" Biological Conservation 43 107-113.

Kuderskiy, L. A. (1961)"Materials to zoogeography of fishes of continental water bodies of Karelia" In Contribution to zoogeography of Karelia. ((Vol. 1, pp. 19-33) Petrozavodsk: Gosizdat Karel'skoy ASSR.

Kuderskiy, L. A. (1961)"Some peculiarities of geographic distribution of fishes in western part of the White Sea basin" In Contribution to zoogeography of Karelia. ((Vol. 1, pp. 3-7) Petrozavodsk: Gosizdat Karel'skoy ASSR.

Kuderskiy, L. A. and Pechnikov, A. S. (2002)"Dinamics of fish assemblage" In V. A. Rumyantsev and V. G. Drabkova (Ed.). Ladoga Lake: the past present, future. (pp. 224-237) St. Petersburg: Nauka.

Kullander, S. O. (1979). "A Taxonomical Study of the Genus Apistogramma Regan, with a revisio of Brazilian and Peruvian species (Teleostei: Percoidei: Cichlidae)" Bonner Zoologische Monographien (14) 152.

Kullander, S. O. (1979). "Species of Apistogramma (Teleostei, Cichlidae) from the Orinoco Drainage Basin, South America, with Descriptions of Four New Species" Zoologica Scripta 8 69-79.

Kullander, S. O. (1983). "A Revision of the South american Cichlid Genus Cichlasoma (Teleostei: Cichlidae)" Stockholm: The Swedish Museum of Natural History.

Kullander, S. O. (1983). "Taxonomic Studies on the Percoid Freshwater Fish Family Cichlidae in South America: Part II Review of the South American Cichlidae" Stockholm: Swedish Museum of Natural History.

Kullander, S. O. (1986). "Cichlid Fishes of the Amazon River Drainage of Peru" Stockholm: Swedish Museum of Natural History.

Kullander, S. O. (1990). "Mazarunia mazarunii (Teleostei: Cichlidae), a new genus and species from Guyana, South America" Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters 1(1) 3-14.

Kullander, S. O. (1991). "Crenicichla phaiospilus and C. percna, two new species of pike cichlids (Teleostei: Cichlidae) from the Xingu, Brazil" Ichthyological Explorations of Freshwaters 1(4) 351-360.

Kullander, S. O. and Ferreira, E. J. G. (2006). "A review of the South American cichlid genus Cichla, with descriptions of nine new species (Teleostei: Cichlidae)" Ichthyological Explorations of Freshwaters 17(4) 289-398.

Kullander, S. O. and Lucena, C. A. S. (2006). "A review of the species of Crenicichla (Teleostei: Cichlidae) from the Atlantic coastal rivers of southeastern Brazil from Bahia to Rio Grande do Sul States, with descriptions of three new species" Neotropical Ichthyology 4(2) 127-146.

Kullander, S. O. and Silfvergrip, A. M. C. (1991). "Review of the South American cichlid genus Mesonauta Günther (Teleostei, Cichlidae) with descriptions of two new species" Revue Suisse de Zoologie 98(2) 407-448.

Kullander, S. O., Fang, F., Delling, B., et al. (1999)"The fishes of the Kashmir Valley" In L. Nyman (Ed.). River Jhelum, Kashmir Valley. Impacts on the aquatic environment. (pp. 104) Sweden: SWEDMAR, The International Consultancy Group of the National Board of Fisheries.

Kullander, S. O.,Royero, R.L.;Taphorn, D. (1992). "Two new species of Geophagus (Teleostei: Cichlidae) from the Rio Orinoco drainage in Venezuela" Ichthyological Explorations of Freshwaters 4(4) 359-375.

Kurenkov, I. I. (1984)"Biological resources of inland water bodies of Kamchatka" In Biological resources of inland waters of Siberia and Far East. (pp. 87-98) Vladivostok: Dal'nauka.

Kuru, M. (2004). "Türkiye İçsu Balıklarının Son Sistematik Durumu {Recent systematic status of inland water fishes of Turkey]" Gazi Üniversitesi Gazi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi 24(3) 1-21.

Kustareva, L. A.;Lemzina, L. V. (1997). "Life in water bodies of Kyrgyzstan" Bishkek: Ilim.

Kuwamura, T., Kwanabe, H., Hori, M., et al. (1997) The evolution of parental care and mating systems among Tanganyikan cichlids. (pp. 57-86) Kyoto, Japan: Kyoto University Press.

Kux, Z.;steiner, H.M. (1972). "Lampetra lanceolata eine neue Neunaugenart aus dem Einzugsgebiet des Schwarzen Meeres in der nordöstlichen Türkei" Casopis Moravského zemského musea / vydává Moravské zemské museum 56/57 375-384.

Kvasov, D. D. (1975). "Late Quaternary history of large lakes and continental seas of eastern Europe" Leningrad: Nauka.

Kvasov, D. D. (Ed.) (1990). "History of Ladoga, Onega, Pskovsko-Chudskoye, Baikal and Khanka lakes" Leningrad: Nauka.

Laboute, P.;Grandperrin, R. (2000). "Poissons de Nouvelle-Calédonie" Nouméa: Editions Catherine Ledru.

Ladiges, W. (1964). "Beiträge zur zoogeographie und oekologie der süsswasserfische Angolas" Mitt. Hamburg Zool. Mus. Inst. 61 221-272.

Laë, R. (1992) "Les pêcheries artisanales lagunaires ouest-africaines : échantillonnage et dynamique de la ressource et de l'exploitation, Collection Etudes et thèses". Paris: ORSTOM.

Laë, R. (1994). "Effects of drought, dams and fishing pressure on the fisheries of the Central Delta of the Niger River" International Journal of Ecology and Environmental Sciences 20 119-128.

Laë, R. (1995). "Climatic and anthropogenic effects on fish diversity and fish yields in the Central Delta of the Niger River" Aquatic Living Resources 8 43-58.

Laë, R. (1997)"Effects of climatic changes and developments on continental fishing in West Africa: The examples of the Central Delta of the Niger in Mali and coastal lagoons in Togo" In Remane, K. (Ed.). African inland fisheries, aquaculture and the environment. Oxford: FAO and Fishing News Books.

Lahm, S. A. (2002) "L'orpaillage au nord-est du Gabon historique et analyse socio-economique". Libreville, Gabon. CeNaReST/CARPE.

Lahr, J. (1998). "An ecological assessment of the hazard of right insecticides used in desert locust control, to invertebrates in temporary ponds in the Sahel" Aquatic Ecology 32(2) 153-162.

Lajbner, Z.,Linhart, O.;Kotlík, P. (2011). "Human-aided dispersal has altered but not erased the phylogeography of the tench" Evolutionary Applications 4 545–561.

Lalèyè, A. P. and Moreau, J. (2002). "Resources and constraints of West African coastal waters for fish production"

Lalèyè, A. P., Baras, E. and Philippart, J. C. (1995). "Variations du régime alimentaire chez 2 espèces du genre Chrysichthys (C. nigrodigitatus et C. auratus) dans les lagunes du sud-Bénin" Aquat. Living Resour. 8(4) 365-372.

Lalèyè, P., Philippart, J. C. and Heymans, J. C. (1995). "Cycle annuel de l'indice gonadosomatique et de la condition chez deux espèces de Chrysichthys (Siluriformes, Bagridae) du lac Nokoué et de la lagune de Porto-Novo au Bénin" Cybium 19 131-142.

Lamboj, A. (2002). "Chromidotilapia mrac, a new species of Cichlidae (Teleostei: Perciformes) from Gabon" Ichthyological Explorations of Freshwater 13 251-256.

Lamboj, A. (2003). "Chromidotilapia melaniae and C. nana, two new cichlid species (Perciformes, Cichlidae) from Gabon, Central Africa" Zootaxa 143 1-15.

Lamboj, A. and Snoeks, J. (2000). "Divandu albimarginatus, a new genus and species of cichlid (Teleostei: Cichlidae) from Congo and Gabon, Central Africa" Ichthyological Explorations of Freshwater 11 355-360.

Lamboj, A. and Stiassny, M. L. J. (2003). "Three new Parananochromis species (Teleostei, Cichlidae) from Gabon and Cameroon, Central Africa" Zootaxa 209 1-19.

Lamotte, M. (1983). "The undermining of Mt. Nimba" Ambio 12(3-4) 174-179.

Lancaster, N. (1989). "Late quaternary palaeoenvironments in the southwestern Kalahari" Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 70 367-376.

Lancaster, N., Kalk, M., McLachlan, A. J., et al. (1979) The physical environment of Lake Chilwa. (pp. 17-42) The Netherlands: Dr. W. Junk.

Langeani, F.,Castro, R. M. C.,Oyakawa, O. T.,Shibatta, O. A.,Pavanelli, C. S.;Casatti, L. (2007). "Diversidade da ictiofauna do Alto Rio Paraná: composição atual e perspectivas futuras" Biota Neotropical [online version] 7(1-17)

Langrand, O. (1990). "Guide to the birds of Madagascar" New Haven, Connecticut, USA: Yale University Press.

Laraque, A., Mietton, M., Olivry, J. C., et al. (1998). "Impact of lithological and vegetal covers on flow discharge and water quality of Congolese tributaries from the Congo River" Revue Des Sciences De L'eau 11(2) 209-224.

Larson, H.K.;M. Kottelat (1992). "A new species of Mugilogobius (Pisces: Gobiidae) from Lake Matano, central Sulawesi, Indonesia" Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters 3(3) 225-234.

Lassalle, G.,Crouzet, P.,Gessner, J. ;Rochard, E. (2010). "Global warming impacts and conservation responses for the critically endangered European Atlantic sturgeon" Biological Conservation 143 2441-2452.

Lassalle, G.,P. Crouzet;E. Rochard (2009). "Modelling the current distribution of European diadromous fishes: an approach integrating regional anthropogenic pressures" Freshwater Biology 54(3) 587-606.

Lasso, C. A. and Provenzano, F. R. (1997). "Chaetostoma vasquezi, nueva especie de corroncho del Escudo de Guayana, Estado Bolívar, Venezuela (Siluroidei: Loricariidae): descripción y consideraciones biogeográphicas" Memoria - Sociedade de Ciencias Naturales La Salle LVII(147) 53-65.

Lasso, C. A. and Provenzano, F. R. (2002). "Dos nuevas especies de bagres del género Trichomycterus (Siluriformes:Trichomycteridae) de la Gran Sabana, Escudos de las Guayanas, Venezuela" Rev. Biol. Trop. 50(3/4) 1139-1149.

Lasso, C. A., Alonso, L. E., Flores, A. L., et al. (Ed.) (2004). "Rapid Assessment of the Biodiversity and Social Aspects of the Aquatic Ecosystems of the Orinoco Delta and the Gulf of Paria, Venezuela" 37 Washington, DC: Conservation International.

Lasso, C. A., Lew, D., Taphorn, D., et al. (2004). "Biodiversidad ictiológica continental de Venezuela. Parte I. Lista de especies y distribución por cuencas" Memoria de la Fundación La Salle de Ciencias Naturales 159-160 105-195.

Lasso, C. A., Mojica, J. I., Usma, J. S., et al. (2004). "Peces de la cuenca del río Orinoco. Parte I: lista de especies y distribución por subcuencas" Biota Colombiana 5(2) 95-158.

Lasso, C. A., Señarìs, J. C., Alonso, L. E., et al. (Ed.) (2006). "Evaluación Rápida de la Biodiversidad de los Ecosistemas Acuáticos en la Confluencia de los ríos Orinoco y Ventuari, Estado Amazonas (Venezuela)" 30 Washington DC, USA: Conservation International.

Lasso, C., Machado-Allison, A. and Hernández, R. P. (1990). "Consideraciones Zoogeograficas delos Peces dele Gran Sabana (Alto Caroni) Venezuela, y su Relaciones con Cuenca Vecinas" Sociedad de Ciencias Naturales La Salle L(133-134) 109-129.

Lasso, C.A.,Taphorn, D.;Thomerson, J.E. (1992). "Rivulus gransabanae, a new species of killifish from Venezuela (Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae)" Ichthyological Explorations of Freshwaters 2(4) 297-303.

Laubenfels, D. J. (1972). "Gymnospermes" Flore de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et Dépendances 4 1-168.

Laurenson, L. B. J. and Hocutt, C. H. (1984). "Colonisation theory and invasive biota: The Great Fish River, a case history" Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 6 71-90.

Lauzanne, L., Loubens, G. and Guennec, B. (1991). "Liste commentée des poissons de l'Ámazonie bolivienne" Revue de Hydrobiolgie Tropical 24(1) 61-76.

Laws, J. (1998). "Ozark caving: Cave Pod People"

Lawson, G. W. (1986). "Plant ecology in West Africa: Systems and processes" Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons.

Lazcano Barrero, M. A. and Vogt, R. C. (1992)"Peces de la Selva Lacandona, un recurso potencial" In M. A. Vázquez-Sánchez and R. C. Vogt (Ed.). Reserva de la Biosfera Montes Azules, Sdelva Lcandona: Investigación para su conservación. (pp. 135-144) México: Publ. Esp. Ecosfera.

Le Bail, P.,P. Keith;Planquette, P. (2000). "Atlas des Poisons d'eau Douce de Guyane: Tome 1" Paris: Muséum National D'Histoire Naturelle.

Le Corre, M. and Safford, R. J. (2001)"La Réunion and Iles Eparses" In L. D. C. Fishpool and M. I. Evans (Ed.). Important bird areas in Africa and associated islands: Priority sites for conservation. (pp. 693-702) Newbury and Cambridge, UK: Pisces Publications and BirdLife International (Birdlife Conservation Series No. 11).

Leathwick, J. R., Collier, K. and Chadderton, L. (2003) "Identifying Freshwater Ecosystems with Nationally Important Natural Heritage Values: Development of a Biogeographic Framework". Hamilton, New Zealand. National Institute of Water & Atmospheric Research Ltd.

LeBerre, M. (1989). "Faune du Sahara" Paris, France: LeChavalier~R. Chabaud.

Leeson, H. S. and Theodor, O. (1948). "Mosquitos of Socotra" Bulletin of Entomological Research 39 221-229.

Legakis, A. ;P. Maragou (Eds) (2009). "The red data book of threatened animals of Greece" Athens: Hellenic Zoological Society.

Legrand, J. (1985). "Additions to the Odonata fauna from Mount Nimba [Ivory Coast]" Revue Francaise d'Entomologie (Nouvelle Serie) 7(1) 37-38.

Lehner, B., Henrichs, T., Döll, P., et al. (2001) "EuroWasser Model-based assessment of European water resources and hydrology in the face of global change. Kassel World Water Series 5". Kassel, Germany. Center for Environmental Systems Research, University of Kassel.

León, R. R., Machado-Allison, A., Chernoff, B., et al. (1992). "Peces del Rio Atabapo. territorio Federal Amazonas. Venezuela" Acta Biologica Venezuelica 14(1) 41-55.

Leonard, P. M. (2001)"Zambia" In L. D. C. Fishpool and M. I. Evans (Ed.). Important bird areas in Africa and associated islands: Priority sites for conservation. (pp. 1005-1024) Newbury and Cambridge, UK: Pisces Publications and Birdlife International.

Lesotho Biodiversity, T. (2002) "Maloti minnow policy and action plan" <http://www.lhwp.org/ls/downloads/policies/Maloti Minnow Policy and Action Plan.doc >

Lesotho Highlands Water, P. (2002) "Overview of Lesotho Highlands Water Project" <http://www.lhwp.org.ls/overview/default.htm >(2003)

Lesotho, G. (2000) "Biological diversity in Lesotho: A country study". Maseru, Lesotho. National Environment Secretariat.

Letouzey, R. (1985). "Notice de la carte phytogéographique du Cameroun au 1: 500 000: region Afro-montagnarde et etage submontagnard" Toulouse, France: Institute de la carte internationale de la végétation.

Leunda, P.M.,Elvira, B.,Ribeiro, F.,Miranda, R.,Oscoz, J.,Alves, M.J.;Collares-Pereira, M.J. (2009). "International standardization of common names for Iberian endemic freshwater fishes" Limnetica 28(2) 189-202.

Leuven, R.S.E.W.,Van der Velde, G.,Baijens, I.,Snijders, J.,van der Zwart, C.,Lenders, H.J.R.;Bij de Vaate, A. (2009). "The river Rhine: a global highway for dispersal of aquatic invasive species" Biological Invasions 11 1989-2008.

Levanidov, V. Y. (Ed.) (1976). "Freshwater fauna of Chukotka Peninsula. Poceedings of Soil and Biology Institute, new series" 36(139): 1-150:

Lévêque, C. (1990). "Relict tropical fish fauna in central Sahara" Ichthyological Explorations of Freshwaters 1(1) 39-48.

Lévêque, C. (1995)"River and stream ecosystems of northwestern Africa" In C. E. Cushing, K. W. Cummings and G. W. Minshall (Ed.). River and stream ecosystems. (pp. 519-536) Netherlands: Elsevier Science B. V..

Lévêque, C. (1997) Biodiversity dynamics and conservation: The freshwater fish of tropical Africa. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Lévêque, C., Bruton, M. and Ssentongo, G. (1988) Biology and ecology of African freshwater fishes. Paris: ORSTOM.

Lévêque, C., Paugy, D. and Teugels, G. G. (1990) The fresh and brackish water fishes of West Africa, Vol. 1. Paris: ORSTOM-MRAC.

Lévêque, C., Paugy, D. and Teugels, G. G. (1991). "Annotated checklist of the freshwater fishes of the Nilo-Sudan river basins, in Africa" Rev. Hydrobiol. Trop. 24 131-154.

Lévêque, C., Paugy, D. and Teugels, G. G. (1992) The fresh and brackish water fishes of West Africa, Vol. 2. Paris: ORSTOM - MRAC.

Lévêque, C., Paugy, D., Teugels, G. G., et al. (1989). "Inventaire taxonomique et distribution des poissons d’eau douce des bassins cotiers de Guinee et de Ginee Bissaau" Revue d’Hydrobiologie tropicale 22 107-27.

Lévêque, C.;Paugy, D. (1999). "Les poissons des eaux continentales africaines: diversité, écologie, utilisation par l'homme" Paris: IRD (ORSTOM) Editions.

Lewis, A. D. and Pring, C. K. (1985) "Freshwater and brackishwater fish and fisheries of Fiji".

Leys, R., Watts, C. H. S., Cooper, S. J. B., et al. (2003). "Evolution of subterranean diving beetles (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae: Hydroporini, Bidessini) in the arid zone of Australia" Evolution 57 2819–2834.

Li, S.-Z. (1979). "The fishes of Xinjiang Province" Unpublished Thesis. .

Li, Sizhong (1981). "Studies on zoogeographical divisions for fresh water fishes of China" Beijing, China: Science Press.

Library of Congress (1987) "Panama" <http://countrystudies.us/panama>(July 21, 2008)

Library of Congress (2008) "Panama" <http://countrystudies.us/panama/. >(July 21, 2008)

Library of, C. (1993) "Country studies: Zaire" <http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/kmtoc.html#km0006 >(2001)

Library of, C. (1994) "Country studies: Seychelles" <http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/sctoc.html#sc0000. >(2001)

Liem, K. F. (1980). "Adaptive significance of intra- and interspecific differences in the feeding repertoires of cichlid fishes" American Zoologist 20 295-314.

Liepolt, R. (1967). "Limnology of the Danube. A monography. (Die Limnologie der Donau. Eine monographische Darstellung im Auftrage der Arbeitsgemeinschaft Donauforschung der Societas Internationalis Limnologiae)" Stuttgart: E.Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung.

Linder, H. P., Meadows, M. E., Cowling, R. M., et al. (1992) History of the Cape flora. (pp. 113-134) Cape Town, South Africa: Oxford University Press.

Lindsey, C. C. and McPhail, J. D. (1986)"Zoogeography of fishes of the Yukon and Mackenzie basins" In H. C.H and E. O. Wiley (Ed.). Zoogeography of the freshwater fishes of North America. (pp. 639–674) New York, NY USA: Wiley Interscience.

Lintermans, M. (2007). "Fishes of the Murray-Darling Basin: an Introductory Guide" Canberra: Murray-Darling Basin Commission.

Liotta, J. (2005). "Distribución Geográfica de los Peces de Aguas Continentales de la República Argentina" Buenos Aires, Argentina: ProBiota-UNLP.

Lippitsch, E. (1997). "Phylogenetic investigations on the haplochromine Cichlidae of Lake Kivu (East Africa), based on lepidological characters" Journal of Fish Biology 51 284-299.

Littmann, M.W.,Burr, B.M.;Nass, P. (2000). "Sorubim cuspicaudus, a New Long-whiskered Catfish from Northwestern South America (Siluriformes: Pimelodidae)" Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 113(4) 900-917.

Liu, C. X.;K. J. Qin (1987). "Fauna Liaoningica. Pisces" Shenyang, China: Liaoning Science and Technology Press.

Livingston, R. J. (1992)"Medium-sized rivers of the Gulf Coastal Plain" In Hackney, C. T.;Adams, S. M.;Martin, W. H. (Ed.). Biodiversity of the southeastern United States: aquatic communities. (pp. 351-385) New York, New York, USA.: John Wiley and Sons, Inc..

Livingstone, J. A. and Melack, D. M. (1984)"Some lakes of sub-Saharan Africa" In F. B. Taub (Ed.). Lake and reservoir ecosystems. ((Vol. 23, pp. 467-497) New York, USA: Elsevier Science.

Llames, M. E. and H.E. Zagares (2009)"Lakes and reservoirs of South Amercia" In G.E. Likens (Ed.). Encyclopedia of Inland Waters. ((Vol. 2, pp. 533-543) Oxford, UK: Elsevier.

Lloyd, J. W. and Le Roux, A. (1985) "A conservation assessment of the Verneukpan-Copperton area". Cape Town, South Africa. Department of Nature and Environmental conservation.

Lodge, T. E. (1994). "The Everglades handbook: Understanding the ecosystem" Del Ray Beach, Florida, USA: St. Lucie Press.

Loftin, H. G. (1965). "The geographical distribution of freshwater fishes in Panama" Unpublished Thesis. Florida State Univ.

Logan, R. F. (1960) "The central Namib Desert, southwest Africa, National Research Council Publication 758". Washington, D.C.. National Academy of Sciences.

Loiselle, P. V. and Stiassny, M. L. J. S. (2003)"Bedotia" In S. M. Goodman and J. P. Benstead (Ed.). The natural history of Madagascar. (pp. 867-868) Chicago, IL, USA: University of Chicago Press.

Lonnberg, E. (1910)"Fishes" In Y. Sjöstedt (Ed.). Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der schwedischen zoologischen Expedition nach dem Kilimanjaro, dem Meru und den umgebenden Massaisteppen Deutsch-Ostafikas 1905-1906.. (pp. 1-8) Stokholm, Sweden: P. Palmquist Aktiebolag.

Lopes, S. (2001) "Socio-economic aspects of the Mozambican coast". Harare, Zimbabwe. WWF Southern African Regional Programme Office.

Lopez Medina, J. (2002) "Dialogue on water and climate coping with climate variability in a transboundary basin in Central America, the San Juan River Basin (Costa Rica and Nicaragua)". <http://www.oas.org/sanjuan/english/documents/dialogue/dialogue/04-tecnical_report/index.html> Washington DC, USA. OAS/USDE.

López, H. L., Miquelarena, A. M. and Gómez, J. P. (2005). "Biodiversidad y Distribución de la Ictiofauna Mesopotámica" INSUGEO, Miscelánea 14 311-35.

López, H. L., Morgan, C. C. and Montenegro, M. J. (2002). "Ichthyological ecoregions of Argentina" ProBiota (1) 68.

López, H. L., Protogino, L. C. and Aquino, A. E. (1996). "Ictiologia continental de la Argentina: Santiago del Estero, Catamarca, cordoba, San Luis, La Pampa y Buenos Aires" Aquatec 3 1-14.

Lopez, S. M. (2002) "Papyrus conservation around Lake Naivasha: development of alternative management schemes in Kenya. Thesis submitted to the International Institute for Geo-information Science and Earth Observation ITC in partial fulfilment of the requirements of the degree of Master of Science in Natural Resource Management Planning and Co-ordination, March 2002". The Netherlands. ITC.

López-Martinez, N. (1989)"Tendencias en paleogeografía. El futuro de la biogeografía del pasado" In Aguirre, E., (Ed.), (Ed.). Tendencias en paleontología. (pp. 271–296) Madrid: CSIC.

Loth, P. E. and Prins, H. H. T. (1986). "Spatial patterns of the landscape and vegetation of Lake Manyara National Park, Tanzania" ITC Journal 2 115-130.

Lotspeich, F. B. (1980). "Watersheds as the Basic Ecosystem - This Conceptual-Framework Provides a Basis for a Natural Classification-System" Water Resources Bulletin 16(4) 581-586.

Lotspeich, F. B. and Platts, W. S. (1982). "An integrated land-aquatic classification system" North American Journal of Fisheries Management 2 115-130.

Louette, M. (1999) La faune terrestre de Mayotte, Annales du Musée Royal d’Afrique Centrale (Sciences Zoologiques), No. 284. Tervuren, Belgium: Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.

Lourenço, W. R. (1996). "Biogeography of Madagascar" Paris, France: ORSTOM.

Loutit, R. (1991). "Western flowing ephemeral rivers and their importance to wetlands in Namibia" Madoqua 17(2) 135-140.

Lovegrove, B. (1993). "The living deserts of Southern Africa" Vlaeberg, South Africa: Fernwood Press.

Lovejoy, T. E., Reaka-Kudla, M. L., Wilson, D. E., et al. (1997) Biodiversity: What is it?. USA: National Academy of Sciences.

Loveland, T. R. and Merchant, J. M. (2004). "Ecoregions and ecoregionalization: Geographical and ecological perspectives" Environmental Management 34 S1-S13.

Lovett, J. C. and Wasser, S. K. (1993) Biogeography and ecology of the rain forests of Eastern Africa. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Lovett, J. C., Hatton, J., Mwasumbi, L. B., et al. (1997). "Assessment of the impact of the lower Kihansi hydropower project on the forests of Kihansi Gorge, Tanzania" Biodiversity and Conservation 6(7) 915-933.

Low, A. B. and Rebelo, A. G. (1998) "Vegetation of South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland". South Africa. Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism.

Lowe, R. H. (1955). "New species of tilapia (Pisces, Cichlidae) from Lake Jipe and the Pangani River, East Africa" The British Museums of Natural History 2(12) 350-368.

Lowe, R., Sayer, J. A., Harcourt, C. S., et al. (1992) Nigeria. (pp. 230-239) London, UK: IUCN.

Lowe-McConnell, R. H. (1985)"The biology of the river systems with particular reference to the fishes" In A. T. Grove (Ed.). The Niger and its neighbors. (pp. 101-140) The Netherlands: A. A. Balkema.

Lowe-McConnell, R. H. (1987). "Ecological studies in tropical fish communities" Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Lowe-McConnell, R. H. (1993). "Fish faunas of the African Great Lakes: Origins, diversity and vulnerability" Conservation Biology 7 634-43.

Lowe-McConnell, R. H. (1996). "Fish communities in the African Great Lakes" Environmental Biology of Fishes 45(3) 219-235.

Lowry, P. P., II (1991)"Evolutionary patterns in the flora and vegetation of New Caledonia" In E. C. Dudley (Ed.). The Unity of Evolutionary Biology. Proc. 4th Intl. Congr. Syst. Evol. Biol.. (pp. 373-379) Portland, Oregon: Dioscorides Press.

Lowry, P. P., II, Schatz, G. E. and Phillipson, P. B. (1997)"The classification of natural and anthropogenic vegetation in Madagascar" In S. M. Goodman and B. D. Patterson (Ed.). Natural change and human impact in Madagascar. (pp. 92-123) Washington, D.C., USA: Smithsonian Institution Press.

Lozano-Vilano, M. L. (2002)"Cyprinodon salvadori, new species from the Upper Rio Conchos, Chihuahua, México, with a revised key to the C. eximius complex (Teleostei: Cyprinodontidae)" In M. L. Lozano-Vilano (Ed.). Libro jubilar en honor al Dr. Salvador Contreras Balderas. Monterrey, Mexico: Universidad A. de Nuevo Leon.

Lozano-Vilano, M. L. and Contreras-Balderas, S. (1987). "Lista zoogeográfica y ecológica de la ictiofauna continental de Chiapas, México" Southwest. Nat. 32(2) 22-236.

Lozano-Vilano, M. L. and Contreras-Balderas, S. (1990). "Astyanax armandoi, n. sp. From Chiapas, México (Pisces, Ostariophysi: Characidae) with a comparison to the nominal species A. aeneus and A. mexicanus" Universidad y Ciencia (Méx.) 7(14) 95-107.

Lozano-Vilano, M. L. and Contreras-Balderas, S. (1993). "Four new species of Cyprinodon from Southern Nuevo León, México, with a key to the C. eximius complex (Teleostei: Cyprinodontidae)" Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwaters 4 295-308.

Lozano-Vilano, M. L. and Contreras-Balderas, S. (1999). "Cyprinodon bobmilleri: new species of pupfish from Nuevo León, México" Copeia 1999(2) 382-387.

Lozano-Vilano, M., E. Garcia-Ramirez, S. Contreras-Balderas, et al. (2007). "Diversity and Conservation Status of the Ichthyofauna of the Rio Lacantún Basin in the Biosphere Reserve Montes Azules, Chiapas, México" Zootaxa 1410 43-53.

Lubini, A. (1997) "La végétation de la réserve de biosphère de Luki au Mayombe, Zaïre (maintenant République démocratique du Congo)". Opera Botanica Belgica 10.

Lucena, C. A. S. (2001). "Uma nova espécie de Roeboides Gunther da Região Superior da Bacia amazônica (Teleostei: Characiformes: Characidae)" Biotemas 14(3) 61-70.

Lucena, C. A. S. (2003). "Revisão Taxonômica e Relações Filogenéticas das espécies de Roeboides Grupo-microlepis (Ostariophysi, characiformes, Characidae)" Iheringia Ser. Zool. 93(3) 283-308.

Lucena, C. A. S. (2007). "Revisão taxonômica das espécies do gênero Roeboides grupo-affinis (Ostariophysi, Characiformes, Characidae" Iheringia Ser. Zool. 97(2) 117-136.

Lucena, C. A. S. and Kullander, S. O. (1992). "The Crenicichla (Teleostei: Cichlidae) species of the Uruguay River drainage" Ichthyological Explorations of Freshwaters 3(2) 97-160.

Lucena, C. A. S. and Menezes, N. A. (1998)"A Phylogenetic analysis of Roestes Gunther and Gilbertolus Eigenmann, with a hypothesis on the relationships of the Cynodontidae and Acestrorhynchidae" In L. R. Malabarba, R. E. Reis, R. P. Vari, Z. M. S. Lucena and C. A. S. Lucena (Ed.). Phylogeny and Classification of Neotropical Fishes. (pp. 261-278) Porto Alegre: Edipucrs.

Lucena, C.A.S. (1998). "Relações Filogenéticas e definição do gênero Roeboides, Gunther (Ostariophysi: Characiformes; Characidae)" Comunicação do Museu de Ciências da PUCRS, Serie Zoologica 11 19-59.

Lucena, C.A.S. (2000). "Revisão Taxônomica e Filogenia das Espécies Transandinas do Gênero Roeboides Gunther (Teleostei: Ostariophysi: Characiformes)" Comunicação do Museu de Ciências da PUCRS, Serie Zoologica 13 3-63.

Lucena, Z. M. S. (2003). "REVISÃO TAXONÔMICA DO GÊNERO Phenacogaster EIGENMANN, 1907 (OSTARIOPHYSI: CHARACIFORMES: CHARACIDAE)" Unpublished PhD. Instituto de Biociências UFRGS: Porot Alegre

Lucinda, P. H. F. (2003). "SISTEMÁTICA DA TRIBO CNESTERODONTINI HUBBS COM UMA HIPÓTESE FILOGENÉTICA E UMA PROPOSTA DE CLASSIFICAÇÃO PARA A SUBFAMÍLIA POECILIINAE BONAPARTE (CYPRINODONTIFORMES, POECILIIDAE)" Unpublished PhD. Biociências PUCRS: Porto Alegre

Lucinda, P. H. F. (2005). "Systematics and biogeography of the genus Phalloptychus Eigenmann, 1907 (Cyprinodontiformes: Poeciliidae:Poeciliinae)" Neotropical Ichthyology 3(3) 373-388.

Lucinda, P. H. F. and Reis, R. E. (2005). "Systematics of the subfamily Poeciliinae Bonaparte (Cyprinodontiformes: Poeciliidae), with an emphasis on the tribe Cnesterodontini Hubbs" Neotropical Ichthyology 3(1) 1-60.

Lucinda, P. H. F., Rosa, R. S. and Reis, R. E. (2005). "Systematics and biogeography of the Genus Phallotorynus Henn, 1916 (Cyprinodontiformes: Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae), with description of three new species" Copeia (3) 609-631.

Lukin, A. A.,Dauvalter, V. A.;Novoselov, A. P. (2000). "Ecosystem of Pechora River in now modern conditions" Apatity.

Lundberg, J. G. (1998)"The temporal context of the diversification of Neotropical fishes" In Malabarba, L.R.;Reis, R.E.;Vari, R.P.;Lucena, Z.M.S.;Lucena, C.A.S. (Ed.). Phylogeny and Classification of Neotropical Fishes. (pp. 49-68) Porto Alegre: Edipucrs.

Lundberg, J. G. and Akama, A. (2005). "Brachyplatystoma capapretum: a New Species of Goliath Catfish from the Amazon Basin, with a Reclassification of Allied Catfishes (Siluriformes: Pimelodidae)" Copeia (3) 492–516.

Lundberg, J. G., Kottelat, M., Smith, G. R., et al. (2000). "So many fishes, so little time: an overview of recent ichthyological discovery in continental waters" Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 87(1) 26-62.

Lundberg, J. G., Marshall, L. G., Guerrero, J., et al. (1998)"The stage for Neotropical fish diversification: a history of tropical South American rivers" In L. R. Malarbarba, R. E. Reis, R. P. Vari, Z. M. Lucena, C. A. S. Lucena and (eds) (Ed.). Phylogeny and classification of Neotropical fishes. (pp. 13-48) Porto Alegre: Edipuers.

Lundberg, J. G.,A. Machado-Allison;Kay, R. F. (1986). "Miocene Characid Fishes from Colombia: Evolutionary Stasis and Extirpation" Science 234 208-209.

Lundberg, J. G.;Chernoff, B. (1992). "A Miocene Fossil of the Amazonian Fish Arapaima (Teleostei,Arapaimidae) from the Magdalena River Region of Colombia-Biogeographic and Evolutionary Implications" Biotropica 24(1) 2-14.

Lundberg, J.G. (1997)"Fishes of the La Venta fauna: additional taxa, biotic and paleoenvironmental implications" In Kay, RF;Maidden, RH;Cifelli, RL;Flynn, JJ (Ed.). Vertebrate Paleontology in the Neotropics: The Miocene Fauna of La Venta, Colombia. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press.

Lung’aya, H. B. O. (In press). "A study on plankton diatoms in the Kenyan waters of Lake Victoria" Paper presented at the Proceedings of the Lake Victoria 2000: A new beginning, an international conference (16th - 19th May 2000), Jinja, Uganda.

Lyons, J. and Mercado-Silva, N. (1999). "Patrones taxonómicos y ecológicos entre comunidades de peces en ríos y arroyos en el oeste de Jalisco, México" Anales del Instituto de Biologia, UNAM, Serie Zoologia 70(2) 169-190.

Lyons, J. and Mercado-Silva, N. (2004). "Notropis calabazas (Teleostei: Cyprinidae); New Species from the Río Pánuco Basin of Central México" Copeia 2004(4) 868-875.

Lyons, J., Gonzalez-Hernandez, G., Soto-Galera, E., et al. (1998). "Decline of freshwater fishes and fisheries in selected drainages of west-central Mexico" Fisheries 23(4) 10-18.

Lyubimova, E. L. (1961). "Kamchatka. Phyisico-geographical review" Moscow: Geographgiz.

Machado-Allison, A. (1987). "Los Peces de Los Llanos de Venezuela: Un Ensayo Sobre su Historia Natural" Caracas: Universidad Central de Venezuela.

Machado-Allison, A. and Fink, W. L. (1991). "Notas sobre la Sistematica del Genero Serralsamus y Generos Relacionados. Parte II: El Genero Pygocentrus en Venezuela" Acta Biologica Venezuelica 13(1-2) 109-136.

Machado-Allison, A., Chernoff, B., Provenzano, F. R., et al. (2003)"Inventory, Relative Abundance and Importance of Fishes in the Caura River Basin, Bolívar State, Venezuela" In B. Chernoff, A. Machado-Allison, K. Riseng and J. R. Montambault (Ed.). A Biological Assessment of the Aquatic Ecosystems of the Caura River Basin, Bolívar State, Venezuela. (pp. 64-74) Washington, DC: Conservation International.

Machado-Allison, A., Fink, W. L., Rojas, H. L., et al. (1993). "Serrasalmus neveriensis una nueva especies de caribe de Venezuela y redescripcion de Serrasalmus medinai Ramirez, 1965" Acta Biologica Venezuelica 14 (4) 45-60.

Machado-Allison, A.;Fink, W. L. (1996). "Los Peces Caribes de Venezuela: Diagnosis, Claves, Aspectos Ecologicos Y Evolutivos" Caracas: Universidad Central de Venezuela.

Machordom, A.;Doadrio, I. (2001). "Evidence of a cenozoic Betic-Kabilian connection based on freshwater fish phylogeography (Luciobarbus, Cyprinidae)" Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 18(2) 252-263.

MacKee, H. S., Ph, M. and Veillon, J. M. (1985). "Palms in New Caledonia" Principes 29 166-169.

MacKinnon, J. MacKinnon K. (1986). "Review of the protected areas system in the Afrotropical realm" Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK: IUCN.

Macleay, W. (1879). "Notes on some fishes from the Solomon islands" Proc. Linn. Soc. N. S. W. 4(1) 60-64.

Macleay, W. (1886). "A remarkable fish from Lord Howe Island" Proc. Linn. Soc. N. S. W. 10(4) 718-720, Pl. 47.

Magadza, C. (2000)"Human impacts on wetland biodiversity in the Zambezi Basin" In Timberlake, J. (Ed.). Biodiversity of the Zambezi Basin wetlands. (pp. 107-122) Harare, Zimbabwe: Biodiversity Foundation for Africa, Bulawayo/The Zambezi Society.

Magadza, C. H. D. (2003). "Water Resources Management and Water Quality Monitoring in an African Setting" Readout 27(Guest Forum) 1-13.

Maganga, F., Butterworth, J. and Moriarty, P. (2001) "Domestic water supply, competition for water resources and IWRM in Tanzania: A review and discussion paper. Patrick Paper prepared for 2nd WARFA/Waternet Symposium: Integrated Water Resources Management: Theory, Practice, Cases; 30-31 October 2001, Cape Town, South Africa" <http://www.nri.org/WSS-IWRM/Reports/Maganga.doc >(2001)

Magin, C. (2001)"Morocco" In L. D. C. Fishpool and M. I. Evans (Ed.). Important bird areas in Africa and associated islands: Priority sites for conservation. (pp. 603-626) Newbury and Cambridge, UK: Pisces Publications and BirdLife International (Birdlife Conservation Series No. 11).

Magin, G. (2001)"Djibouti" In L. D. C. Fishpool and M. I. Evans (Ed.). Important bird areas in Africa and associated islands: Priority sites for conservation. (pp. 233-239) Newbury and Cambridge, UK: Pisces Publications and Birdlife International.

Maitland, P.S. (2004.). "Ireland’s most threatened and rare freshwater fish: an international perspective on fish conservation" Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy 104B(3) 5-16.

Maitland, P.S.;A.A. Lyle (1996)"Threatened freshwater fishes of Great Britain" In A. Kirchhofer;D. Hefti (Ed.). Conservation of endangered freshwater fish in Europe. (pp. 9-22) Basel, Switzerland: Birkhäuser Verlag.

Malabarba, L. R. (1989). "Historico sistemático e lista comentada das espécies de peixes de Água doce do sistema da Laguna dos Patos, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil" Comun. Mus. Ciên. PUCRS Sér. Zool. 2(8) 107-179.

Malabarba, L. R. and Dyer, B. (2002). "Description of three new species of the genus Odonthesthes from the rio Tramandaí drainage, Brazil (Atheriniformes: Atherinidae)" Ichthyological Explorations of Freshwaters 13(3) 257-272.

Malabarba, L. R. and Isaia, E. A. (1992). "The freshwater fish fauna of the Rio Tramandai drainage, Rio Grande do Sul, brazil, with a discusion of its historical origin" Comun. Mus. Ciên. PUCRS Sér. Zool. 5(12) 197-223.

Malabarba, L. R. and Vari, R. P. (2000). "Caiapobrycon tucurui, a new genus and species of characid from the Rio Tocantins basin, Brazil (Characiformes:Characidae)" Ichthyological Explorations of Freshwaters 11(4) 315-326.

Malabarba, L. R. and Weitzman, S. H. (2003). "Description of a new genus with six new species from southern Brazil, Uruguay and Argentina, with a discussion of a putative characid clade (Teleostei: Characiformes: Characidae)" Comunicação do Museu de Ciências da PUCRS, Serie Zoologica 16(1) 67-151.

Malabarba, M. C. S. L. (2004). "Revision of the Neotropical genus Triportheus Cope, 1872 (Characiformes: Characidae)" Neotropical Ichthyology 2(4) 167-204.

Malaisse, F. and Kapinga, I. (1986). "The influence of deforestation on the water balance of soils in the Lubumbashi region (Shaba, Zaire)" Bulletin De La Societe Royale De Botanique De Belgique 119(2) 161-178.

Maldonado-Ocampo, J. A., Villa-Navarro, F. A., Ortega-Lara, A., et al. (2006). "Peces del río Atrato, zona hidrogeografica del caribe, colombia" Biota Colombiana 7(1) 141-152.

Maldonado-Ocampo, J. A.,M. Lugo,J. D. Bogotá-Gregory,C. A. Lasso,L. Vásquez,J. S. Usma,D. C. Taphorn;F. R. Provenzano (2006). "Peces del rio Tomo, cuenca del Orinoco, colombia" Biota Colombiana 7 113-128.

Maldonado-Ocampo, J. A.,Ortega-Lara, A.,Oviedo, J. S. U.,Vergara, G. G.,Villa-Navarro, F. A.,Gamboa, L. V.,Prada-Pedreros, S.;Rodriguez, C. A. (2005). "Peces de los Andes de Colombia" Bogota, Colombia: Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt.

Malherbe, S. (1984). "The geology of the Kalahari Gemsbok National Park" Supplement to Koedoe 1984 33-44.

Maliatsky, S. (1930). "New relict species of sardelka from Abrau Lake (*Harengula abrau* n. sp.)" Publicaciones del Instituto de Biologia Aplicada Barcelona 6 65-74.

Malicky, H. (1989). "Caddisflies (Insecta:Trichoptera) from the Syechelles, Comoro and Mascarene Islands" Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien Serie B Botanik und Zoologie 93 143-160.

Malicky, H. (1999). "Einige Köcherfliegen von der Insel Sokotra (Insecta, Trichoptera)" Entomologische Zeitschrift mit Insektenbörse 109 12.

Malmqvist, B. and Rundle, S. (2002). "Threats to the running water ecosystems of the world" Environmental Conservation 29(2) 134-153.

Malmqvist, B., Meisch, C. and Nilsson, A. N. (1997). "Distribution patterns of freshwater Ostracoda (Crustacea) in the Canary Islands with regards to habitat use and biogeography" Hydrobiologia 347 159-170.

Malmqvist, B., Nilsson, A. N. and Báez, M. (1995). "Tenerife's freshwater macroinvertebrates: Status and threats (Canary Islands, Spain)" Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 5(139) 1-24.

Malmqvist, B., Nilsson, A. N., Báez, M., et al. (1993). "Stream macroinvertebrate communities in the island of Tenerife" Archiv für Hydrobologie 128(2) 209-235.

Malmqvist, B.,T. Muotka,C. Nilsson;Timm, H. (2009)"The Fennoscandian Shield" In K. Tockner, U. Uehlinger and C.T. Robinson (Ed.). Rivers of Europe. (pp. Pp 297-336) London, UK: Academic Press.

Mamonekene, V. and Teugels, G. G. (1993) Faune des poissons d’eaux douces de la Reserve de la Biosphere de Dimonika (Mayombe, Congo). Tervuren, Belgium: Musée royal de l’Afrique Centrale.

Manconi, R., Cubeddu, T. and Pronzato, R. (1999). "African freshwater sponges: Makedia tanensis gen. et sp. Nov. From Lake Tana, Ethiopia" Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 44 361-367.

Mandahl-Barth, G., Ripert, C. and Raccurt, C. (1974). "Nature du sous-sol, repartition des mollusques dulcaquicoles et foyers de bilharzioses intestinal et urinaire au Bas-Zaire" Revue de Zoologie Africaine 88 553-584.

Mandrak, N. E.;Crossman, E. J. (1992). "A checklist of Ontario freshwater fishes annotated with distribution maps" Toronto, ON: Royal Ontario Museum Misc. Life Sci. Publ..

Manongi, F. J. (1993)"River basin planning and management of wetlands" In G. L. Kamukala and S. A. Crafter (Ed.). Wetlands of Tanzania: Proceedings of a seminar on wetlands of Tanzania, Morogoro, Tanzania. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN.

Mansoori, J. (1994). "The Hamoun Wildlife Refuge" Heidelberg: Max Kasparek Verlag.

Manville, V. and Wilson, C. J. N. (2004). "The 26.5 ka Oruanui eruption, New Zealand: a review of the roles of volcanism and climate in the post-eruptive sedimentary response" New Zealand Journal of Geology & Geophysics 47 525-547.

Marais, E. and Irish, J. (1997). "Cave investigations in Namibia IV. Aikab hemicenote, and other karst phenomena in the Etosha National Park" Madoqua 20(1) 81-90.

Marić, D. (1995). "Endemic fish secies of Montenegro" Biological Conservation 72 187-194.

Marlier, G. (1973)"Limnology of the Congo and Amazon rivers" In B. J. Meggers, E. S. Ayensu and W. D. Duckworth (Ed.). Tropical forest ecosystems in Africa and South America: A comparative review. (pp. 223-238) Washington, DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution Press.

Marques, M., Monica F. da Costa, Maria Iries de O. Mayorga, et al. (2004). "Water environments: anthropogenic pressures and ecosystem changes in the Atlantic drainage basins of Brazil" Ambio 33(1-2) 68-77.

Marquet, G. and Mary, N. (1999). "Comments on some New Caledonian Freshwater fishes of Economical and biogeographical Interest" Proc. 5th Indo-Pac. Fish Conf., Nouméa, 1997, Soc. Fr. Ichtyol., 1999 29-39.

Marquet, G.,Keith, P.;Vigneux, E. (2003). "Atlas des poissons et crustacés d’eau douce de la Nouvelle-Calédonie" 58 MNHN.

Marshall, B. E. (). "Fish biology, fisheries and limnology in Zimbabwe: An introduction to the literature"

Marshall, B. E. (1994)"Ecology and management of the Manyame lakes" In T. Matiza and S. A. Crafter (Ed.). Wetlands ecology and priorities for conservation in Zimbabwe. (pp. 55-68) Gland, Switzerland: IUCN.

Marshall, B. E. (2000)"Fishes of the Zambezi Basin" In Timberlake, J. (Ed.). Biodiversity of the Zambezi Basin wetlands. (pp. 393-460) Harare, Zimbabwe: Biodiversity Foundation for Africa, Bulawayo/The Zambezi Society.

Marshall, B. E. (2000)"Review of aquatic invertebrates of the Zambezi basin" In Timberlake, J. (Ed.). Biodiversity of the Zambezi Basin wetlands. (pp. 613-652) Harare, Zimbabwe: Biodiversity Foundation for Africa, Bulawayo/The Zambezi Society.

Marshall, B. E. and Gratwicke, B. (1998). "The barred minnows (teleostei: cyprinidae) of Zimbabwe: Is there cause for concern?" Southern African Journal of Aquatic Sciences 24(1-2) 157-161.

Marshall, R. M., S. Anderson, M. Batcher, et al. (2000) "An Ecological Analysis of Conservation Priorities in the Sonoran Desert Ecoregion". The Nature Conservancy Arizona Chapter, Sonoran Institute, and Instituto del Medio Ambiente y el Desarrollo Sustentable del Estado de Sonora with support from Department of Defense Legacy Program, Agency and Institutional partners.

Martin, C. (1991) The rainforests of West Africa. Basel, Switzerland: Birkhäuser Verlag.

Martin, L., Suguio, K., Flexor, J.-M., et al. (1996). "Coastal Quaternary Formations of the Southern Part of the State of Espírito Santo (Brasil)" Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências 68(3) 389-404.

Martin, M. (1972). "A biogeographic analysis of the freshwater fishes of Honduras" Unpublished Thesis. Univ. of So. California.

Martin-Smith, K.M.;H.H. Tan (1998). "Diversity of freshwater fishes from eastern Sabah: annotated checklist for Danum valley and a consideration of inter- and intra-catchment variability" Raffles Bull. Zool 46(2) 573-604.

Martínez-Ramírez, E.,Doadrio-Villarejo, I.;de-Sostoa-Fernández, A. (2004)"Peces Continentales" In García-Mendoza, A. J.;Ordóñez, M. J.;Briones-Salas, M. (Ed.). Biodiversidad de Oaxaca. (pp. 357-373) Inst. Biol., Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, World Wildlife Fund.

Mary, N. (1999). "Caractérisations physico-chimique et biologique des cours d’eau de la Nouvelle-Calédonie - Proposition d’un indice biotique fondé sur l’étude des macroinvertébrés benthiques" Unpublished Thesis. Univ . française du Pacifique.

Mary, N. (2000). "Guide pratique d’identification des macroinvertébrés benthiques des cours d’eau de Nouvelle-Calédonie"

Master, L. L., S. R. Flack and Stein, B. A. (1998). "Rivers of life: Critical watersheds for protecting freshwater biodiversity" Arlington, VA: The Nature Conservancy.

Master, L. L., S. R. Flack, and B. A. Stein (1998). "Rivers of life: Critical watersheds for protecting freshwater biodiversity" Arlington, VA: The Nature Conservancy.

Masundire, H. M., Matiza, T. and Crafter, S. A. (1994) Effects of dam building on riverine wetlands. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN.

Matiza, T., Matiza, T. and Crafter, S. A. (1994) Wetlands in Zimbabwe: An overview. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN.

Mato, R. R. A. M. (1999). "Environmental implications involving the establishment of sanitary landfills in five municipalities in Tanzania: the case of Tanga municipality" Resources Conservation and Recycling 25(1) 1-16.

Matoussi, M. S., Rached, E., Rathgeber, E., et al. (1996) Sources of strain and alternatives for relief in the most stressed water systems of North Africa. Ottawa, Canada: International Development Research Centre.

Matthes, H. (1964). "Les poissons du Lac Tumba et de la region d'Ikela" Annales du Musée royal d’Afrique centrale (Sciences Zoologiques) 126 1-204.

Matthes, H. (1993) "Rapport préliminaire de la mission d'évaluation de la pêche continentale et de l'aquaculture en République de Guinée". FAO/SEP.

Matthews, W. J. (1998). "Patterns in freshwater fish ecology" New York, NY, USA: Chapman Hall.

Matthews, W. J. and Robison, H. W. (1998). "Influence of drainage connectivity, drainage area and regional species richness on fishes of the interior highlands in Arkansas" American Midland Naturalist 139(1) 1-19.

Mattingly, P. F. and Knight, K. L. (1956). "The Mosquitos of Arabia" Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Entomology 4(3) 91-141.

Maud, R. R. (1980)"The climate and geology of Maputaland" In M. N. Bruton and K. H. Cooper (Ed.). Studies on the ecology of Maputaland. (pp. 1-7) Cape Town: Cape and Transvaal Printers.

Mauritius National Parks and Conservation, S. (2000) "Republic of Mauritius: First national report to the Convention on Biodiversity" <http://www.biodiv.org/doc/world/mu/mu-nr-01-en.pdf >(2001)

Maxwell, J. R., Edwards, C. J., Jensen, M. E., et al. (1995) "A hierarchical framework of aquatic ecological units in North America (Nearctic Zone)". St. Paul, MN. North Central Forest Experiment Station, USDA Forest Service.

Mayden, R. L. (1989). "Phylogenetic studies of North American minnows, with emphasis on the genus Cyprinella (Teleostei: Cypriniformes)" Misc. Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas 80 1-189.

Mayden, R. L., Matson, R. H. and Hillis, D. M. (1992)"Speciation in the North American genus Dionda (Teleostei: Cypriniformes). Chaper 26" In R. L. Mayden (Ed.). Systematics, Historical Ecology, and Northn American Freshwater Fishes. (pp. 710-746) Stanford University Press.

Mayden, R. L., R. H. Matson and Hillis, D. M. (1992)"Speciation in the North American genus Dionda (Teleostei: Cyprinidae)" In R. L. Mayden (Ed.). Systematics, Historical Ecology, and North American Freshwater Fishes. (pp. 710-746) Palo Alto, CA: Stanford Univ. Press.

Mayekiso, M. and Hecht, T. (1988). "Conservation status of the anabantid fish, Sandelia bainsii, in the Tyume River, South Africa" South African Journal of Wildlife Research 18(3) 101-108.

McAllister, D. E., Hamilton, A. L. and Harvey, B. (1997). "Global freshwater biodiversity: Striving for the integrity of freshwater ecosystems" Sea Wind 11(3) 1-140.

McAllister, Don, E. and Edward, K. (Ed.) (1988). "On lampreys and fishes: a memorial anthology in honor of Vadim D. Vladykov" Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

McCart, P. J. (1970)"Evidence for the existence of sibling species of pygmy whitefish (Prosopium coulteri) in three Alaskan lakes" In C. C. Lindsey and C.S.Woods (eds.) (Ed.). Biology of Coregonid fishes. Winnipeg, MB: University of Manitoba Press.

McClain, M. E. and Naiman, R. J. (2008). "Andean Influences on the Biogeochemistry and Ecology of the Amazon River" BioScience 58(325-338)

McClain, M. E., Richey, J. E. and Victoria, R. L. (1995). "Andean contributions to the biogeochemistry of the Amazon river system" Bulletin de l'Institut Francais d'Etudes Andines 24 425-437.

McClanahan, T. R. and Young, T. P. (1996) East African ecosystems and their conservation. New York, USA: Oxford University Press.

McClaran, M. P. and Devender, T. R. V. (1995). "The desert grasslands" Tuscon, AZ: University of Arizona Press.

McCosker, J., Boseto, D. and Jenkins, A. (2007). "Redescription of Yirrkala gjellerupi (Weber & de Beaufort, 1916), a poorly-known freshwater Indo-Pacific Snake Eel (Anguilliformes: Ophichthidae)" Pacific Science 61(1) 141-144.

McCoy, C. (1982)"Reptilia" In S. Hulbert and A. Villalobos-Figueroa (Ed.). Aquatic Biota of Mexico, Central America and the West Indies. (pp. 477-529) San Diego, CA, USA: SDSU Foundation.

McCullum, J., Chenje, M. and Johnson, P. (1994) Freshwater Resources. (pp. 181-205) South Africa: Southern African Research and Documentation Centre.

McDonald, S. (1996). "Crayfish"

McDowall and Fulton (1996)"Family Galaxiidae" In R. M. McDowall (Ed.). Fishes of South-eastern Australia. (pp. 52-77) Chatswood, Australia: Reed Books.

McDowall, R. M. (1988). "Diadromy in fishes: Migrations between Freshwater and Marine Environments" Cambridge: Timber Press, University Press.

McDowall, R. M. (1990). "New Zealand Freshwater Fishes: A Natural History and Guide" Auckland, New Zealand: Hinemann Reed.

McDowall, R. M. (1990). "When galaxiid and salmonid fishes meet a family reunion in New Zealand" Journal of Fish Biology 37(Suppl. A) 35-43.

McDowall, R. M. (1996). "Volcanisms and freshwater fish biogeograpny in the northeastern North Island of New Zealand" Journal of Biogeography 23 139-148.

McDowall, R. M. (2000). "The Reed field guide to New Zealand freshwater fishes" Auckland, New Zealand: Reed Books: Reed Publishing.

McDowall, R. M. (2002). "Accumulating evidence for a dispersal biogeography of southern cool temperate freshwater fishes" Journal of Biogeography 29(2) 207-219.

McDowall, R. M. (2003). "Hawaiian biogeography and the islands' freshwater fish fauna" Journal of Biogeography 30(5) 703-710.

McDowall, R. M. and McDowall, R. M. (1996) Introduction. (pp. 9-14) Sydney, Australia: A. H. & A. W. Reed.

McDowall, R. M. and Waters, J. M. (2004). "Phylogenetic relationships in a small group of diminutive galaxiid fishes and the evolution of sexual dimorphism" Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 34 23-57.

McGaughran, A., Hogg, I. D., Stevens, M. I., et al. (2006). "Genetic divergence of three freshwater isopod species from southern New Zealand" Journal of Biogeography 33 23-30.

McLachlan, A. J.,Kalk, M.,McLachlan, A. J.;Howard-Williams, C. (1979) The aquatic environment: I. Chemical and physical characteristics of Lake Chilwa. (pp. 59-78) The Netherlands: Dr. W. Junk.

McLellan, I. D. (1990)"Distribution of stoneflies in New Zealand" In I. C. Camplbell (Ed.). Mayflies and stoneflies. (pp. 135-140) Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

McNab, H. and Avers, P. (1994) "Ecological Subregions of the United States: Section Descriptions". Washington DC. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service.

McNab, W. H. and Avers, P. E. (1994) "Ecological subregions of the United States". U.S. Forest Service, ECOMAP Team, WO-WSA-5. Online. http://www.fs.fed.us/land/pubs/ecoregions/index.html..

McNeely, J. A., Mooney, H. A., Neville, L. E., et al. (2001) "A Global Strategy on Invasive Alien Species". Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.. IUCN in collaboration with GISP.

McPhail, J. D. a. C. C. L. (1970). "Freshwater fishes of northwestern Canada and Alaska" Fisheries Research Board of Canada Bulletin 173 381.

McPhail, J. D. a. R. C. (1992) "A foundation for conservation: the nature and origin of the freshwater fish fauna of British Columbia". Field Museum, Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia..

McPhail, J. D. and Lindsey, C. C. (1986)"Zoogeography of the freshwater fishes of Cascadia (the Columbia system and rivers north to the Stikine)" In C. H. Hocutt and E. O. Wiley (Ed.). The zoogeography of North American freshwater fishes. (pp. 615-637) New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Mecklenburg, C. W., T. A. Mecklenburg and Thorsteinson, L. K. (2002). "Fishes of Alaska" Bethesda, Maryland: American Fisheries Society.

Medina-Nava, M. (1997). "Ictiofauna de la subcuenca del Río Angulo, cuenca del Lerma-Chapala, Michoacán" Revista Zoología Informa (IPN, México) 35 25-52.

Meditz, S. W. and Merrill, T. (1993) "Zaire: A country study" <http://memory.loc.gov/frd/cs/zrtoc.html >(2001)

Mednikov, B.M. (1963). "Ecological Forms in Fish and the Problem of Sympatric Species Formation" Zool. Zh 242 70-77.

MedWet (2004) "Mediterranean Wetlands Initiative (MedWet)" <http://www.medwet.org/ >(2004)

Meek, S. E. (1904). "The freshwater fishes of Mexico north of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec" Field Col. Mus. Publ., 93, Zool Ser 5 1-252.

Meek, S. E. and Hildebrand, S. F. (1916). "The fishes of the fresh waters of Panama" Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Pub. 191 217-374.

Mega, c. () "Mega-Cities: Innovations for Urban Life, Global Network, Lagos, Nigeria" <http://www.megacities.org/network/lagos.asp >(2001)

Meininger, P. L. and Sorensen, U. G. (1993). "Egypt as a major wintering area of little gulls" British Birds 86(9) 407-410.

Men'shikov, M. I. (1939). "On the ichthyofauna of Lake Marka-Kul'. Uchenye Zapinski Permskogo Univer" Proceeding of Perm State University 3(2) 119-142.

Mendelsohn, J., el Obeid, S. and Roberts, C. (2000) A profile of north-central Namibia. (pp. 79) Windhoek.: Gamsberg Macmillan Publishers.

Menezes, N. A.,Weitzman, S. H.,Oyakawa, O. T.,Lima, F. C. T.,Castro, R. M. C.;Weitzman, M. J. (2007). "Peixes de Água doce da Matya Atlântica: Lista preliminar das espécies e comentários sobre conservação de peixes de água doce neotropicais" São Paulo: Museu de Zoologia - Universidade de São Paulo.

Menezes, NA;Lucena, CAS (1998). "Revision of the subfamily Roestinae (Ostariophysi: Characiformes: Cynodontidae)" Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwaters 9(3) 279-291.

Mengistou, S. and Fernando, C. H. (1991). "Seasonality and abundance of the dominant crustacean zooplankton in a tropical rift valley lake, Awassa, Ethiopia" Hydrobiologia 226 137-152.

Mengistou, S. and Fernando, C. H. (1991). "Biomass and production of the major dominant crustacean zooplankton in a tropical rift valley lake, Awassa, Ethiopia" Journal of Plankton Research 13 831-851.

Mengistou, S., Green, J. and Fernando, C. H. (1991). "Species composition, distribution and seasonal dynamics of Rotifera in a rift valley lake in Ethiopia (Lake Awassa)" Hydrobiologia 209 203-214.

Menni, R. C. (2004). "Peces y Ambientes en la Argentina Continental" Buenos Aires: Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales.

Menon, A. G. K. and Talwar, P. K. (1972). "Fishes of the great Nicobar expedition, 1966 with description of a new gobioid fish of the family Kraemeriidae" Rec. Zool. Surv. India 66(1-4) 35-61.

Menon, A.G.K. (1974). "A check list of fishes of the Himalayan and the Indo-gangetic plains. Inland Fisheries Society of India"

Merrick, J. R.;Schmida, G. E. (1984). "Australian freshwater fishes: biology and management" Netley: Griffith Press Ltd..

Merron, G. S. and Bruton, M. N. (1995). "Community ecology and conservation of the fishes of the Okavango Delta, Botswana" Environmental Biology of Fishes 43 109-119.

Mesquita, N.,C. Cunha,G.R. Carvalho;M.M. Coelho (2007). "Comparative phylogeography of endemic cyprinids in the south-west Iberian Peninsula: evidence for a new ichthyogeographic area" Journal of Fish Biology 71(Supplement A) 45-75.

Meulenkamp, J. E.;Sissingh, W. (2003). "Tertiary palaeogeography and tectonostratigraphic evolution of the Northern and Southern Peri-Tethys platforms and the intermediate domains of the African-Eurasian convergent plate boundary zone" Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 196(1-2) 209-228.

Meyer, A. (1993). "Phylogenetic relationships and evolutionary processes in East African cichlid fishes" Trends in Ecology and Evolution 8(8) 279-284.

Meyer, A., Kocher, T. D., Basasibwaki, P., et al. (1990). "Monophyletic origin of Lake Victoria cichlid fishes suggested by mitochondrial DNA sequences" Nature 347 550-553.

Meyer, M. K. and Pérez, H. S. E. (1990). "Priapella olmecae sp. n., a new species from Veracruz (México) (Teleostei: Poeciliidae)" Zoologisch. Abhand 45(12) 121 - 126.

Meyer, M. K. and Schartl, M. (2003). "Xiphophorus kallmani sp. n. – a new species of swordtail from México (Teleostei, Cyprinodontiformes, Poeciliidae)" Zool. Abhandl. 53 57-64.

Midgley, D. C., Pitman, W. V. and Middleton, B. J. (1994) "Surface water resources of South Africa. Report 1990.298/3.1/94". South Africa. Water Research Commission.

Mies, B. (2001). "Flora und vegetationsökologie der insel Soqotra" Essener Ökologische Schriften 15

Mies, B. A. and Beyhl, F. E. (1998)"The vegetation ecology of Soqotra" In H. J. Dumont (Ed.). Proceedings of the first international symposium on Soquotra Island: Present and future. (pp. 35-81) New York: United Nations Publications.

Miller, A. D., Waggy, G., Ryan, S. G., et al. (2004). "Mitochondrial 12S rRNA sequences support the existence of a third species of freshwater blackfish (Percichthyidae: Gadopsis) from south-eastern Australia" Memoirs of Museum of Victoria 61 121-127.

Miller, A. G. and Morris, M. (2002) "Final Report on the Conservation and Sustainable Use of the Biodiversity of Soqotra Archipelago. Report for the Global Environment Facility / UNDP Project". Edinburgh, UK. Royal Botanic Garden.

Miller, A. G., Bazara'a, M. and Dumont, H. G. (1998) Conservation status of the flora of the Soqotran Archipelago. (pp. 15-34) New York: United Nations Publications.

Miller, G. (1994)"Functional Significance of Inflorescence Pubescence in Tropical Alpine Species of Puya." In P.W. Rundel, A.P. Smith and F.C. Meinzer (Ed.). Tropical Alpine Environments: Plant Form and Funtion. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Miller, P. J. (Ed.) (2004). "The freshwater fishes of Europe. Gobiidae 2" 8(2) Wiebelsheim, Germany: AULA-Verlag.

Miller, R. M. (1997)"The Owambo Basin of Northern Namibia" In Selley, R. C. (Ed.). African basins. (pp. 237-268) Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier.

Miller, R. R. (1955). "A systematic review of the Middle American fishes of the genus Profundulus" Mus. Zool., Univ. Michigan 92 1-64.

Miller, R. R. (1956). "A new genus and species of cyprinodontid fish from San Luis Potosi, Mexico, with remarks on the subfamily Cyprinodontinae" Occ. Pap. Mus. Zool. Univ. MI 581(1 - 17)

Miller, R. R. (1964). "Redescription and illustration of Cyprinodon latifasciatus, an extinct cyprinodontid fish from Coahuila, Mexico" SW Nat. 9(2) 62 - 67.

Miller, R. R. (1975). "Five new species of Mexican poeciliid fishes of the genera Poecilia, Gambusia, and Poeciliopsis" Occ. Pap. Mus. Zool. Univ. MI 672 1 - 44.

Miller, R. R. (1976). "Four new pupfishes of the genus Cyprinodon from México, with a key to the C. eximius complex" Bull. So. Calif. Acad. Sci. 75 68-75.

Miller, R. R. and Conner, V. (1997)"Peces de Catemaco" In E. González-Soriano, R. Dirzo and R. C. Vogt (Ed.). Historia Natural de los Tuxtlas. (pp. 451-456) UNAM.

Miller, R. R. and Hubbs, C. L. (1974). "Rivulus robustus, a new cyprinodontid fish from southeastern Mexico" Copeia 1974(4) 865-869.

Miller, R. R. and Smith, M. L. (1986)"Origin and geography of the fishes of central Mexico" In C. H. Hocutt and E. O. Wiley (Ed.). The zoogeography of North American freshwater fishes. (pp. 487-517) New York, New York, USA: Wiley.

Miller, R. R. and Walters, V. (1972). "A new genus of cyprinodontid fish from Nuevo León, Mexico" Contrib. Sci., (los Angeles) 233 1-13.

Miller, R. R., Wendell L. Minckley, Robert R. Miller, et al. (2005). "Freshwater Fishes of Mexico" Chicago, IL, USA: University of Chicago Press.

Miller, R. R.,Minckley, W. L.;Norris, S. (2005). "Fishes of México" Chicago Univ. Press.

Milliman, J.D.;Farnsworth, K.L. (2011). "River discharge to the coastal ocean: a global synthesis" Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Milner-Gulland, E. J. and Mace, R. (1998). "Conservation of Biological Resources" Oxford, UK: Blackwell Science.

Mina, M. and Golubtsov, A. (1995). "Faunas of isolated regions as principal units in the conservation of freshwater fishes" American Fisheries Society Symposium 17(1995) 145-148.

Mina, M. V., Mironovsky, A. N. and Dgebuadze, Y. Y. (1996). "Lake Tana large barbs: Phenetics, growth and diversification" Journal of Fish Biology 48(3) 383-404.

Minayeva, T.,Sirin, A.;Bragg, O. (2009) "A Quick Scan of Peatlands in Central and Eastern Europe". Wageningen, The Netherlands. Wetlands International.

Minckley, W. L. (1969). "Enviroments of the Bolson of Cuatro Ciénegas, Coahuila, México, with special refeence to the aquatic biota" University of Texas at El Paso, Sci. Ser. 2 1-65.

Minckley, W. L. (1984). "Cuatro Ciénegas fishes: research review and a local test of diversity versus habitat size" J. Az. Nev. Acad. Sci. 19 13-21.

Minckley, W. L. (2002)"Fishes of the lower most Colorado River, its delta, and estuary: a commentary on biotic change" In M. Lozano-Vilano (Ed.). Libro Jubilar en Honor al Dr. Salvador Contreras Balderas. Dir. Gral. De Publicaciones. (pp. 63-78) Monterrey, México: Universidad A. de Nuevo León.

Minckley, W. L. and Minkley, C. O. (1986). "Cyprinodon pachycephalus, a new species of pupfish (Cyprinodontidae) from the Chihuahuan Desert of Northern Mexico" Copeia 1986(1) 184-192.

Minckley, W. L., D. A. Hendrickson, and C. E. Bond (1986)"Geography of western North America fishes: description and relationships to intracontinental tectonism" In C. H. a. E. O. W. Hocutt (Ed.). The zoogeography of North American freshwater fishes. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Minckley, W. L., Hendrickson, D. A. and Bond, C. E. (1986)"Geography of western North American freshwater fishes: Description and relationships to intracontinental tectonism" In C. H. Hocutt and E. O. Wiley (Ed.). The zoogeography of North American freshwater fishes. New York: John Wiley.

Minckley, W. L., Miller, R. R. and Norris, S. M. (2002). "Three new pupfish species, Cyprinodon (Teleostei, Cyprinodontidae), from Chihuahua, México and Arizona, USA" Copeia 3 687-705.

Minckley, W. L., R. R. Miller and Norris, S. M. (2002). "Three new species, Cyprinodon (Teleostei, Cyprinodontidae), from Chihuahua, Mexico, and Arizona, USA" Copeia 2002(3) 687-705.

Ministerio de Salud (MINSA) (2007) "Estudio Técnico – Financiero, Socioeconómico y de Identificacion de Proyectos para PASAP". Buenos Aires, Venezuela. Halcrow Group Limited.

Mino-Kahozi, K., Mbantshi, M. and Remane, K. (1997) Pollution and degradation of African aquatic environments and consequences for inland fisheries and aquaculture: The case of the Republic of Zaire. (pp. 99-115) Osney Mead, Oxford, UK: Fishing News Books.

Miquelarena, A. M. and Lopez, H. (2004). "Considerations on the ichthyofauna of the Uruguay River basin: Hemiancistrus fuliginosus Cardoso & Malabarba, 1999 (Loricariidae: Ancistrinae)" Journal of Applied Ichthyology 20 234-237.

Miracle, M. P., Meggers, B. J., Ayensu, E. S., et al. (1973) The Congo Basin as a habitat for man. (pp. 335-344) Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.

Miranda, J. C. and Mazzoni, R. (2003). "Composição da Ictiofauna de três riachos do Alto Rio Tocantins - GO" Biotaneotropica 3(1) 1-11.

Mirza, M. R. (1975). "Freshwater fishes and zoogeography of Pakistan" Bijdragen tot de dierkunde 45(2) 144-180.

Mitrofanov, V. P. (1959). "On the taxonomy of Brachymystax lenok of the lake Marka-Kul" Sborn. Rab. Ikhtiol. Gidrobiol 2 267-275.

Mitrofanov, V. P. (1961)"Fishes of Markakul Lake" In Fisheries in republics of Central Asia and Kazakhstan. (pp. 51-64) Alma-Ata:

Mitrofanov, V. P. (1971). "On ichthyogeography of a key region of Palaearctic" Izv. Acad. nauk KazSSR [Proceedings of Academy of Sciences of Kazakhstan SSR] Biol. 2 158-165.

Mitrofanov, V. P. and Petr, T. (1999) "Fish and fisheries in the Altai, northern Tien Shan and Lake Balkhash (Kazakhstan)". Rome. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper 385, FAO.

Mitrofanov, V. P. and Turkia, A. (1994). "Fish fauna of Tarim basin and its significance for ichthyogeography" Selevinia 4 18-21.

Mitrofanov, V. P.;Dukravets, G. M. (1986). "Fishes of Kazakhstan" 1-5 Alma-Ata: Nauka.

Mittermeier, R. A., Myers, N., Thomsen, J. B., et al. (1998). "Biodiversity hotspots and major tropical wilderness areas: Approaches to setting conservation priorities" Conservation Biology 12(3) 516-520.

Mittermeier, R. A.,Myers, N.,Gil, P. R.;Mittermeier, C. G. (1999). "Hotspots: earth’s biologically richest and most endangered terrestrial ecoregions" Mexico: CEMEX.

Mkanda, F. X. (2002). "Contribution by farmers' survival strategies to soil erosion in the Linthipe River Catchment: Implications for biodiversity conservation in Lake Malawi/Nyasa" Biodiversity and Conservation 11(8) 1327-1359.

Mkuula, S., Kamukala, G. L. and Crafter, S. A. (1993) Pollution of wetlands in Tanzania. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN.

Mkwanda, R., Matiza, T. and Crafter, S. A. (1994) The Mazowe River impoundments: Ecology, utilisation and management status. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN.

Modenesi-Gauttieri, M. C. (2000). "Hillslope deposits and the quarternary evolution of the Altos Campos - Serra da Matniqueira, from Campost do Jordão to the Itatiaia MassifI" Revista Brasileira de Geociências 30(3) 508-515.

Moffat, D. and Linden, O. (1995). "Perception and reality: Assessing priorities for sustainable development in the Niger River Delta" Ambio 24(7-8) 527-538.

Moguedet, G., Giresse, P., Kinga, M., et al. (1990) Study of the Chad basin water supply by catchment carried out in the Congo-Zaire basin.. (pp. 523-539) Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Mohr, P. A. (1961). "The geology, structure, and origin of the Bishoftu explosion craters, Shoa, Ethiopia" Bulletin of the Geophysical Observatory, University College, Addis Ababa 2 65-101.

Mojica, J. I., Castellanos, C., Sánchez-Duarte, P., et al. (2006). "Peces de la cuenca del río Rancheria, La Guajira, Colombia" Biota Colombiana 7(1) 129-142.

Mojica, J. I., Galvis, G., Arbeláez, F., et al. (2005). "Peces de la cuenca del Río Amazonas en Colombia: Región de Leticia" Biota Colombiana 6(2) 191-210.

Mojica, J. I., Galvis, G., Sánchez-Duarte, P., et al. (2006). "Peces del valle medio del río Magdalena, Colombia" Biota Colombiana 7(1) 23-38.

Moler, P. E. (Ed.) (1992). "Rare and endangered biota of Florida. Vol. III. Amphibians and reptiles" Gainesville, Florida, USA: University Press of Florida.

Moll, D. and Jansen, K. P. (1995). "Evidence for a role in seed dispersal by two tropical herbivorous turtles" Biotropica 27(1) 121-127.

Montaggioni, L.;Nativel, P. (1988). "La Réunion, Ile Maurice, géologie et aperçus biologiques" Paris, France: Masson.

Montanez, D. and Angehr, G. R. (2007). "Important Bird Areas of the Neotropics: Panama" Neotropical Birding 12-19.

Montenegro-Guillen, S. (2003). "Lake Cocibolca/Nicaragua, Lake Basin Management Initiative: Experience and Lessons Learned Brief" 2005 (2005; http://www.worldlakes.org/uploads/cocibolca_30sep04.pdf).

Moog, O., Schmidt-Kloiber, A., Ofenbock, T., et al. (2004). "Does the ecoregion approach support the typological demands of the EU 'Water Framework Directive'?" Hydrobiologia 516(1) 21-33.

Moore, A. E. (1999). "A reappraisal of epeirogenic flexure axes in southern Africa" South African Journal of Geology 102 363-376.

Moore, A. E. and Larkin, P. A. (2001). "Drainage evolution in south-central Africa since the breakup of Gondwana" South African Journal of Geology 104 47-68.

Moorehead, R. (1991). "Structural chaos: Community and state management of common property in Mali. Phd. Thesis" Unpublished Thesis. University of Sussex.

Moores, E.;Fairbridge, R. (1997). "Encyclopedia of European and Asian regional geology" London, UK & NY, NY: Chapman & Hall.

Morat, P. (1993). "Our knowledge of the flora of New Caledonia: endemism and diversity in relation to vegetation types and substrates" Biodiv. Letters 1 72-81.

Morat, P., Jaffré, T., Veillon, J. M., et al. (1986). "Affinités floristiques et considérations sur l'origine des maquis miniers de la Nouvelle-Calédonie" Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, Sér. 4, sect. B, Adansonia 8 133-182.

Morat, Ph,Jaffré, T.,Veillon, J. M.;MacKee, H. S. (1981)"Végétation. Pl. 15" In Atlas de la Nouvelle-Calédonie. Paris: ORSTOM.

Moreno, T.;Gibbons, W. (2007). "The geology of Chile" Bath, UK: The Geological Society.

Morgan, D. L. (2003). "Distribution and biology of Galaxias truttaceus (Galaxiidae) in south-western Australia, including first evidence of parasitism of fish in Western Australia by Ligula intestinalis (Cestoda)" Environmental Biology of Fishes 66 155–167.

Morgan, D. L. and Gill, H. S. (2004). "Fish fauna in inland waters of the Pilbara (Indian Ocean) Drainage Division of Western Australia -- evidence for three subprovinces" Zootaxa 636 1-43.

Morgan, D. L., Gill, H. S. and Potter, I. C. (1998). "Distribution, identification and biology of freshwater fishes in south-western Australia" Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 56 1-97.

Morgan, D., Allen, M., Bedford, P., et al. (2002) "Inland fish fauna of the Fitzroy River Western Australia (including the Bunuba, Gooniyandi, Ngarinyin, Nyikina and Walmajarri names)". Project Number 003123. Natural Heritage Trust.

Morgan, G. J. (1988). "Freshwater crayfish of the genus Euastacus Clark (Decapoda: Parastacidae) from Queensland" Memoirs of the Museum of Victoria 49(1) 1-49.

Morgan, G. J. (1989). "Two new species of the freshwater crayfish Euastacus Clark (Decapoda: Parastacidae) from isolated high country of Queensland" Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 27(2) 368-388.

Morgan, G. J. (1997). "Freshwater crayfish of the genus Euastacus Clark (Decapoda: Parastacidae) from New South Wales, with a key to all species of the genus" Records of the Australian Museum Supplement 23

Morgan-Richards, M., Trewick, S. A. and Wallis, G. P. (2001). "Chromosome races with Pliocene origins: evidence from mtDNA" Heredity 2001 86(3) 303-312.

Mori, T. (1928). "On the fresh water fishes from the Yalu River, Korea, with descriptions of new species" Journal of the Chosen Natural History Society 6 54-70.

Morjan, M. D., Nicholas, B. B. and Ojok, L. I. (2001) "Report on the impact of conflict on the Boma National Park". Nairobi, Kenya. New Sudan Wildlife Society.

Morrison, D. (). "The Land; Beaufort Region" (2007; www.civilization.ca/archeo/nogap/esk.htm).

Mosepele, K. (2000). "Preliminary length based stock assessment of the main exploited stocks of the Okavango delta fishery. Mphil Thesis" Unpublished Thesis. Department of Fisheries and Marine Biology, University of Bergen.

Mosepele, K., Kolding, J., Bernad, T., et al. (2002) Fish stock assessment in the Okavango Delta, Botswana: Preliminary results from a length based analysis. (pp. 363-390) Maun, Botswana:

Moss, B.,Kalk, M.,McLachlan, A. J.;Howard-Williams, C. (1979) Algae in Lake Chilwa and the waters of its catchment area. (pp. 93-103) The Netherlands: Dr. W. Junk.

Moss, Brian (1998). "Ecology of fresh waters" Liverpool, UK: Blackwell Science.

Moşu, A., Ciobanu, A. and Davideanu, G. (2004)"Materiale privid ichtiofauna din sectoarele superior si madiu ale fluviuliu Nistru" In I. Trombitskiy (Ed.). Integrated management of natural resources of transboundary River Dniester. (pp. 214-219) Kishineu: Eco-TIRAS.

Mouelhi, S., Kraiem, M. M. and Gagneur, J. (1998). "Biological assessment of the water quality of the Beja Wadi (northern Tunisia)" Bulletin De La Societe D'histoire Naturelle De Toulouse 134 33-45.

Movchan, Yu V. (1988). "Fauna of Ukraine. Fishes" Kyiv, 8(3): Naukova Dumka Publishing House.

Movchan, Yu V.;Smirnov, A. I. (1981). "Fauna of Ukraine. Fishes. Cyprinid Fishes" Kyiv, 8(2) Part 1: Naukova Dumka Publishing House.

Movchan, Yu V.;Smirnov, A. I. (1983). "Fauna of Ukraine. Fishes. Cyprinid Fishes" Kyiv, 8(2) Part 2: Naukova Dumka Publishing House.

Moyle, P. B. (1976). "Inland fishes of California" Berkeley: University of California Press.

Moyle, P. B. Cech Jr J. J. (1996). "Fishes: An introduction to ichthyology. 3rd ed" New Jersey, USA: Prentice Hall.

Mrakovcic, M.,Misetic, S.;Povz, M. (1995). "Status of freshwater fish in Croatian Adriatic river systems" Biological Conservation 72(1995) 179-185.

Mtetwe, S. (2000) "Establishment of biomonitoring reference sites for Zimbabwe. A tool for effective integrated catchment management. Proceeding of the 1st WARFSA/WaterNet Symposium: Sustainable Use of Water Resources; Maputo, 1-2 November 2000". Zimbabwe.

Mugabe, J., Tumushabe, G. W., Okoth-Ogendo, H. W. O., et al. (1999) Environmental governance: Conceptual and emerging issues. Nairobi, Kenya: African Centre for Technology Studies.

Müller, T., Mapaure, I. and Drummond, R. (2000)"Zambezi Delta wetland plant survey" In J. Timberlake (Ed.). Biodiversity of the Zambezi Basin wetlands. (pp. 129-144) Harare: Biodiversity Foundation for Africa, Bulawayo/The Zambezi Society.

Munasinghe, D. H. N., Burridge, C. P. and Austin, C. M. (2004). "Molecular phylogeny and zoogeography of the freshwater crayfish genus Cherax Erichson (Decapoda: Parastacidae) in Australia" Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 81 553-563.

Mundy, P. (2000)"Wetland birds of the Zambezi Basin" In J. Timberlake (Ed.). Biodiversity of the Zambezi Basin wetlands. (pp. 213-278) Harare, Zimbabwe: Biodiversity Foundation for Africa, Bulawayo/The Zambezi Society.

Munro, I. S. R. (1967). "The fishes of New Guinea" Sydney, Australia: Victor C.N. Blight.

Murakami, Masahiro (1995). "Managing water for peace in the Middle East: Alternative strategies" Tokyo, Japan: United Nations University Press.

Muriel-Cunha, J. and de Pinna, M. (2005). "New data on cistern catfish, Phreatobius cisternarum, from subterranean waters at the mouth of the Amazon River (Siluriformes, Incertae Sedis)" Papéis Avulsos Zoologia 45(26) 327-339.

Murphy, William J.;Glen E. Collier (1996). "Phylogenetic relationships within the Aplocheiloid fish genus Rivulus (Cyprindontiformes, Rivulidae): Implications for Caribbean and Central American Biogeography" Molecular Biology and Evolution 13(5) 642-649.

Murray-Darling Basin, C. (2005). "Murray-Darling Basin Statistics" (2005; www.mdbc.gov.au/naturalresources/basin_stats/statistics.htm).

Muruthi, P.,Burgess, N.,D'Amico Hales, J.,Underwood, E.,Dinerstein, E.,Olson, D.,Itoua, I.,Schipper, J.,Ricketts, T.;Newman, K. (). "African Heartlands: A science-based and pragmatic approach to landscape-level conservation in Africa" Washington DC: Island Press.

Muskox of the Yukon and, A. (2004). "Population & Location" (2007; www.taiga.net/wmac/species/muskox/populationandlocation.html).

Musyl, M. K. and Keenan, C. P. (1992). "Population genetics and zoogeography of Australian freshwater golden perch, Macquaria ambigua (Richardson 1845) (Teleostei: Percichthyidae), and electrophoretic identification of a new species from the Lake Eyre Basin" Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 43(6) 1585-1601.

Mutambwe, S. (1984). "Contribution à l’étude de l’écologie de la rivière Luki (sous-affluent du fleuve Zaïre): Bassin versant-Poissons" Unpublished Thesis. .

Mutanga, J. G., Mwatha, W., Nasirwa, O., et al. (2000)"Status and trends in the biodiversity of Eastern Rift Valley lakes in Kenya" In L. A. Bennun, H. Ndede and N. N. Gichuki (Ed.). Conservation and sustainble use of biodiversity in Eastern Rift Valley lakes, Kenya. GEF/UNDP Consultancy Report. (pp. 6-34) Nairobi, Kenya: National Museums of Kenya.

Mwalyosi, R. B. B. (1991) "Vegetation survey for Lake Manyara". Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Institute of Resource Assessment, University of Dar es Salaam.

Myers, G. S. (1938). "Freshwater fishes and West Indian zoogeography" Ann. Rep. Smithsonian Inst. 1937 339-364.

Myers, G. S. (1949). "Salt-tolerance of fresh-water fish groups in relation to zoogeographical problems" Bijdr. Dierk. 28 315-322.

Myers, G. S. (1966). "Derivation of the freshwater fish fauna of Central America" Copeia 4 766-773.

Myers, N. (1988). "Threatened biotas: "hot spots" in tropical forests" The Environmentalist 8(3) 187-208.

Myers, N., Mittermeier, R. A., Mittermeier, C. G., et al. (2000). "Biodiversity hotspots for conservation priorities" Nature 403 853-858.

Myers, R. F. (1989). "Micronesian Reef Fishes. A practical guide to the identification of the coral reef fishes of the tropical central and western Pacific" Barrigada, Territory of Guam: Coral Graphics.

Myers, R. L. (1985). "Fire and the dynamic relationship between Florida sandhill and sand pine scrub vegetation" Bulleton of the Torrey Botanical Club 112 241-252.

Nagelkerke, L. (1997). "The barbs of Lake Tana, Ethiopia: Morphological diversity and its implications for taxonomy, trophic resource partitioning, and fisheries" Wageningen, The Netherlands: Special edition, Agricultural University.

Nagelkerke, L. A. J. and Sibbing, F. A. (1996). "Reproductive segregation among the Barbus intermedius complex of Lake Tana, Ethiopia. An example of intralacustrine speciation?" Journal of Fish Biology 49 1244-1266.

Nagelkerke, L. A. J. and Sibbing, F. A. (1998). "The ‘Barbus’ intermedius species flock of Lake Tana (Ethiopia): I. the ecological and evolutionary significance of morphological diversity" Italian Journal of Zoology 65 (suppl.) 3-7.

Nagelkerke, L. A. J.;Sibbing, F. A. (1997)"A revision of the large barbs (Barbus spp., Cyprinidae, Teleostei) of Lake Tana (Ethiopia), with a description of a new species, Barbus osseensis" In Nagelkerke, L. A. J. (Ed.). The barbs of Lake Tana, Ethiopia: morphological diversity and its implications for taxonomy, trophic resource partitioning, and fisheries. (pp. 179-214) Wageningen, The Netherlands: Wageningen Agricultural University.

Nagelkerke, L. A., Mina, M. V., Wudneh, T., et al. (1995). "In Lake Tana, a unique fish fauna needs protection" BioScience 45(11) 772-775.

Naka, L. N., M. Cohn-Haft, A. Whittaker, et al. (2007). "Avian biogeography of Amazonian flooded forests in the Rio Branco Basin, Brazil" The Wilson Journal of Ornithology 119(3) 439-449.

Nasa (2001) "A shadow of a lake: Africa's disappearing Lake Chad" <http://www.gsfc.nasa.gov/topstory/20010227lakechad.html >(2003)

Naseka, A. M. and Bogutskaya, N. G. (2004). "Contribution to taxonomy and nomenclature of freshwater fishes of the Amur drainage area and the Far East" Zoosyst. Rossica 12(2) 279-290.

Nasirwa, O. (2000). "Conservation status of flamingos in Kenya" Waterbirds 23(Special Publication 1) 47-51.

National Agricultural Research, O. (2002) "Experiences with managing water hyacinth infestation in Uganda". Jinja, Uganda. Fisheries Resources Research, Institute, NARO.

National Environment Management, A. (1999) "State of the environment report for Uganda". Kampala, Uganda. National Environment Management Authority.

National Wildlife, F. (). "Alaska's Copper River Delta" (www.nwf.org/resourceLibrary).

National, G. (). "Freshwater Regions" (2007; http://www.nationalgeographic.com/wildworld/profiles/g200_fresh.html).

National, G. (). "Wild World" (2007; www.nationalgeographic.com/wildworld/).

Natural Resources of Big Lakes in the, Ussr and Their Possible Changes (1984). "" Leningrad: Nauka.

Natural Resources, C. (2004). "Rivers" (2007; http://atlas.nrcan.gc.ca/site/english/learningresources/facts/rivers.html).

Ndede, H., C, S., S, G., et al. (2000) "Impacts of human activities on landscape and natural resources of the Great Rift Valley Lakes: Conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity in the Eastern Rift Valley Lakes of Kenya". Nairobi, Kenya. National Museums of Kenya.

Neiland, A. E. (2004) "River fisheries valuation: A global synthesis and critical review". Cairo, Egypt. WorldFish Center and Comprehensive Assessment of Water in Agriculture.

Neiland, A. E., Béné, C. and Neiland, A. (2004) Review of river fisheries valuation in West and Central Africa. Cairo, Egypt: WorldFish Center and Comprehensive Assessment of Water in Agriculture.

Neiland, A. E., Jaffry, S., Ladu, B. M., et al. (2000). "Inland fisheries of North East Nigeria including the Upper River Benue, Lake Chad and the Nguru-Gashua wetlands. Characterisation and analysis of planning suppositions" Fisheries Research 48 229-243.

Nelson, J. S. (1984). "Fishes of the World" 2nd edition. USA: John Wiley and Sons, Inc..

Nelson, J. S.;Paetz, M. J. (1992). "The fishes of Alberta" 2. Edmonton, AB: University of Alberta Press.

Nepad (2003) "Action Plan of the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD)" <http://www.unep.org/gef/Documents/Brochures/radBC8B1.doc >(2003)

Nepad and Unep (2003) "Development of an action plan for the Environment Initiative of the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD). Programme Area 3. Prevention, Control and Management of Invasive Alien Species. UNEP, AMCEN, GEF, NEPAD". Nairobi, Kenya. UNEP.

Nevade Division of Water and, P. (1998) "Water words dictionary" <http://www.state.nv.us/cnr/ndwp/dict-1/waterwds.htm >

New Partnership for Africa's, D. (2002) "The Environment Initiative" <http://www.avmedia.at/nepad/indexgb.html >(2003)

Newmark, W. D. (1998). "Forest area, fragmentation, and loss in the Eastern Arc Mountains: Implications for the conservation of biodiversity" Journal of East African Natural History 87 29-36.

News, B. B. C. (2002). "Work starts on giant Ethiopian dam" (2003; http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/2188785.stm).

News, C. B. S. (2004). "Nigerian president says African Union ready to send up to 5,000 troops but needs hundreds of millions of dollars" (2004; http://cbsnewyork.com/international/un-sudan-ai/resources_news_html).

Newton, S. F., Haddane, B., Ali, E. H., et al. (1996). "North and northeast African crane and wetland action plan" , Botswana and Baraboo, WI, USA.

Nezis, N. (2010). "The Greek Mountains" Athens (In Greek): Hellenic Federation of Mountaineering & Climbing.

Ng, P. K. L. and Rodriguez, G. (1995). "Fresh-Water Crabs as Poor Zoogeographical Indicators - a Critique of Banarescu (1990)" Crustaceana 68 636-645.

Nichols, J. T. (1943). "The fresh-water fishes of China. Natural History of Central Asia, Volume 9" New York: American Museum of Natural History.

Nichols, J. T. and Boulton, R. (1927). "Three new minnows of the genus Barbus, and a new characin from the Vernay Angola Expedition" American Museum Novitates 264 1-8.

Nicholson, S. E. (1982). "Sub-Saharan rainfall in the years 1976-1980: Evidence of continued drought" Unpublished Masters. Clark University: Massachusetts, USA

Nico, L.G.;de Pinna, M.C.C. (1996). "Confirmation of Glanapteryx anguilla (Siluriformes, Trichomycteridae) in the Orinoco River Basin, with notes on the distribution and habitats of the Glanapteryginae" Ichthyological Explorations of Freshwaters 7(1) 27-32.

Nicola, G.G.,Elvira, B.;Almodóvar, A. (1996). "Dams and fish passage facilities in the large rivers of Spain: effects on migratory species" Arch. Hydrobiol. Suppl.113 Large Rivers 10 1-4 375-379.

Nielsen, D. T. B. (2008). "Simpsonichthys e Nematolebias" Taubaté, SP: Cabral Editora e Livraria Universitaria.

Nijssen, H.;Isbrucker, I.J.H. (1986). "New records of the mailed catfish Planiloricaria cryptodon from the Upper Amazon in Peru, Brazil and Bolivia, with a key to the genera of the Planiloricariina" Bijdragen tot de Dierkunde 56(1) 39-46.

Nijssen, H.;Isbrucker, I.J.H. (1986). "Apistoloricaria condei, nouveau genre et nouvelle espèce de poisson-chat cuirassé, tribu Loricariini Bonaparte, 1831, du bassin du Rio Napo, haute Amazone, Equateur (Pisces, Siluriformes, Loricariidae)" Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie 12(4) 103-108.

Nikiforov, S. I., Grishin, S. I. and Shendrik, M. S. (1989). "Species composition of the fish fauna in freshwater bodies of the North-West Sakhalin" Voprosy Ikhtiologii [J. Ichthyol.] 29(6) 107-110.

Nikiforov, S. N., Grishin, A. F., Zakharov, A. V., et al. (1997). "Fish fauna composition and distribution of fishes in rivers Tym' and Poronay" Voprosy Ikhtiologii [J. Ichthyol.] 37(3) 329-337.

Nikiforov, S. N., Makeyev, S. S. and Belovolov, V. F. (1994). "Freshwater fish fauna of South Sakhalin and its origin" Voprosy Ikhtiologii [J. Ichthyol.] 34(1) 24-41.

Nikitin, A. M. (1991). "Reservoirs of Central Asia" Leningrad: Gidrometeoizdat.

Nikol'skiy, G. V. (1938). "Fishes of Tadjikistan" Moscow-Leningrad: AN SSSR.

Nikol'skiy, G. V. (1940). "Fishes of the Aral Sea" Moscow: MOIP.

Nikolaev, I. I. (1953). "Species composition of fishes of Latviyskaya SSR" Trudy [Proceedings] Latv. Otdeleniya VNIRO 1 5-27.

Nikolskiy, A. M. (1889). "Sakhalin Island and its fauna of vertebrates." Notes of the Academy of Sciences 60 329.

Nikolsky, G. V. (1938). "Fishes of Tajikistan" Moscow-Leningrad: Academy of Science of the USSR.

Nikolsky, G. V. (1956). "Fishes of Amur River basin. Results of Amur Ichthyological Expedition of 1944-1949" Moscow: USSR Academy of Sciences.

Nile Basin, I. (2003) "Nile Basin Initiative Shared Vision Program" <www.nilebasin.org >(2003)

Nimoho, L. (2000). "Freshwater fishes and Crustaceans of Vanuatu" Port Villa: Environment Unit Vanuatu.

Nishida, M., Kwanabe, H., Hori, M., et al. (1997) Phylogenetic relationships and evolution of Tanganyikan cichlids: A molecular perspective. (pp. 1-23) Kyoto, Japan: Kyoto University Press.

Njuguna, S. G. (1984) Aquatic plant life in Kenya: Status and perspectives for future research. Nairobi, Kenya: National Museums of Kenya..

Nkotagu, H. H. () "The Malagarasi wetland environmental project (MWEP): Human impacts on the Malagarasi wetland". Tanzania. University of Dar Es - Salaam.

Noble, Allen (1967). "Geographical aspects of the agriculture of Santa Catarina State, Brazil" The Ohio Journal of Science 67(5) 257-273.

Noble, R. G. and Hemens, J. (1978) "Inland water ecosystems in South Africa: A review of research needs. South African National Scientific Programmes Report No. 34". Pretoria, South Africa. CSIR.

Nordenskiöld, A. E. (1881). "Vegas färd kring Asien och Europa. 1-2. Jemte en historisk återblick på föregående resor längs gamla verldens nordkust." Stockholm: FG Beijers förlag.

Nordmann, A. von (1840). "Observations sur la faune pontique. In: A. de Démidoff. Voyage dans la Russie méridionale et la Crimée. Vol. II. Paris. Voyage dans la Russie méridionale et la Crimée, Atlas"

Norrgren, L., Pettersson, U., Orn, S., et al. (2000). "Environmental monitoring of the Kafue River, located in the copperbelt, Zambia" Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 38(3) 334-341.

Norris, S. M. and Minckley, W. L. (1997). "Two new species of Etheostoma (Osteichthys: Percidae) from central Coahuila, northern Mexico" Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwaters 8(2) 159 - 176.

Norris, S. M. and Teugels, G. G. (1990). "A new species of Ctenopoma (Pisces, Anabantidae) from southeastern Nigeria" Copeia 2 492-499.

Noss, R. F. (1992). "The Wildlands Project: Land conservation strategy" Wild Earth Special Issue: The Wildlands Project 10-25.

Noss, R. F. (1993)"Wildlife Corridors" In D. S. Smith and P. C. Hellmund (Ed.). Ecology of Greenways. (pp. 43-68) Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press..

Noss, Reed F.;Cooperrider, Allen Y. (1994). "Saving nature's legacy: Protecting and restoring biodiversity" Washington, DC, USA: Island Press.

Novomodniy G. and Mednikova A.A. (Ed.) (2004). "Fish biodiversity of the Amur river and adjacent rivers fresh waters"

Novoselov, A. P. (2000). "Modern state of fish communities in water bodies of EuropeanNorth-East of Russia (Abstract of Doctoral Thesis)" Unpublished Thesis. VNIPRKh: Moscow

Nunavut, P. (). "Thelon Heritage River - Overview" (2007; www.nunavutparks.com/parks-special-places/thelon-heritage-river/overview.aspx).

Nyman, L. (1991) "Conservation of freshwater fish: protection of biodiversity and genetic variability in aquatic ecosystems". Drottingholm, Sweden. Institute of Freshwater Research.

O'Hagan, T. (1989). "Southern African wildlife" Cape Town, South Africa: The Reader's Digest Association.

O'Keeffe, J. H., Danilewitz, D. B. and Bradshaw, J. A. (1987). "An 'expert system' approach to the assessment of the conservation status of rivers" Biological Conservation 40 69-84.

O'Keeffe, J. H., Davies, B. R., King, J. M., et al. (1989)"The conservation status of southern African rivers" In B. J. Huntley (Ed.). Biotic diversity in southern Africa. (pp. 226-289) Cape Town, South Africa: Oxford University Press.

O'Keeffe, J. H., Uys, M. and Bruton, M. N. (1992)"Freshwater systems" In R. F. Fuggle and M. A. Rabie (Ed.). Environmental management in South Africa. (pp. 277-315) Cape Town, South Africa: Juta & Co. Ltd.

O'Reilly, C. M., Alin, S. R., Plisnier, P. D., et al. (2003). "Climate change decreases aquatic ecosystem productivity of Lake Tanganyika, Africa" Nature 424 766-768.

O. Huber and Alarcón, C. (1988) "Mapa de vegetación de Venezuela.1:2,000,000.". Caracas, Venezuela: Ministerio del Ambiente y de los Recursos Naturales Renovables.

Oak Ridge National, L. (2002) "LandScan Global Population 2002 Database" <http://www.ornl.gov/sci/gist/landscan/ >(2003)

Oberdorff, T., Guegan, J. F. and Hugueny, B. (1995). "Global scale patterns of fish species richness in rivers" Ecography 18(4) 345-352.

Obregón-Barbosa, H., Contreras-Balderas, S. and Lozano-Vilano, M. L. (1994). "The fishes of Northern and Central Veracruz, México" Hydrobiologia (Belgium) 286 79-95.

Odusile, W. (2001) "Battling the weeds of destruction" <http://www.thisdayonline.com/archive/2001/03/26/20010326fea01.html >(2001)

Ogly, Z. P.,Klishko, O. K.;Dobrynina, N. A. (1998). "Biodiversity of aquatic ecosystems of Transbaikalia" Novosibirsk: Sibirskoye Otdelenie RAN.

Ogutu-Ohwayo, R. (1990). "The decline of the native fishes of lakes Victoria and Kyoga (East Africa) and the impact of introduced species, especially the Nile perch, Lates niloticus, and the Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus" Environmental Biology of Fishes 27 81-96.

Oil Spill Intelligence, R. (1999) "Largest tanker spills, International oil spill statistics" <http://www.coltoncompany.com/shipping/statistics/spillstanker.htm >(2003)

Ojany, F. F.;Ogendo, R. B. (1973). "Kenya: A study in physical and human geography" Nairobi, Kenya: Longman Kenya Ltd..

Ojaveer, E., Pihu, E. and Saat, T. (Ed.) (2003). "Fishes of Estonia" Tallinn: Estonian Academy Publishers.

Okedi, J., Chale, F. and Basasibwaki, P. (1974) "Annual report, The Kagera Rivers: Preliminary observation units on fishery and limnology". Uganda. East Africa Freshwater Fisheries Research Organization (EAFFRO).

Olaleye, V. F., Akintunde, E. A. and Akinyemiju, O. A. (1993). "Effect of a herbicidal control of water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) on fish composition and abundance in the Kofawei Creek, Ondo State, Nigereia" Journal of Environmental Management 38(2) 85-97.

Olivier, J.-M.,Carrel, G.,Lamouroux, N.,Dole-Olivier, M.-J.,Malard, F.,Bravard, J.-P.;Amoros, Cl. (2009)"The Rhône River Basin" In Tockner, K.;Uehlinger, U.;Robinson, C.T. (Ed.). Rivers of Europe. (pp. 247-296) London, UK: Academic Press.

Olivier, K. (2001) "The ornamental fish market. FAO/GLOBEFISH Research Program 67". Rome, Italy. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Olivry, J. C., Chouret, A., Vuillaume, G., et al. (1996) Hydrologie du lac Tchad, Monographie Hydrologique, 12. Paris: ORSTOM.

Olson, D. M. and Dinerstein, E. (1998). "The global 200: A representation approach to conserving the Earth's most biologically valuable ecoregions" Conservation Biology 12(3) 502-515.

Olson, D. M., Dinerstein, E., Wikramanayake, E. D., et al. (2001). "Terrestrial ecoregions of the worlds: A new map of life on Earth" Bioscience 51(11) 933-938.

Olson, D. M.,Dinerstein, E.,Canevari, P.,Davidson, I.,Castro, G.,Morisset, V.,Abell, R.;Toledo, E. (1998). "Freshwater biodiversity of Latin America and the Caribbean: A conservation assessment" Washington, DC, USA: Biodiversity Support Program.

Omer-Cooper, J. (1930). "Dr. Hugh Scott’s expedition to Abyssinia- A preliminary investigation of the freshwater fauna of Abyssinia" Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. Part I: 195-207.

Omernik, J. M. (1987). "Ecoregions of the Conterminous United-States" Annals of the Association of American Geographers 77(1) 118-125.

Omernik, J. M. (1995)"Ecoregions: a spatial framework for environmental management" In W. S. Davis and T. P. Simon (Ed.). Biological assessment and criteria: tools for water resource planning and decision making. (pp. 49-62) Boca Raton: Lewis Publishers.

Omernik, J. M. (2004). "Perspectives on the nature and definition of ecological regions" Environmental Management 34 S27-S38.

Omernik, J. M. and Bailey, R. G. (1997). "Distinguishing between watersheds and ecoregions" Journal of the American Water Resources Association 33(5) 935-949.

Ondieki, C. M. (2000) "Impact of climatic and hydrological changes on biodiversity of the Kenyan Rift Valley Lakes, GEF Rift Valley Lakes project". Nairobi, Kenya. National Museums of Kenya.

Ono, R. D.,Williams, J. D.;Wagner, A. (1983). "Vanishing fishes of North America" Washington, DC, USA: Stone Wall Press, Inc..

Onu, N. C. H. (2003). "The oil rich Niger Delta region: A framework for improved performance of the Nigerian regulatory process" Ambio 32(4) 325-326.

Orange, D. (1992). "Hydroclimatology of the Fouta Djalon massif and present dynamics of an old lateritic landscape" Science Geologiques 93

Orange, D. (1998). "Matter transports in humid tropical watershed in a forested area: the Uele river in Zaïre"

Orbe-Mendoza, A. and Acevedo-G, J. (2002)"El Lago de Pátzcuaro" In G. de-la-Lanza-Espino and J. L. García-Calderón (Ed.). Lagos y Presas de México. (pp. 127-148) México: AGT Editor.

Orme, A. R. (1996)"Coastal environments" In W. M. Adams, A. S. Goudie and A. R. Orme (Ed.). The physical geography of Africa. (pp. 238-266) Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Ortega, H. (1991). "Adiciones y correcciones a la lista anotada de los peces continentales del Peru" Publicaciones del Museo de Historia Natural UNMSM 39 1-6.

Ortega, H. (1992). "Biogeografia de los peces de aguas continentals del Peru, con especial referencia a especies registradas a altitudes superiores a los 1000 m" Memorias del Museo de Histori Natural UNSM 21 39-45.

Ortega, H. (1996)"Ictiofauna del Parque Nacional Manu, Peru" In D. E. Wilson and A. Sandoval (Ed.). Manu: the biodiversity of Southeastern Peru. (pp. 453-481) Lima, Peru: Smithsonian Institution.

Ortega, H. and Vari, R. P. (1986). "Annotated checklist of the freshwater fishes of Peru" Smithsonian Contribution to Zoology (437) 25.

Ortega, H., Mojica, J. I., Alonso, J. C., et al. (2006). "Listado de los peces de la cuenca del río Putumayo en su sector colombo-peruano" Biota Colombiana 7(1) 95-112.

Ortega, H.;Rham, P. (2003)"Peces del Río Alto Purus" In Pitman, R. L.;Pitman, N.;Alvarez, P. (Ed.). Alto Purús: Biodiversidad, Conservación y Manejo. (pp. 85-86, App 310-313) Lima, Peru: Center for Tropical Conservation.

Ortega-Lara, A. and Lehmann, P. A. (2006). "Cruciglanis, a new genus of Pseudopimelodid catfish (Ostariophysi: Siluriformes) with description of a new species from the Colombian Pacific coast" Neotropical Ichthyology 4(2) 147-156.

Ortega-Lara, A., Usma, J. S., Bonilla, P. A., et al. (2006). "Peces de la cuenca alta del río cauca, Colombia" Biota Colombiana 7(1) 39-54.

Ortega-Lara, A., Usma, J. S., Bonilla, P. A., et al. (2006). "Peces de la cuenca del río Patía, Vertiente del Pacífico Colombiano" Biota Colombiana 7(2) 179-190.

Ostroumov, A. A. (1964). "On findings of pike and other freshwater fishes of the Anadyr' zoogeographic district in water bodies of Kamchatka" Vopr. Ichthyol 4(2) 385-386.

Oswood, M. W., Reynolds, J. B., Irons, J. G., et al. (2000). "Distributions of freshwater fishes in ecoregions and hydroregions of Alaska" Journal of the North American Benthological Society 19(3) 405-418.

Owen, R. B., Crossley, R., Johnson, T. C., et al. (1990). "Major low levels of Lake Malawi and their implications for speciation rates in cichlid fishes" Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 240 519-553.

Owen, R. J. (1994)"Irrigation and cultivation in dambo wetlands in Zimbabwe" In T. Matiza and S. A. Crafter (Ed.). Wetlands ecology and priorities for conservation in Zimbabwe. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN.

Oyakawa, O. T. (1993). "Cinco espécies novas de Harttia Steindachner, 1876 de região sudeste do Brasil, e comentários sobre o gênero (Teleostei, Siluriformes, Loricariidae)" Comunicação do Museu de Ciências da PUCRS, Serie Zoologica 6 3-27.

Oyakawa, O. T., Akama, A. and Zanata, A. M. (2005). "Review of the genus Hypostomus Lacépède, 1803 from rio Ribeira de Iguape basin, with description of a new species (Pisces, Siluriformes, Loricariidae)" Zootaxa 921 1-27.

Oyakawa, O. T.,Akama, A.,Mautari, K. C.;Nolasco, J. C. (2006). "Peixes de riachos da mata atlântica" Pinheiros, SP: Editora Neotropica.

Oyebande, L. and Balogun, I. (1996)"Environmentally sound management of the Niger River system" In A. M. Shady, M. El-Moattassem, E. A. Abdel-Hafiz and A. K. Biswas (Ed.). Management and development of major rivers. (pp. 200-218) Calcutta: Oxford University Press.

O’Connor, C., Marvier, M. and Kareiva, P. (2003). "Biological versus social, economic, and political priority setting in conservation" Ecology Letters 6 706-711.

Pachur, H. J. and Rottinger, F. (1997). "Evidence for a large extended paleolake in the eastern Sahara as revealed by space-borne radar lab images" Remote Sensing of Environment 61(3) 437-440.

Page, L. M. and Burr, B. M. (1991). "A field guide to freshwater fishes: North America north of Mexico" New York, NY: Houghton Mifflin Co..

Page, L. M., and B. M. Burr (1991). "A field guide to freshwater fishes: North America north of Mexico" New York, NY: Houghton Mifflin Co..

Page, T. J., Sharma, S. and Hughes, J. M. (2004). "Deep phylogenetic structure has conservation implications for ornate rainbowfish (Melanotaeniidae: Rhadinocentrus ornatus) in Queensland, eastern Australia" Marine and Freshwater Research 55 165-172.

Pakarinen, P. (1995). "Classification of boreal mires in Finland and Scandinavia: A review" Vegetatio 118 29-38.

Palfreman, A., Goddard, S., Al-Oufi, H., et al. (2001) Poverty and fisheries development: Lessons from West Africa. (pp. 39-48) Muscat, Sulanate of Oman: Sultan Qaboos University.

Palmer, C. G. (1999). "The application of ecological research in the development of a new water law in South Africa" Journal of the North American Benthological Society 18 132-142.

Palmer, C. G., Berold, R., Muller, W. J., et al. (2002) "Some for all forever: Water ecosystems and people. Report No TT176/02". Gezina, South Africa. Water Research Commission.

Pan, J.-H. (Ed.) (1991). "The freshwater fishes of Guangdong province" Guangdong, China: Guangdong Science and Technology Press.

Pan-African News, A. (2000) "Niger wants to build a power dam on River Niger" <http://allafrica.com/stories/printable/20010110368.html >

Panafrican News, A. (2001) "U.N. report blames allies of exploiting resources" <http://allafrica.com/stories/printable/200104180178.html >(2001)

Parenti, L. R. (1984). "A taxonomic revision of the Andean killifish genus Orestias (Cyprinodontiformes, Cyprinodontidae)" Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 178 (art. 2) 107-214.

Parisi, B., J.G. Lundberg and DoNascimiento, C. (2006). "Propimelodus caesius a new species of long-finned pimelodid catfish (Teleostei: Siluriformes) from the Amazon basin, South America" Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila 155 67-78.

Parker, V. (2001)"Mozambique" In L. D. C. Fishpool and M. I. Evans (Ed.). Important bird areas in Africa and associated islands: Priority sites for conservation. (pp. 627-638) Newbury and Cambridge, UK: Pisces Publications and BirdLife International (Birdlife Conservation Series No. 11).

Parris, R. (1984). "Pans, rivers and artificial waterholes in the protected areas of the south-western Kalahari" Supplement to Koedoe 1984 63-82.

Parris, R. (1988). "Important role of the Kalahari Pans" African Wildlife 24 234-237.

Passmore, N. I.;Carruthers, V. C. (1995). "South African frogs" Johannesburg, South Africa: Southern Book Publishers and Witwatersrand University Press.

Patterson, G. and Makin, J. (1998) The state of biodiversity in Lake Tanganyika: A literature review. Chatham, UK: Natural Resources Institute.

Paulo, J. and Ramírez, A. (1997). "Distribución espacio-temporal de la ictiofauna del Río Cutzamala, Michoacán, México" Rev. Biol. Trop. 45(2) 84-88.

Pavanelli, C. S. (1999). "REVISÃO TAXONÔMICA DA FAMÍLIA PARODONTIDAE (OSTARIOPHYSI: CHARACIFORMES)" Unpublished PhD. CENTRO DE CIÊNCIAS BIOLÓGICAS E DA SAÚDE UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DE SÃO CARLOS: São Carlos, SP

Pavanelli, C. S. and Oliveira, C. A. M. (1997). "A redescription of Astyanax gymnodontus (Eigenmann, 1911), new combination, a polymorphic characid fish from the rio Iguaçu basin, Brazil" Neotropical Ichthyology 7(4) 569-578.

Pavlov, D. S., Savvaitova, K. A. and Gruzdeva, M. A. (Ed.) (1999). "Diversity of fishes of Taimyr" Moscow: Nauka.

Pavlovskaya, L. P. (1982). "Economically important fish of the lower Amu-Darya and hydrological structures" Tashkent: FAN.

Pavlovskaya, L. P. (1990). "Fish in terminal water bodies receiving discharges from irrigation systems" Tashkent: FAN.

Pavlovskaya, L. P. and Zholdasova, I. M. (1991). "Man-induced changes in fish populations of the Amu-Darya" Vopr.Ikhtiol. 31(4) 585-595.

Payne, A. I. (Ed.) (1986). "The ecology of tropical lakes and rivers" U.K.: John Wiley & Sons.

Peck, S.,A. Ruiz-Baliu;G. Garces Gonzalez (1998). "The cave-inhabiting beetles of Cuba (Insects Coleoptera) diversity, distribution, and ecology" Journal of Cave and Karst Studies 60(3) 156-166.

Peel, M. C., Finlayson, B. L. and McMahon, T. A. (2007). "Updated world map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification" Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 11 1633–1644.

Peet, R. K. (1988)"Forests of the Rocky Mountains" In M. G. Barbour and W. D. Billings (Ed.). North American Terrestrial Vegetation. (pp. 63-102) Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Péfaur, J.E. (1982). "Dynamics of plant communities in the Lomas of southern Peru" Vegetatio 49(3) 163-171.

Pellegrin, J. (1933). "Les poissons des eaux douces de Madagascar et des îles voisines" Tananarive, Madagascar: Mém. Acad. Malgache, Vol. 14.

Pellegrin, J. (1934). "La faune ichtyologique des eaux douces de Madagascar" Ann. Soc. Nat. Zool. 27 425-432.

Penry, H. (1994). "Bird atlas of Botswana" Pietermaritzburg, South Africa: University of Natal Press.

Perdices, A., E. Bermingham, A. Mantilla, et al. (2002). "Evolutionary history of the genus Rhamdia (Teleostei, Pimelodidae) in Central America." Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 25(1) 172-189.

Pereira, E. H. L. and Oyakawa, O. T. (2003). "Isbrueckerichthys epakmos, a new species of loricariid catfish from the rio Ribeira de Iguape basin, Brazil (Teleostei: Siluriformes)" Neotropical Ichthyology 1(1) 3-9.

Pereira, E. H. L. and Reis, R. E. (1992). "Hemipsilichthys vestigipinnis sp. n. (Teleostei, Siluriformes) a New Loricariid Catfish from the Rio Uruguay Basin, Southern Brazil" Revue Francese de Aquariologie 18(4) 111-116.

Pereira, E. H. L. and Reis, R. E. (2002). "Revision of the loricariid genera Hemipsilichthys and Isbrueckerichthys (Teleostei: Siluriformes), with description of five new species of Hemipsilichthys" Ichthyological Explorations of Freshwaters 13(2) 97-146.

Pereira, E. H. L., Reis, R. E., Souza, P. F. M., et al. (). "A new species of the loricariid catfish genus Hemipsilichthys from southern Rio de Janeiro coastal rivers, southern Brazil" Zootaxa 285 1-10.

Perez, R., R. Condit, S. Aguilar, et al. (1996). "Inventory of vegetation on Coiba Island, Panama: Composition and floristics" Revista de Biologia Tropical 44(1) 31-40.

Peters, C. M., Gentry, A. H. and Mendelshon, R. O. (1989). "Valuation of an Amazonian rainforest" Nature 339 655-656.

Peters, H. M. and Berns, S. (1982). "Die Maulbrutpflege der Cichliden. Untersuchungen zur Evolution eines Verhaltensmusters" Journal of Zoological Systematics & Evolutionary Research 20 18-62.

Peters, W. (1868). "Reise nach Mossambique. IV Flussfische" Berlin, Germany: Druck & Verlag.

Pethiyagoda, R. (1991). "Freshwater fishes of Sri Lanka" Colombo, Sri Lanka: Wildlife Heritage Trust.

Petr, T. (1986)"The Volta River system" In B. R. Davies and K. F. Walker (Ed.). The ecology of river systems. (pp. 163-183) Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Dr W. Junk.

Petr, T. and Mitrofanov, V. P. (1998). "The impact on fish stocks of river regulation in Central Asia and Kazakhstan. Lakes & Reservoirs" Research and Management 3 143-164.

Phiri, G. and Navarro, L. A. (2000) "Water hyacinth in Africa and the Middle East: A survey of problems and solutions". Ottawa, Canada. International Development Research Centre.

Phitos, D.,Th. Constantinidis;G. Kamari (2009). "The red data book of rare and threatened plants of Greece" Athens (in Greek): Hellenic Botanical Society.

Pieterse, A. H., Kettunen, M., Diouf, S., et al. (2003). "Effective biological control of Salvinia molesta in the Senegal River by means of the weevil Cyrtobagous salviniae" Ambio 32(7) 458-462.

Pietsch, T. W., Amaoka, K., Stevenson, D. E., et al. (2001). "Freshwater fishes of the Kuril Islands and adjacent regions" Species Diversity 6 133-164.

Pietsch, T. W., Bogatov, V. V., Amaoka, K., et al. (2003). "Biodiversity and biogeography of the islands of the Kuril Archipelago" Journal of Biogeography 30(9) 1297-1310.

Pimentel, D., McNair, S., Janecka, J., et al. (2001). "Economic and environmental threats of alien plant, animal, and microbe invasions" Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment 84(1) 1-20..

Pimm, S. L. (1986)"Community stability and structure" In M. E. Soule (Ed.). Conservation biology: the science of scarcity and diversity. Sunderland, MA, USA: Sinuaer Associates.

Pinhey, E. (1974). "Odonata of the Northwest Cameroons and particularly of the islands stretching southwards from the Guinea Gulf" Bonner Zoologische Beiträge 25 179-212.

Pinhey, E. (1981). "Checklist of the Odonata of Mozambique" Occasional Papers of the National Museums and Monuments 6 557-632.

Pinhey, E. C. G. (1978)"Odonata" In M. J. A. Werger and A. C. van Bruggen (Ed.). The biogeography and ecology of southern Africa. (pp. 1049-1112) The Hague, The Netherlands: Dr. W. Junk.

Pinkava, D. J. (1978)"Vegetation and flora of the Cuatro Cienegas Basin, Coahuila, Mexico" In R. H. Wauer, D.H. Riskind (Ed.). Transactions of the symposium of the biological resources of the Chihuahuan Desert region, United States and Mexico. ((Vol. U.S. National Park Service Transactions and Proceedings Series 3(1977), pp. 327-333) Washington DC: Department of the Interior.

Pinna, M. C. C. and Winemiller, K. O. (2000). "A new species of Ammoglanis (Siluriformes: Trichomycteridae) from Venezuela" Ichthyological Explorations of Freshwaters 11(3) 255-264.

Pires, J. and Prance, G. (1985)"The vegetation types of the Brazilian Amazon" In G. Prance and T. Lovejoy (Ed.). Amazonia, Key Environments. (pp. 109-145) UK: IUCN, Pergamon Press.

Pister, E. P. (1990). "Desert fishes: an interdisciplinary approach to endangered species conservation in North America" Journal of Fish Biology 37 183-187.

Pitman, N., Smith, R. C., Vriesendorp, C., et al. (Ed.) (2004). "Perú: Ampiyacu, Apayacu, Yaguas, Medio Putumayo" 12 Chicago, IL: The Field Museum.

Pitman, N., Vriesendorp, C. and Moskovits, D. K. (Ed.) (2003). "Perú : Yavarí" 11 Chicago, IL: The Field Museum.

Planquette, P.,P. Keith;Bail, P. Le (1996). "Atlas des Poisons d'eau Douce de Guyane" Paris: Muséum National D'Histoire Naturelle.

Pligin, Yu V.,Goncharenko, N. I.,Pashkova, O. V.,Dolinskiy, V. L.;Matchinskaya, S. F. (2002)"Modern distribution of Caspian complex fauna in the Dnieper and its reservoirs" In Actual problems of reservoirs. (pp. 235-237) Borok: Institute of Inland Waters Biology of RAS.

Ploeg, A. (1991). "Revision of the South American cichlid genus Crenicichla Heckel, 1840, with descriptions of fifteen new species and considerations on species groups, phylogeny and biogeography (Pisces, Perciformes, Cichlidae)" Unpublished Thesis. Univ. Amsterdam, Netherlnads.

Poddubnyy, A. G. (1978)"Fish fauna" In N. V. Butorin and F. D. Mordukhay-Boltovskoy (Ed.). Volga and its life. (pp. 228-247) Leningrad: Nauka.

Podlesny, A. V. (1958). "Fishes of Enisei, their biology and exploitation" Izvestiya NIORKh 44 97-177.

Podushka, S. B. (1999). "Finding of Atlantic sturgeon Acipenser sturio in Ladoga Lake" Scientific Bulletin of Laboratory of Ichthyology of INENKO RAS 1 5-10.

Poff, N. L. (1997). "Landscape filters and species traits: Towards mechanistic understanding and prediction in stream ecology" Journal of the North American Benthological Society 16(2) 391-409.

Polhemus, D. A. (1993). "The Heteroptera of Aldabra Atoll and nearby islands, western Indian Ocean, Part 2: Freshwater Heteroptera (Insecta): Corixidae, Notonectidae, Veliidae, Gerridae and Mesoveliidae" Atoll Research Bulletin 381 1-9.

Polhemus, D. A., Maciolek, J. and Ford, J. (1992). "An ecosystem classification of inland waters for the tropical Pacific islands" Micronesica 25(2) 155-173.

Polhemus, D.A.,England, R.A.;Allen, G.R. (2004) "Freshwater biotas of New Guinea and nearby islands: analysis of endemism, richness, and threats. Bishop Museum Technical Report 31". Honolulu, HI. Bishop Museum.

Poll, M. (1939). "Les poissons du Stanley Pool" Ann. Mus. Congo Belge Terv., C. Zool., sér. I Tome IV(1) 60 pp., 36 figs.

Poll, M. (1959). "Recherches sur la faune ichthyologique de la region du Stanley Pool" Annales du Musée Royal du Congo Belize 71 75-174.

Poll, M. (1967). "Contribution à la faune ichthyologique de l´Angola" Lisbon: Diamang.

Poll, M. (1976). "Poissons.Exploration du Parc National de l’Upemba" Fondation pour favoriser les Recherches Scientifiques en Afrique 73 1-127.

Poll, M. and Gosse, J. P. (1963). "Contribution a l’etude systematic de la faune ichthyologique du Congo Central" Annales du Musee royal d’Afrique centrale (Sciences Zoologiques) 116 43-111.

Poll, M. and Renson, R. H. (1948). "Les poissons, leur milieu et leur peche au bief superieur du Lualaba" Bulletin Agricole du Congo Belge XXXIX 427-446.

Poll, M., Lanza, B. and Sassi, A. (1972). "Genvre hoveau extraordinaire der Bagridae du fleauve Juba: Pardiglanis tarabini gen.n. sp.n. (Pisces Siluroformes)" Monitore Zoololico Italiano, Firenze, (N.S.) (Suppl.) 4(15) 327-345.

Pöllabauer, C. (1999) "Faune ichtyologique et carcinologique de Nouvelle-Calédonie". Rapport final de l'inventaire des cours d'eau de la Province Sud. ERBIO, pour la Province Sud NC, Direction des Ressources Naturelles.

Pollard, D. A., Ingram, B. A., Harris, J. H., et al. (1990). "Threatened fishes in Australia: An overview" J. Fish Biol. 37(Suppl. A) 67-78.

Polunin O.;M. Walter (1987). "Guida alle vegetazioni d’Europa" Bologna, Italy: Zanichelli.

Ponder, W. F. (2004). "Endemic aquatic macroinvertebrates of artesian springs of the Great Artesian Basin-progress and future directions" Records of the South Australian Museum Monograph Series 7 101-110.

Ponomarev, V. I. and Sidorov, G. P. (2002). "Review of ichthyological and fishery researches in the drainage area of Pechora River" Trudy Komi Nauchnogo Tntra Ural Otddeleniye RAN [Proceedings of Komi Scientific Centre of Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences]. 170 5-33.

Ponte, V., Machado-Allison, A. and Lasso, C. (1999). "La ictiofauna del Delta del Orinoco, Venezuela: una aproximacion a su diversidad" Acta Biol. Venez. 19(3) 25-46.

Popa, L. L. (1977). "Fishes of Moldavia" Kishineu: Karta Moldavenyaska.

Popov, G. (1957). "The vegetation of Socotra" J. Linn. Soc. Botany 55 706-720.

Popta, C.M.L. (1906). "Resultats ichthyologiques des voyages scientifiques de Monsieur le Professeur Dr. A.W. Nieuwenhuis dans le centre de Bornéo (1898 et 1900)" Notes Leyden Muséum 27 1-304.

Por, F. D. (1995). "The Pantanal of Mato Grasso (Brazil): World’s largest wetlands" Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Por, F. D.;Dimentman, C. (1989). "The Legacy of Tethys: an aquatic biogeography of the Levant" 63 Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Porter, J. W. and Muzila, I. L. (1989). "Aspects of swamp hydrology in the Okavango" Botswana Notes and Records 21 73-91.

Postel, S., Carpenter, S. and Daily, G. C. (1997) Freshwater ecosystem services. (pp. 195-214) Washington, DC: Island Press.

Postnikov, V.M. (1965). "On the natural resources of Chukotka lakes (in Russian)" Izvestiya TINRO [TINRO News] 59(227-245)

Poucher, S.;R. Copeland (2006). "Speleological and Karst Glossary of Florida and the Caribbean. Florida: University of Florida Press, 2006." Florida: University of Florida Press.

Pouilly, M., Beck, S. G., Moraes, M. R., et al. (Ed.) (2004). "Diversidad Biológica en la Llanura de Inundacion del Río Mamoré: Importancia Ecológica de la Dinámica Fluvial" Santa Cruz, Bolivia: Centro de Ecología Simón Patiño.

Powell, G., S. Palminteri, C. Locklin, et al. (2001) "Central American pine-oak forests (NT0303)" <http://www.worldwildlife.org/wildworld/profiles/terrestrial/nt/nt0303_full.html>(July 21, 2008)

Poynton, J. C. and Broadley, D. G. (1985). "Amphibia Zambesiaca 1. Scolecomorphidae, Pipidae, Microhylidae, Hemisidae, Arthroleptidae" Annals of the Natal Museum (Pietermaritzburg) 26 503-553.

Poynton, J. C. and Broadley, D. G. (1986). "Amphibia Zambesiaca 2. Ranidae" Annals of the Natal Museum (Pietermaritzburg) 27 115-181.

Poynton, J. C. and Broadley, D. G. (1987). "Amphibia Zambesiaca 3. Rhacophoridae and Hyperoliidae" Annals of the Natal Museum (Pietermaritzburg) 28 161-229.

Poynton, J. C. and Broadley, D. G. (1988). "Amphibia Zambesiaca 4. Bufonidae" Annals of the Natal Museum (Pietermaritzburg) 29 447-490.

Prance, G. T. and Lovejoy, T. E. (1985). "Amazonia" Oxford, UK: Pergamon Press.

Pravdin, I. F. (1954). "Whitefishes of Karelo-Finskaya SSR" Mosow-Leningrad: Izdatel'stvo Academy of Sceince of USSR.

Preston-Whyte, R. A. Tyson P. D. (1988). "The atmosphere and weather of southern Africa" Cape Town, South Africa: Oxford University Press.

Pritchard, J. M. (1971). "Africa: The geography of a changing continent" New York, NY, USA: Africana Publishing Corporation.

Probatov, A. N. (1947). "Fishes of Kuma River" Doklady AN SSR 58(6) 1211-1214.

Procter, D.;L.V. Fleming (eds.) (1999). "Biodiversity: the UK Overseas Territories" Peterborough: Joint Nature Conservation Committee.

Program, I. S. F. B. A. (2003) "Safeguarding biodiversity in Eastern Africa's inland waters: New IUCN/SSC project works to incorporate wildlife values into water resource development planning" <http://www.iucn.org/themes/ssc/programs/freshwater/eastafrica.htm >(2003)

Program, U. N. W. B. E. S. M. A. (2001) "Africa Gas Initiative: Angola Vol. II". Washington, D.C.. World Bank.

Programme, F. A. O. F. R. A. (1999) "Global Forest Cover Map. Working paper 19" <http://www.fao.org/forestry/fo/fra/ >(2001)

Project, Z. (2001)"Madagascar" In L. D. C. Fishpool and M. I. Evans (Ed.). Important bird areas in Africa and associated islands: Priority sites for conservation. (pp. 489-537) Newbury and Cambridge, UK: Pisces Publications and BirdLife International (Birdlife Conservation Series No. 11).

Prokofiev, A. M. (2003). "A new species of the loach genus Dzihunia Prokofiev (Osteichthyes, Balitoridae: Nemacheilinae) from the Talas river basin" Natural Applied Sciences 2 57-63.

Propst, D. L. and Bestgen, K. R. (1991). "Habitat and biology of the loach minnow, Tiaroga cobitis, in New Mexico" Copeia 1991 29-38.

Propst, D. L., Hatch, M. D. and Hubbard, J. P. (1985) "White Sands pupfish (Cyprinodon tularosa)". New Mex. Dept. Game and Fish, Handbook Spec. Ed. in New Mexico: FISH/CT/CY/TU:1-2.

Propst, D. L., Stefferud, J. A. and Turner, P. R. (1992). "Conservation and status of Gila trout (Oncorhynchus gilae)" The Southwestern Naturalist 37 117-125.

Proudlove, G. S. (1997). "A synopsis of the hypogean fishes of the world" Paper presented at the Proceedings of the 12th International Congress of Speleology. Vol. 3. Symposium 9: Biospeleology

Proudlove, G. S. (2006). "Subterranean fishes of the world. An account of the subterranean (hypogean) fishes described to 2003 with a bibliography 1541–2004" Moulis: International Society for Subterranean Biology.

Provenzano, F. R. (1995). "Leporacanthicus galaxias Isbrüker y Nijssen (1989) (Pisces: Siluriformes: Loricariidae) nueva cita de un bagre loricarido para Venezuela" Acta Biologica Venezuelica 15(3-4) 97-98.

Provenzano, F. R., Lasso, C. A. and Ponte, V. (1995). "Neblinichthys roraima, a new species of armored catfish (Siluroidei: Loricariidae) from río Kukenan, Venezuela, with considerations about the biogeography of the Guyana Shield" Ichthyological Explorations of Freshwaters 6(3) 243-254.

Puky, M., Schád, P. & Szövényi, G. (2005). "Magyarország herpetológiai atlasza/Herpetological atlas of Hungary" Budapest: Varangy Akciócsoport Egyesület.

Pusch, M.,H.E. Andersen,J. Bäthe,H. Behrendt,H. Fischer,N. Friberg,A. Gancarczyk,C.C. Hoffmann,J. Hachot,B. Kronvang,F. Nowacki,M.S. Pedersen,L. Sandin,F. Schöll,M. Schotlen,S. Stendera,L..M. Svendsen,E. Wnuk-Glawdel;C. Wolter (2009)"Rivers of the Central European Highlands and Plains" In Tockner, K.;U. Uehlinger;C.T. Robinson (Ed.). Rivers of Europe. (pp. Pp 525-576) London, UK: Academic Press.

Pusey, B. J. (1989). "Aestivation in the teleost fish Lepidogalaxias salamandroides (Mees)" Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 92A 137- 138.

Pusey, B. J. (1990). "Seasonality, aestivation and the life history of the salamanderfish Lepidogalaxias salamandroides (Pisces: Lepidogalaxiidae)" Environmental Biology of Fishes 29 15-26.

Pusey, B. J. and Stewart, T. (1989). "Internal fertilization in Lepidogalaxias salamandroides Mees (Pisces: Lepidogalaxiidae)" Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 97 69-79.

Pusey, B.,Kennard, M.;Arthington, A. (2004). "Freshwater Fishes of North-Eastern Australia" Melbourne: CSIRO Publishing.

Quammen, D. (1996). "The song of the dodo: island biogeography in an age of extinction" New York, NY, USA: Touchstone.

Quensière, J. I. (1994). "La pêche dans le Delta Central du Niger" Paris, France: Karthala.

Quigley, D.T.G.;K. Flannery (1996)"Endangered freshwater fish in Ireland" In A. Kirchhofer;D. Hefti (Ed.). Conservation of endangered freshwater fish in Europe. Basel, Switzerland: Birkhäuser Verlag.

Quirós, R., Bechara, J. A. and Resende, E. K. d. (2007). "Fish diversity and ecology, habitats and fisheries for the und-dammed riverine axis Paraguay-Parana-Rio de la Plata (Southern South America)" Aquatic Ecosystem Health and Management 10(2) 187-200.

Quirós, R.;Drago, E. (1999). "The environmental state of Argentinean lakes: an overview" Lakes & Reservoirs: Research and Management 4 55-64.

Raadik, T. A. (2005). "Dorrigo Plateau – a biodiversity “hot spot” for galaxiids" Fishes of Sahul 19 98-107.

Rabinowitz, P. D., Coffin, M. F. and Falvey, D. (1983). "The separation of Madagascar and Africa" Science 220 304-324.

Ragimov, D. B. (1977). "The distribution and population numbers of some gobies along the eastern coast of the central and southern Caspian" Izvest.Akad. Nauk Azerbaidz. SSSR, Ser. Biol. Nauk, Baku 1977(4) 87-92.

Rainboth, W. J. (1996). "Fishes of the Cambodian Mekong" Rome: FAO.

Rall, J. and Skelton, P. H. (2001) "Conservation of the Maloti minnow (Phase 1): Distribution and conservation status. Final report, contract 1041". Maseru, Lesotho. Lesotho Highlands Development Authority.

Ramdani, M., Flower, R. J., Elkhiati, N., et al. (2001). "North African wetland lakes: Characterization of nine sites included in the CASSARINA project" Aquatic Ecology 35(3-4) 281-302.

Ramdin, T. (1969). "Mauritius, a geographical survey" London, UK: University Tutorial Press.

Ramia, M. (1993). "Ecologia de las sabanas del Estado Cojedes: Relaciones Vegetacion-suelo en sabanas secas" , Caracas.

Ramsar (1999) "Resolutions and recommendations from the 7th Conference of the Contracting Parties of the Wetlands Convention (Ramsar, Iran, 1971), San Jose, Costa Rica, May 1999" <http://www.ramsar.org/key_res_vii_index.htm >(2003)

Ramsar (2000) "United Republic of Tanzania joins the Ramsar convention" <http://www.ramsar.org/w.n.tanzania_joins.htm >(2001)

Ramsar (2002) "Guinea designates six large Ramsar sites in the upper Niger river basin" <http://www.ramsar.org/w.n.guinea_names6.htm >(2003)

Ramsar (2002) "Lake Chad Basin Commission 49th ministerial meeting reaches Ramsar-related decision, 15 January 2002" <http://www.ramsar.org/w.n.chad_lcbc49_e.htm >(2003)

Ramsar (2003) "The Montreux record" <http://www.ramsar.org/key_montreux_record.htm >

Rand, McNally (1987). "Universal world atlas" Chicago, USA: Rand McNally and Co..

Rauchenberger, M. (1988). "Historical Biogeography of Poeciliid Fishes in the Caribbean" Systematic Zoology 37(4) 356-365.

Rech, J.A.,Pigati, J.S.,Quade, J.;Betancourt, J.L. (2003). "Re-evaluation of mid-Holocene deposits at Quebrada Puripica, northern Chile" Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 194(2003) 207-222.

Red Data Book of the Russian Federation (2001). "Animals. Vol 1" 1 Moscow: Astrel.

Redmond, I. (2001) "Coltan Boom, Gorilla Bust: The Impact of Coltan Mining on Gorillas and other Wildlife in Eastern DR Congo" <http://www.bornfree.org.uk/coltan/coltan.pdf >(2001)

Refugees, U. S. C. f. (2002) "Worldwide refugee information -- Country report: Tanzania" <http://www.refugees.org/world/countryrpt/africa/tanzania.htm >

Regional Department of Environment of the Canary Islands Autonomous, G. (2001) "Biodiversidad" <http://www.gobcan.es/medioambiente/eng/biodiversidad/ >(2001)

Reid, G. M. (1989) The living waters of Korup rainforest: A hydrobiological survey report and recommendations with emphasis on fish and fisheries. Godalming, UK: World Wide Fund for Nature Publication.

Reid, G. M. (1990). "Threatened fishes of Barombi Mbo: A crater lake in Cameroon" Journal of Fish Biology 37(Supplement A) 209-211.

Reid, G. M. (1996). "Ichthyogeography of the Guinea-Congo rain forest, West Africa" Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, Section B, Biological Sciences 104 285-312.

Reinthal, P. (1993). "Evaluating biodiversity and conserving Lake Malawi’s cichlid fish fauna" Conservation Biology 7(3) 712-718.

Reinthal, P. and Stiassny, M. L. J. (1991). "The freshwater fishes of Madagascar: A study of an endangered fauna with recommendations for a conservation strategy" Conservation Biology 5 231-243.

Reis, R. E. (1983). "The Genus Rineloricaria Bleeker, 1862 in Eastern Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil, with descriptions of six new species (Pisces, Siluriformes, Loricariidae)" Unpublished Bachelors. Ciencias Biológicas UFRGS: Porto Alegre

Reis, R. E. (1997). "Revision of the neotropical catfish Hoplosternum (Ostariophysi:Siluriformes:Callichthyidae), with the description of two new genera and three new species" Ichthyological Explorations of Freshwaters 7(4) 299-326.

Reis, R. E. and Cardoso, A. R. (2001). "Two new species of Rineloricaria from southern Santa Catarina and northern Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil (Teleostei: Loricariidae)" Ichthyological Explorations of Freshwaters 12(4) 319-332.

Reis, R. E. and Schaefer, S. A. (1992). "Eurychilus pantherinus (Siluroidei: loricariidae), a new Genus ans Species of Hypoptomatinae from Southern Brazil" Copeia (1) 215-223.

Reis, R. E. and Schaefer, S. A. (1998). "New Cascudinhos from Southern Brazil: Systematics, Endemism and Relationships (Siluriformes, loricariidae, Hypoptomatinae)" American Museum Novitates (3254) 1-25.

Reis, R. E., Kullander, S. O. and Ferraris, C. J., Jr. (Ed.) (2003). "Check List of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America" Porto Alegre, RS: Edipucrs.

Reis, R. E., Lucena, Z. M. S., Lucena, C. A. S., et al. (2004)"Peixes" In C. S. Fontana, G. A. Bencke and R. E. Reis (Ed.). Livro Vermelho da Fauna Ameaçada de Extinção no Rio Grande do Sul. (pp. 117-145) Porto Alegre, RS: Edipucrs.

Reis, R. E., Pereira, E. H. L. and Armbruster, J. W. (2006). "Delturinae, a new loricariid catfish subfamily (Teleostei,Siluriformes), with revisions of Delturus and Hemipsilichthys" Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 147(2) 277-299.

Reis, R. E., Weber, C. and Malabarba, L. R. (1990). "Review of the genus Hypostomus Lacépède, 1803 from Southern Brazil, with descriptions of three new species (Pisces, Siluriformes, Loricariidae)" Revue Suisse Zool. 97(3) 729-766.

Reis, R., Kullander, S. and Ferraris, C. (Ed.) (2003). "Check List of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America" Porto Alegre, Brazil: EDIPUCRS.

Remane, K. (1997). "African inland fisheries, aquaculture, and environment" Oxford, UK: Fishing News Books.

République Démocratique du, C. (1998) "Stratégie Nationale et Plan d’Action de la Biodiversité. Project ZAI/96/G31/C/1G/99" <http://bch-cbd.naturalsciences.be/congodr/cdr-fra/contribution/strataction/strategie/conserv.htm. >(2002)

République Démocratique du, C. (2002) "RD Congo's Inga Dam could power-up much of southern Africa" <http://www.rdcongogov.info/BusinessIngaPwrUp.html. >(2002)

Resende, E. K. (2003)"Migratory fishes of the Paraguay-Paraná basin excluding the Upper Paraná basin" In J. Carolsfield, B. Harvey, C. Ross, A. Baer and (Editors) (Ed.). Migratory Fishes of South America: Biology, Fisheries, and Conservation Status. (pp. Pp. 99–156) Washington DC: World Fisheries Trust/World Bank/IDRC.

Retzer, M. E. and Page, L. M. (1997). "Systematics of the stick catfishes, Farlowella Eigenmann & Eigenmann (Pisces, Loricariidae)" Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila 147 33-88.

Reuters (2000) "Planet Ark: Shell says fears fire outbreak from Nigeria oil spill" (2001)

Reuters (2001) "Planet Ark: Congo Okapi park battles miners, poachers, and war" <http://www.planetark.org/dailynewsstory/ >(2001)

Revenga, C., Brunner, J., Henninger, N., et al. (2000) Pilot analysis of global ecosystems: Freshwater systems. Washington, D.C.: World Resources Institute.

Revenga, C.,Murray, S.,Abramovitz, J.;Hammond, A. (1998). "Watersheds of the world: ecological value and vulnerability" Washington, DC, USA: World Resources Institute.

Reynolds, L. F. (1983). "Migration patterns of five fish species in the Murray-Darling River system" Australian Journal of Freshwater and Marine Research 34 857–871.

Ribbink, A. J. (1994)"Lake Malawi" In K. Martens, B. Goddeeris and G. Coulter (Ed.). Speciation in ancient lakes. (pp. 27-33) Stuttgart, Germany: E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagbuschhandlung.

Ribbink, A. J. (2001) "Lake Malawi/Niassa/Nyasa ecogion-based conservation programme: Biophysical reconnaissance". Harare, Zimbabwe. WWF Southern African Regional Programme Office.

Ribera Arismedi, M. (1992)"Regiones ecologicas" In M. Marconi (Ed.). Conservación de la Diversidad Biológica en Bolivia. La Paz, Bolivia: Centro de Datos para la Conservación.

Ricardo, C. K. (1939). "The fishes of Lake Rukwa" Journal of the Linnean Society of London 40(275) 625-657.

Ricciardi, A. and Rasmussen, J. B. (1999). "Extinction rates of North American freshwater fauna" Conservation Biology 13(5) 1220-1222.

Richier, d. F. B., Jaffre, T. and Chazeau, J. (1998). "La Nouvelle Calédonie, vestige du continent de Gondwana" Sauve qui peut 10

Richter, B. D., Mathews, R. and Wigington, R. (2003). "Ecologically sustainable water management: Managing river flows for ecological integrity" Ecological Applications 13(1) 206-224.

Ricketts, T. H., Dinerstein, E., Olson, D. M., et al. (1999). "Who's where in North America? Patterns of species richness and the utility of indicator taxa for conservation" Bioscience 49(5) 369-381.

Ricketts, T. H.,E. Dinerstein,D.M Olson;C.J. Loucks (1999). "Terrestrial ecoregions of North America: A conservation assessment" Washington, D.C.: World Wildlife Fund.

Riek, E. F. (1953). "The Australian freshwater prawns of the family Atyidae" Records of the Australian Museum 23 111-121.

Riley, J. and Huchzermeyer, F. W. (1999). "African dwarf crocodiles in the Likouala swamp forests of the Congo basin: habitat, density, and nesting" Copeia 199(2) 313-320.

Ringuelet, R. A. (1975). "Zoogeografía y ecología de los peces de aguas continentales de la Argentina y consideraciones sobre las áreas ictiológicas de América del Sur" Ecosur 2(1) 1-122.

Ringuelet, R. A.,Aramburu, R. H.;Aramburu, A. A. (1967). "Los Peces Argentinos de Agua Dulce" Buenos Aires: LIBRART.

Rippstein, G., E. Amezquita, G. Escobar, et al. (2001)"Condiciones naturales de la sabana" In G. Rippstein, G. Escobar and F. Motta (Ed.). Agroecologia y Biodiversidad en las sabanas de los LLlanos Orientales de Colombia. (pp. 1-21) Columbia: Publicacion CIAT No 322.

Riseng, K. J. (1997). "The distribution of fishes and the conservation of aquatic resources in Madagascar, M.Sc. Thesis" Unpublished Thesis. University of Michigan.

Rivas, Luis R. (1958). "The Origin, Evolution, Dispersal, and Geographical Distribution of the Cuban Poeciliid Fishes of the Tribe Girardinini”" Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 102(3) 281-320.

Rivas, Luis R. (1986). "Comments on Briggs (1984): Freshwater Fishes and Biogeography of Central America and Antilles" Systematic Zoology 35(4) 633-639.

Roberts, T. R. (1973)"Ecology of fishes in the Amazon and Congo basins" In B. J. Meggers, E. S. A. Ayensu and W. D. Duckworth (Ed.). Tropical Forest Ecosystems in Africa and South America: A Comparative Revue. (pp. 239-254) Washington, DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution Press.

Roberts, T. R. (1975). "Geographical distribution of African freshwater fishes" Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 57 249-319.

Roberts, T. R. and Kullander, S. O. (1994). "Endemic cichlid fishes of the Fwa River, Zaire: systematics and ecology" Ichthyological Explorations of Freshwaters 5(2) 97-154.

Roberts, T. R. and Stewart, D. J. (1976). "An ecological and systematic survey of fishes in the rapids of the lower Zaire or Congo River" Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard 147 239-317.

Robertson, P. (2001)"Guinea-Bissau" In L. D. C. Fishpool and M. I. Evans (Ed.). Important bird areas in Africa and associated islands: Priority sites for conservation. (pp. 403-409) Newbury and Cambridge, UK: Pisces Publications and BirdLife International (Birdlife Conservation Series No. 11).

Robertson, P. (2001)"Somalia" In L. D. C. Fishpool and M. I. Evans (Ed.). Important bird areas in Africa and associated islands: Priority sites for conservation. (pp. 779-792) Newbury and Cambridge, UK: Pisces Publications and BirdLife International (Birdlife Conservation Series No. 11).

Robertson, P. (2001)"Sudan" In L. D. C. Fishpool and M. I. Evans (Ed.). Important Bird Areas in Africa and associated islands: Priority sites for conservation. (pp. 877-890) Newbury and Cambridge, UK: Pisces Publications and BirdLife International (Birdlife Conservation Series No. 11).

Robertson, P. and Essghaier, M. (2001)"Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya" In L. D. C. Fishpool and M. I. Evans (Ed.). Important Bird Areas in Africa and associated islands: Priority sites for conservation. (pp. 481-487) Newbury and Cambridge, UK: Pisces Publications and BirdLife International (Birdlife Conservation Series No. 11).

Robins, C. R., Bailey, R. M., Bond, C. E., et al. (1991) "Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada". Bethesda, Maryland, USA. American Fisheries Society.

Robinson, C. T., Tockner, K. and Ward, J. V. (2002). "The fauna of dynamic riverine landscapes" Freshwater Biology 47(4) 661-677.

Robison, H. W. (1986)"Zoogeographic implications of the Mississippi River Basin" In C. H. Hocutt and E. O. Wiley (Ed.). The zoogeography of North American freshwater fishes. (pp. 267-285) New York, New York, USA: Wiley.

Rocamora, G. and Skerrett, A. (2001)"Seychelles" In L. D. C. Fishpool and M. I. Evans (Ed.). Important bird areas in Africa and associated islands: Priority sites for conservation. (pp. 751-768) Newbury and Cambridge, UK: Pisces Publications and BirdLife International (Birdlife Conservation Series No. 11).

Rocha, M. S., R.R. de Oliveira and Py-Daniel, L. H. R. (2007). "A new species of Propimelodus Lundberg & Parisi, 2002 (Siluriformes: Pimelodidae) from rio Araguaia, Mato Grosso, Brazil" Neotropical Ichthyology 5(3) 279-284.

Röckner, E., Arpe, K., Bengtsson, L., et al. (1996) "The atmospheric general circulation model ECHAM-4: Model description and simulation of present day climate, MPI -Report No. 218". Hamburg, Germany. MPI für Meteorologoie.

Röckner, E., Bengstsson, L., Feichter, J., et al. (1999). "Transient changes with a coupled atmosphere-ocean GCM including the tropospheric sulfur cycle" Climate Change 38 307-343.

Rödel, M. (2000). "Herpetofauna of West Africa, Vol. 1 Amphibians of the West African savanna" Frankfurt, Germany: Chimaira.

Rodgers, W. A., Lovett, J. C. and Wasser, S. K. (1993) The conservation of the forest resources of eastern Africa; past influences, present practices and future needs. (pp. 283-327) New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press.

Rodiles, R.,Díaz-P, E.,Guerra-M, C.,Milán, S.;Espíritu-T, G. (1995). "Resultados sobre la actividad pesquera en la cuenca del Río Usila, Oaxaca. Situación actual y perspectivas" Oaxaca: PAIR – Universidad Nacional A. de México.

Rodiles-Hernandez, R., E. Diaz-Pardo and Lyons, J. (1999). "Patterns in the species diversity and composition of the fish community of the Lacanja River, Chiapas, Mexico" J. Freshwater Ecol. 14(4) 455-468.

Rodiles-Hernández, R., Hendrickson, D. A., Lundberg, J. G., et al. (2005). "Lacantunia enigmatica (Teleostei: Siluriformes): a new and phyllogenetically puzzling freshwater fish from Mesoamerica" Zootaxa 1000 1-24.

Rodiles-Hernández, R., Pardo, E. D. and Lyons, J. (1999). "Patterns in the species diversity and composition of the fish community of the Lacanjá River, Chiapas, Mexico" J. Freshwater Ecol. 14(4) 455 - 468.

Roggeri, H. (1995). "Tropical freshwater wetlands: A guide to current knowledge and sustainable management" Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Rohde, F. C.,Arndt, R. G.,Lindquist, D. G.;Parnell, J. F. (1994). "Freshwater fishes of the Carolinas, Virginia, Maryland, and Delaware" Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA: University of North Carolina Press.

Roman, B. (1971). "Peces de Rio Muni, Guinea Ecuatorial (Aguas dulces y salobres)" Barcelona, Spain: Fundation la Salle de Ciencias Naturales.

Romanov, A. A. (2004). "Vertebrate fauna of the Putorana Plateau" Moscow: State Nature Reserve Putoransky.

Romero, A. (2001). "An introduction to the special volume on the biology of hypogean fishes" Environmental Biology of Fishes 62 7-12.

Romero, Aldemaro;K. Paulson (2001). "It’s a Wonderful Hypogean life: A guide to the troglomorphic fishes of the world" Environmental Biology of Fishes 62 13-41.

Rosa, D. L. C. (1995)"Middle American streams and rivers" In C. E. Cushing, K. W. Cummins, and G. W. Minshal (Ed.). Ecosystems of the world 22: River and stream ecosystems. (pp. 189-217) Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier.

Rosa, F., Simoes, M. and Lagos Costa, F. (1999). "Geographic distribution of the freshwater snails on the island of Santiago (Cape Verde-Cabo Verde)-preliminary data" Garcia De Orta Serie De Zoologia 23(1) 193-201.

Rosa, R. S., Menezes, N. A., Britski, A., et al. (2003)"Diversidade , padrões de distribuição e conservação dos peixes da Caatinga" In I. R. Leal, M. Tabarelli and J. M. C. Silva (Ed.). Ecologia e Conservação da Caatinga. (pp. 135-180) Recife: Editora Universitária UFPE.

Rosegrant, M. W., Cai, X. and Cline, S. A. (2002) "World water and food to 2025: Dealing with water scarcity". Washington, DC, USA. IFPRI.

Rosen, D. E. (1967). "New poeciliid fishes from Guatemala, with comments on the origins of some South and Central American forms" Amer. Mus. Novitates 2303 1-15.

Rosen, D. E. (1970). "A new tetragonopterine characid fish from Guatemala" Am. Mus. Novit. 2435 1-17.

Rosen, D. E. (1972). "Origin of the characid fish genus Bramocharax and a description of a second, more primitive, species in Guatemala" Am. Mus.Novit. 2500 1-21.

Rosen, D. E. (1979). "Fishes from the uplands and intermontane basins of Guatemala: Revisionary studies and comparative geography" Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist 162 267-376.

Rosenzweig, M. (1995). "Species diversity in space and time" Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Ross, J. P. (1998). "Crocodiles. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan, 2nd Edition" Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.: IUCN/SSC Crocodile Specialist Group, IUCN.

Ross, K. (2003). "Okavango: Jewel of the Kalahari" South Africa: Struik Publishers.

Rossignon, O. (1999) "Contribution à l'ecologie des crevettes dulcaquicoles de São Tomé: du cadre limnologique à l'elevage". Faculté Universitaire des Sciences Agronomiques de Gembloux.

Roth, H. H. and Waitkuwait, E. (1986). "Repartition et statut des grandes espèces de mammifères en Côte d'Ivoire. III Lamantins" Mammalia 50(2) 227-242.

Roux, F. and Jarry, G. (1984). "Numbers, composition and distribution of populations of Anatidae wintering in West Africa" Wildfowl 35 48-60.

Roux, J. (1926)"Crustacés décapodes d’eau douce de la Nouvelle-Calédonie" In F. Sarasin and J. Roux (Ed.). Nova Caledonia. ((Vol. A. Zool., 4(2), pp. 181-240) München: Kriedels Verl.

Rowe, J. S. (1972) "Forest Regions of Canada". Ottawa. Canadian Forest Service, Department of Environment..

Rubin, J. A., Gordon, C. and Amatekpor, J. K. (1998). "Causes and consequences of mangrove deforestation in the Volta Estuary, Ghana: some recommendations for ecosystem rehabilitation" Marine Pollution Bulletin 37(8-12) 441-449.

Ruiz-Campos, G. and Contreras-Balderas, S. (1984). "Peces del Río Álamo, Subcuenca del Río Bravo. I. Ictiofauna e ictiogeografía" Desert Fishes Council Proc. XVI 14-35.

Ruiz-Campos, G. and Contreras-Balderas, S. (1987). "Ecological and zoogeographical checklist of the continental fishes of the Baja California peninsula" Proc. Desert Fish Council 17 105-117.

Ruiz-Campos, G. and González-Guzmán, S. (1996). "First freshwater record of the Pacific Lamprey, Lampetra tridentata, from Baja California, México" Calif. Fish & Game 82(3) 144-146.

Ruiz-Campos, G., Contreras-Balderas, S., Lozano-Vilano, M. d. L., et al. (2000). "Ecological and distributional status of the continental fishes of northwestern Baja California, Mexico" Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 99(2) 59-90.

Ruiz-Campos, G., J. L. Castro-Aguirre, S. Contreras-Balderas, et al. (2002). "An annotated distributional checklist of the freshwater fish from Baja California, Mexico" Rev. Fish Biol. and Fish. 12(2-3) 143-155.

Ruiz-Campos, G., S. Contreras-Balderas, M. L. Lozano-Vilano, et al. (2000). "Ecological and distributionalk status of the continental fishes of northwestern Baja California, Mexico" Bull. So.California Acad. Sci. 99(2) 59-90.

Ruiz-Campos, G.,F. Camarena-Rosales,S.Contreras-Balderas,C.A.Reyes-Valdez,J. De La Cruz-Agϋero;E.Torres-Balcazar (2006). "Distribution and Abundance of the Endangered Killifish, Fundulus lima (Teleostei: Fundulidae), in Oases of Central Baja California Peninsula, México" The Southwestern Naturalist 51(4) 502-509.

Ryan, P. A. (1980). "A checklist of the brackish and freshwater fish of Fiji" S.Pac.J.Nat.Sci. 1 59-71.

Ryan, P. A. (1991). "The success of the Gobiidae in tropical Pacific insular streams" New Zealand Journal of Zoology 18 25-30.

Rzóska, J. (1974). "The upper Nile swamps, a tropical wetland study" Freshwater Biology 4 1-30.

Rzóska, J. (1978). "On the nature of rivers with case stories of Nile, Zaire and Amazon" The Hague, The Netherlands: Dr W Junk.

Rzóska, J. (1980). "Euphrates and Tigris: Mesopotamian ecology and destiny" Monographiae Biologicae 38 122.

Rzóska, J. (1984)"Temporary and other waters" In J. L. Cloudsley-Thompson (Ed.). Sahara Desert. (pp. 105-114) Oxford, UK: Pergamon Press.

Rzóska, J. (1985)"The water quality and hydrobiology of the Niger" In A. T. Grove (Ed.). The Niger and its neighbors. (pp. 77-98) The Netherlands: A. A. Balkema.

S. Contreras-Balderas, G. Ruiz-Campos, J. J. Schmitter-Soto, et al. (2008). "Freshwater fishes and water status in Mexico: a country-wide appraisal" Aquatic Ecosystem Health and Management 11(2008) 246–256.

Saadati, M. A. G. (1977). "Taxonomy and distribution of the freshwater fishes of Iran" Unpublished Thesis. Colorado State University: Fort Collins

Sabaj, M. H. (2005). "Taxonomic assessment of Leptodoras (Siluriformes: Doradidae) with descriptions of three new species" Neotropical Ichthyology 3(4) 637-678.

Sabater, S.,Feio, M.J.,Graça, M.A.S.,Muñoz, I.;Romaní, A.M. (2009)"The Iberian Rivers" In Tockner, K.;Uehlinger, U.;Robinson, C.T. (Ed.). Rivers of Europe. London, UK: Elsevier.

Sabodash, V. M.,Kulakov, V. V.,Smirnov, A. I.,Movchan, Yu V.;Rabtsevich, Yu S. (1993). "Modern state of fish fauna in water bodies of the Bug Region and the necessity of its conservation and rehabilitation" Kiev: Institute of Zoology AN Ukraine.

Sada, D. W., Britten, H. B. and Brussard, P. F. (1995). "Desert aquatic ecosystems and the genetic and morphological diversity of Death Valley System speckled dace" American Fisheries Society Symposium 17 350-359.

Sadc () "Pre-feasibility study of future developments and management options on the lower Orange River" <http://www.sadcwscu.org.ls/programme/rsap/prog_regionalstrag_pcn30-22.htm >(2002)

Sadowsky, A. (1934). "Caspialosa tanaica palaeostomi n. ssp.-- Eine neue Unterart aus der Paläostom-Lagune (Rion-Mündung, West-Georgien)" Trudy Zoologicheskogo Sektora, Akademija Nauk SSSR, Zakavkazskij Fillal 1 135-141.

Safford, R. J. (2001)"The Comoros" In L. D. C. Fishpool and M. I. Evans (Ed.). Important bird areas in Africa and associated islands: Priority sites for conservation. (pp. 185-190) Newbury and Cambridge, UK: Pisces Publications and BirdLife International (Birdlife Conservation Series No. 11).

Safford, R. J. (2001)"Mayotte" In L. D. C. Fishpool and M. I. Evans (Ed.). Important bird areas in Africa and associated islands: Priority sites for conservation. (pp. 597-601) Newbury and Cambridge, UK: Pisces Publications and BirdLife International (Birdlife Conservation Series No. 11).

Safford, R. J. (2001)"Mauritius" In L. D. C. Fishpool and M. I. Evans (Ed.). Important bird areas in Africa and associated islands: priority sites for conservation.. (pp. 597-601) Newbury and Cambridge, UK: Pisces Publications and Birdlife International (Birdlife Conservation Series No. 11).

Salnikov, V. B. (1998). "Translocations of fishes in Turkmenistan" Vopr. Ikhtiol. 38(5) 615-626.

Salvig, J. C., Asbirk, S., Kjeldsen, J. P., et al. (1994). "Wintering waders in the Bijagos Archipelago, Guinea-Bissau 1992-1993" Ardea 82(1) 137-141.

Salzburger, W., Meyer, A., Baric, S., et al. (2002). "Phylogeny of the Lake Tanganyika cichlid species flock and its relationship to the Central and East African haplochromine cichlid fish faunas" Systematic Biology 51(1) 113-135.

Samoura, A. B., Diallo, S. T., Keita, F. L., et al. (1999) "Analyse de la biodiversité des écosystemes des eaux continentales, DNE/projet Gui/97/G32/A/1G/99. Stratégie Plan D'action Diversité Biologique". Ministere Mines, Géologie et Environnement.

Samways, M. J. (). "Conservation of a fugitive dragonfly fauna in the ancient tropical Seychelles Archipelago"

Samways, M. J. (2002). "Threatened Odonata species of Africa" Odonataologica 31(2) 151-170.

Samways, M. J. (2003). "Threats to the tropical island dragonfly fauna (Odonata) of Mayotte, Comoro archipelago" Biodiversity and Conservation 12 1785-1792.

Sanderson, E. W., Jaiteh, M., Levy, M. A., et al. (2002). "The Human Footprint and the Last of the Wild" BioScience 52(10) 891-904.

Sandlund, O.T.,K. Gunnarsson,P.M. Jonasson,B. Jonsson,T. Lindem,K.P. Magnússon,H.J. Malmquist,H. Sigurjónsdóttir,S. Skúlason;S.S. Snorrason (1992). "The arctic charr Salvelinus alpinus in Thingvallavatn" Oikos 64 305-351.

Sanitation, W. H. O. a. U. J. M. P. f. W. S. a. (2000) "Global Water Supply & Sanitation Sector Assessment 2000, Part II: Bénin" <http://www.whoafro.org/wsh/countryprofiles/coted'ivoire.pdf >(2002)

Santoro, C.M.,Arriaza, B.T.,Standen, V.G.;Marquet, P.A. (2005)"People of the coastal Atacama Desert: living between sand dunes and waves of the Pacific Ocean" In Veth, P.;Smith, M.;Hiscock, P. (Ed.). Desert peoples: archeological perspectives. (pp. 243-260) Malden, MA, USA: Blackwell Publishing.

Sanyanga, R. A. (1994)"Tourism and wetlands management in Zimbabwe, with special reference to the Zambezi River System" In T. Matiza and S. A. Crafter (Ed.). Wetlands ecology and priorities for conservation in Zimbabwe. Proceedings of a seminar on the wetlands of Zimbabwe.. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN.

Sarasin, F. (1917). "Neu-Kaledonien und die Loyalty-Inseln" Reise-Errinerungen eines Naturforscher:

Sargeant, D. (1997) "Cape Verde: A birder's guide to the Cape Verde Islands". Norfolk, UK.

Sarmento-Soares, L. M., Martins-Pinheiro, R. F., Aranda, A. T., et al. (2005). "Trichomycterus pradensis, a new catfish from southern Bahia coastal rivers, northeastern Brazil (Siluriformes: Trichomycteridae)" Ichthyological Explorations of Freshwaters 16(4) 289-302.

Sarmiento, J. (1998). "Ichthyology of Parque nacional Noel Kempff Mercado"

Sarmiento, J. and Barrera, S. (1997). "Observaciones preliminares sobre la ictiofauna de la vertiente oriental andina de Bolivia" Revista Boliviana de Ecologia y Conservacion Ambiental 2 77-99.

Sarunday, W. N. (1999) "Conservation and sustainble use of biodiversity in Eastern Rift Valley lakes in Tanzania". Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. National Environment Management Council.

Saskatchewan Wetland Conservation Corporation (SWCC) (1997) "Saskatchewan Wetland Policy" <http://www.wetland.sk.ca/swccpolicy/policy.htm>

Sato, Y. and Godinho, H. P. (2004)"Migratory fishes of the São Francisco River" In J. Carolsfield, B. Harvey, C. Ross and A. Baer (Ed.). Migratory Fishes of South America: Biology, Fisheries, and Conservation Status. (pp. 380) Washington DC, USA: World Fisheries Trust/World Bank/IDRC.

Saunders, D. L., Meeuwig, J. J. and Vincent, A. C. J. (2002). "Freshwater protected areas: Strategies for conservation" Conservation Biology 16(1) 30-41.

Savage, M. (2002). "The amphibians and reptiles of Costa Rica: a herpetofauna between two continents between two seas" Chicago, IL, USA: University of Chicago Press.

Sayeed, A. (2001) "Economy versus environment: How a system with RD and GIS can assist in decisions for water resource management. A case study in Lake Naivasha, Central Rift Valley Province, Kenya. Thesis submitted to the International Institute for Geo-information Science and Earth Observation ITC in partial fulfilment of the requirements of the degree of Master of Science". The Netherlands. ITC.

Sayer, J. A., Harcourt, C. S. and Collins, N. M. (1992) The conservation atlas of tropical forests: Africa. London, UK: IUCN.

Schaefer, S. A. and Provenzano, F. R. (1993). "The Guyana shield Parotocinclus: systematics, biogeography, and description of a new Venezuelan species (Siluroidei: Loricariidae)" Ichthyological Explorations of Freshwaters 4(1) 39-56.

Schaefer, SA (1987). "Osteology of Hypostomus Plecostomus (Linnaeus), with a Phylogenetic analysis of the Loricariid Subfamilies (Pisces: Siluroidei)" Contributions in Science - Natural history Museum of Los Angeles County (394) 1-31.

Schaefer, SA;Stewart, DJ (1993). "Systematics of the Panaque dentex species group (Siluriformes: Loricariidae)" Ichthyological Explorations of Freshwaters 4(4) 309-342.

Schiøtz, A. (1999) Tree frogs of Africa. Frankfurt, Germany: Edition Chimaira.

Schleich, H. H.,Kästle, W.;Kabisch, K. (1996) Amphibians and reptiles of North Africa: Biology, systematics, field guide. Koenigstein, Germany: Koeltz Scientific Pulblishers.

Schliewen, U. K. (1996) "Barombi Mbo: Summary of the background knowledge of the natural history of the lake and recommendations for conservation". Germany. Gesellschaft für technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ).

Schliewen, U. K. (1996) "Ichthyological survey of the Rumpi Hill waters". Germany. Gesellschaft für technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ).

Schliewen, U. K., Rassmann, K., Markmann, M., et al. (2001). "Genetic and ecological divergence of a monophyletic cichlid species pair under fully sympatric conditions in Lake Ejagham, Cameroon" Molecular Ecology 10 1471-1488.

Schliewen, U. K., Tautz, D. and Paabo, S. (1994). "Sympatric speciation suggested by monophyly of crater lake cichlids" Nature 368(6472) 629-632.

Schliewen, U. R. and Stiassny, M. L. J. (2003). "Etia nguti, a new genus and species of cichlid fish from the River Mamfue, Upper Cross River basin, Cameroon, Central Africa" Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters 14(1) 61-72.

Schluter, D. (2000). "The ecology of adaptive radiation" Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Schmid, M. (1987). "Conditions d'évolution et caractéristiques du peuplement végétal insulaire en Mélanésie occidentale: Nouvelle-Calédonie" Vanuatu. Bull. Soc. Zool. France 112 233-254.

Schminke, H. K. (1987). "The genus Thermobathynella (Capart, 1951) (Bathynellacea, Malacostraca) and its phylogenetic relationships" Revue D'hydrobiologie Tropicale 20(2) 107-112.

Schmitter-Soto, J. J. (1988). "Catálogo de los peces continentales de Quintana Roo" Chiapas: El Colegio de la Frontera Sur.

Schmitter-Soto, J. J. (1999). "Distribution of continental fishes in Northern Quintana Roo, México" Southwest. Nat. 44(2) 166-172.

Schmitter-Soto, J. J. (2002)"Ichthyogeography of the Peninsula of Yucatán" In M. Lozano-Vilano (Ed.). Libro Jubilar en Honor al Dr. Salvador Contreras Balderas. Dir. Gral. De Publicaciones. (pp. 103-116) Monterrey, México: Universidad A. de Nuevo León.

Schmitter-Soto, J. J. (2002)"Ictiogeografia de Yucatán" In M. L. Lozano-Vilano (Ed.). Libro jubilar en honor del Dr. Salvador Contreras Balderas. (pp. 103-116) Monterrey, México: Universidad A. de Nuevo Leon.

Schmitter-Soto, J. J. (2005). "A systematic revision f the genus Archocentrus (Perciformes: Cichlidae), with the description of two new genera and 6 new species" Zootaxa 1603 1-76.

Schmitter-Soto, J. J. and Gamboa-Pérez, H. (1996). "Composición y distribución de peces continentales en el sur de Quintana Roo, Península de Yucatán, México" Rev. Biol. Trop. 44(1) 199-212.

Schneider, W. (1996) "The dragonfly fauna of Socotra Island. First International Scientific Symposium on Socotra Island - Present and Future". Yemen. University of Aden and Sana'a.

Schneider, W. and Dumont, H. J. (1998)"Checklist of the dragonflies and damselflies of Soqotra Island (Insecta: Odonata)" In H. J. Dumont (Ed.). Proceedings of the first international symposium on Soqotra Island: Present and Future. (pp. 219-232) New York: United Nations Publications.

Schofield, P. J. and Chapman, L. J. (2000). "Hypoxia tolerance of introduced Nile Perch: Implications for survival of indigenous fishes in the Lake Victoria Basin" African Zoology 35 35-42.

Schulenberg, T. S. and Awbrey, K. (Ed.) (1997). "The Cordillera del Cóndor Region of Ecuador and Peru: A Biological Assessment" Washington, DC: Conservation International.

Schulenberg, T. S. and Awbrey, K. e. (1997) "A rapid assessment of the humid forests of South Central Chuquiasca, Bolivia". Washington DC. Conservation International.

Schultz, L. P. (1944). "The catfishes of Venezuela, with description of thirty-eight new forms"

Schultz, L. P. (1944). "The fishes of the family characidinae from Venezuela, with descriptions of seventeen new forms"

Schultz, L. P. (1949). "A Further Contribution to The Ichthyology of Venezuela" Proceedings of the United States National Museum 99 1-211.

Schwanck, E. J. (1995). "The introduced Oreochromis niloticus is spreading on the Kafue Floodplain, Zambia" Hydrobiologia 315(2) 143-147.

Science, N. (2005). "Atlas of New Zealand freshwater fishes" (September 2005; www.niwascience.co.nz/rc/freshwater/fishatlas/species).

Scott, A. J. (1993) "A revised and annotated check-list of the birds of the Luangwa Valley national parks and adjacent areas. Occasional paper no 3". Lusaka, Zambia. Zambian Ornithological Society.

Scott, D. A. (Ed.) (1995). "A Directory of Wetlands in the Middle East" Gland, Switzerland and Slimbridge, U.K: IUCN and International Waterfowl and Wetlands Research Bureau.

Scott, D. A.;Rose, P. M. (1996). "Atlas of Anatidae populations in Africa and Western Eurasia. Wetlands International Publication 41" Wageningen, T he Netherlands: Wetlands International.

Scott, W. B. and Crossman, E. J. (1998). "Freshwater fishes of Canada" Fisheries Research Board of Canada Bulletin 184 966 + xvii..

Scudder, G. G. E. (1996). "Terrestrial and freshwater invertebrates of British Columbia: priorities for inventory and descriptive research"

Seabrook, W. (1989). "Feral cats (Felis catus) as predators of hatchling green turtles (Chelonia mydas)" Journal of Zoology (London) 219(1) 83-88.

Seabrook, W. (1990). "The impact of the feral cat (Felis catus) on the native fauna of Aldabra Atoll, Seychelles [Indian Ocean]" Revue D'ecologie La Terre Et La Vie 45(2) 135-146.

Seaman, M. T. and Van As, J. G. (1998) "The environmental status of the Orange River mouth as reflected by the fish community, Report 505/1/98". South Africa. Water Research Commission.

Sedell, J. R., Reeves, G. H. and Burnett, K. M. (1994). "Development and Evaluation of Aquatic Conservation Strategies" Journal of Forestry 92(4) 28-31.

Seegers, L. (1996). "The fishes of the Lake Rukwa drainage, Annales du Musée royal de l’Afrique Central, Sciences Zoologiques, 287" Tervuren, Belgium:

Seehausen, O. (1996). "Lake Victoria rock cichlids" Zevenhuizen, The Netherlands: Verduijn Cichlids.

Seehausen, O. (2000). "Explosive speciation rates and unusual species richness in haplochromine cichlid fishes: Effects of sexual selection" Advanced Ecological Research 31 237-274.

Seehausen, O. and Van Alphen, J. J. M. (1998). "The effect of male coloration on female mate choice in closely related Lake Victoria cichlids (Haplochromis nyererei complex)" Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 42 1-8.

Seehausen, O. and Van Alphen, J. J. M. (1999). "Can sympatric speciation by disruptive sexual selection explain rapid evolution of cichlid diversity in Lake Victoria" Ecology Letters 2 262-271.

Seehausen, O., Koetsier, E., Schneider, M. V., et al. (2003). "Nuclear markers reveal unexpected genetic variation and a Congolese-Nilotic origin of the Lake Victoria cichlid species flock" Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 270 129-137.

Seehausen, O., van Alphen, J. J. M. and Witte, F. (1997). "Cichlid fish diversity threatened by eutrophication that curbs sexual selection" Science 277 1808-1811.

Seehausen, O., Van Alphen, J. J. M. and Witte, F. (1999). "Can ancient colour polymorphisms explain why some cichlid lineages speciate rapidly under disruptive sexual selection?" Belgium Journal of Zoology 129(1) 43-60.

Seehausen, O., Witte, F., Katunzi, E. F., et al. (1997). "Patterns of the remnant cichlid fauna in southern Lake Victoria" Conservation Biology 11(4) 890-904.

Serov, N. P. (1961)"To ichthyogeographical position of the Igriz-Turgai basin" In Proceedings of the conference on fisheries of Central Asian republics and Kazakhstan. (pp. 213-215) Alma-Ata:

Serra, J. P., Fde Carvalho, F. R. and Langeani, F. (2007). "Ichthyofauna of the rio Itatinga in the Parque das Neblinas, Bertioga, São Paulo State: composition and bigeography" Biota Neotropical [online version] 7(1) http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v7n1/pt/abstract?article+bn01707012007.

Serruya, C.;Pollingher, U. (1983). "Lakes of the warm belt" Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Service, U. S. F. a. W. (1995) "Strategic plan for conservation of Fish and Wildlife Service trust resources in the Ohio River Valley ecosystem". USFWS Regions 5, 4, and 3, Ohio River Valley Ecosystem Team.

Sevaldsen, K. (1997) "Competing interests and growing demand for water: Irrigation in the lowlands of Kilimanjaro, the case of Makuyuni Ward. Department of Geography, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway" <http://www.svt.ntnu.no/geo/Forskning/Pangani/text/Abstr_Kirsti_Sevaldsen.html >(2001)

Sevastyanov, D. V.;et al. (1990). "Geography of Mongolian lakes" Leningrad 122(6): 535-540: Izv. VGO.

Seyoum, S. and Kornfield, I. (1992). "Identification of the subspecies of Oreochromis niloticus (Pisces: Cichlidae) using restriction endonuclease analysis of mitochondrial DNA" Aquaculture 102(1-2) 29-42.

Sfenthurakis, S.;Legakis, A. (2001). "Hotspots of endemic terrestrial invertebrates in southern Greece" Biodiversity and Conservation 10 1387–1417.

Shakhmardanov, Z. A.;L'Vov P, L. (1981). "Rare and endangered animals and plants of Daghestan" Makhachkala: Dagestanskoye Knizhnoye Izdatel'stvo.

Shakirova, F. M. and Sukhanova, A. I. (1994). "Iktiofauna Turkmenistana (sostav i rasprostranenie) [Ichthyofauna of Turkmenistan (composition and distribution)]" Izvestiya Akademii Nauk Turkmenistana, Seriya Biologicheskikh Nauk 3(1993) 35-45.

Shambaugh, J., Oglethorpe, J. and Ham, R. (2001) "The trampled grass: Mitigating the impacts of armed conflict on the environment". Washington, D.C.. Biodiversity Support Program.

Shapovalov, M. E. (2003)"Ecological adaptations in the subfamily Cultrinae in Amur River basin" In Readings in memory of Levanidov. ((Vol. 2, pp. 436-443) Vladivostok: Dal'nauka.

Shatunovsky, M. I. (Ed.) (1983). "The fishes of the Mongolian People's Republic" Moscow: Nauka.

Shatunovsky, M. I. (1985). "Ecology and economical potential of the fishes of the Mongolian People's Republic" Moscow: Nauka.

Shcherbak, M. M. e. (1994). "Red Data Book of Ukraine. Animal kingdom." Kyiv: Ukrainian encyclopedia.

Shed’ko, S. V. (2001). "List of cyclostomata and fishes of fresh waters of Primorsky Territory coast" Paper presented at the V.Y. Levanidov’s Annual Mem. Meetings

Shed’ko, S. V. (2002)"Review of freshwater fauna" In Flora and fauna of Kuril Island (materials of International Kuril Island Project). (pp. 118-134)

Sheil, D. and Wunder, S. (2002). "The value of tropical forest to local communities: complications, caveats and cautions. Conservation Ecology" 6(2) 9 [online] URL: http://www.consecol.org/vol6/iss2/art9/.

Shelyag-Sosonko, Y. R. (Ed.) (1999). "Biodiversity of the Dunaisky Biosphere Nature Reserve: Conservation and monitoring" Kiev: Naukova Dumka.

Shine, T., Robertson, P. and Lamarche, B. (2001)"Mauritania" In L. D. C. Fishpool and M. I. Evans (Ed.). Important Bird Areas in Africa and associated islands: Priority sites for conservation. (pp. 567-581) Newbury and Cambridge, UK: Pisces Publications and BirdLife International (Birdlife Conservation Series No. 11).

Shire Valley Agricultural Development, P. (1975) "An atlas of the Lower Shire Valley, Malawi". Blantyre, Malawi. Department of Surveys.

Shmueli, M., Izhaki, I., Arieli, A., et al. (2000). "Energy requirements of migrating great white pelicans, Pelecanus onocrotalus" Ibis 142(2) 208-216.

Shodjay, F. (1985) "Entwicklung der Binnenfischerei in der Region Maj-Ndombe, Zaire. Unpublished report to German Technical Cooperation GTZ".

Short, J. and Marquet, G. (1998). "New records of freshwater Palaemonidae (Crustacea: Decapoda) from New Caledonia" Zoosystema 20(2) 401-410.

Short, J. W. (1991). "Cherax nucifraga, a new species of freshwater crayfish (Crustacea: Decapoda: Parastacidae) from the Northern Territory, Australia" The Beagle, Records of the Northern Territory Museum of Arts and Sciences 8 115-120.

Short, J. W. (1993). "Cherax cartacoolah, a new species of freshwater crayfish (Decapoda: Parastacidae) from northeast Australia" Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 33 55-59.

Short, J. W. (2004). "A revision of Australian river prawns, Macrobrachium (Crustacea: Decapoda: Palaemonidae)" Hydrobiologia 525 1-100.

Short, J. W. and Davie, P. J. F. (1993). "Two new species of freshwater crayfish (Crustacea: Decapoda: Parastacidae) from northeastern Queensland rainforest" Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 34 69-80.

Shreve, F. (1944). "Rainfall of Northern Mexico" Ecology 25 105-111.

Shultc, V. L. (1966). "Rivers of Central Asia" Leningrad: Gidrometeoizdat.

Shumway, C. A. (1999) Forgotten waters: Freshwater and marine ecosystems in Africa. Strategies for biodiversity conservation and sustainable development. Alexandria, VA, USA: Global Printing, Inc..

Shumway, C. A.,Musibono, D.,Ifuta, S.,Sullivan, J.,Schelly, R.,Punga, J.,Palata, J. C.;Puema, V. (2003). "Congo River Environment and Development Project (CREDP) biodiversity survey: systematics, ecology and conservation along the Congo River, September-October 2002" Boston, MA, USA: New England Aquarium Press.

Sibbing, F. A., Nagelkerke, L. A. J., Stet, R. J. M., et al. (1998). "Speciation of endemic Lake Tana barbs (Cyprinidae, Ethiopia) driven by trophic resource partitioning; a molecular and ecomorphological approach" Aquatic Ecology 32 217-227.

Sidelev, G. N. (1981)"Fish fauna of large lakes" In G. I. Galaziy and Y. P. Parmuzin (Ed.). Lakes of the North-West of Siberian Platform. (pp. 151-171) Novosibirsk: Nauka.

Sideleva, V. G. (2003). "The endemic fishes of Lake Baikal" Leiden: Backhuys Publishers.

Sidorov, G. P. (1984). "Fish resources of Bol'shaya Zemlya Tundra" Leningrad: Nauka.

Sigler, J. W. and Sigler, W. F. (1994)"Fishes of the Great Basin and Colorado Plateau: Past and present forms" In K. T. Harper, L. L. St. Clair, K. H. Thornes and W. M. Hess (Ed.). Natural history of the Colorado Plateau and Great Basin. Niwot: University of Colorado Press.

Silberbauer, M. J. and King, J. M. (1991). "The distribution of wetlands in the south-western Cape Province, South Africa" South African Journal of Aquatic Science 17(1/2) 65-81.

Silfvergrip, A. M. C. (1996). "A systematic revision of the neotropical catfish genus Rhamdia (Teleostei, Pimelodidae)" Unpublished Ph.D..: Stockholm

Simmons, R. E. (1996). "Population declines, viable breeding areas, and management options for flamingos in southern Africa" Conservation Biology 10(2) 504-514.

Simmons, R. E. (2000). "Declines and movements of lesser flamingos in Africa" Waterbirds 23 (Special Publication 1) 40-46.

Simmons, R. E., Boix-Hinzen, C., Barnes, K., et al. (2001)"Namibia" In L. D. C. Fishpool and M. I. Evans (Ed.). Important Bird Areas in Africa and associated islands: Priority sites for conservation. (pp. 639-660) Newbury and Cambridge, UK: Pisces Publications and BirdLife International (Birdlife Conservation Series No. 11).

Simmons, R. E., Braby, R. and Braby, S. J. (1993). "Ecological studies of the Cunene River mouth: Avifauna, herpetofauna, water qualtiy, flow rates, geomorphology and implications of the Epupa Dam" Madoqua 18(2) 163-180.

Sinclair, A. R. E. and Fryxell, J. M. (1985). "The Sahel of Africa: Ecology of a disaster" Canadian Journal of Zoology 63(5) 987-994.

Sinitsin, V. M. (1962). "Paleogeography of Asia" Moscow: In Russian.

Sita, P. (1980). "La végétation du Stanley Pool en relation avec celle des plateaux voisins" Unpublished Thesis. .

Sivasundar, A., Bermingham, E. and Ortí, G. (2001). "Population structure and biogeography of migratory freshwater fishes (Prochilodus: Characiformes) in major South American rivers" Molecular Ecology 2001(10) 407-417.

Skelton, P. (2001). "A complete guide to the freshwater fishes of southern Africa, 2nd Edition" Cape Town, South Africa: Struik Publishers.

Skelton, P. H. (1980). "Aspects of freshwater fish biogeography in the Eastern Cape" The Eastern Cape Naturalist 24(3) 16-22.

Skelton, P. H. (1986)"Fishes of the Orange-Vaal system" In B. R. Davies and K. F. Walker (Ed.). The ecology of river systems. (pp. 143-161) Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Dr W. Junk Publishers.

Skelton, P. H. (1986). "Distribution patterns and biogeography of non-tropical southern African freshwater fishes" , Rotterdam.

Skelton, P. H. (1987). "South African Red Data Book - Fishes" South African National Scientific Programs Report 40 199.

Skelton, P. H. (1988). "A taxonomic revision of the redfin minnows (Pisces, Cyprinidae) from southern Africa" Annals of the Cape Provincial Museums 16 201-307.

Skelton, P. H. (1990). "The conservation and status of threatened fishes in southern Africa" Journal of Fish Biology 37(Supplement A) 87-95.

Skelton, P. H. (1990). "The status of fishes from sinkholes and caves in Namibia" Journal of the Namibia Scientific Society 42 75-83.

Skelton, P. H. (1993) A complete guide to the freshwater fishes of Southern Africa. South Africa: Southern Book Publishers, Halfway House.

Skelton, P. H. (1994). "Diversity and distribution of freshwater fishes in East and Southern Africa" Annals of the Royal Central Africa Museum (Zoology) 275 95-131.

Skelton, P. H., Cambray, J. A., Lombard, A., et al. (1995). "Patterns of distribution and conservation status of freshwater fishes in South Africa" South African Journal of Zoology 30(3) 71-81.

Skelton, P. H., Tweddle, D. and Jackson, P. B. N. (1991)"Cyprinids of Africa" In I. J. Winfield and J. S. Nelson (Ed.). Cyprinid fishes: systematics, biology and exploitation. (pp. 211-239) London, UK: Chapman and Hall.

Skerrett, A. (1999) "Bulletin of the African Bird Club, Volume 6.1" <http://www.africanbirdclub.org/feature/aldabra.html >(2001)

Sket, B. (1999). "High biodiversity in hypogean waters and its endangerment - the situation in Slovenia, the Dinaric karst, and Europe" Crustaceana 72(8) 767-780.

Skinner, J. R., Wallace, P. J., Altenburg, W., et al. (1987). "The status of heron colonies in the Niger Delta, Mali" Malimbus 9 65-82.

Skopets, M. B. (2004)"New data of the fish-fauna of the Olen’ya river and Bolshoe lake (Bolshoi Shantar island, Sea of Okhotsk)" In V. Belyaev, G. Novomodniy and A. A. Mednikova (Ed.). Fish biodiversity of the Amur river and adjacent rivers fresh waters. Collection of extended Abstracts and Papers of 1st Intern symp. (pp. 171-172) Khabarovsk:

Skoulikidis, N.T.,A.N. Economou,K.C. Gritzalis;Zogaris, S. (2009)"Rivers of the Balkans" In Tockner, K.;Uehlinger, U.;Robinson, C.T. (Ed.). Rivers of Europe. (pp. Pp 421-466) London, UK: Academic Press.

Skryabin, A. G. (1977). "Fishes of Baunt Lakes of Transbaikalia" Novosibirsk: Nauka.

Slobodyanyuk, S., Kirilchick, S., Pavlova, M., et al. (1995). "The evolutionary relationships of two families of Cottoid fishes of Lake Baikal (East Siberia) as suggested by analysis of mitochondrial DNA" Journal ofMolecular Evolution 40 392–399.

Slootweg, R., van Schooten, M. L. F. and Roggeri, H. (1995) Partial restoration of floodplain functions at the village level: the experience of Gounougou, Benue Valley, Cameroon. (pp. 159-166) Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Slyn'ko, Y. V., Kiyashko, V. I. and Yakovlev, V. N. (2000)"List of cyclostomata and fishes of the basin of River Volga" In V. N. Yakovlev (Ed.). Catalogue of plants and animals of water bodies of Volga drainage. (pp. 252-277) Yaroslavl': Institute of Inland Waters Biology of RAS.

Smec (1986) "Southern Okavango integrated water development Phase 1. Report to the Ministry of Mineral Resources, Water and Energy". Gaborone, Botswana. SMEC.

Smeins, F. E., D.D. Diamond, and W. Helsanka (1991)"Coastal prairie" In R.T. Coupland (Ed.). Ecosystems of the world: natural grasslands. (pp. 269-290) Amsterdam: Elsevier Press.

Smith, A. (1988). "The great rift: Africa's changing valley" New York: Sterling Publishing Co..

Smith, K. G. and Darwall, W. R. T. (Ed.) (2006). "The Status and Distribution of Freshwater Fish Endemicto the Mediterranean Basin" Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK: IUCN.

Smith, M. L. and Miller, R. R. (1986)"The evolution of the Rio Grand Basin as inferred from its fish fauna" In C. H. Hocutt and E. O. Wiley (Ed.). The zoogeography of North American freshwater fishes. (pp. 457-485) New York, New York, USA: Wiley.

Smith, P. J., McVeagh, S. M. and Allibone, R. M. (2005). "Extensive genetic differentiation in Gobiomorphus breviceps" New Zealand Journal of Fish Biology 67(3) 627–639.

Smith, P. J., McVeagh, S. M. and Collier, K. J. (2006). "Genetic diversity and historical population structure in the New Zealand mayfly Acanthophlebia cruentata" Freshwater Biology 51(1) 12-24.

Smith, R. D. and Maltby, E. (2003) "Using the Ecosystem Approach to Implement the Convention on Biological Diversity: Key Issues and Case Studies". Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. IUCN.

Smith, R. J., Muir, R. D. J., Walpole, M. J., et al. (2003). "Governance and the loss of biodiversity" Nature 426 67-70.

Smith, R. K., P.L. Freeman, J.V. Higgins, K.S. Wheaton, T.W. FitzHugh, K.J Ernstrom, and A.A. Das (2002) "Priority Areas for Freshwater Conservation Action: A Biodiversity Assessment of the Southeastern United States". The Nature Conservancy.

Smith, R. M. H. (1987). "Morphology and depositional history of exumed Perninan pointy-bars in the southwestern Karoo, South Africa" South African Journal of Sedimentary Petrology 57 19-29.

Smith, R. M. H. (1993). "Sedimentology and Ichnology of flood plain Paleosurfaces in the Beaufort Group (late Permian, Karoo sequence, South Africa)" PALAIOS 8 339-357.

Smith, S. A. and Bermingham, E. (2005). "The biogeography of lower Mesoamerican freshwater fishes" Journal of Biogeography 32(10) 1835-1854.

Snaddon, C. D., Wishart, M. J. and Davies, B. R. (1998). "Some implications of inter-basin water transfers for river ecosystem functioning and water resources management in southern Africa" Aquatic Ecosystem Health and Management 1 159-182.

Snoeks, J. (1994). "The haplochromine fishes (Teleostei, Cichlidae) of Lake Kivu, East Africa : A taxonomic revision with notes on their ecology" Ann. Mus. Roy. Afr. Centr. Sc. Zool 270 1-221.

Snoeks, J. (1999)"The non-cichlid fishes of the Lake Malawi/Nyasa system" In J. Snoeks (Ed.). Report on the systematics and taxonomy. (pp. 49-55) Senega Bay, Malawi: SADC/GEF Lake Malawi/Nyasa Biodiversity Conservation project.

Snoeks, J. (1999) "Report on the systematics and taxonomy. SADC/GEF Lake Malawi/Nyasa Biodiversity Conservation project".

Snoeks, J. (2000). "How well known is the ichthyodiversity of the large East African lakes?" Advances in ecological research 31 17-38.

Snoeks, J. (Ed.) (2004). "The cichlid diversity of Lake Malawi/Nyasa; identification, distribution and taxonomy" El Paso, TX, USA: Cichlid Press.

Société Nationale d'Electricité - République Démocratique de, C. (2003) "Inga: The highest available capacity in Africa for Africa". Kinshasa. SNEL.

Society, E. W. a. N. H. (1996). "Important bird areas of Ethiopia: A first inventory" Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: Bird Life International.

Society, E. W. a. N. H. (2001)"Ethiopia" In a. M. I. E. L. D. C. Fishpool, editors (Ed.). Important Bird Areas in Africa and associated islands: Priority sites for conservation. Newbury and Cambridge, UK: Pisces Publications and Birdlife International.

Sodsuk, P., MacAndrew, B. A. and Turner, G. F. (1995). "Allozyme variation in Oreochromis species from Lake Malawi: implications for evolutionary relationships" Journal of Fish Biology 47 321-333.

Soils Incorporated, L. and Chalo Environmental and Sustainable Development, C. (2000) "Kariba Dam Case Study, prepared as an input to the World Commission on Dams, Cape Town" <www.dams.org >(2003)

Sok Appadu, S. N. and Nayamuth, A. R. (1999) "Initial National Communication of the Republic of Mauritius under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change" <http://www.unfccc.de/resource/docs/natc/maunc1/ >(2001)

Sokol, A. (1988). "Morphological variation in relation to the taxonomy of the destructor group of the genus Cherax" Invertebrate Taxonomy 2 55-79.

Solovkina, L. N. (1975). "Fishes of Komi" ASSR. Syktyvkar: Komi Publishing House.

Somé, L., Wilkie, D. and Oglethorpe, J. (2001) "Congo Basin information series. CARPE: Phase 1 results and lessons learned". Washington, DC, USA. Biodiversity Support Program.

Sommerwerk, N.,T. Hein,M. Schneider-Jakoby,C. Baumgartner,A. Ostojić,M. Paunović,J. Bloesch,R. Siber;K. Tockner (2009)"The Danube River Basin" In Tockner, K.;U. Uehlinger;C.T. Robinson (Ed.). Rivers of Europe. (pp. Pp 59-112) Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier.

Soons, J. M. (1982)"Westland: The West Coast of the South Island" In J. M. Soons and M. J. Selby (Ed.). Landforms of New Zealand. (pp. 299–316) Aukland, NZ: Longman Paul.

Sotiropoulos, K., K. Eleftherakos, M. Kalezic, A. Legakis, and R. Polymeni (2008). "Genetic structure of the alpine newt, Mesotriton alpestris (Salamandridae, Caudata), in the southern limit of its distribution: Implications for conservation" Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 36 297-311.

Soulsby, C.,D. Tetzlaff,C. N. Gibbons;I.A. Malcolm (2009)"British and Irish Rivers" In Tockner, K.;Uehlinger, U.;Robinson, C.T. (Ed.). Rivers of Europe. (pp. Pp 381-420) London, UK: Academic Press.

South Africa Ministry of Environmental Affairs and, T. (2001) "Maloti-Drakensberg Transfrontier Conservation Area established" <http://www.environment.gov.za/NewsMedia/MedStat/2001june11/MalutiSigning_11062001.htm >(2002)

South African, G. (1998). "NATIONAL WATER ACT, NO 36 of 1998" South African Government Gazette 398(19182)

Southeastern Fishes, C. (1997) "Report for Region I - Northeast. Online. http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/fish/sfc/R1Northeast97.htm"

Sparks, J. S. (2002). "Paretroplus dambabe, a new cichlid fish (Teleostei: Cichlidae) from northwestern Madagascar, with a discussion on the status of P. petiti" Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 3 62-79.

Sparks, J. S. (2003)"Pantanodon" In S. M. Goodman and J. P. Benstead (Ed.). The natural history of Madagascar. Chicago, USA: The University of Chicago Press.

Sparks, J. S. and Reinthal, P. N. (2001). "A new species of Ptychochromoides from southeastern Madagascar (Teleostei: Cichlidae), with comments on monophyly and relationships of the ptychochromine cichlids" Ichthyological Explorations of Freshwaters 12 115-132.

Sparks, J. S. and Smith, W. L. (2004). "Phylogeny and biogeography of the Malagasy and Australasian rainbowfishes (Teloste: Melanotaenioidei): Gondwanan vicariance and evolution in freshwater" Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 33(3)

Sparks, J. S. and Stiassny, M. L. J. (2003)"Introduction to Madagascar's freshwater fishes" In S. M. Goodman and J. P. Benstead (Ed.). The natural history of Madagascar. (pp. 849-863) Chicago, USA: The University of Chicago Press.

Species, U. S. F. a. W. S. D. o. E. (1993) "Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Endangered Status for Eight Freshwater Mussels and Threatened Status for Three Freshwater Mussels in the Mobile River Drainage". Federal Register, March 17, 1993. FR Doc. 93-6162.

Spigel, R. H. and Coulter, G. W. (1996)"Comparison of hydrology and physical limnology of the East African Great Lakes: Tanganyika, Malawi, Victoria, Kivu and Turkana (with references to some North American Great Lakes)" In T. C. Johnson and E. O. Odada (Ed.). The limnology, climatology, and paleoclimatology of the East African lakes. (pp. 103-135) Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Gordon and Breach Publishers.

Spodareva, V. V., Naseka, A. M., Bogutskaya, N. G., et al. (2004). "A comparative faunistic study of the Kuban river fishes: historical reasons of species composition and zoogeographical originality. Abstract Volume: 31" Paper presented at the XI European Congress of Ichthyology, Tallinn, Estonia, September 6-10, 2004.

St Louis, V. L., Kelly, C. A., Duchemin, E., et al. (2000). "Reservoir surfaces as sources of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere: A global estimate" Bioscience 50(9) 766-775.

Stager, J. C. and Cahoon, L. B. (1987). "The age and trophic history of Lake Waccamaw, North Carolina" The Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society 103 1-13.

Stanley, D. J. and Warne, A. G. (1998). "Nile delta in its destruction phase" Journal of Coastal Research 14(3) 794-825.

Starnes, W. C. and Etnier, D. A. (1986)"Drainage evolution and fish biogeography of the Tennessee and Cumberland rivers drainage realm" In C. H. Hocutt and E. O. Wiley (Ed.). The zoogeography of North American freshwater fishes. (pp. 325-362) New York, New York, USA: Wiley.

Starobogatov, Y. I. (1970). "Fauna Mollyuskov i Zoogeograficheskoe Raionirovanie Kontinental’nykh Vodoemov Zemnogo Shara" Leningrad: Akademiya Nauk SSSR.

Starobogatov, Y. I. (1986)"The fauna of lakes as a source of data on their histories" In A. F. Treshnikova (Ed.). General patterns of origin and evolution of lakes. (pp. 27-50 [In Russian]) Leningrad: Science.

Statistics and Database Administration Section, M. (2000) "Seychelles In Figures" <http://www.seychelles.net/misdstat/__Geography_Climate_History_An/__geography_climate_history_an.htm >(2001)

Stattersfield, A. J.,Crosby, M. J.,Long, A. J.;Wege, D. C. (1998). "Endemic bird areas of the world: Priorities for biodiversity conservation" Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International.

Steindachner, F. (1864). "Ichthyologische Mittheilungen. (VII.) [With subtitles I-VIII]" Historie naturelle des poissons 14 223-232.

Stevanovic΄, V.,K. Tan;G. Iatrou (2003). "Distribution of the endemic Balkan flora on serpentine I. – obligate serpentine endemics" Plant Syst. Evol. 242 149–170.

Stewart, D. J. and Roberts, T. R. (1984). "A new specis of dwarf cichid fish with reversed sexual dichromatism from Lac Mai-Ndombe, Zaire" Copeia 1984(1) 82-86.

Stewart, D., Barriga, R. and Ibarra, M. (1987). "Ictiofauna de la cuenca del Rio Napo, Ecuador Oriental: Lista anotada de especies" Politecnica 12(4) 9-63.

Stewart, K. W.;Watkinson, D. A. (2005). "The freshwater fishes of Manitoba" Winnipeg, MB: University of Manitoba Press.

Steyn, P. (1990). "Soda ash Botswana, the paradox of Sua" African Wildlife 44(4) 244-247.

Stiassny, M. L. J. (1996). "An overview of freshwater biodiversity: With some lessons from African fishes" Fisheries 21(9) 7-13.

Stiassny, M. L. J. (1997). "A phylogenetic overview of the lamprologine cichlids of Africa (Teleostei, Cichlidae): A morphological perspective" South African Journal of Science 93(513-523)

Stiassny, M. L. J. (2002). "Revision of Sauvagella Bertin (Clupeidae; Pellonulinae; Ehiravini) with a description of a new species from the freshwaters of Madagascar and diagnosis of the Ehiravini" Copeia 2002(1) 67-76.

Stiassny, M. L. J. (2002). "Conservation of freshwater fish biodiversity: The knowledge impediment" Verhandlungen der Geslellschaft für Ichthyologie 3 7-18.

Stiassny, M. L. J. and Meyer, A. (1999). "Cichlids of the rift lakes" Scientific American 280(2) 64-69.

Stiassny, M. L. J. and Rodriguez, D. M. (2001). "Rheocles derhami, a new species of freshwater rainbowfish (Atherinomorpha: Bedotiidae) from the Ambomboa River in northeastern Madagascar" Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters 12(2) 97-104.

Stiassny, M. L. J., Chakrabarty, P. and Loiselle, P. V. (2001). "Relationships of the Madagascan cichlid genus Paretroplus, with description of a new species from the Betsiboka River drainage of northwestern Madagascar" Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters 12(1) 29-40.

Stiassny, M. L. J., Schliewen, U. K. and Dominey, W. J. (1992). "A new species flock of cichlid fishes from Lake Bermin, Cameroon with a description of eight new species of Tilapia (Labroidei: Cichlidae)" Ichthyological Explorations of Freshwaters 3(4) 311-346.

Stiassny, M. L. J.,de Pinna, M. C. C.,Forey, P. L.,Humphries, C. J.;VaneWright, R. I. (1994) Basal taxa and the role of cladistic patterns in the evaluation of conservation priorities: A view from freshwater. (pp. 235-249) Oxford: Clarendon.

Stiassny, M., Raminosoa, N. and Teugels et, a. (1994) The fishes of the inland waters of Madagascar. (pp. 133-149) Ann. Mus. r. Afr. Center.

Stock, J. H. and Vonk, R. (1990). "Stygofauna of the Canary Islands: a freshwater amphipod from La Gomera (Canary Islands), Melita dulcicola new species" Annales de Limnologie 26(1) 29-38.

Stock, J. H. and Vonk, R. (1992). "The first freshwater amphipod (Crustacea) from the Cape Verde islands: Melita cognata, new species with notes on its evolutionary scenario" Journal of African Zoology 106(3) 273-280.

Stolzenburg, W. (1997) "Sweet home Alabama".The Nature Conservancy Magazine, September/October

Storey, B. C. (1995). "The role of mantle plumes in continental breakup: Case histories from Gondwanaland" Nature 377 301-308.

Storey, M., Mahoney, J. J., Saunders, A. D., et al. (1995). "Timing of hot spot-related volcanism and the breakup of Madagascar and India" Science 267 852-855.

Strain, P. and F. Engle (1993). "Looking at Earth" Atlanta, GA, USA: Turner Publishing Inc..

Strecker, U. (2002). "Cyprinodon esconditus, a new pupfish from Laguna Chichancanab, Yucatán, México (Cyprinodontidae)" Cybium 26(4) 301-307.

Strecker, U. (2005). "Description of a new species from Laguna Chichancanab, Yucatán, México, Cyprinodon suavium (Pisces, Cyprinodontidae)" Hydrobiologia 541 107-115.

Streelman, J. T., Zardoya, R., Meyer, A., et al. (1998). "Multi-locus phylogeny of cichlid fishes (Pisces: Perciformes): Evolutionary comparison of microsatellite and single-copy nuclear loci" Molecular Biology and Evolution 15 798-808.

Strzepek, K. M., Yates, D. N. and El Quosy, D. E. D. (1996). "Vulnerability assessment of water resources in Egypt to climatic change in the Nile Basin" Climate Research 6(2) 89-95..

Stuart, S. N.,Adams, R. J.;Jenkins, M. D. (1990) Biodiversity in Sub-Saharan Africa and its islands: Conservation, management and sustainable use, Occasional Papers of the IUCN Species Survival Commission No. 6. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN.

Stuart, S., Hoffmann, M., Chanson, J., et al. (2008). "Threatened Amphibians of the World" Barcelona, Spain; Gland, Switzerland; Arlington, Virginia, USA: Lynx Edicions, IUCN, and Conservation International.

Sturmbauer, C. and Meyer, A. (1992). "Genetic divergence, speciation and morphological stasis in a lineage of African cichlid fishes" Nature 358 578-581.

Súarez, Y. R., Petrere Jr, M. and Catella, A. (2001). "Factors determining the structure of fish communities in Pantanal lagoons (MS, Brazil)" Fisheries Management and Ecology 8 173-186.

Subramaniam, S. P. (1992). "A brief review of the status of the fisheries of the Bangweulu Basin and Kafue Flats" , Gland, Switzerland.

Succow, M.;Joosten, H. (2001). "Landschaftsökologische Moorkunde, 2. völlig neu bearbeitete Auflage" Stuttgart: E. Schweizerbart´sche Verlagsbuchhandlung.

Sullivan, J. P., Lavoué, S. and Hopkins, C. D. (2002). "Discovery and phylogenetic analysis of a riverine species flock of African electric fishes (Mormyridae: Teleostei)" Evolution 56 597-616.

Sunderland, T. C. H. and Tako, C. T. (1999) "The exploitation of Prunus africana on the island of Bioko, Equatorial Guinea. A report for the People and Plants Initiative". Germany. WWF-Germany//IUCN-SSC Medicinal Plant Specialist Group.

Surget-Groba, Y.,B. Heulin,C-P. Guillaume,M. Puky,D. Semenov,V. Orlova,L. Kupriyanova,I. Ghira;B. Smajda (2006). "Multiple origins of viviparity or reversal from viviparity to oviparity? The European common lizard (Zootoca vivipara, Lacertidae) and the evolution of parity" Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 87 1-11.

Survey, U. S. G. (1999) "Paleontology glossary of terms" <http://geology.er.usgs.gov/paleo/glossary.shtml >

Survey, U. S. G. (2001) "Earthshots: Lake Chad, West Africa" <http://edc.usgs.gov/earthshots/slow/LakeChad/LakeChadtext >(2001)

Survey, U. S. G. (2001) "USGS Minerals Information Database, Africa and the Middle East" <http://minerals.usgs.gov/minerals/pubs/country/africa.html#cg >(2001)

Suvorov, E. K. (1948). "Fishery water bodies of the USSR" Leningrad: Leningrad State University.

Suzan, G., J. Giermakowski, Thomasz;, J., et al. (2006). "Modeling Hantavirus reservoir species dominance in high seroprevalence areas on the Azuero Peninsula of Panama" American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 1103-1110.

Swain, A. (2002). "The Nile River Basin Initiative: Too many cooks, too little broth" SAIS Review 22(2) 293-308.

Swift, C. C., Gilbert, C. R., Bortone, S. A., et al. (1986)"Zoogeography of the freshwater fishes of the southeastern United States: Savannah River to Lake Pontchartrain" In C. H. Hocutt and E. O. Wiley (Ed.). The zoogeography of North American freshwater fishes. (pp. 213-265) New York, New York, USA: Wiley.

Syrovatskiy, I. Y. and Gudimovich, P. K. (1927). "Fisheries at Dneprovskiye Porogi region" Trudy Gosudarstvennoy Ikhtiologicheskoy Opytnoy Stantsii 3(1) 109-178.

Szczesniak, P. A. (2001) "The mineral industries of Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone, USGS Minerals Information Database, Africa and the Middle East" <http://minerals.usgs.gov/minerals/pubs/country/2001/ivgvlislmyb01.pdf >(2001)

Tadesse, Z. (1988). "Studies on some aspects of the biology of Oreochromis niloticus L. (Pisces: Cichlidae) in Lake Zwai, Ethiopia" Unpublished Unpublished MSc thesis. School of Graduate studies, Addis Ababa University: Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Takahashi, K., Terai, Y., Nishida, M., et al. (1998). "A novel family of short interspersed repetitive elements (SINEs) from cichlids: The patterns of insertion of SINEs at orthologous loci support the proposed monophyly of four major groups of cichlid fishes in Lake Tanganyika" Molecular Biology and Evolution 15 391-407.

Talbot, M. R. and Laerdal, T. (2000). "The late Pleistocene-Holocene palaeolimnology of Lake Victoria, East Africa, base upon elemental and isotopic analyses of sedimentary organic matter" Journal of Palaeolimnology 23 141-164.

Taliev, D. (1948). "On the rate and the causes of divergent evolution in the Cottoidei from Lake Baikal" Trudy Baikal'skoi Limnologicheskoi Stantsii 12 107-158 [In Russian].

Taliev, D. N. (1955). "Baikal sculpins (Cottoidei)" Moscow-Leningrad: Acad. Sci. USSR.

Talling, T. F. (1966). "The annual cycle of stratification and phytoplankton growth in Lake Victoria (East Africa)" Internationale Revue der Gesamten Hydrobiologie 51(545-621)

Talwar, P. K. and A. G. Jhingran (1991). "Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. Vol. I and II" Rotterdam, The Netherlands: A. A. Balkema.

Tan, H. H. and Lim, K. K. P. (2004). "Inland fishes from the Anambas and Natuna Islands, South China Sea, with description of a new species of Betta (Teleostei : Osphronemidae)" Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 107-115.

Tan, K.;Iatrou, G. (2001). "Endemic plants of Greece – The Peloponnese" Copenhagen, Denmark: Gad Publishers LTD.

Tana and Athi Rivers Development, A. (1982) "Tana Delta Irrigation Project, Feasibility Study". Kenya. Haskkoning B.V., The Netherlands and Mwenge International Assocites ltd.

Tansley, A.G. (1949). "The British Isles and Their Vegetation" Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Taphorn, D. (1992). "The Characiform Fishes of the Apure River Drainage, Venezuela" Guanare: BioLlania.

Taphorn, D. C., Royero, R., Machado-Allison, A., et al. (1997)"Lista actualizada de los peces de agua de Venezuela" In E. La Marca (Ed.). Vertebrados actuales y fósiles de Venezuela. (pp. 55-100) Merida: Museo de Ciencia y Tecnología de Mérida.

Taphorn, D. C.;Thomerson, J. E. (1991). "Un characido nuevo, Aphyocharax colifax, de las cuencas de los rios Caroni y Caura en Venezuela" Revista Unellez de Ciencia y Tecnologia 4(1-2 [1986]) 113-115.

Taranets, A. Y. (1937). "On fishes and fisheries in Nora-Selemzha region (Zeya River basin)" Proceedings of Pacific Research Institute of Fisheries and Oceanography 12 71-77.

Taranets, A. Y. (1937). "A short review of fish fauna of Middle Amur basin" Proceedings of Pacific Research Institute of Fisheries and Oceanography 12 51-69.

Taranets, A. Y. (1938). "On zoogeography of the Amur Transitional Province on the basis of freshwater fish fauna studies" Vestnik DV filial AN SSSR 32(5) 99-115.

Tarasenko, V. S. (Ed.) (2003). "Sustainable Crimea. Water resources" Simferopol': Tavrida.

Teague, W. R., Bruton, M. N. and Gess, F. W. (1988) Conservation planning in the Eastern Cape. (pp. 402-419) Grahamstown, South Africa: Rhodes University.

Tedla, S. (1973). "Freshwater Fishes of Ethiopia" Unpublished Thesis. Dept. of Biology, Haile Selassie I University.

Tedla, S. and Hailemeskel, F. (1981). "Introduction and transplantation of freshwater fish species in Ethiopia" SINET: Ethiopian Journal of Science 4(2) 69-72.

Teferra, G. (1987). "A study on a herbivorous fish (Oreochromis niloticus L.) diet and its quality in two Ethiopian Rift Valley Lakes, Awassa and Zwai" Journal of Fish Biology 30 439-449.

Teferra, G. (1988). "Digestive efficiency and nutrient composition gradient in the gut of Oreochromis niloticus L. in Lake Awassa, Ethiopia" Journal of Fish Biology 33 501-509.

Teferra, G. (1989). "Stomach pH, feeding rhythm and ingestion rate in Oreochromis niloticus L. (Pisces: Cichlidae) in Lake Awassa, Ethiopia" Hydrobiologia 174 43-48.

Teferra, G. and Fernando, C. H. (1989). "The food habits of a herbivorous fish (Oreochromis niloticus L.) in Lake Awassa, Ethiopia" Hydrobiologia 174 195-200.

Tembotov, A. K. (Ed.) (1980). "Resursy zhivoi prirody. Ch. 1. Vodnyie zhivotnyie [Resources of the animate nature. Part. 1. Water animals]" Rostov-na-Donu: Izd. Rostov University.

Teugels, G. G. and Guégan, J. F. (1994). "Diversité biologique des poissons d’eaux douces de la Basse-Guinée et de l’Afrique Centrale in Biological Diversity in African Fresh-and Brackish water Fishes, Geographical reviews, Symposium PARADI" Annales du Musée royal de l’Afrique Central, Sciences Zoologiques 275 67-85.

Teugels, G. G. and Roberts, T. R. (1990). "Description of a small distinctively coloured new species of the characoid genus Neolebias from the Niger delta, West Africa (Pisces; Distichodontidae)" Revue de Zoologie Africaine 104 61-67.

Teugels, G. G. and Thys van den Audenaerde, D. F. E. (1990). "Description of a new species of Bryconaethiops (Pisces, Characidae) from Nigeria and Cameroon" Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters 1(3) 207-212.

Teugels, G. G., Lévêque, C., Paugy, D., et al. (1988). "Etat des connaissances sur la faune ichtyologique des bassins côtieres de Côte d'Ivoire et de l’Ouest du Ghana" Revue d’Hydrobiologie Tropicale 21 221-37.

Teugels, G. G., Reid, G. M. and King, R. P. (1992). "Fishes of the Cross River Basin (Cameroon-Nigeria): Taxonomy, zoogeography, ecology and conservation" Annales du Musée royal d’Afrique centrale (Sciences Zoologiques) 266 1-132.

Teugels, G. G., Snoeks, J., Vos, L. D., et al. (1991)"Les poissons du bassin inferieur du Kouilou (Congo)" In R. J. Dowsett and F. Dowsett-Lemaire (Ed.). Flore et faune du bassin du Kouilou (Congo) et leur exploitation, Tauraco Research Report No. 4. (pp. 109-139) Jupille-Liege, Belgium: Tauraco Press in association with CONOCO.

Thacker, C., Unmack, P. J., Matsui, L., et al. (2007). "Comparative phylogeography of five sympatric Hypseleotris species (Teleostei: Eleotridae) in southeastern Australia reveals a complex pattern of drainage basin exchanges with little congruence across species" Journal of Biogeography 34(9) 1518-1533.

Thackway, R.;Cresswell, I. D. (1995). "An Interim Biogeographic Regionalisation for Australia: a framework for establishing the national system of reserves, Version 4.0" Canberra, Australia: Australian Nature Conservation Agency.

Tharme, R. E., King, J. M., Tharme, R. E., et al. (2000) An overview of environmental flow methodologies, with particular reference to South Africa. (pp. 15-40) Pretoria, South Africa: Water Research Commission.

The Nature Conservancy (1996). "Troubled waters: Protecting our aquatic heritage" Arlington, Virginia, USA: Conservation Science.

The Nature Conservancy (1996) "Preserve profile: Understanding the Clinch Valley bioreserve" <http://www.tnc.org/>

The Nature Conservancy (1996) "Cheyenne Bottoms Preserve" <http://www.tnc.org/Kansas/bottoms.htm>

The Nature Conservancy (TNC) (2002). "The Gulf Coast Prairies and Marshes Ecoregional Conservation Plan" San Antonio, TX: Gulf Coast Prairies and Marshes Ecoregional Conservation Planning Team, The Nature Conservancy.

The Nature Conservancy - Osage Plains/Flint Hills Prairie Ecoregional Planning Team (2000) "Ecoregional Conservation in the Osage Plains/Flint Hills Prairie". Minneapolis, MN. The Nature Conservancy, Midwestern Resource Office.

The Nature Conservancy - Ozarks Ecoregional Assessment Team (2003) "Ozarks Ecoregional Conservation Assessment". Minneapolis, MN. The Nature Conservancy Midwestern Resource Office.

The Nature Conservancy Great Lakes Program (2000) "Toward a New Conservation Vision for the Great Lakes Region: A Second Iteration". Chicago, IL.

The Nature Conservancy Osage Plains/Flint Hills Prairie Ecoregional Planning Team (2000) "Ecoregional Conservation in the Osage Plains/Flint Hills Prairie". Minneapolis, MN. The Nature Conservancy, Midwestern Resource Office.

The Nature Conservancy Ozarks Ecoregional Assessment Team (2003) "Ozarks Ecoregional Conservation Assessment". Minneapolis, MN. The Nature Conservancy Midwestern Resource Office.

The Nature, C. (1994) "The conservation of biological diversity in the Great Lakes ecosystem: Issues and opportunities". The Nature Conservancy, Great Lakes Program. Online. http://epaserver.ciesin.org/glreis/glnpo/docs/bio/divrpt.html.

The World, B. (2001) "Biodiversity at the World Bank: Supporting the web of life" <http://lnweb18.worldbank.org/essd/essd.nsf/GlobalView/BioMagazine 8-01FOR WF.pdf/$File/BioMagazine 8-01FOR WF.pdf >(2002)

Thiam, A. (1996). "Pesticides in the Senegal River delta" Cahiers Agriculture 5(2) 112-117.

Thieme, M. L.,Abell, R.,Stiassny, M. L. J.,Skelton, P.,Lehner, B.,Teugels, G. G.,Dinerstein, E.,Kamdem-Toham, A.,Burgess, N.;Olson, D. (2005). "Freshwater Ecoregions of Africa and Madagascar: A Conservation Assessment" Washington, D.C., USA: Island Press.

Thomas, D. S. G.;Shaw, P. A. (1991). "The Kalahari environment" Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Thomas, J. D. (1997). "The Achilles Heel of the snail hosts of schistosomiasis in relation to control. Snail control and conservation: snails as friends as well as foes" , Danida, Denmark.

Thomerson, J. E.;Taphorn, D. C. (1992). "Two new annual killifishes from Amazonas Territory, Venezuela (Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae)" Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters 3(4) 377-384.

Thomerson, J.E.,Nico, L.;Taphorn, D. (1992). "Rivulus tecminae, a new killifish from Amazonas territory, Venezuela (Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae)" Ichthyological Explorations of Freshwaters 2(4) 289-296.

Thompson, K. (1976)"Swamp development in the headwaters of the White Nile" In J. Rzóska (Ed.). The Nile: Biology of an ancient river, Monographiae Biologicae 19. (pp. 177-196) The Hague: Dr. W.Junk Publishers.

Thomson, J. M. (1997). "The Mugilidae of the World" Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 41 457–562.

Thys van den Audenaerde, D. F. E. (1964). "Revision systematique des espèces congolaises du genre Tilapia (Pisces, Cichlidae), Annales du Musée royal de l’Afrique Central, 8o - Sciences Zoologiques, No. 124" Tervuren, Belgium: Musée Royal De L’Afrique Centrale.

Thys van den Audenaerde, D. F. E. (1966). "Les Tilapia (Pisces, Cichlidae) de Sud-Cameroun et du Gabon étude systematique, Annales du Musée royal de l’Afrique Central, 8o - Sciences Zoologiques, 153" Tervuren, Belgium: Musée Royal de l’Afrique Central.

Thys van den Audenaerde, D. F. E. (1968). "Addendum to the freshwater fishes of Fernando Po" Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr. LXXVIII(1-2) 123-128.

Thys van den Audenaerde, D. F. E. (1972). "Description of a small Tilapia (Pisces, Cichlidae) from West Cameroon" Rev Zool Bot Afr 85 93-98.

Ticheler, H. (2000). "Fish biodiversity in West African wetlands" The Netherlands: Wetlands International.

Tiéga, A., Awaiss, A. and Seyni, S. (1998) La Convention sur les zones humides (Ramsar, Iran, 1971): Mise en œuvre en Afrique et perspective d’avenir. (pp. 147-157)

Tiéga, A., Bergkamp, G., Pirot, J. Y., et al. (2001) Priorities for wetland biodiversity conservation in Africa. (pp. 101-105) Gland, Switzerland: IUCN.

Tilman, D., Fargione, J., Wolff, B., et al. (2001). "Forecasting agriculturally driven global environmental change" Science 292(5515) 281-284..

Timberlake, J. (1997) "Biodiversity of the Zambezi Basin wetlands: A review of available information, Phase 1". Harare, Zimbabwe. Draft report for the IUCN.

Timberlake, J. (2000). "Biodiversity of the Zambezi Basin wetlands. Consultancy report for IUCN ROSA" Harare, Zimbabwe: Biodiversity Foundation for Africa, Bulawayo/The Zambezi Society.

Timberlake, J. (2000)"Vegetation types of various wetland areas in the Zambezi Basin" In J. Timberlake (Ed.). Biodiversity of the Zambezi Basin wetlands. (pp. 1-30) Harare, Zimbabwe: Biodiversity Foundation for Africa, Bulawayo/The Zambezi Society.

Timberlake, J., Drummond, R., Smith, P., et al. (2000)"Wetland plants of the Zambezi Basin" In J. Timberlake (Ed.). Biodiversity of the Zambezi Basin wetlands. (pp. 31-81) Harare, Zimbabwe: Biodiversity Foundation for Africa, Bulawayo/The Zambezi Society.

Timm, H.,M. Lapinska,M. Zalewski,V. Olšauskyte,R. Skorupskas,A. Briede,I. Druvientis,G. Gavrilova,E. Parele,G. Spriņge,R. Gaumiga,M. M. Mel'nik;J.V. Aleksandrov (2009)"Baltic and Eastern continental rivers" In Tockner, K.;U. Uehlinger;C.T. Robinson (Ed.). Rivers of Europe. (pp. Pp 607-642) London, UK: Academic Press.

Tockner, K. ,Uehlinger, U.;Robinson, C.T. (2009). "Rivers of Europe" Academic Press: London, UK.

Tockner, K. and Stanford, J. A. (2002). "Riverine flood plains: present state and future trends" Environmental Conservation 29(3) 308-330.

Toebes, C.;Palmer, B. R. (1969). "Hydrological regions of New Zealand" Wellington: Water & Soil Division, Miscellaneous Hydrological Publication 4.

Toledo-Piza, M. R. (2000). "The Neotropical Fish Subfamily Cynodontinae (Teleostei: Ostariophysi: Characiformes): A Phylogenetic Study and a revision of Cynodon and Rhaphiodon" American Museum Novitates (3286) 88.

Toledo-Piza, M. R. and Menezes, N. A. (1996). "Taxonomic redefinition of the species of Acestrorhynchus of the microlepis group with the description of Acestrorhynchus apurensis, a new species from Venezuela (Ostariophysi:Characiformes: Characidae)" American Museum Novitates 3160 1-23.

Toledo-Piza, M. R., Menezes, N. A. and Santos, G. M. (1999). "Revision of the neotropical fish genus Hydrolycus (Ostariophysi: Cynodontinae) with the description of two new species" Ichthyological Explorations of Freshwaters 10(3) 255-280.

Tomazelli, Luiz Jose,Dillenburg, Sergio R.;Villwock, Jorge Alberto (2000). "Late Quaternary geological history of Rio Grande do Sul coastal plain, southern Brazil" Revista Brasileira de Geociências 30(3) 474-476.

Torrance, J. D. (1981). "Climate handbook of Zimbabwe" Harare, Zimbabwe: Department of Meteorological Services.

Tosi, J. (1971). "Zonas de Vida: Una base ecologica para investigaciones silvicolas e inventariacion forestal en la Republica de Panama" Rome, Italy: United Nations Development Programme.

Toure, M. (2002) "Initiating a tri-national programme for the integrated conservation of the Nimba Mountains. Second tri-national meeting, Côte d’Ivoire, Guinea, Liberia, February 12-15, 2002, NZérékoré, Guinea". Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire. Fauna and Flora International, Conservation International, and Birdlife International.

Town, E. E. U. E. E. U. a. U. o. C. (1990) "Final environmental impact report for the proposed Omdel Dam on the Omaruru River, unpublished report no. WR/90/7". Windhoek, Namibia. Division of Water Quality, Department of Water Affairs.

Towns, D. R. (1987). "The mayflies (Ephemeroptera) of Great Barrier Island, New Zealand: macro- and micro-distributional comparisons" Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 17 349-361.

Trajano, Eleanor (2001). "Ecology of subterranean fishes: an overview" Environmental Biology of Fishes 62 133-160.

Travers, R. A. (1989). "Systematic account of a collection of fishes from the Mongolian People's Republic: with a review of the hydrobiology of the major Mongolian drainage basins" Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. (Zool.) 55(2) 173-207.

Tremblin, G. (2000). "Autecological behaviour of Halopeplis amplexicaulis, a pioneer plant of inland salt lakes in western Algeria" Secheresse (Montrouge) 11(2) 109-116.

Trewavas, E. (1936). "Dr Karl Jordan’s expedition to South-West Africa and Angola: The freshwater fishes" Novitates Zoologicae 40 63-74.

Trewavas, E. (1962). "Fishes of the crater lakes of the northwestern Cameroons" Bonner Zoologische Beitraege 13 146-190.

Trewavas, E. (1973). "A new species of cichlid fish of rivers Quanza and Bengo, Angola, with a list of the known Cichlidae of these rivers and a note on Pseudocrenilabrus natalensis" Fowler. Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. (Zool.) 25 27-38.

Trewavas, E. (1974). "The freshwater fishes of Rivers Mungo, Meme and Lakes Kotto, Mboandong and Soden, West Cameroon" Bulletin of the British Museum of Natural History (Zoology) 26 329-419.

Trewavas, E. (1983). "Tilapiine fishes of the genera Sarotherodon, Oreochromis and Danakilia" London: British Museum (Natural History).

Trewavas, E., Green, J. and Cobet, S. A. (1972). "Ecological studies on crater lakes in West Cameroon, Fishes of Barombi Mbo" Journal of the Zoological Society of London 167 41-95.

Triantis, K.A.;Mylonas, M. (2009)"Greek islands, Biology" In R.A.Gillespie and D.A.Clague (Eds) (Ed.). Encyclopaedia of Islands. (pp. Pp. 388-392) Berkeley: University of California Press Ltd.

Troitsky, S. K. E. P. Tsunikova (1988). "Ryby basseinov Nizhnego Dona i Kubani: Rukovodstvo po opredeleniyu vidov [Fishes of the Lower Don and Kuban. Handbook for species identification]" Rostov-na-Donu: Rostov Knizhnoie Izdat..

Truswell, J. F. (1977). "The geological evolution of South Africa" Cape Town, South Africa: Purnell.

Tsepkin, E. A. (1999). "Fish fauna of Onega River – a clear indicator of climate changes in Holocene" Voprosy Ikhtiologii [J. Ichthyol.] 7(1) 11-119.

Tudorancea, C. and Harrison, A. D. (1988). "The benthic communities of the saline lakes Abijata and Shala (Ethiopia)" Hydrobiologia 158 117-123.

Tudorancea, C. and Zullini, A. (1989). "Associations and distribution of benthic nematodes in the Ethiopian rift valley lakes" Hydrobiologia 179 81-96.

Tudorancea, C., Baxter, R. M. and Fernando, C. H. (1989). "A comparative limnological study of zoobenthic associations in lakes of the Ethiopian rift valley" Archiv für Hydrobiologie/ Supplement 83 121-174.

Tudorancea, C., Fernando, C. H. and Paggi, J. C. (1988). "Food and feeding ecology of Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus, 1758) juveniles in Lake Awassa (Ethiopia)" Archiv für Hydrobiologie/ Supplement 79 267-289.

Tudorancea, C., GebreMariam, Z. and Dadebo, E. (1999)"Limnology in Ethiopia" In R. G. Wetzel and B. Gopal (Ed.). Limnology in developing countries, 2. (pp. 63-118) New Delhi, India: International Association for Limnology.

Tugarina, P. Ya (2002). "Ecology of fishes of Lake Khubsugul" Irkutsk: Irkutsk State Univ..

Tuite, E. H. (1979). "Population size, distribution and biomass density of lesser flamingo in the Eastern African Rift Valley" Journal of Applied Ecology 16 765-775.

Turdakov, F. A. (1963). "Fishes of Kirghizia" Frunze: Izdat. AN KirgizSSR.

Turner, B. F., Gardner, L. R., Sharp, W. E., et al. (1996). "The geochemistry of Lake Bosumtwi, a hydrologically closed basin in the humid zone of tropical Ghana" Limnology and Oceanography 41(7) 1415-1424.

Turner, G. (1999). "What is a fish species?" Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 9 281-297.

Turner, G. F. (1994). "Fishing and the conservation of the endemic fishes of Lake Malawi" Ergebnisse der Limnologie 44 481-494.

Turner, G. F. (1995)"Management, conservation and species changes of exploited fish stocks in Lake Malawi" In T. J. Pitcher and P. J. B. Hart (Ed.). The impact of species changes in African lakes. (pp. 365-395) London, UK: Chapman and Hall.

Turner, G. F. (1996). "Offshore cichlids of Lake Malawi" Lauenau, Germany: Cichlid Press.

Turner, G. F., Seehausen, O., Knight, M. E., et al. (2001). "How many species of cichlid fishes are there in African lakes?" Molecular Ecology 10(3) 793-806.

Turner, J. L. (1981). "Changes in multi-species fisheries when many species are caught at the same time" CIFA Tech.Pap./Doc.Tech.CPCA 8 201-211.

Turner, J. T. (1994)"Great Basin Desertscrub" In D. E. Brown (Ed.). Biotic communities in southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico. (pp. 145-155) Salt Lake City, UT: Univerisity of Utah Press.

Turner, R. M., J.E. Bowers, and T.L. Burgess (1995.). "Sonoran desert plants: An ecological atlas" Tuscon, AZ: The University of Arizona Press.

Turpie, J., Smith, B., Emerton, L., et al. (1999) "Economic value of the Zambezi Basin wetlands". Cape Town. IUCN Regional Office in Southern Africa.

Tvrtković, Nikola;P. Veen (2006) "The Dinaric Alps Rare Habitats and Species Conservation Project in Croatia. Part A.". Zagreb, Croatia. Hrvatski Prirodoslovni Muzej, Zagreb (CNHM) and Royal Dutch Society for Nature Conservation (KNNV).

Tweddle, D. (1979)"The zoogeography of the fish fauna of the Lake Chilwa basin" In M. Kalk, A. J. McLachlan and C. Howard-Williams (Ed.). Lake Chilwa: Studies of change in a tropical ecosystem. Monographiae Biologicae, 35. (pp. 177-182 & 440-441) The Netherlands: Dr. W. Junk.

Tweddle, D. (1983). "The fish and fisheries of Lake Chiuta" Luso: J. Sci. Tech. (Malawi) 4(2) 55-81.

Tweddle, D. (1985). "The importance of the national parks, game reserves and forest reserves of Malawi to fish conservation and fisheries management" Nyala 11 5-11.

Tweddle, D. (1996). "Fish survey of Nkhotakota Wildlife Reserve" JLB Smith Institute of Ichthyology Investigational Report 53 1-79.

Tweddle, D. and Skelton, P. H. (1998). "Two new species of Varicorhinus (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) from the Ruo River, Malawi, Africa, with a review of other southern African Varicorhinus species" Ichthyolological Exploration of Freshwaters 8 369-384.

Tweddle, D. and Willoughby, N. G. (1979). "An annotated checklist of the fish fauna of the River Shire south of Kapachira Falls, Malawi" Ichthyological Bulletin of Rhodes University 39 11-22.

Tweddle, D., Lewis, D. S. C. and Willoughby, N. G. (1979). "The nature of the barrier separating the Lake Malawi and Lower Zambezi fish faunas" Ichthyological Bulletin of the J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology 39 1-10.

Tweddle, D., Makwinja, R. D. and Sodzapanja, G. (1995). "Catch and effort data for the fisheries of the Lower Shire River and associated marshes" Malawi Fisheries Bulletin 31 1-49.

Twongo, T., Bugenyi, F. W. B. and Wanda, F. (1995). "The potential for further proliferation of water hyacinth in Lakes Victoria, Kyoga, and Kwania and some urgent aspects of research" Africa Journal of Tropical Hydrobiology and Fisheries 6 1-10.

Tyler, S. J. and Bishop, D. R. (1998)"Important Bird Areas of Botswana" In K. N. Barnes (Ed.). The important bird areas of southern Africa. (pp. 103-122) Johannesburg, South Africa: BirdLife South Africa.

Tyler, S. J. and Bishop, D. R. (2001)"Botswana" In L. D. C. Fishpool and M. I. Evans (Ed.). Important bird areas in Africa and associated islands: Priority sites for conservation. (pp. 99-112) Newbury and Cambridge, UK: Pisces Publications and BirdLife International (Birdlife Conservation Series No. 11).

U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (1995) "A Phase I Inventory of Current EPA Efforts to Protect Ecosystems. EPA841-S-95-001". Washington, DC, USA. Office of Water (4503F), United States Environmental Protection Agency.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (1995) "Strategic plan for conservation of Fish and Wildlife Service trust resources in the Ohio River Valley ecosystem. USFWS Regions 5, 4, and 3". Ohio River Valley Ecosystem Team.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Division of Endangered Species (1993). "Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Endangered Status for Eight Freshwater Mussels and Threatened Status for Three Freshwater Mussels in the Mobile River Drainage" Federal Register, March 17, 1993

Uehlinger, U.,K.M. Wantzen,R. Leuven;H. Arndt (2009)"The Rhine River basin" In Tockner, K.;U. Uehlinger;C.T. Robinson (Ed.). Rivers of Europe. (pp. Pp 199-246) London, UK: Academic Press.

UICN France,MNHN,SFI;ONEMA (2010) "La Liste rouge des espèces menacées en France - Chapitre Poissons d’eau douce de France métropolitaine". Paris, France.

Ulziihutag, N. (1989). "Flora of Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar (in Mongolian)"

Unep (1996) "Groundwater: A threatened resource. UNEP Environment Library No. 15". Nairobi, Kenya. UNEP.

Unep (1998) "Island directory" <http://www.unep.ch/islands/CMP.htm >(2002)

Unep (1999). "Regional overview of land-based sources and activities affecting the coastal environment and associated freshwater environment in the West and Central African region, Regional Seas Reports and Studies No. 171" The Hague, Netherlands and Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire: UNEP/GPA Co-ordination Office and West and Central Africa Action Plan, Regional Coordinating Unit.

Unep (2000) "Environmental impact of refugees in Guinea". Nairobi, Kenya. UNEP, Regional office for Africa.

Unep (2000) "Global Environment Outlook 2000 - GEO-2000. UNEP's Millennium Report on the Environment". London, UK. Earthscan.

Unesco (2001) "UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve Directory" <http://www2.unesco.org/mab/br/brdir/directory/database.asp >(2001)

United Nations Commission on Sustainable, D. (1997) "Natural resource aspects of sustainable development in Guinea-Bissau: desertification and drought" <http://www.un.org/esa/agenda21/natlinfo/countr/guineab/natur.htm#desert >(2001)

United Nations Commission on Sustainable, D. (2002) "Report of the World Summit on Sustainable Development: Johannesburg, South Africa 26 August - 4 September 2002". New York, USA. United Nations.

United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural, Organization (1999). "Report of the 23rd session of the convention concerning the protection of the world cultural and natural heritage: World Heritage Committee, 29 November – 4 December 1999 in Marrakesh, Morocco" Paris, France: World Heritage.

United Nations Population, D. (2001) "World population prospects: Population database" <http://esa.un.org/unpp/ >(2002)

United States Geological, S. (1996) "First Detailed ‘Report Card’ on Mississippi River Shows Movement of Contaminants. Online. http://www.usgs.gov/public/press/public_affairs/press_releases/pr106m.html".

United, N. (2001) "Report of the panel of experts on the illegal exploitation of natural resources and other forms of wealth of the Democratic Republic of Congo" <http://www.un.org/Docs/sc/letters/2001/357e.pdf >(2002)

Unmack, P. J. (1996). "The unique Cooper Creek catfish from central Australia" Fishes of Sahul 10 460-464.

Unmack, P. J. (2001). "Biogeography of Australian freshwater fishes" Journal of Biogeography 28(9) 1053-1089.

Unmack, P. J. (2005). "Historical biogeography and a priori hypotheses based on freshwater fishes" Unpublished Thesis. Arizona State University.

Unpd (1999). "World population prospects: The 1998 revision, Vol. 1" New York, New York: United Nations.

Upper Mississippi River Conservation Committee (UMRCC) (2000) "A river that works and a working river: A strategy for the natural resources of the Upper Mississippi River System". Rock Island, ILL. Upper Mississippi River Conservation Committee.

Uschakov, P. V. (1970). "Observation sur la repartition de la faune benthique du littoral guinéen" Cahier de biologie marine XI 435-457.

Valakos, E.D.,P. Pafilis,K. Sotiropoulos,P. Lymberakis,P. Maragou;Foufopoulos, J. (2008). "The Amphibians and Reptiles of Greece" Frankfurt, Germany: Chimaira.

Valero, A., J. Schipper, T. Allnutt, et al. (2001) "Sierra Madre Occidental pine-oak forests (NA0302)" <http://www.worldwildlife.org/wildworld/profiles/terrestrial/na/na0302_full.html>(July 21)

van Damme, P., Wallace, R., Swaenepoel, K., et al. (2002). "Distribution and Population Status of the Giant Otter Pteronura brasiliensis in Bolivia" IUCN Otter Specialist Group Bulletin 19(2) 87- 96.

Van de Graaf, W. J. E., Crowe, R.W.A., Bunting, J.A., Jackson, P. and Jackson, M.J (1997). "Relict Early Cainozoic drainages in arid Western Australia" Zeitschrift fur Geomorphologie 21 379-400.

Van den Briel, J. and Brouwer, R. (1987). "Fuelwood scarcity and forest policy on Santo Antao, Cape Verde [Atlantic Ocean]" Netherlands Journal of Agricultural Science 35(1) 81-83.

van der Kamp, J. and Diallo, M. (1999) "Suivi écologique du Delta Intérieur du Niger: Les oiseaux d’eau comme bio-indicateurs. Recensements crue 1998-1999. Malipin publication 99-02". Sevaré and Veenwouden (Pays-Bas). Wetlands International and Altenburg & Wymenga.

van der Kamp, J., Diallo, M. and Fofana, B. (2002)"Dynamique des populations des oiseaux d’eau" In E. Wymenga, B. Kone and L. Zwarts (Ed.). La delta interieur de fleuve Niger: ecologie et gestion durable des resources naturelles. Sévaré (Mali), Lelystad (Pays-Bas), and Veenwouden (Pays-Bas).: Wetlands International, RIZA, and Altenburg & Wymenga ecological consultants.

van der Kamp, J., Diallo, M., Altenburg, W., et al. (2002)"Colonies nicheuses d’ouiseaux d’eau" In E. Wymenga, B. Kone and L. Zwarts (Ed.). La delta interieur de fleuve Niger: ecologie et gestion durable des resources naturelles. Sévaré (Mali), Lelystad (Pays-Bas), and Veenwouden (Pays-Bas).: Wetlands International, RIZA, and Altenburg & Wymenga ecological consultants.

van der Kamp, J., Diallo, M., Fofana, B., et al. (2001) "Bio-indicateurs dans le Delta Intérieur du fleuve Niger: Suivi de populations d’oiseaux d’eau par dénombrements aériens 1999 2001. Mali-PIN publication 01-03". Sevaré and Veenwouden (Pays-Bas). Wetlands International and Altenburg & Wymenga.

van der Linde, H.,Oglethorpe, J.,Sandwith, T.,Snelson, D.;Tessema, Y. (2001). "Beyond boundaries: Transboundary natural resource mangament in sub-saharan Africa" Washington, DC, USA: Biodiversity Support Program.

van der Waal, B. C. W. (1991). "Fish life of the Oshana delta in Owambo, Namibia, and the translocation of Cunene species" Madoqua 17(2) 201-209.

van der Waal, B. C. W. (1996). "Some observations on fish migrations in Caprivi, Namibia" Southern African Journal of Aquatic Sciences 22(1-2) 62-80.

van der Waal, B. C. W. (2000). "Fish as a resource in a rural river catchment in the Northern Province, South Africa" African Journal of Aquatic Science 25 56-70.

van der Waal, B. C. W. (2000) "Fish resource management study of the Omadhyia Wetland Complex, Oshana Region". Windhoek, Namibia. Northern Namibia Environmental Project, Ministry of Environment and Tourism.

van der Waal, B. C. W. and Bills, R. (2000). "Oreochromis niloticus (Teleostei: Cichlidae) now in the Limpopo River system" South African Journal of Science 96(1) 47-48.

van der Waal, B. C. W. and Skelton, P. H. (1984). "Check list of the fishes of Caprivi" Madoqua 13 303-20.

Van Nieuwenhuizen, G. D. P. (2000) "Chapter 11: Conservation Status". Cape Town, South Africa. Freshwater Research Unit, University of Cape Town.

Van Nieuwenhuizen, G. D. P. and Day, J. A. (2000) "Chapter 2: Freshwater Ecosystems".In G. D. P. Van Nieuwenhuizen and J. A. Day (Ed.),Cape Action Plan for the environment: The conservation of freshwater ecosystems in the Cape Floral Kingdom Cape Town, South Africa: Freshwater Research Unit, University of Cape Town.

van Nieuwenhuizen, G. D. P. and Day, J. A. (2000) "Cape Action Plan for the Environment: The conservation of freshwater ecosystems in the Cape Floral Kingdom". Cape Town, South Africa. Freshwater Research Unit, University of Cape Town.

Van Rooyen, T. (1984). "The soils of the Kalahari Gemsbok National Park" Supplement to Koedoe 1984 45-61.

Van Sickle, J. and Hughes, R. M. (2000). "Classification strengths of ecoregions, catchments, and geographic clusters for aquatic vertebrates in Oregon" Journal of the North American Benthological Society 19(3) 370-384.

van Someren, V. D. (1952) "The biology of the trout in Kenya Colony". Nairobi, Kenya. Government Printer.

Van Thielen, R., Ajuonu, O., Schade, V., et al. (1994). "Importation, releases, and establishment of Neochetina spp. (Col.: Curculionidae) for the biological control of water hyacinth, Eichhornia crassipes (Lil.: Pontederiaceae), in Bénin, West Africa" Entomophaga 39(2) 179-188.

van Wilgen, B. W., Cowling, R. M. and Burgers, C. J. (1996). "Valuation of ecosystem services" BioScience 46(3) 184-189.

Van Wyk, P. and Le Riche, E. (1984). "The Kalahari Gemsbok National Park: 1931-1981" Supplement to Koedoe 1984 21-31.

Van Zalinge, N., Nao Thuok, T. S., Tana, D. L., et al. (2000) Where there is water, there is fish? Cambodian fisheries issues in a Mekong River Basin perspective. (pp. 37-48) ICLARM.

Vander Shaaf, D., G. Wilhere, Z. Ferdana, K. Popper, M. Schindel, P. Skidmore, D. Rolph, P. Iachetti, G. Kittel, R. Crawford, D. Pickering, and J. Christy (2006) "Pacific Northwest Coast Ecoregional Assessment". Portland, OR. The Nature Conservancy.

Vareschi, E. and Jacob, J. (1985). "The ecology of Lake Nakuru: Synopsis of production and energy flow" Oecologia 65 412-424.

Varga, Z. (2010)"Extra-Mediterranean refugia, post-glacial vegetation history and area dynamics in Eastern Central Europe" In Habel, J. C.;Assmann, T. (Ed.). Relict species: Phylogeography and Conservation Biology. (pp. 57-87) Berlin: Springer Berlin Heidelberg.

Vari, R. (1982) "Inventory, biology and ecology of the fishes of the Corantijn River, Suriname".

Vari, R. P. (1982). "Systematics of the Neotropical Characoid Genus Curimatopsis (Pisces: Characoidei)" Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology (373) 28.

Vari, R. P. (1984). "Systematics of the Neotropical Characiform genus Potamorhina (Pisces: Characiformes)" Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology (400) 36.

Vari, R. P. (1988)"The Curimatidae, a lowland Neotropical fish family (Pisces: Characiformes) distribution, endemism, and phylogenetic biogeography" In P. E. Vanzolini and W. R. Heyer (Ed.). Proceedings of a Workshop on Neotropical Distribution Patterns. (pp. 313-348) Rio de Janeiro: Academia Brasileira de Ciências.

Vari, R. P. (1989a). "A Phylogenetic Study of the Neotropical Characiform Family Curimatidae (Pisces: Ostariophysi)" Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology (471) 71.

Vari, R. P. (1989b). "Systematics of the Neotropical Characiform Genus Curimata Bosc (Pisces: Chraciformes)" Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology (474) 63.

Vari, R. P. (1989c). "Systematics of the Neotropical Characiform Genus Psectrogaster Eigenmann and Eigenmann (Pisces: Characiformes)" Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology (481) 43.

Vari, R. P. (1989d). "Systematics of the Neotropical Characiform Genus Pseudocurimata Fernandez-Yepez (Pisces: Ostariophysi)" Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology (490) 28.

Vari, R. P. (1991). "Systematic of the Neotropical Characiform Genus Steindachnerina Fowler (Pisces: Ostariophysi)" Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology (507) 118.

Vari, R. P. (1992). "Systematics of the Neotropical Characiform genus Curimatella Eigenmann and Eigenmann (Pisces: Ostariophysi), with summary comments on the Curimatidae" Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology (533) 48.

Vari, R. P. (1992). "Systematics of the Neotropical Characiform Genus Cyphocharax Fowler (Pisces: Ostariophysi)" Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology (529) 137.

Vari, R. P. (1995). "The Neotropical Fish Family Ctenoluciidae (Teleostei: Ostariophysi: Characiformes): Supra and Intrafamilial Phylogenetic Relationships, with a Revisionary Study" Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 564 1-97.

Vari, R. P. (1998). "The Neotropical Catfish Genus Epapterus Cope (Siluriformes: Auchenipteridae): a Reappraisal" Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 111(4) 992-1007.

Vari, R. P. and Harold, A. S. (2001). "Phylogenetic study of the Neotropical fish genera Creagrutus Günther and Piabina Reinhardt (Teleostei: Ostariophysi: Characiformes), with a revision of the Cis-Andean species" Smithsonian Contribution to Zoology 613 239.

Vari, R. P. and Weitzman, S. H. (1990)"A review of the phylogenetic biogeography of the freshwater fishes of South America" In G. Peters and R. Hutterer (Ed.). Vertebrates in the Tropics. (pp. 381-393) Bonn:

Vari, R. P., Castro, R. M. C. and Raredon, S. J. (1995). "The Neotropical fish family Chilidontidae (Teleostei: Characiformes): A phylogenetic study and a revision of {ICaenotropus} Gunther" Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology (577) 32.

Vari, R. P., Ferraris, C. J., Jr. and de Pinna, M. C. C. (2005). "The Neotropical whale catfishes (Siluriformes:Cetopsidae), a revisionary study" Neotropical Ichthyology 3(2) 127-238.

Vari, R. P., Malabarba, L. R., Malabarba, L. R., et al. (1998) Neotropical ichthyology: An overview. (pp. 1-11) Porto Alegre, Brazil: EDIPURCRS.

Vari, R.,C. Ferraris Jr., A. Radosavljevic;Funk, V.A. (2009). "Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of the Guiana Shield" Bulletin of the Biological society of Washington 17

Vas, A. C. and Pereira, A. L. (2000). "The Inkomati and Limpopo international river basins: A view from downstream" Water Policy 2 99-112.

Vasil'eva, E. D. ;Vasil'ev, V.P. (1994). "Systematics of the Caucasian riverine gobies (Gobiidae) in the light of modern data, with the description of a new species, *Neogobius rhodioni* sp. nova" Historie naturelle des poissons 34(6) 747-758.

Vasnetsov, V. V. (1950). "Phylogeny of Highland Asian cyprinids Schizotoracinae" Trudy Inst. Morphol. Zhivotn. [Proceedings of Institute of Animal Morphology, Moscow] 2 3-84.

Veblen, T. T., Young, K. R. and Orme, A. R. (2007). "The physical geography of South America" New York, NY: Oxford Univeristy Press.

Vega Cendejas, M. E.;Santillana, J. M. Hernández de (2004). "Los peces de la Reserva de la Biosfera de Calakmul, Campeche" México: Conservation International, A. C..

Vega, J. B. I. (1998) Naturaleza de España: Un tesoro para el año 2000. Madrid, Spain: WWF/Adena.

Veillon, J. M. (1993). "Protection of floristic diversity in New Caledonia" Biodiv. Letters 1 88-91.

Venema, H. D., Schiller, E. J., Adamowski, K., et al. (1997). "A water resources planning response to climate change in the Senegal River basin" Journal of Environmental Management 49 125-155.

Vennie, J. and compiler (2004) "The North American Lake Management Society lake and water word glossary" <http://www.nalms.org/glossary/glossary.htm >

Vereshchagin, G. Y. (1936). "Akademiku V.I. Vernadskomu k 50-letiyu nauchnoi i pedagogicheskoi deyatel’nosti (To Academician V.I Vernadskii on the 50th Anniversary of Scientific and Pedagogic Activity)" , Moscow.

Vergara, R. R. (1980). "Principales caracteristicas de la ictiofauna dulceacuicola cubana" Ciencias Biologicas 5 95-106.

Verheyen, E., Rüber, L., Snoeks, J., et al. (1996). "Mitochondrial phylogeography of rock-dwelling cichlid fishes reflect historical lake level fluctuations in Lake Tanganyika" Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society London 351(1341) 797-805.

Verheyen, R. (1939). "Notes sur la faune ornithologique de l’Afrique Central" Bull. Mus. Roy. Hist. Nat. Belgique XV 61.

Vernon, C. J. (1986). "A preliminary account of the avifauna of the Karoo Biome" Bontebok 5 52-64.

Verschuren, D. (2003). "The heat on Lake Tanganyika" Nature 424 731-732.

Vesey-FitzGerald, D. (1964). "Mammals of the Rukwa valley" Tanganyika Notes and Records 62 1-12.

Vesey-FitzGerald, D. and Beesley, J. S. S. (1960). "An annotated list of the birds of the Rukwa Valley" Tanganyika Notes and Records 54 91-110.

Vidal, E. S. and Lucena, C. A. S. (1999). "Pimelodus atrobrunneus, uma nova espécie de pimelodideo do rio Uruguay superior (Teleostei, Siluriformes, Pimelodidae" Biociências 7(1) 121-134.

Vidigal, T., R.L. Caldeira, ,A.J.G. Simpson;Carvalho, O.S. (2001). "Identification of Biomphalaria havanensis and Biomphalaria obstructa populations from Cuba using polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism of the ribosomal RNA intergenic spacer" Memorias Do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz 96 661-665.

Vidthayanon, C. (2005). "Thailand red data: fishes" Bangkok, Thailand: Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy and Planning.

Vidthayanon, C. (2002). "Peat swamp fishes of Thailand" Bangkok, Thailand: Office of Environmental Policy and Planning.

Viktorovskiy, R. M. (1978). "Mechanisms of speciation in chars of Kronotskoye Lake" Moscow: Nauka.

Vila, I. and Buth, D. (2006). "A New Species of Killifish in the Genus Orestias (Teleostei: Cyprinodontidae) from the Southern High Andes, Chile" Copeia 2006(3) 472-477.

Villa-Navarro, F. A., Zúñiga-Upegui, P. T., Castro-Roa, D., et al. (2006). "Peces del alto Magdalena, cuenca del río Magdalena, Colombia" Biota Colombiana 7(1) 3-22.

Villar Anleu, L. (1994)"Informe de País Guatemala: Perfil General" In Vega, A. (Ed.). Corredores Conservacionistas en la Región Centroamericana: Memorias de una Conferencia Regional auspiciada por el Proyecto Paseo Pantera.. Florida: Tropical Research and Development, Inc..

Vink, W. (1993). "Winteracées" Flore de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et Dépendances 19 90-171.

Vinogradov, K. O. (1960). "Fish fauna of the north-western part of the Black Sea" Kiev: Izdatel'stvo AN USSR.

Vinyard, G. L. (1996). "Distribution of a thermal endemic minnow, the desert dace (Eremichthys acros), and observations of impacts of water diversion on its population" Great Basin Naturalist 56(4) 360-368.

Vonlanthen, P.,L. Excoffier,D. Bittner,H. Persat,S. Neuenschwander;Largiader, C.R. & (2007). "Genetic analysis of potential postglacial watershed crossings in Central Europe by the bullhead (Cottus gobio L.)" Molecular Ecology 16(21) 4572-4584.

Vörösmarty, C. J., Askew, A., Grabs, W., et al. (2001). "Global water data: A newly endangered species" Eos Transactions American Geophysical Union 82(5) 54-58.

Vriesendorp, C., Chavez, L. R., Moskovits, D. K., et al. (Ed.) (2004). "Perú: Megantoni" 15 Chicago, IL: The Field Museum.

Vriesendorp, C., Schulenberg, T. S., Alverson, W. S., et al. (Ed.) (2006). "Perú: Sierra del Divisor" 17 Chicago: The Field Museum.

Wager, R.;Unmack, P. J. (2000). "Fishes of the Lake Eyre Catchment of Central Australia" Brisbane: Queensland Department of Primary Industries.

Wanzie, C. S. (1990). "Water resources management and wildlife conservation in the Lake Chad Basin" Mammalia 54(4) 579-585.

Wass, P. (1995) "Kenya’s Indigenous Forests: status, management and conservation". Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. IUCN Forest Conservation Programme.

Wasson, J. G., Barrera, S., Barrère, B., et al. (2002)"HYDRO-ECOREGIONS OF THE BOLIVIAN AMAZON: A GEOGRAPHICAL FRAMEWORK FOR THE FUNCTIONING OF RIVER ECOSYSTEMS" In M. E. McClain (Ed.). The Ecohydrology of South American Rivers and Wetlands. (pp. 69-91) Wallinford, Oxfordshire: IAHS Press.

Waterbury, John (2002). "The Nile Basin: National determinants of collective action" New Haven, CT, USA: Yale University Press.

Waters, J. M. and Wallis, G. P. (2001). "Mitochondrial DNA phylogenetics of the Galaxias vulgaris complex from South Island, New Zealand: rapid radiation of a species flock" Journal of Fish Biology 58 1166-1180.

Waters, J. M., López, J. A. and Wallis, G. P. (2000). "Molecular phylogenetics and biogeography of galaxiid fishes (Osteichthyes: Galaxiidae): dispersal, vicariance, and the position of Lepidogalaxias salamandroides" Systematic Biology 49 777-795.

Waters, W. W. F. L. (2000) "The great lake that nearly vanished" <http://www.panda.org/livingwaters/chad.html. >(2001)

Watson, R. T., Marufu, C. Z. and Moss, R. H. (1997) "IPCC special report on the regional impacts of climate change: An assessment of vulnerability" <http://grida.no/climate/ipcc/regional/019.htm#box2-5 >(2002)

Watson, R.E.,G.R. Allen;M. Kottelat (1998). "A review of Stiphodon from Halmahera and Irian Jaya, Indonesia, with descriptions of two new species (Teleostei: Gobiidae)." Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 9(3) 293-304.

Watson, R.E.;Kottelat, M. (1994). "Lentipes whittenorum and Sicyopus auxilimentus, two new species of freshwater gobies from the western Pacific (Teleostei: Gobiidae: Sicydiinae)" Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters 5(4) 351-364.

Watts, R. J., Storey, A. W., Hebbert, D. R., et al. (1995). "Genetic and morphological differences between populations of the western minnow, Galaxias occidentalis, from two river systems in south-western Australia" Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 46 769–777.

Wcmc (1984) "World Heritage Sites: Aldabra Atoll" <http://www.wcmc.org.uk/protected_areas/data/wh/aldabra.html. >(2001)

Wcmc (1984) "World Heritage Sites: Garamba" <http://www.wcmc.org.uk/protected_areas/data/wh/garamba.html >(2001)

Wcmc (1993). "Ecologically sensitive sites in Africa. Volume III: South-Central Africa and Indian Ocean" Washington D.C.: The World Bank.

Wcmc (2001) "Tree Conservation Database: São Tomé e Príncipe" <http://www.ggcg.st/botany/trees_stp.htm >(2002)

Wcmc (2001) "Vallée de Mai Nature Reserve" <http://www.wcmc.org.uk/protected_areas/data/wh/mai.html >(2001)

Weber, M. and Beaufort, L. F. D. (1915)"Les Poissons d'eau douce de la Nouvelle-Calédonie" In F. Sarasin and J. Roux (Ed.). Nova Caledonia Zoologie. (pp. 17-41) 2 (1). C. W. Kreidels Verlag, Wiesbaden:

Weber, M.;L. F. de Beaufort (1915)"Fische aus dem Süsswasser von Nias" In Kleiweg de Zwaan, J. P. Die Insel Nias bei Sumatra. (pp. 269-276) Gravenhage: Mart. Nyhoff.

Weiss, S.;Ferrand, N. (2007). "Phylogeography of southern European refugia" Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer.

Weitzman, S. H. and Menezes, N. A. (1998)"Relationships of the tribes and genera of the Glandulocaudinae (Ostariophysi: Characiformes: Characidae) with a description of a new genus, Chrysobrycon" In L. R. Malabarba, R. E. Reis, R. P. Vari and C. A. S. Lucena (Ed.). Phylogeny and Classification of Neotropical Fishes. (pp. 171-192) Porto Alegre: Edipucrs.

Weitzman, S. H. and Weitzman, M. J. (1982)"Biogeography and evolutionary diversification in neotropical freshwater fishes, with comments on the refuge theory" In G. T. Prance (Ed.). Biological Diversification in the Tropics. (pp. 403-422) New York: Columbia University Press.

Weitzman, S. H., Menezes, N. A. and Weitzman, M. J. (1988)"Phylogenetic biogeography of the Glandulocaudini (Teleostei: Characiformes, Characidae) with comments on the distributions of other freshwater fish in eastern and southeastern Brazil" In W. R. Heyer and P. E. Vanzolini (Ed.). Proceedings of a Workshop on Neotropical Distribution Patterns.. (pp. 349-397) Rio de Janeiro: Academia Brasileira de Ciencias.

Weitzman, S.H.;S.V. Fink (1985). "Xenurobryconin phylogeny and putative pheromone pumps in glandulocaudine fishes (Teleostei: Characidae)" Smithson. Contrib. Zool. (SCZ) 24 Dec., No. 421 i-iii + 1-121.

Welcomme, R. (1988). "International introductions of inland fish species, FAO Fisheries Technical Paper No. 294" Rome, Italy: FAO.

Welcomme, R. L. (1972) The inland waters of Africa. Rome, Italy: FAO.

Welcomme, R. L. (1985). "River Fisheries, FAO Fisheries Technical Paper, No. 262" Rome, Italy: FAO.

Welcomme, R. L. (1986)"Fish of the Niger system" In B. R. Davies and K. F. Walker (Ed.). The ecology of river systems. (pp. 25-48) Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Dr W. Junk Publishers.

Welcomme, R. L. (1986)"The Niger River system" In B. R. Davies and K. F. Walker (Ed.). The ecology of river systems. (pp. 9-23) Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Dr W. Junk Publishers.

Welcomme, R. L. (1999). "A review of a model for qualitative evaluation of exploitation leveles in multi-species fisheries" Fisheries management and ecology 6 1-19.

Welcomme, R. L. (2001). "Inland Fisheries: Ecology and management" Oxford, UK: Blackwell Science.

Welcomme, R. L. and De Mérona, B. (1988) C. Lévêque, M. Bruton and G. Ssentongo (Ed.). Fish communities of rivers. (pp. 251-276) Paris, France: ORSTOM.

Welcomme, R. L. and Halls, A. (2001). "Some considerations of the effects of differences in flood patterns on fish populations" Ecohydrology and Hydrobiology 1 313-323.

Welcomme, R., Halls, A., Welcomme, R. L., et al. (2002). "Dependence of river fisheries on river flow" Paper presented at the International Conference on Environmental Flows for River Systems, Cape Town, South Africa.

Welcomme, Robin L. (1979)"Fisheries ecology of floodplain rivers" In London, U. K. and New York, NY: Longman.

Wenger, S. (1999) "A review of the scientific literature on riparian buffer width, extent and vegetation". Athens, Georgia, USA. Office of Public Service and Outreach, Institute of Ecology, University of Georgia.

Weninger, G. (1968). "Beiträge zum chemismus der Gewässer von Neukaledonien" Cah. O.R.S.T.O.M., sér. Hydrobiol 2(1) 35-55.

West, K. (2001) "Lake Tanganyika: Results and experiences of the UNDP/GEF conservation initiative (RAF/92/G32) in Burundi, D.R. Congo, Tanzania, and Zambia". Lake Tanganyika Biodiversity Project.

Westphal, E. (1975). "Agriculture systems in Ethiopia. Joint publication of the College of Agriculture, Haile Selassie I University, Ethiopia and the Agricultural University, Wageningen, The Netherlands"

Wetlands International (2002) "Ramsar Sites Database: A directory of wetlands of international importance" <http://ramsar.wetlands.org/>(2003)

Wetlands International (2003) "Ramsar Sites Database Service: Maps and Graphs: Africa" <http://www.wetlands.org/RSDB/default.htm >(2003)

Wetlands International (2005) "Ramsar Sites Database: A directory of wetlands of international importance" <http://www.wetlands.org>(February 8, 2010)

Wharton, C. H., W. M. Kitchens, E. C. Pedleton, and T. W. Snipe (1982). "The ecology of bottomland hardwood swamps in the Southeast: A Community profile" FWS/OBS 81/37

White, F. (1983) "The vegetation of Africa, a descriptive memoir to accompany the UNESCO/AETFAT/UNSO vegetation map of Africa, Natural Resources Research 20: 1-356". Paris, France: UNESCO.

White, R. A., J.P. Ligorria and Cifuentes, I. L. (2004)"Seismic history of the Middle America subduction zone along El Salvador, Guatemala and Chiapas, Mexico, 1526–2000" In J. J. B. W.I. Rose, and C. Sandoval (Ed.). Natural hazards and risk mitigation in El Salvador: An introduction. ((Vol. 375, pp. 379-396) Boulder, CO: Geological Society of America Special Paper.

Whitehead, P. J. P. (1959). "Notes on collection of fishes from the Tana River below Garissa, Kenya" Journal of East Africa Natural History Society 23(101) 167-171.

Whitehead, P. J. P. (1960). "The river fishes of Kenya, Part II: The lower Athi (Sabaki) River" East African Agricultural Journal 25(4) 259-265.

Whitehead, P. J. P. (1962) "Two new fishes from eastern Kenya". London: British Museum of Natural History.

Whitehead, P. J. P. and Greenwood, P. H. (1959). "Mormyrid fishes of the genus Petrocephalus in Eastern Africa, with a description of Petrocephalus gliroides (Vinc.)" Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines 60 1-3.

Whitfield, A. K. and Blaber, S. J. M. (1978). "Feeding ecology of piscivorous birds at Lake St Lucia. Part 1: Diving birds" Ostrich 49 185-198.

Whitfield, A. K. and Blaber, S. J. M. (1978). "Feeding ecology of piscivorous birds at Lake St Lucia. Part 2: Wading birds" Ostrich 50 1-9.

Whitfield, A. K. and Blaber, S. J. M. (1978). "Feeding ecology of piscivorous birds at Lake St Lucia. Part 3: Swimming birds" Ostrich 50 10-20.

Whitfield, A. K. and Cyrus, D. P. (1978). "Feeding succession and zonation of aquatic birds at False Bay, Lake St Lucia" Ostrich 49 8-15.

Whitley, G. P. (1927). "A checklist of fishes recorded from Fijian waters" Pan-Pacific Res. Inst. Journ 2(1) 3-8.

Wikipedia (2007). "Copper River (Alaska)" (2007; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copper_River_(Alaska)).

Wikramanayake, Eric,Dinerstein, Eric,Loucks, C.,Olson, D.M.,Morrison, J.,Lamoreux, J. L.,McKnight, M.;Hedao, P. (2002). "Terrestrial ecoregions of the Indo-Pacific: A conservation assessment" Washington, DC: Island Press.

Wild, H.;Barboza, L. A. G. (1967). "Vegetation map of the Flora Zambesiaca area. Supplement to Flora Zambesiaca, 71 pp, 2 maps" Salisbury, Rhodesia: M.O. Collins.

Wildekamp, R. H., F. Küçük, M. Ünlüsayin, et al. (1999). "Species and subspecies of the genus Aphanius Nardo 1897 (Pisces: Cyprinodontidae) in Turkey" Turkish Journal of Zoology 23(1) 23-44.

Wildlife Conservation Society, C. (2001) "Lac Télé Reserve" <http://www.wcs-congo.org/lac.htm >(2002)

Wilkens, H. (1973). "Über das phylogenetische Altier Von Hoblentieren. Untersuchungen über die cavernicole Süsswaserfauna Yukatans" Z Zool. Syst. Evolut.-forsch. 11 49-60.

Wilkens, H. (1982). "Regressive evolutionand phylogenetic age: the history of colonization of freshwaters of Yucatan by fish and crustacea" Assoc. Mex. Cave Stud. Bull. 28 237-243.

Wilkie, D. S., Carpenter, J. F. and Zhang, Q. (2001). "The under-financing of protected areas in the Congo basin: So many parks and so little willingness-to-pay" Biodiversity and Conservation 10(5) 691-709.

Wilkie, D. S., Sidle, J. G. and Boundzanga, G. C. (1992). "Mechanized logging, market hunting and bank loan in Congo" Conservation Biology 6(4) 570-580.

Williams, J. E. (1995). "Threatened fishes of the world: Catostomus warnerensis Snyder, 1908 (Catostomidae)" Environmental Biology of Fishes 44 (4) 346.

Williams, J. E. (1995). "Threatened fishes of the world: Gila boraxobius Williams and Bond, 1980 (Cyprinidae)" Environmental Biology of Fishes 43(3) 294.

Williams, J. E. and Miller, R. R. (1990). "Conservation status of the North American fish fauna in fresh water" J. Fish Biol. 37(Suppl. A) 79-85.

Williams, J. E., Bowman, D. B., Brooks, J. E., et al. (1985). "Endangered aquatic ecosystems in North American deserts with a list of vanishing fishes of the region" Journal of the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Sciences 20 1-62.

Williams, J. E., Johnson, J. E., Hendrickson, D. A., et al. (1989). "Fishes of North America endangered, threatened, or of special concern: 1989" Fisheries 14(6) 2-20.

Williams, M. A. J., Bishop, P. M. and Dakin, F. M. (1977). "Late quaternary lake levels in southern Afar and the adjacent Ethiopian Rift" Nature 267 690-693.

Williams, R. (1971). "Fish ecology of the Kafue River and flood plain environment" Fisheries Research Bulletin of Zambia 5 305-330.

Williams, W. D. (1991). "Chinese and Mongolian saline lakes: a limnological review" Hydrobiologia 210 39-66.

Williams, W. D. and Aladin, N. V. (1991). "The Aral Sea: recent limnological changes and their conservation significance" Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 1 3-23.

Willink, P. W., B. Chernoff and J. McCullough (eds.) (2005) "A Rapid Biological Assessment of the Aquatic Ecosystems of the Pastaza River Basin, Ecuador and Perú.". Washington DC. Conservation International.

Willink, P. W., Chernoff, B. and McCullough, J. (Ed.) (2005). "A Rapid Biological Assessment of the Aquatic Ecosystems of the Pastaza River Basin, Ecuador and Perú. RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 33" Washington, DC: Conservation International.

Willink, P. W., Chernoff, B., Alonso, L. E., et al. (Ed.) (2000). "A biological assessment of the aquatic ecosystems of the Pantanal, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil" 18 Washington, DC: Conservation International.

Willink, P. W., Froehlich, O., Machado-Allison, A., et al. (2000)"Fishes of the Rios Negro, Negrinho, Tabaco, Aquidauana, Taquari, and Miranda, Pantanal, Brasil: Diversity, distribution, critical Habitats and Value" In P. W. Willing, B. Chernoff, L. E. Alonso, J. R. Montambault and R. Lourival (Ed.). A biological assessment of the Aquatic ecosystems of the Pantanal, mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil. (pp. 63-81) Washington, DC: Conservation International.

Wilson, E. O. (1992). "The Diversity of Life" Cambridge, MA, USA: Harvard University Press.

Wilson, J. G. M. (1988). "Check-list of dragonflies of Mulanje" Unpublished manuscript

Winemiller, K. O. (1991). "Comparative ecology of Serranochromis species (Teleostei: Cichlidae) in the upper Zambezi River floodplain" Journal of Fish Biology 39 617-639.

Winemiller, K. O. and Kelso-Winemiller, L. C. (1994). "Comparative ecology of the African pike, Hepsetus odoe, and tigerfish, Hydrocynus forskahlii, in the Zambezi River floodplain" Journal of Fish Biology 45 211-225.

Winemiller, K. O. and Kelso-Winemiller, L. C. (1996). "Comparative ecology of catfishes of the upper Zambezi River floodplain" Journal of Fish Biology 49 1043-1061.

Wingfield, M. (2002). "An overview of the Australian freshwater crayfish farming industry" Freshwater Crayfish 13 177-184.

Winkelmann, D. L. (1998) "CGIAR Activities and goals: Tracing the connections. Issues in Agriculture". Washington, DC, USA. The Consultative Group for International Agricultural Research, World Bank.

Winterbourn, M. J., Rounick, J. S. and Cowie, B. (1981). "Are New Zealand stream ecosystems really different?" New Zealand Journal of Marine & Freshwater Research 15 321-328.

Wise, K. A. (1973). "A list and bibliography of the aquatic and water-associated insects of New Zealand" Records of the Auckland Institute Museum 10 143-187.

Wishart, M. J. (2000). "Catchments as conservation units for riverine biodiversity" African Journal of Aquatic Science 25 169-174.

Wishart, M. J. and Davies, B. R. (1998). "The increasing divide between First and Third Worlds: science, collaboration and conservation of Third World aquatic ecosystems" Freshwater Biology 39(3) 557-567.

Wishart, M. J. and Davies, B. R. (2003). "Beyond catchment considerations in the conservation of lotic biodiversity" Aquatic Conservation-Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 13(5) 429-437.

Wishart, M. J. and Day, J. A. (2003). "Endemism in the freshwater fauna of the South-Western Cape, South Africa" Verhandlungen Internationale Vereinigung Limnologie 28 1762-1766.

Wishart, M. J., Gagneur, J. and El-Zanfaly, H. T. (2000)"River conservation in North Africa and the Middle East" In P. J. Boon, B. R. Davies and G. E. Petts (Ed.). Global Perspectives on River Conservation: Science, Policy and Practice. (pp. 127-154) Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd..

Wissmar, R. C. and Beschta, R. L. (1998). "Restoration and management of riparian ecosystems: a catchment perspective" Freshwater Biology 40(3) 571-585.

Witte, F. and Van Densen, W. L. T. (1995) Fish stock and fisheries of Lake Victoria, a hand book for field observations. The Netherlands: Samara Publishing Limited.

Witte, F., Goldschmidt, T., Wanink, J., et al. (1992). "The destruction of an endemic species flock: Quantitative data on the decline of the haplochromine cichlids of Lake Victoria" Environmental Biology of Fishes 34 1-28.

Witte, F., Goudswaard, P. C., Katunzi, E. F. B., et al. (1999) Lake Victoria's ecological changes and their relationships with the riparian societies. (pp. 189-202) Belgium: Kenobi Productions.

Witte, F., Msuku, B. S., Wanink, J. H., et al. (2000). "Recovery of cichlid species in Lake Victoria: An examination of factors leading to differential extinction" Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 10 233-241.

Wittenberg, R. and Cock, M. J. W. (2001) "Invasive alien species: A toolkit of best prevention and management practices". Wallingford, UK. CAB International, in collaboration with GISP.

Wohl, E. (2010). "A World of Rivers: Environmental Change on Ten of the World's Great Rivers" Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Woldegabriel, G., Aronson, J. L. and Walter, R. C. (1990). "Geology, geochronology, and rift basin development in the central sector of the main Ethiopian rift" Geological Society of America Bulletin 102 439-458.

Wong, B. B. M., Keogh, J. S. and McGlashan, D. J. (2004). "Current and historical patterns of drainage connectivity in eastern Australia inferred from population genetic structuring in a widespread freshwater fish Pseudomugil signifer (Pseudomugilidae)" Molecular Ecology 13 391–401.

Wood, C. A. and Lovett, R. (1979). "Rainfall reliability in Ethiopia, Tables and maps" SINET: Ethiopian Journal of Science 2 111-120.

Wood, R. B. and Talling, J. F. (1988). "Chemical and algal relationships in a salinity series of Ethiopian inland waters" Hydrobiologia 158 29-67.

Wood, R. B., Prosser, M. V. and Baxter, R. M. (1978). "Optical characteristics of the rift valley lakes, Ethiopia" SINET: Ethiopian Journal of Science 1 73-85.

World Commission on, Dams (2000). "Dams and development: A new framework for decision-making" London, UK and Sterling, VA: Earthscan Publications Ltd..

World Conservation Monitoring, C. (1985) "Protected areas database: Cross River National Park" <http://www.unep-wcmc.org/protected_areas/data/sample/0405p.htm >(2002)

World Resources, I. (2003) "Watersheds of the World CD". Washington, DC, USA. IUCN-The World Conservation Union, the International Water Management Institute (IWMI), the Ramsar Convention Bureau, and the World Resources Institute (WRI).

World Water, C. (2003) "The 3rd World Water Forum: Final report". Japan. Secretariat of the 3rd World Water Forum.

World Wildlife Fund (2007). "Conservation Science > Ecoregions" (2007; http://worldwildlife.org/science/ecoregions.cfm).

World Wildlife Fund (WWF) (1999) "Evaluation of wetlands and floodplain areas in the Danube River basin". Danube Pollution Reduction Programme. Programme Coordination unit UNDP/GEF assistance prepared by WWF Danube-Carpathian-Programme and WWF-Auen-Institut (Germany).

World Wildlife Fund (WWF) (2001) "Terrestrial Ecoregions of the World" <http://www.worldwildlife.org/wildworld/profiles/terrestrial_nt.html>

World Wildlife Fund (WWF) (2006) "Ecoregional Conservation and Biodiversity Vision for the Alps". WWF Italy-MIUR.

World Wildlife Fund, I. (1996) "Forests for life" <http://www.panda.org/resources/publications/forest/report/index.htm >(2002)

World Wildlife, F. (2001). "Arnhem Land tropical savanna (AA0701)" 2005 (2005; www.worldwildlife.org/wildworld/profiles/terrestrial/aa/aa0701_full.html).

World Wildlife, F. (2001). "Eastern Australian temperate forests (AA0402)" 2005 (2005; www.worldwildlife.org/wildworld/profiles/terrestrial/aa/aa0402_full.html).

World Wildlife, F. (2001). "Great Sandy-Tanami desert (AA1304)" 2005 (2005; www.worldwildlife.org/wildworld/profiles/terrestrial/aa/aa1304_full.html).

World Wildlife, F. (2001). "Great Victoria desert (AA1305)" 2005 (2005; www.worldwildlife.org/wildworld/profiles/terrestrial/aa/aa1305_full.html).

World Wildlife, F. (2001). "Kimberly Tropical Savanna (AA0706)" (2005; www.worldwildlife.org/wildworld/profiles/terrestrial/aa/aa0706_full.html).

World Wildlife, F. (2001). "Mitchell Grass Downs (AA0707" 2005 (2005; www.worldwildlife.org/wildworld/profiles/terrestrial/aa/aa0707_full.html).

World Wildlife, F. (2001). "Southeast Australia temperate forests (AA0409)" 2005 (2005; www.worldwildlife.org/wildworld/profiles/terrestrial/aa/aa0409_full.html).

World Wildlife, F. (2001). "Tasmanian Central Highland forests (AA0411)" 2005 (2005; www.worldwildlife.org/wildworld/profiles/terrestrial/aa/aa0411_full.html).

World Wildlife, F. (2001). "Tasmanian temperate forests (AA0412)" 2005 (2005; www.worldwildlife.org/wildworld/profiles/terrestrial/aa/aa0412_full.html).

World Wildlife, F. (2001). "Tasmanian temperate rain forests (AA0413)" 2005 (2005; www.worldwildlife.org/wildworld/profiles/terrestrial/aa/aa0413_full.html).

World Wildlife, F. (2001). "Terrestrial Ecoregions of the World" 2005 (2005; www.worldwildlife.org/science/ecoregions/biomes.cfm).

World Wildlife, F. (2001). "Victoria Plains tropical savanna (AA0709)" 2005 (2005; www.worldwildlife.org/wildworld/profiles/terrestrial/aa/aa0709_full.html).

World Wildlife, F. (2006). "New Caledonia Rivers & Streams - A Global Ecoregion" (2007; http://www.panda.org/about_wwf/where_we_work/ecoregions/newcaledonia_rivers_streams.cfm).

World, B. (2000) "Chad-Cameroon petroleum development and pipeline project" <http://www.worldbank.org/pics/ifcspi/3as4338.txt >(2001)

Worthington, E. B. and Lowe-McConnell, R. H. (1994). "African lakes reviewed: Creation and destruction of biodiversity" Environmental Conservation 21(3) 199-213.

Wosiacki, W. B. (2004). "Two new species of the catfish genus Trichomycterus (Siluriformes: Trichomycteridae) from the headwaters of the Rio São Francisco basin" Zootaxa 592 1-12.

Wosiacki, W. B. (2005). "A new species of Trichomycterus (Siluriformes: Trichomycteridae) from south Brazil and redescription of T. iheringi (Eigenmann)" Zootaxa 1040 49-64.

Wosiacki, W. B. and Garavelo, J. C. (2004). "Five new species of Trichomycterus from the rio Iguaçu (rio Paraná basin), southern Brazil (Siluriformes: Trichomeycteridae)" Ichthyological Explorations of Freshwaters 15(1) 1-16.

Wosiacki, W. B. and Oyakawa, O. T. (2005). "Two new species of the catfish genus Trichomycterus (Siluriformes: Trichomycteridae) from the rio Ribeira de Iguape Basin, Southeastern Brazil" Neotropical Ichthyology 3(4) 465-472.

Wouters, K. (2002). "On the distribution of Cyprideis torosa (Jones) (Ctrustacea, Ostracoda) in Africa, with the discussion of a new record from the Seychelles" Bulletin de l'Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique 72 131-140.

Wranik, W. (1998)"Faunistic notes on Soqotra Island" In H. J. Dumont (Ed.). Soqotra: Proceedings of the first international symposium on Soqotra Island: Present and Future. (pp. 135-198) New York: United Nations Publications.

Wranik, W. (2003). "Fauna of the Socotra Archipelago: A field guide" Rostock, Germany: Reiche Verlag.

Wright, P. C., Goodman, S. M. and Patterson, B. D. (1997) The future of biodiversity in Madagascar: a view from Ranomafana National Park. (pp. 381-405) Washington, D.C., USA: Smithsonian Institution Press.

Wu, X. (1964). "The cyprinid fishes of China. Vol.1" Shanghai: Science Press.

Wu, Yunfei;Wu, Cuizhen (1992). "The fishes of the Qinghai-Xizang plateau" Chengdu, China: Sichuan Publishing House of Science and Technology.

Wudneh, T., Machiels, M. A. M., van Densen, W. L. T., et al. (1999) The selective impact of a developing fishery on the fish community of Lake Tana, Ethiopia. (pp. 259-280) West Yorkshire, UK: Westbury.

Wwf, E. (2003) "The Albertine Rift Montane Forests Ecoregion: WWF strategic framework 2004 - 2014". Nairobi, Kenya. WWF East Africa Regional Programme Office.

WWF;IUCN (1994). "Centres of plant diversity. A guide and strategy for their conservation." Volume 1. Europe, Africa, Southwest Asia, and the Middle East Cambridge, UK: IUCN Publications Unit.

www.gov.bc.ca/ecology/ecoregions, E. o. B. C. (). ""

Wymenga, E.,Kone, B.;Zwarts, L. (2002). "Le Delta Intérieur du fleuve Niger: Ecologie et gestion durable des resources naturelles" Sévaré (Mali), Lelystad (Pays-Bas), and Veenwouden (Pays-Bas).: Wetlands International, RIZA, and Altenburg & Wymenga ecological consultants.

Xenopoulos, M. A. and Lodge, D. M. (2006). "Going with the flow: Using species-discharge relationships to forecast losses in fish biodiversity" Ecology 87(9) 1907-1914.

Yablonskaya, E. A. and Lukonina, N. K. (1962). "On the question of productivity of the Aral Sea" Okeanologiya 2(2) 298-304.

Yakovlev, V. N. S. k. Y. V. K. V. I. (2001)"Annotated catalogue of cyclostomata and fishes of the Upper Volga basin" In V. N. Yakovlev (Ed.). ecological problems of Upper Volga. (pp. 52-69) Yaroslavl': Institute of Inland Waters Biology of RAS.

Yáñez-Arancibia, A. and Lara-Domínguez., A. L. (1999). "Ecosistemas de mangular en América tropical; mangrove ecosystems in tropical America" Veracruz, Mexico: Instituto de Ecología.

Yang, Jun-Xing;Chen, Yin-Rui (1995). "The biology and resource utilization of the fishes of Fuxian Lake, Yunnan" Kunming, China: Yunnan Science and Technology Press.

Yap, K. (2002) "World trade of ornamental fish. PROMPEX (Peru) Comision para la Promocion de Exportaciones" <http://www.prompex.gob.pe/prompex/Inf_Sectorial/Pesca/WorldTra.pdf >(2003)

Yap, S. Y. (2002). "On the distributional patterns of Southeast-East Asian freshwater fish and their history" Journal of Biogeography 29(9) 1187-1199.

Yoder, C. O.;Smith, M. A. (1998)"Using fish assemblages in a state biological assessment and criteria program: essential concepts and considerations" In Simon, T. P. (Ed.). Assessing the sustainability and biological integrity of water ressources using fish communities. (pp. 17-56) FL, USA: Lewis Press, Boca Raton.

Yue, P. Q. (2000). "Fauna Sinica. Osteichthyes. Cypriniformes III" Beijing: Science Press.

Yue, P.;Chen, Y. (1998). "China red data book of endangered animals. Pisces" Beijing, Hong Kong, New York: Science Press.

Yuma, M., Hosoya, K. and Nagata, Y. (1998). "Distribution of the freshwater fishes of Japan: an historical overview" Environmental Biology of Fishes 52(1-3) 97-124.

Zakariaismail, M. (1994). "Zoogeography and Biodiversity of the Fresh-Water Fishes of Southeast-Asia" Hydrobiologia 285(1-3) 41-48.

Zambezi River, A. (2003) "Zambezi River Authority" <www.zaraho.org.zm >(2003)

Zanata, A. M. (1997). "Jupiaba, um novo gênero de Tetragonopterinae com osso pélvico em forma de espinho (Characidae, Characiformes)" Iheringia Ser. Zool. 83 99-136.

Zanata, A. M. and Toledo-Piza, M. R. (2004). "Taxonomic revision of the South American fish genus Chalceus Cuvier (Teleostei: Ostariophysi: Characiformes) with the description of three new species" Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 140 103-135.

Zanin, A. P. (1936). "Material to natural history and fishery caracteristics of Talas basin" Trudy Kirgiz. Compl. Exped. 3(1) 89-113.

Zaret, T. M. (1984)"Central American limnology and Gatún Lake, Panamá" In F. B. Taub (Ed.). Ecosystems of the World 23: Lakes and Reservoirs. (pp. 447-465) Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elseveier Science Publishers.

Zehzad, B.,Madjnoonian, H.,Darreh Shouri, B. F.,Ziaie, H.;Samanpour, M. R. (1997). "Geno Protected Area (Biosphere Reserve)" Tehran: Hormozgan Provincial Office, Department of the Environment and Shahid Beheshti Research Bureau.

Zehzad, B.,Madjnoonian, H.,Darreh Shouri, B. F.,Ziaie, H.;Samanpour, M. R. (1998). "Hara Protected Area (Biosphere Reserve)" Tehran: Hormozgan Provincial Office, Department of the Environment and Shahid Beheshti Research Bureau.

Zeidler, W. and Adams, M. (1990). "Revision of the Australian crustacean genus of freshwater crayfish Gramastacus Riek (Decapoda: Parastacidae)" Invertebrate Taxonomy 3 913-924.

Zeng, N., Neelin, J. D., Lau, K. M., et al. (1999). "Enhancement of interdecadal climate variability in the Sahel by vegetation interaction" Science 286(5444) 1537-1540.

Zhang, J. M. (Ed.) (1995). "Fishes of the Heilungjiang" Harbin: Heilungjiang Scientific Press.

Zheng, B. S. (Ed.) (1981). "Freshwater fishes of Guangxi" Nanning, Guangxi: Fisheries Research Institute, Guangxi Zhuang Tribe Self-Governed Territory and Institute of Zoology, Academia Sinica Guangxi Renmin Press.

Zhu, S. Q. (1992). "Three new species of Nemacheilinae fishes from China (Cypriniformes: Cobitidae)" Act. Zootax. Sin. 17(2) 241-247.

Zhukov, P. I. (1965). "Fishes of Belorussiya" Minsk: Nauka i tekhnika.

Zhuwakinyu, M. (2002). "Grand power plan for Congo River prioritised" Engineering News 19 July

Zimmerman, D. A.,Turner, D. A.;Parson, D. J. (1996). "Birds of Kenya and northern Tanzania" Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.

Zinyowera, M. C.,Jallow, B. P.,Shakespeare Maya, R.,Okoth-Ogendo, H. W. O.,Watson, R. T.,Zinyowera, M. C.;Moss, R. H. (1998) Africa. (pp. 29-84) Intergovernmental Expert Group on Climate Change.

Zohary, M. (1973). "Geobotanical foundations of the Middle East: Vol.1" Stuttgart, Germany: Gustav Fischer Verlag.

Zolotoff-Pallais, J. M. and Lezama, M. (2006) "Reporte Final Aves Acuaticas en Nicaragua". Managua, Nicaragua. Fundacion COCIBOLCA.

Zuanon, J. A. S. (1999). "História natural da ictiofauna de corredeiras do rio Xingu, na região de Altamira, Pará" Unpublished Thesis. Dept. Ecologia Universidade Estadual de Campinas: Campinas, SP

Zuanon, J. A. S. and Sazima, I. (2002). "Teleocichla centisquama, a new species of rapids-dwelling cichlid from Xingu River, Amazonia (Perciformes: Cichlidae)" Ichthyological Explorations of Freshwaters 13(4) 373-378.

Zuanon, J. A. S., Rapp Py-Daniel, L. H. and Jégu, M. (1993). "Two new species of Aguarunichthys from the amazon basin (Siluroidei:Pimelodidae)" Ichthyological Explorations of Freshwaters 4(3) 251-260.

Zwarts, L. and Diallo, M. (2002)"Eco-hydrologie du Delta" In E. Wymenga, B. Kone and L. Zwarts (Ed.). Le delta interieur du fleuve Niger: ecologie et gestion durable des resources naturelles. Sévaré (Mali), Lelystad (Pays-Bas), and Veenwouden (Pays-Bas).: Wetlands International, RIZA, and Altenburg & Wymenga ecological consultants.

©WWF/TNC 2013 | Copyright Notice | Sponsors | Last updated: November 4, 2013